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Wyspa Baker (2005)

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Wyspa Baker 2005 roku

 Wyspa Baker
Lotniska 1 abandoned Swiat War II runway of 1,665 m, completely covered z vegetation and unusable (2004 est.)
Terytorium total: 1.4 sq km

land: 1.4 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci about 2.5 times the size of The Mall w Washington, DC
Tlo historyczne The US took possession of the island w 1857, and its guano deposits were mined by US and British companies during the second half of the 19th century. In 1935, a short-lived attempt at colonization was begun on this island - as well as on nearby Howland - but was disrupted by Swiat War II and thereafter abandoned. Presently the island is a National Wildlife Refuge run by the US Department of the Interior; a day beacon is situated near the middle of the west coast.
Klimat equatorial; scant rainfall, constant wind, burning sun
Linia brzegowa 4.8 km
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Wyspa Baker
Podleglosc unincorporated territory of the US; administered from Washington, DC, by the Fish and Wildlife Service of the US Department of the Interior as part of the National Wildlife Refuge system
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomia no economic activity
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Spokojny 0 m

highest point: unnamed location 8 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy no natural fresh water resources
Opis flagi the flag of the US is used
Koordynaty geograficzne 0 13 N, 176 31 W
Polozenie geograficzne treeless, sparse, and scattered vegetation consisting of grasses, prostrate vines, and low growing shrubs; primarily a nesting, roosting, and foraging habitat dla seabirds, shorebirds, and marine wildlife
Nawadniane tereny 0 sq km (1998 est.)
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 0%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 100% (2001)
System prawny the laws of the US, where applicable, apply
Lokalizacja Oceania, atoll w the North Ocean Spokojny, about half way between Hawaii and Australia
Lokalizacja na mapie Oceania
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Wojsko - uwagi defense is the responsibility of the US; visited annually by the US Coast Guard
Naturalne zagrozenia the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard
Surowce naturalne guano (deposits worked until 1891), terrestrial and aquatic wildlife
Ludnosc uninhabited

note: American civilians evacuated w 1942 after Japoniaese air and naval attacks during Swiat War II; occupied by US military during Swiat War II, but abandoned after the war; public entry is by special-use permit from US Fish and Wildlife Service only and generally restricted to scientists and educators; a cemetery and remnants of structures from early settlement are located near the middle of the west coast; visited annually by US Fish and Wildlife Service (2005 est.)
Porty i stocznie none; offshore anchorage only; note - there is one small boat landing area along the middle of the west coast
Uksztaltowanie terenu low, nearly level coral island surrounded by a narrow fringing reef
Transport - uwagi there is a day beacon near the middle of the west coast
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