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West Bank (2001)

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West Bank 2001 year

 West Bank
Age structure 0-14 years:
44.61% (male 478,232; female 454,439)

15-64 years:
51.8% (male 552,661; female 530,230)

65 years and over:
3.59% (male 32,629; female 42,522) (2001 est.)
Agriculture - products olives, citrus, vegetables; beef, dairy products
Airports 3 (2000 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total:

2,438 to 3,047 m:

1,524 to 2,437 m:

under 914 m:
1 (2000 est.)
Area total:
5,860 sq km

5,640 sq km

220 sq km

includes West Bank, Latrun Salient, and the northwest quarter of the Dead Sea, but excludes Mt. Scopus; East Jerusalem and Jerusalem No Man's Land are also included only as a means of depicting the entire area occupied by Israel in 1967
Area - comparative slightly smaller than Delaware
Background The Israel-PLO Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements (the DOP), signed in Washington on 13 September 1993, provided for a transitional period not exceeding five years of Palestinian interim self-government in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. Under the DOP, Israel agreed to transfer certain powers and responsibilities to the Palestinian Authority, which includes the Palestinian Legislative Council elected in January 1996, as part of interim self-governing arrangements in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. A transfer of powers and responsibilities for the Gaza Strip and Jericho took place pursuant to the Israel-PLO 4 May 1994 Cairo Agreement on the Gaza Strip and the Jericho Area and in additional areas of the West Bank pursuant to the Israel-PLO 28 September 1995 Interim Agreement, the Israel-PLO 15 January 1997 Protocol Concerning Redeployment in Hebron, the Israel-PLO 23 October 1998 Wye River Memorandum, and the 4 September 1999 Sharm el-Sheikh Agreement. The DOP provides that Israel will retain responsibility during the transitional period for external security and for internal security and public order of settlements and Israeli citizens. Permanent status is to be determined through direct negotiations, which resumed in September 1999 after a three-year hiatus. An intifadah broke out in September 2000; the resulting widespread violence in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, Israel's military response, and instability in the Palestinian Authority are undermining progress toward a permanent settlement.
Birth rate 35.83 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budget revenues:
$1.6 billion

$1.73 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA

includes Gaza Strip (1999 est.)
Climate temperate, temperature and precipitation vary with altitude, warm to hot summers, cool to mild winters
Coastline 0 km (landlocked)
Country name conventional long form:

conventional short form:
West Bank
Currency new Israeli shekel (ILS); Jordanian dinar (JOD)
Death rate 4.37 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Debt - external $108 million (includes Gaza Strip) (1997 est.)
Disputes - international West Bank and Gaza Strip are Israeli-occupied with current status subject to the Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement - permanent status to be determined through further negotiation
Economic aid - recipient $121 million disbursed (includes Gaza Strip) (2000)
Economy - overview Economic output in the West Bank is governed by the Paris Economic Protocol of April 1994 between Israel and the Palestinian Authority. Real per capita GDP for the West Bank and Gaza Strip (WBGS) declined by 36.1% between 1992 and 1996 owing to the combined effect of falling aggregate incomes and rapid population growth. The downturn in economic activity was largely the result of Israeli closure policies - the imposition of border closures in response to security incidents in Israel - which disrupted established labor and commodity market relationships between Israel and the WBGS. The most serious social effect of this downturn was rising unemployment; unemployment in the WBGS during the 1980s was generally under 5%; by 1995 it had risen to over 20%. Since 1997 Israel's use of comprehensive closures has decreased and, in 1998, Israel implemented new policies to reduce the impact of closures and other security procedures on the movement of Palestinian goods and labor. These changes fueled an almost three-year long economic recovery in the West Bank and Gaza Strip; real GDP grew by 5% in 1998 and 6% in 1999. Recovery was upended in the last quarter of 2000 with the outbreak of Palestinian violence, which triggered tight Israeli closures of Palestinian self-rule areas and a severe disruption of trade and labor movements.
Electricity - consumption NA kWh
Electricity - imports NA kWh
Electricity - production NA kWh; note - most electricity imported from Israel; East Jerusalem Electric Company buys and distributes electricity to Palestinians in East Jerusalem and its concession in the West Bank; the Israel Electric Company directly supplies electricity to most Jewish residents and military facilities; at the same time, some Palestinian municipalities, such as Nablus and Janin, generate their own electricity from small power plants
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel:



Elevation extremes lowest point:
Dead Sea -408 m

highest point:
Tall Asur 1,022 m
Environment - current issues adequacy of fresh water supply; sewage treatment
Ethnic groups Palestinian Arab and other 83%, Jewish 17%
Exchange rates new Israeli shekels per US dollar - 4.0810 (December 2000), 4.0773 (2000), 4.1397 (1999), 3.8001 (1998), 3.4494 (1997), 3.1917 (1996); Jordanian dinars per US dollar - fixed rate of 0.7090 (from 1996)
Exports $682 million (includes Gaza Strip) (f.o.b., 1998 est.)
Exports - commodities olives, fruit, vegetables, limestone
Exports - partners Israel, Jordan, Gaza Strip
Fiscal year calendar year (since 1 January 1992)
GDP purchasing power parity - $3.1 billion (2000 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture:



includes Gaza Strip (1999 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $1,500 (2000 est.)
GDP - real growth rate -7.5% (2000 est.)
Geographic coordinates 32 00 N, 35 15 E
Geography - note landlocked; highlands are main recharge area for Israel's coastal aquifers; there are 231 Israeli settlements and civilian land use sites in the West Bank and 29 in East Jerusalem (August 1999 est.)
Highways total:
4,500 km

2,700 km

1,800 km (1997 est.)

Israelis have developed many highways to service Jewish settlements
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%:

highest 10%:
Imports NA kWh
Imports $2.5 billion (includes Gaza Strip) (c.i.f., 1998 est.)
Imports - commodities food, consumer goods, construction materials
Imports - partners Israel, Jordan, Gaza Strip
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries generally small family businesses that produce cement, textiles, soap, olive-wood carvings, and mother-of-pearl souvenirs; the Israelis have established some small-scale, modern industries in the settlements and industrial centers
Infant mortality rate 21.78 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 3% (includes Gaza Strip) (2000 est.)
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 8 (1999)
Irrigated land NA sq km
Labor force NA
Labor force - by occupation services 66%, industry 21%, agriculture 13% (1996)
Land boundaries total:
404 km

border countries:
Israel 307 km, Jordan 97 km
Land use arable land:

permanent crops:

permanent pastures:

forests and woodland:

Languages Arabic, Hebrew (spoken by Israeli settlers and many Palestinians), English (widely understood)
Life expectancy at birth total population:
72.28 years

70.58 years

74.07 years (2001 est.)
Literacy definition:

total population:


Location Middle East, west of Jordan
Map references Middle East
Maritime claims none (landlocked)
Military branches NA
Military expenditures - dollar figure $NA
Military expenditures - percent of GDP NA%
Nationality noun:

Natural hazards droughts
Natural resources arable land
Net migration rate 3.29 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Population 2,090,713 (July 2001 est.)

in addition, there are some 176,000 Israeli settlers in the West Bank and about 173,000 in East Jerusalem (August 1999 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 3.48% (2001 est.)
Ports and harbors none
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 0, shortwave 0

the Palestinian Broadcasting Corporation broadcasts from an AM station in Ramallah on 675 kHz; numerous local, private stations are reported to be in operation (2000)
Radios NA; note - most Palestinian households have radios (1999)
Railways 0 km
Religions Muslim 75% (predominantly Sunni), Jewish 17%, Christian and other 8%
Sex ratio at birth:
1.06 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.05 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
1.04 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
0.77 male(s)/female

total population:
1.04 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Telephone system general assessment:



Israeli company BEZEK and the Palestinian company PALTEL are responsible for communication services in the West Bank
Telephones - main lines in use 95,729 (total for West Bank and Gaza Strip) (1997)
Telephones - mobile cellular NA
Television broadcast stations NA
Terrain mostly rugged dissected upland, some vegetation in west, but barren in east
Total fertility rate 4.9 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Unemployment rate 40% (includes Gaza Strip) (yearend 2000)
Waterways none
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