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Virgin Islands (2004)

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 Virgin Islands
Administrative divisions none (territory of the US); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are three islands at the second order; Saint Croix, Saint John, Saint Thomas
Age structure 0-14 years: 23.8% (male 13,116; female 12,770)

15-64 years: 66% (male 33,944; female 37,870)

65 years and over: 10.2% (male 4,855; female 6,220) (2004 est.)
Agriculture - products fruit, vegetables, sorghum; Senepol cattle
Airports 2 (2003 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total: 2

1,524 to 2,437 m: 2 (2004 est.)
Area total: 352 sq km

land: 349 sq km

water: 3 sq km
Area - comparative twice the size of Washington, DC
Background During the 17th century, the archipelago was divided into two territorial units, one English and the other Danish. Sugarcane, produced by slave labor, drove the islands' economy during the 18th and early 19th centuries. In 1917, the US purchased the Danish portion, which had been in economic decline since the abolition of slavery in 1848.
Birth rate 14.49 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Budget revenues: $560

expenditures: NA (2003)
Capital Charlotte Amalie
Climate subtropical, tempered by easterly trade winds, relatively low humidity, little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season May to November
Coastline 188 km
Constitution Revised Organic Act of 22 July 1954
Country name conventional long form: United States Virgin Islands

conventional short form: Virgin Islands

former: Danish West Indies
Currency US dollar (USD)
Death rate 6.1 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Debt - external NA
Dependency status organized, unincorporated territory of the US with policy relations between the Virgin Islands and the US under the jurisdiction of the Office of Insular Affairs, US Department of the Interior
Diplomatic representation from the US none (territory of the US)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (territory of the US)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient NA
Economy - overview Tourism is the primary economic activity, accounting for 80% of GDP and employment. The islands normally host 2 million visitors a year. The manufacturing sector consists of petroleum refining, textiles, electronics, pharmaceuticals, and watch assembly. The agricultural sector is small, with most food being imported. International business and financial services are a small but growing component of the economy. One of the world's largest petroleum refineries is at Saint Croix. The islands are subject to substantial damage from storms. The government is working to improve fiscal discipline, to support construction projects in the private sector, to expand tourist facilities, to reduce crime, and to protect the environment.
Electricity - consumption 957.9 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - production 1.03 billion kWh (2001)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

highest point: Crown Mountain 474 m
Environment - current issues lack of natural freshwater resources
Ethnic groups black 78%, white 10%, other 12%

note: West Indian 81% (49% born in the Virgin Islands and 32% born elsewhere in the West Indies), US mainland 13%, Puerto Rican 4%, other 2%
Exchange rates the US dollar is used
Executive branch chief of state: President George W. BUSH of the US (since 20 January 2001)

head of government: Governor Dr. Charles Wesley TURNBULL (since 5 January 1999)

cabinet: NA

elections: US president and vice president elected on the same ticket for four-year terms; governor and lieutenant governor elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year terms; election last held 5 November 2002 (next to be held NA November 2006)

election results: Dr. Charles Wesley TURNBULL reelected governor; percent of vote - Dr. Charles Wesley TURNBULL (Democrat) 50.5%, John de JONGH 24.4%
Exports 0 kWh (2001)
Exports NA
Exports NA (2001)
Exports - commodities refined petroleum products
Exports - partners US, Puerto Rico
Fiscal year 1 October - 30 September
Flag description white, with a modified US coat of arms in the center between the large blue initials V and I; the coat of arms shows a yellow eagle holding an olive branch in one talon and three arrows in the other with a superimposed shield of vertical red and white stripes below a blue panel
GDP purchasing power parity - $2.5 billion (2002 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 1%

industry: 19%

services: 80% (2003 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $17,200 (2002 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 2% (2002 est.)
Geographic coordinates 18 20 N, 64 50 W
Geography - note important location along the Anegada Passage - a key shipping lane for the Panama Canal; Saint Thomas has one of the best natural deepwater harbors in the Caribbean
Highways total: 856 km

paved: NA km

unpaved: NA km

note: the only US possession where driving on the left side of the road is practiced (2000)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA

highest 10%: NA
Imports 0 kWh (2001)
Imports NA
Imports NA (2001)
Imports - commodities crude oil, foodstuffs, consumer goods, building materials
Imports - partners US, Puerto Rico
Industrial production growth rate NA
Industries tourism, petroleum refining, watch assembly, rum distilling, construction, pharmaceuticals, textiles, electronics
Infant mortality rate total: 8.21 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 9.31 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 7.04 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2.2% (2003)
International organization participation Interpol (subbureau), IOC, UPU
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch US District Court of the Virgin Islands (under Third Circuit jurisdiction); Territorial Court (judges appointed by the governor for 10-year terms)
Labor force 48,900 (2003 est.)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture 1%, industry 19%, services 80% (2003 est.)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 11.76%

permanent crops: 2.94%

other: 85.29% (2001)
Languages English (official), Spanish, Creole
Legal system based on US laws
Legislative branch unicameral Senate (15 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve two-year terms)

elections: last held 6 November 2002 (next to be held 2 November 2004)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Democratic Party 10, ICM 2, independent 3

note: the Virgin Islands elects one non-voting representative to the US House of Representatives; election last held 6 November 2002 (next to be held 2 November 2004); results - Donna M. CHRISTIAN-CHRISTENSON (Democrat) reelected
Life expectancy at birth total population: 78.75 years

male: 74.91 years

female: 82.82 years (2004 est.)
Literacy definition: NA

total population: NA

male: NA

female: NA
Location Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of Puerto Rico
Map references Central America and the Caribbean
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Merchant marine none
Military - note defense is the responsibility of the US
National holiday Transfer Day (from Denmark to the US), 27 March (1917)
Nationality noun: Virgin Islander(s)

adjective: Virgin Islander
Natural hazards several hurricanes in recent years; frequent and severe droughts and floods; occasional earthquakes
Natural resources sun, sand, sea, surf
Net migration rate -8.94 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Political parties and leaders Democratic Party [Arturo WATLINGTON]; Independent Citizens' Movement or ICM [Usie RICHARDS]; Republican Party [Gary SPRAUVE]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 108,775 (July 2004 est.)
Population below poverty line NA
Population growth rate -0.05% (2004 est.)
Ports and harbors Charlotte Amalie, Christiansted, Cruz Bay, Port Alucroix
Radio broadcast stations AM 5, FM 11, shortwave 0 (2002)
Religions Baptist 42%, Roman Catholic 34%, Episcopalian 17%, other 7%
Sex ratio at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.9 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female

total population: 0.91 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal; note - island residents are US citizens but do not vote in US presidential elections
Telephone system general assessment: NA

domestic: modern system with total digital switching, uses fiber-optic cable and microwave radio relay

international: country code - 1-340; submarine cable and satellite communications; satellite earth stations - NA
Telephones - main lines in use 69,400 (2002)
Telephones - mobile cellular 41,000 (2002)
Television broadcast stations 2 (2002)
Terrain mostly hilly to rugged and mountainous with little level land
Total fertility rate 2.21 children born/woman (2004 est.)
Unemployment rate 9.3% (2003 est.)
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