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Urugwaj (2006)

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Urugwaj 2006 roku

Podzial administracyjny 19 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento); Artigas, Canelones, Cerro Largo, Colonia, Durazno, Flores, Florida, Lavalleja, Maldonado, Montevideo, Paysandu, Rio Negro, Rivera, Rocha, Salto, San Jose, Soriano, Tacuarembo, Treinta y Tres
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 22.9% (male 399,409/female 386,136)

15-64 years: 63.9% (male 1,087,180/female 1,104,465)

65 years and over: 13.3% (male 185,251/female 269,491) (2006 est.)
Rolinictwo rice, wheat, corn, barley; livestock; fish
Lotniska 64 (2006)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 8

over 3,047 m: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 4

914 to 1,523 m: 1

under 914 m: 2 (2006)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 56

1,524 to 2,437 m: 3

914 to 1,523 m: 22

under 914 m: 31 (2006)
Terytorium total: 176,220 sq km

land: 173,620 sq km

water: 2,600 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than the state of Washington
Tlo historyczne Montevideo, founded by the Spanish w 1726 as a military stronghold, soon took advantage of its natural harbor to become an important commercial center. Annexed by Brazylia as a separate province w 1821, Urugwaj declared its independence four years later and secured its freedom w 1828 after a three-year struggle. The administrations of President Jose BATLLE w the early 20th century established widespread political, social, and economic reforms. A violent Marxist urban guerrilla movement named the Tupamaros, launched w the late 1960s, led Urugwaj's president to agree to military control of his administration w 1973. By yearend, the rebels had been crushed, but the military continued to expand its hold throughout the government. Civilian rule was not restored until 1985. In 2004, the left-of-center EP-FA Coalition won national elections that effectively ended 170 years of political control previously held by the Colorado and Blanco parties. Urugwaj's political and labor conditions are among the freest on the continent.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 13.91 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Budzet revenues: $4.468 billion

expenditures: $4.845 billion; including capital expenditures of $193 million (2005 est.)
Stolica name: Montevideo

geographic coordinates: 34 53 S, 56 11 W

time difference: UTC-3 (2 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

daylight saving time: +1hr, begins second Sunday w pazdziernik; ends second Sunday w marzec
Klimat warm temperate; freezing temperatures almost unknown
Linia brzegowa 660 km
Konstytucja 27 listopad 1966, effective luty 1967; suspended 27 czerwiec 1973, new constitution rejected by referendum 30 listopad 1980; two constitutional reforms approved by plebiscite 26 listopad 1989 and 7 styczen 1997
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Oriental Republic of Urugwaj

conventional short form: Urugwaj

local long form: Republica Oriental del Urugwaj

local short form: Urugwaj

former: Banda Oriental, Cisplatine Province
Wspolczynnik zgonow 9.05 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $13.24 billion (2005 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Charge d'Affaires James D. NEALON

embassy: Lauro Muller 1776, Montevideo 11200

mailing address: APO AA 34035

telephone: [598] (2) 418-7777

FAX: [598] (2) 418-8611
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Carlos Alberto GIANELLI Derois

chancery: 1913 I Street NW, Washington, DC 20006

telephone: [1] (202) 331-1313 through 1316

FAX: [1] (202) 331-8142

consulate(s) general: Chicago, Los Angeles, Miami, New York

consulate(s): San Juan (Portoryko)
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje uncontested dispute z Brazylia over certain islands w the Quarai/Cuareim and Invernada streams and the resulting tripoint z Argentyna
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $NA
Ekonomia Urugwaj's well-to-do economy is characterized by an export-oriented agricultural sector, a well-educated work force, and high levels of social spending. After averaging growth of 5% annually during 1996-98, w 1999-2002 the economy suffered a major downturn, stemming largely from the spillover effects of the economic problems of its large neighbors, Argentyna and Brazylia. For instance, w 2001-02 Argentyna made massive withdrawals of dollars deposited w Urugwajan banks, which led to a plunge w the Urugwajan peso and a massive rise w unemployment. Total Produkt krajowy brutto w these four years dropped by nearly 20%, z 2002 the worst year due to the banking crisis. The unemployment rate rose to nearly 20% w 2002, inflation surged, and the burden of external debt doubled. Cooperation z the IMF helped stem the damage. A debt swap z private-sector creditors w 2003 extended the maturity dates on nearly half of Urugwaj's then $11.3 billion of public debt and helped restore public confidence. The economy grew about 10% w 2004 as a result of high commodity prices dla Urugwajan exports, a competitive peso, growth w the region, and low international interest rates, but slowed to 6.1% w 2005.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 7.762 billion kWh (2003)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 900 million kWh (2003)
Elektrycznosc - import 654 million kWh (2003)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 8.611 billion kWh (2003)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Atlantycki 0 m

highest point: Cerro Catedral 514 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy water pollution from meat packing/tannery industry; inadequate solid/hazardous waste disposal
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation
Grupy etniczne white 88%, mestizo 8%, black 4%, Amerindian (practically nonexistent)
Kurs waluty Urugwajan pesos per US dollar - 24.479 (2005), 28.704 (2004), 28.209 (2003), 21.257 (2002), 13.319 (2001)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Tabare VAZQUEZ Rosas (since 1 marzec 2005) and Vice President Rodolfo NIN NOVOA (since 1 marzec 2005); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

head of government: President Tabare VAZQUEZ Rosas (since 1 marzec 2005) and Vice President Rodolfo NIN NOVOA (since 1 marzec 2005); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president z parliamentary approval

elections: president and vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote dla five-year terms (may not serve consecutive terms); election last held 31 pazdziernik 2004 (next to be held pazdziernik 2009)

election results: Tabare VAZQUEZ elected president; percent of vote - Tabare VAZQUEZ 50.5%, Jorge LARRANAGA 35.1%, Guillermo STIRLING 10.3%; other 4.1%
Eksport 900 million kWh (2003)
Eksport $3.55 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2003 est.)
Eksport NA bbl/day
Eksport - towary meat, rice, leather products, wool, fish, dairy products
Eksport - partnerzy US 18.6%, Brazylia 15.6%, Meksyk 6.9%, Argentyna 6.1%, Hiszpania 4.1%, Niemcy 4% (2005)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi nine equal horizontal stripes of white (top and bottom) alternating z blue; there is a white square w the upper hoist-side corner z a yellow sun bearing a human face known as the Sun of maj z 16 rays that alternate between triangular and wavy
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 9.3%

industry: 31.1%

services: 59.6% (2005 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 6.8% (2005 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 33 00 S, 56 00 W
Polozenie geograficzne second-smallest South American country (after Surinam); most of the low-lying landscape (three-quarters of the country) is grassland, ideal dla cattle and sheep raising
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 3.7%

highest 10%: 25.8% (1997)
Import 654 million kWh (2003)
Import $3.54 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.)
Import 65 million cu m (2003 est.)
Import NA bbl/day
Import - towary machinery, chemicals, road vehicles, crude petroleum
Import - partnerzy Argentyna 18.9%, Brazylia 18.5%, Paragwaj 14%, US 8.6%, Chiny 6.2% (2005)
Niepodleglosc 25 sierpien 1825 (from Brazylia)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 8.5% (2005 est.)
Przemysl food processing, electrical machinery, transportation equipment, petroleum products, textiles, chemicals, beverages
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 11.61 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 12.9 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 10.27 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)
Inflacja 4.7% (2005 est.)
Nawadniane tereny 2,100 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court (judges are nominated by the president and elected dla 10-year terms by the General Assembly)
Sila robocza 1.52 million (2005 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 14%

industry: 16%

services: 70%
Granica total: 1,564 km

border countries: Argentyna 579 km, Brazylia 985 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 7.77%

permanent crops: 0.24%

other: 91.99% (2005)
Jezyki Spanish, Portunol, or Brazyliaero (Portuguese-Spanish mix on the Brazyliaian frontier)
System prawny based on Spanish civil law system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral General Assembly or Asamblea General consists of Chamber of Senators or Camara de Senadores (30 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms; vice president has one vote w the Senate) and Chamber of Representatives or Camara de Representantes (99 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

elections: Chamber of Senators - last held 31 pazdziernik 2004 (next to be held pazdziernik 2009); Chamber of Representatives - last held 31 pazdziernik 2004 (next to be held pazdziernik 2009)

election results: Chamber of Senators - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - EP-FA 16, Blanco 11, Colorado Party 3; Chamber of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - EP-FA 52, Blanco 36, Colorado Party 10, Independent Party 1
Zywotnosc total population: 76.33 years

male: 73.12 years

female: 79.65 years (2006 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 98%

male: 97.6%

female: 98.4% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Southern South America, bordering the South Ocean Atlantycki, between Argentyna and Brazylia
Lokalizacja na mapie South America
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm

contiguous zone: 24 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Flota handlowa total: 13 ships (1000 GRT or over) 34,259 GRT/19,725 DWT

by type: cargo 2, chemical tanker 1, passenger/cargo 7, petroleum tanker 2, roll on/roll off 1

foreign-owned: 4 (Argentyna 3, Grecja 1)

registered w other countries: 8 (Argentyna 1, Bahamas 2, Liberia 3, Hiszpania 2) (2006)
Wojsko Army, Navy (includes naval air arm, Marines, Maritime Prefecture w wartime), Air Force (Fuerza Aerea Urugwaja, FAU) (2006)
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $371.2 million (2005 est.)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 2.1% (2005 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 25 sierpien (1825)
Narodowosc noun: Urugwajan(s)

adjective: Urugwajan
Naturalne zagrozenia seasonally high winds (the pampero is a chilly and occasional violent wind that blows north from the Argentine pampas), droughts, floods; because of the absence of mountains, which act as weather barriers, all locations are particularly vulnerable to rapid changes from weather fronts
Surowce naturalne arable land, hydropower, minor minerals, fisheries
Wspolczynnik migracji -0.25 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Rurociagi gas 257 km; oil 160 km (2006)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Colorado Party [Julio Maria SANGUINETTI]; Independent Party (Partido Independiente) [Pablo MIERES]; Movement of Popular Participation or MPP [Jose MUJICA]; National Party or Blanco [Jorge LARRANAGA]; New Sector/Space Coalition (Nuevo Espacio) [Rafael MICHELINI]; Progressive Encounter/Broad Front Coalition (Encuentro Progresista/Frente Amplio) or EP-FA [Tabare VAZQUEZ]; Socialist Party of Urugwaj or Socialists [Reinaldo GARGANO]; Urugwajan Assembly or Asamblea Urugwaj [Danilo ASTORI]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Architect's Society of Urugwaj (professional organization); Catholic Church; Chamber of Urugwajan Przemysl (manufacturer's association); Chemist and Pharmaceutical Association (professional organization); PIT-CNT (powerful federation of Urugwajan unions); Rural Association of Urugwaj (rancher's association); students; Urugwajan Construction League
Ludnosc 3,431,932 (lipiec 2006 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 22% of households (2004)
Przyrost naturalny 0.46% (2006 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 93, FM 191, shortwave 7 (2005)
Linie kolejowe total: 2,073 km

standard gauge: 2,073 km 1.435-m gauge

note: 461 km have been taken out of service and 460 km are w partial use (2005)
Religie Roman Catholic 66% (less than half of the adult population attends church regularly), Protestant 2%, Jewish 1%, nonprofessing or other 31%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/female

total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2006 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal and compulsory
System telefoniczny general assessment: fully digitalized

domestic: most modern facilities concentrated w Montevideo; new nationwide microwave radio relay network

international: country code - 598; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki) (2002)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 1 million (2004)
Telefony komorkowe 600,000 (2004)
Stacje telewizyjne 62 (2005)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly rolling plains and low hills; fertile coastal lowland
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.89 children born/woman (2006 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 12.2% (2005 est.)
Drogi wodne 1,600 km (2005)
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