Main page Compare countries Index countries Index fields


United Arab Emirates (2001)

United Arab Emirates - select year:
United Arab EmiratesUnited Arab Emirates (2002) (compare)
United Arab EmiratesUnited Arab Emirates (2003) (compare)
United Arab EmiratesUnited Arab Emirates (2004) (compare)
United Arab EmiratesUnited Arab Emirates (2005) (compare)
United Arab EmiratesUnited Arab Emirates (2006) (compare)
United Arab EmiratesUnited Arab Emirates (2007) (compare)
United Arab EmiratesUnited Arab Emirates (2008) (compare)

Compare with other popular countries

United Arab Emirates 2001 year

 United Arab Emirates
Administrative divisions 7 emirates (imarat, singular - imarah); Abu Zaby (Abu Dhabi), 'Ajman, Al Fujayrah, Ash Shariqah (Sharjah), Dubayy (Dubai), Ra's al Khaymah, Umm al Qaywayn
Age structure 0-14 years:
28.86% (male 354,298; female 340,498)

15-64 years:
68.74% (male 1,047,839; female 607,020)

65 years and over:
2.4% (male 40,626; female 17,179) (2001 est.)
Agriculture - products dates, vegetables, watermelons; poultry, eggs, dairy products; fish
Airports 40 (2000 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total:

over 3,047 m:

2,438 to 3,047 m:

1,524 to 2,437 m:

914 to 1,523 m:

under 914 m:
4 (2000 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways total:

over 3,047 m:

2,438 to 3,047 m:

1,524 to 2,437 m:

914 to 1,523 m:

under 914 m:
3 (2000 est.)
Area total:
82,880 sq km

82,880 sq km

0 sq km
Area - comparative slightly smaller than Maine
Background The Trucial States of the Persian Gulf coast granted the UK control of their defense and foreign affairs in 19th century treaties. In 1971, six of these states - Abu Zaby, 'Ajman, Al Fujayrah, Ash Shariqah, Dubayy, and Umm al Qaywayn - merged to form the UAE. They were joined in 1972 by Ra's al Khaymah. The UAE's per capita GDP is not far below those of the leading West European nations. Its generosity with oil revenues and its moderate foreign policy stance have allowed it to play a vital role in the affairs of the region.
Birth rate 18.11 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budget revenues:
$6.5 billion

$7.3 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (2000 est.)
Capital Abu Dhabi
Climate desert; cooler in eastern mountains
Coastline 1,318 km
Constitution 2 December 1971 (made permanent in 1996)
Country name conventional long form:
United Arab Emirates

conventional short form:

local long form:
Al Imarat al Arabiyah al Muttahidah

local short form:

Trucial Oman, Trucial States

Currency Emirati dirham (AED)
Death rate 3.79 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Debt - external $12.6 billion (2000 est.)
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission:
Ambassador Theodore H. KATTOUF

Al-Sudan Street, Abu Dhabi

mailing address:
P. O. Box 4009, Abu Dhabi; American Embassy Abu Dhabi, Department of State, Washington, DC 20521-6010 (pouch); note - work week is Saturday through Wednesday

[971] (2) 4436691

[971] (2) 4435441

consulate(s) general:
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission:
Ambassador Asri Said Ahmad al-DHAHIRI

Suite 700, 1255 22nd Street NW, Washington, DC 20037

[1] (202) 955-7999
Disputes - international location and status of boundary with Saudi Arabia is not final, de facto boundary reflects 1974 agreement; boundary with Oman has not been bilaterally defined; northern section in the Musandam Peninsula is an administrative boundary; claims two islands in the Persian Gulf occupied by Iran: Lesser Tunb (called Tunb as Sughra in Arabic by UAE and Jazireh-ye Tonb-e Kuchek in Persian by Iran) and Greater Tunb (called Tunb al Kubra in Arabic by UAE and Jazireh-ye Tonb-e Bozorg in Persian by Iran); claims island in the Persian Gulf jointly administered with Iran (called Abu Musa in Arabic by UAE and Jazireh-ye Abu Musa in Persian by Iran) - over which Iran has taken steps to exert unilateral control since 1992, including access restrictions and a military build-up on the island; the UAE has garnered significant diplomatic support in the region in protesting these Iranian actions
Economic aid - recipient $NA
Economy - overview The UAE has an open economy with a high per capita income and a sizable annual trade surplus. Its wealth is based on oil and gas output (about 33% of GDP), and the fortunes of the economy fluctuate with the prices of those commodities. Since 1973, the UAE has undergone a profound transformation from an impoverished region of small desert principalities to a modern state with a high standard of living. At present levels of production, oil and gas reserves should last for more than 100 years. Despite higher oil revenues in 1999-2000, the government has not drawn back from the economic reforms implemented during the 1998 oil price depression. The government has increased spending on job creation and infrastructure expansion and is opening up its utilities to greater private-sector involvement.
Electricity - consumption 34.131 billion kWh (1999)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - production 36.7 billion kWh (1999)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel:



0% (1999)
Elevation extremes lowest point:
Persian Gulf 0 m

highest point:
Jabal Yibir 1,527 m
Environment - current issues lack of natural freshwater resources being overcome by desalination plants; desertification; beach pollution from oil spills
Environment - international agreements party to:
Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection

signed, but not ratified:
Law of the Sea
Ethnic groups Emirati 19%, other Arab and Iranian 23%, South Asian 50%, other expatriates (includes Westerners and East Asians) 8% (1982)

less than 20% are UAE citizens (1982)
Exchange rates Emirati dirhams per US dollar - central bank mid-point rate: 3.6725 (since 1998); 3.6711 (1997), 3.6710 (1995-96)
Executive branch chief of state:
President ZAYID bin Sultan Al Nuhayyan (since 2 December 1971), ruler of Abu Zaby (Abu Dhabi) (since 6 August 1966) and Vice President MAKTUM bin Rashid al-Maktum (since 8 October 1990), ruler of Dubayy (Dubai)

head of government:
Prime Minister MAKTUM bin Rashid al-Maktum (since 8 October 1990), ruler of Dubayy (Dubai); Deputy Prime Minister SULTAN bin Zayid Al Nuhayyan (since 20 November 1990)

Council of Ministers appointed by the president

there is also a Federal Supreme Council (FSC) which is composed of the seven emirate rulers; the council is the highest constitutional authority in the UAE; establishes general policies and sanctions federal legislation, Abu Zaby (Abu Dhabi) and Dubayy (Dubai) rulers have effective veto power; meets four times a year

president and vice president elected by the FSC (a group of seven electors) for five-year terms; election last held NA October 1996 (next to be held NA October 2001); prime minister and deputy prime minister appointed by the president

election results:
ZAYID bin Sultan Al Nuhayyan reelected president; percent of FSC vote - NA, but believed to be unanimous; MAKTUM bin Rashid al-Maktum elected vice president; percent of FSC vote - NA%, but believed to be unanimous
Exports 0 kWh (1999)
Exports $46 billion (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
Exports - commodities crude oil 45%, natural gas, reexports, dried fish, dates
Exports - partners Japan 30%, India 7%, Singapore 6%, South Korea 4%, Oman, Iran (1999)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and black with a thicker vertical red band on the hoist side
GDP purchasing power parity - $54 billion (2000 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture:


45% (1996 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $22,800 (2000 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 4% (2000 est.)
Geographic coordinates 24 00 N, 54 00 E
Geography - note strategic location along southern approaches to Strait of Hormuz, a vital transit point for world crude oil
Heliports 2 (2000 est.)
Highways total:
4,835 km

4,835 km

0 km (1998 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%:

highest 10%:
Illicit drugs growing role as heroin transshipment and money-laundering center due to its proximity to southwest Asian producing countries and the bustling free trade zone in Dubai
Imports 0 kWh (1999)
Imports $34 billion (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
Imports - commodities machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, food
Imports - partners Japan 9%, US 8%, UK 8%, Italy 6%, Germany, South Korea (1999)
Independence 2 December 1971 (from UK)
Industrial production growth rate 4% (2000)
Industries petroleum, fishing, petrochemicals, construction materials, some boat building, handicrafts, pearling
Infant mortality rate 16.68 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 4.5% (2000 est.)
International organization participation ABEDA, AFESD, AL, AMF, CAEU, CCC, ESCWA, FAO, G-77, GCC, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, NAM, OAPEC, OIC, OPCW, OPEC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 1 (2000)
Irrigated land 50 sq km (1993 est.)
Judicial branch Union Supreme Court (judges are appointed by the president)
Labor force 1.4 million (1998 est.)

75% of the population in the 15-64 age group is non-national (July 1998 est.)
Labor force - by occupation services 60%, industry 32%, agriculture 8% (1996 est.)
Land boundaries total:
867 km

border countries:
Oman 410 km, Saudi Arabia 457 km
Land use arable land:

permanent crops:

permanent pastures:

forests and woodland:

98% (1993 est.)
Languages Arabic (official), Persian, English, Hindi, Urdu
Legal system federal court system introduced in 1971; all emirates except Dubayy (Dubai) and Ra's al Khaymah have joined the federal system; all emirates have secular and Islamic law for civil, criminal, and high courts
Legislative branch unicameral Federal National Council or Majlis al-Ittihad al-Watani (40 seats; members appointed by the rulers of the constituent states to serve two-year terms)


reviews legislation, but cannot change or veto
Life expectancy at birth total population:
74.29 years

71.84 years

76.86 years (2001 est.)
Literacy definition:
age 15 and over can read and write

total population:


79.8% (1995 est.)
Location Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf, between Oman and Saudi Arabia
Map references Middle East
Maritime claims contiguous zone:
24 NM

continental shelf:
200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin

exclusive economic zone:
200 NM

territorial sea:
12 NM
Merchant marine total:
70 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 1,094,256 GRT/1,421,333 DWT

ships by type:
cargo 16, chemical tanker 3, container 17, liquefied gas 1, livestock carrier 1, passenger 1, petroleum tanker 24, roll on/roll off 6, specialized tanker 1 (2000 est.)
Military branches Army, Navy, Air Force, Air Defense, paramilitary (includes Federal Police Force)
Military expenditures - dollar figure $1.6 billion (FY00)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP 3.1% (FY00)
Military manpower - availability males age 15-49:

includes non-nationals (2001 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service males age 15-49:
420,484 (2001 est.)
Military manpower - military age 18 years of age
Military manpower - reaching military age annually males:
25,482 (2001 est.)
National holiday Independence Day, 2 December (1971)
Nationality noun:

Natural hazards frequent sand and dust storms
Natural resources petroleum, natural gas
Net migration rate 1.61 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Pipelines crude oil 830 km; natural gas, including natural gas liquids, 870 km
Political parties and leaders none
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 2,407,460

includes 1,576,472 non-nationals (July 2001 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 1.59% (2001 est.)
Ports and harbors 'Ajman, Al Fujayrah, Das Island, Khawr Fakkan, Mina' Jabal 'Ali, Mina' Khalid, Mina' Rashid, Mina' Saqr, Mina' Zayid, Umm al Qaywayn
Radio broadcast stations AM 13, FM 7, shortwave 2 (1998)
Radios 820,000 (1997)
Railways 0 km
Religions Muslim 96% (Shi'a 16%), Christian, Hindu, and other 4%
Sex ratio at birth:
1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.04 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
1.73 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
2.36 male(s)/female

total population:
1.5 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Suffrage none
Telephone system general assessment:
modern system consisting of microwave radio relay and coaxial cable; key centers are Abu Dhabi and Dubai

microwave radio relay and coaxial cable

satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 2 Indian Ocean) and 1 Arabsat; submarine cables to Qatar, Bahrain, India, and Pakistan; tropospheric scatter to Bahrain; microwave radio relay to Saudi Arabia
Telephones - main lines in use 915,223 (1998)
Telephones - mobile cellular 1 million (1999)
Television broadcast stations 15 (1997)
Terrain flat, barren coastal plain merging into rolling sand dunes of vast desert wasteland; mountains in east
Total fertility rate 3.23 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Unemployment rate NA%
Waterways none
Sitemap: Compare countries listing (map site) | Country listing (map site)
Links: Add to favorites | Information about this website | Stats | Polityka prywatnosci
This page was generated in ##czas## s. Size this page: ##rozmiar_strony## kB.