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Turks and Caicos Islands (2001)

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Turks and Caicos Islands 2001 year

 Turks and Caicos Islands
Administrative divisions none (overseas territory of the UK)
Age structure 0-14 years:
32.58% (male 2,996; female 2,908)

15-64 years:
63.51% (male 6,050; female 5,459)

65 years and over:
3.91% (male 316; female 393) (2001 est.)
Agriculture - products corn, beans, cassava (tapioca), citrus fruits; fish
Airports 8 (2000 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total:

1,524 to 2,437 m:

914 to 1,523 m:
1 (2000 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways total:

914 to 1,523 m:

under 914 m:
2 (2000 est.)
Area total:
430 sq km

430 sq km

0 sq km
Area - comparative 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Background The islands were part of the UK's Jamaican colony until 1962, when they assumed the status of a separate crown colony upon Jamaica's independence. The governor of The Bahamas oversaw affairs from 1965 to 1973. With Bahamian independence, the islands received a separate governor in 1973. Although independence was agreed upon for 1982, the policy was reversed and the islands are presently a British overseas territory.
Birth rate 24.89 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budget revenues:
$47 million

$33.6 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1997-1998 est.)
Capital Cockburn Town (on Grand Turk)
Climate tropical; marine; moderated by trade winds; sunny and relatively dry
Coastline 389 km
Constitution introduced 30 August 1976; suspended in 1986; restored and revised 5 March 1988
Country name conventional long form:

conventional short form:
Turks and Caicos Islands
Currency US dollar (USD)
Death rate 4.47 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Debt - external $NA
Dependency status overseas territory of the UK
Diplomatic representation from the US none (overseas territory of the UK)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (overseas territory of the UK)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $4.1 million (1997)
Economy - overview The Turks and Caicos economy is based on tourism, fishing, and offshore financial services. Most capital goods and food for domestic consumption are imported. The US was the leading source of tourists in 1996, accounting for more than half of the 87,000 visitors; tourist arrivals had risen to 93,000 by 1998. Major sources of government revenue include fees from offshore financial activities and customs receipts.
Electricity - consumption 4.6 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - production 5 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel:



0% (1999)
Elevation extremes lowest point:
Caribbean Sea 0 m

highest point:
Blue Hills 49 m
Environment - current issues limited natural fresh water resources, private cisterns collect rainwater
Ethnic groups black
Exchange rates the US dollar is used
Executive branch chief of state:
Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1953), represented by Governor Mervyn JONES (since 27 January 2000)

head of government:
Chief Minister Derek H. TAYLOR (since 31 January 1995)

Executive Council consists of three ex officio members and five appointed by the governor from among the members of the Legislative Council

none; the monarch is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; chief minister appointed by the governor
Exports 0 kWh (1999)
Exports $4.7 million (1993)
Exports - commodities lobster, dried and fresh conch, conch shells
Exports - partners US, UK
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description blue, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the colonial shield centered on the outer half of the flag; the shield is yellow and contains a conch shell, lobster, and cactus
GDP purchasing power parity - $128 million (1999 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture:


GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $7,300 (1999 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 8.7% (1999 est.)
Geographic coordinates 21 45 N, 71 35 W
Geography - note 30 islands (eight inhabited)
Highways total:
121 km

24 km

97 km (2000)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%:

highest 10%:
Illicit drugs transshipment point for South American narcotics destined for the US and Europe
Imports 0 kWh (1999)
Imports $46.6 million (1993)
Imports - commodities food and beverages, tobacco, clothing, manufactures, construction materials
Imports - partners US, UK
Independence none (overseas territory of the UK)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries tourism, offshore financial services
Infant mortality rate 18.06 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 4% (1995)
International organization participation Caricom (associate), CDB, Interpol (subbureau)
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 14 (2000)
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch Supreme Court
Labor force 4,848 (1990 est.)
Labor force - by occupation about 33% in government and 20% in agriculture and fishing; significant numbers in tourism, financial, and other services (1997 est.)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land:

permanent crops:

permanent pastures:

forests and woodland:

98% (1993 est.)
Languages English (official)
Legal system based on laws of England and Wales, with a small number adopted from Jamaica and The Bahamas
Legislative branch unicameral Legislative Council (19 seats, of which 13 are popularly elected; members serve four-year terms)

last held 4 March 1999 (next to be held by NA 2003)

election results:
percent of vote by party - PDM 52.2%, PNP 40.9%, independent 6.9%; seats by party - PDM 9, PNP 4
Life expectancy at birth total population:
73.52 years

71.37 years

75.77 years (2001 est.)
Literacy definition:
age 15 and over has ever attended school

total population:


98% (1970 est.)
Location Caribbean, two island groups in the North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of The Bahamas
Map references Central America and the Caribbean
Maritime claims exclusive fishing zone:
200 NM

territorial sea:
12 NM
Merchant marine none (2000 est.)
Military - note defense is the responsibility of the UK
National holiday Constitution Day, 30 August (1976)
Nationality noun:

Natural hazards frequent hurricanes
Natural resources spiny lobster, conch
Net migration rate 13.69 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Political parties and leaders People's Democratic Movement or PDM [Derek H. TAYLOR]; Progressive National Party or PNP [Washington MISICK]; United Democratic Party or UDP [Wendal SWANN]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 18,122 (July 2001 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 3.41% (2001 est.)
Ports and harbors Grand Turk, Providenciales
Radio broadcast stations AM 3 (one inactive), FM 6, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios 8,000 (1997)
Railways 0 km
Religions Baptist 41.2%, Methodist 18.9%, Anglican 18.3%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1.7%, other 19.9% (1980)
Sex ratio at birth:
1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.03 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
1.11 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
0.8 male(s)/female

total population:
1.07 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment:
fair cable and radiotelephone services


2 submarine cables; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
Telephones - main lines in use 3,000 (1994)
Telephones - mobile cellular 0 (1994)
Television broadcast stations 0 (broadcasts from The Bahamas are received; cable television is established) (1997)
Terrain low, flat limestone; extensive marshes and mangrove swamps
Total fertility rate 3.22 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Unemployment rate 10% (1997 est.)
Waterways none
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