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Tromelin Island (2005)

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Tromelin Island 2005 year

 Tromelin Island
Airports 1 (2004 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 1

under 914 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Area total: 1 sq km

land: 1 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative about 1.7 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Background First explored by the French in 1776, the island came under the jurisdiction of Reunion in 1814. At present, it serves as a sea turtle sanctuary and is the site of an important meteorological station.
Climate tropical
Coastline 3.7 km
Country name conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Tromelin Island

local long form: none

local short form: Ile Tromelin
Dependency status possession of France; administered by the Administrateur Superieur of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands
Disputes - international claimed by Mauritius
Economy - overview no economic activity
Elevation extremes lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m

highest point: unnamed location 7 m
Environment - current issues NA
Flag description the flag of France is used
Geographic coordinates 15 52 S, 54 25 E
Geography - note climatologically important location for forecasting cyclones; wildlife sanctuary (seabirds, tortoises)
Irrigated land 0 sq km (1998 est.)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 0%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 100% (grasses; scattered bushes) (2001)
Legal system the laws of France, where applicable, apply
Location Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar
Map references Africa
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Military - note defense is the responsibility of France
Natural hazards NA
Natural resources fish
Population uninhabited, except for visits by scientists (July 2005 est.)
Ports and harbors none; offshore anchorage only
Terrain low, flat, and sandy; likely volcanic
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