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Timor Wschodni (2004)

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Timor Wschodni 2004 roku

 Timor Wschodni
Podzial administracyjny 13 administrative districts; Aileu, Ainaro, Baucau, Bobonaro (Maliana), Cova-Lima (Suai), Dili, Ermera, Lautem (Los Palos), Liquica, Manatuto, Manufahi (Same), Oecussi (Ambeno), Viqueque
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 37.8% (male 196,007; female 189,584)

15-64 years: 59.2% (male 308,254; female 295,584)

65 years and over: 2.9% (male 14,663; female 15,160) (2004 est.)
Rolinictwo coffee, rice, maize, cassava, sweet potatoes, soybeans, cabbage, mangoes, bananas, vanilla
Lotniska 8 (2003 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 3

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 5

914 to 1,523 m: 3

under 914 m: 2 (2004 est.)
Terytorium total: 15,007 sq km

land: NA sq km

water: NA sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly larger than Connecticut
Tlo historyczne The Portuguese began to trade z the island of Timor w the early 16th century and colonized it w mid-century. Skirmishing z the Dutch w the region eventually resulted w an 1859 treaty w which Portugalia ceded the western portion of the island. Imperial Japonia occupied Timor Wschodni during 1942-1945, but Portugalia resumed colonial authority after the Japoniaese defeat w Swiat War II. Timor Wschodni declared itself independent from Portugalia on 28 listopad 1975 and was invaded and occupied by Indonezjan forces nine days later. It was incorporated into Indonezja w lipiec 1976 as the province of Timor Wschodni. An unsuccessful campaign of pacification followed over the next two decades, during which an estimated 100,000 to 250,000 individuals lost their lives. On 30 sierpien 1999, w a UN-supervised popular referendum, an overwhelming majority of the people of Timor Wschodni voted dla independence from Indonezja. Between the referendum and the arrival of a multinational peacekeeping force w late wrzesien 1999, anti-independence Timorese militias - organized and supported by the Indonezjan military - commenced a large-scale, scorched-earth campaign of retribution. The militias killed approximately 1,300 Timorese and forcibly pushed 300,000 people into West Timor as refugees. The majority of the country's infrastructure, including homes, irrigation systems, water supply systems, and schools, and nearly 100% of the country's electrical grid were destroyed. On 20 wrzesien 1999 the Australian-led peacekeeping troops of the International Force dla Timor Wschodni (INTERFET) deployed to the country and brought the violence to an end. On 20 maj 2002, Timor Wschodni was internationally recognized as an independent state.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 27.46 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Budzet revenues: $36 million

expenditures: $97 million, including capital expenditures of NA (2003 est.)
Stolica Dili
Klimat tropical; hot, humid; distinct rainy and dry seasons
Linia brzegowa 706 km
Konstytucja 22 marzec 2002 (based on the Portuguese model)
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Democratic Republic of Timor Wschodni

conventional short form: Timor Wschodni

local long form: Republika Demokratika Timor Lorosa'e [Tetum]; Republica Democratica de Timor Wschodni [Portuguese]

local short form: Timor Lorosa'e [Tetum]; Timor Wschodni [Portuguese]

former: Portuguese Timor
Waluta US dollar (USD)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 6.36 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne NA
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Grover Joseph REES

embassy: Avenida de Portugalia, Praia dos Conqueiros, Dili

mailing address: Department of State, 8250 Dili Place, Washington, DC 20521-8250

telephone: (670) 332-4684

FAX: (670) 331-3206
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Jose Luis GUTERRES

chancery: 3415 Massachusetts Avenue, Washington, DC 20007

telephone: 202 965-1515

FAX: 202 965-1517

consulate(s) general: New York (the ambassador resides w New York) (2004)
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Timor Wschodni-Indonezja Boundary Committee continues to meet, survey, and delimit the land boundary, but several sections of the boundary especially around the Oekussi enclave remain unresolved; Indonezja and Timor Wschodni contest the sovereignty of the uninhabited coral island of Palau Batek/Fatu Sinai, which may delay decision on the northern maritime boundaries; numbers of Timor Wschodni refugees w Indonezja refuse repatriation; Timor Wschodni and Australia continue to disagree over the delimitation of a permanent maritime boundary and over the sharing of petroleum resources that fall outside the Joint Petroleum Development Terytorium covered by the 2002 Timor Sea Treaty
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $2.2 billion (1999-2002 est.)
Ekonomia In late 1999, about 70% of the economic infrastructure of Timor Wschodni was laid waste by Indonezjan troops and anti-independence militias, and 260,000 people fled westward. Over the next three years, however, a massive international program, manned by 5,000 peacekeepers (8,000 at peak) and 1,300 police officers, led to substantial reconstruction w both urban and rural areas. By mid-2002, all but about 50,000 of the refugees had returned. Growth was held back w 2003 by extensive drought and the gradual winding down of the international presence. The country faces great challenges w continuing the rebuilding of infrastructure, strengthening the infant civil administration, and generating jobs dla young people entering the workforce. One promising long-term project is the planned development of oil and gas resources w nearby waters, but the government faces a substantial financing gap over the next several years before these revenues start flowing into state coffers.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja NA kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja NA kWh (2001)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Timor Sea, Savu Sea, and Banda Sea 0 m

highest point: Foho Tatamailau 2,963 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy widespread use of slash and burn agriculture has led to deforestation and soil erosion
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy NA
Grupy etniczne Austronesian (Malayo-Polynesian), Papuan, small Chinese minority
Kurs waluty the US dollar is the legal tender
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Kay Rala Xanana GUSMAO (since 20 maj 2002); note - the president plays a largely symbolic role but is able to veto some legislation; he formerly used the name Jose Alexandre GUSMAO

head of government: Prime Minister Mari Bin Amude ALKATIRI (since 20 maj 2002)

cabinet: Council of Ministers

elections: president elected by popular vote dla a five-year term; election last held 14 kwiecien 2002 (next to be held NA kwiecien 2007); after the first legislative elections, the leader of the majority party was appointed prime minister by the president, suggesting a precedent dla the future

election results: Kay Rala Xanana GUSMAO elected president; percent of vote - Kay Rala Xanana GUSMAO 82.7%, Francisco Xavier do AMARAL 17.3%
Eksport 0 kWh (2001)
Eksport $8 million (2001 est.)
Eksport - towary coffee, sandalwood, marble; note - the potential dla oil and vanilla exports
Eksport - partnerzy NA
Rok podatkowy 1 lipiec - 30 czerwiec
Opis flagi red, z a black isosceles triangle (based on the hoist side) superimposed on a slightly longer yellow arrowhead that extends to the center of the flag; there is a white star w the center of the black triangle
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $440 million (2001 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 25.4%

industry: 17.2%

services: 57.4% (2001)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $500 (2001 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu -3% (2003 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 8 50 S, 125 55 E
Polozenie geograficzne Timor comes from the Malay word dla "East;" the island of Timor is part of the Malay Archipelago and is the largest and easternmost of the Lesser Sunda Islands
Ladowiska helikopterow 1 (2003 est.)
Autostrady total: 3,800 km

paved: 428 km

unpaved: 3,372 km (1995)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA

highest 10%: NA
Narkotyki NA
Import 0 kWh (2001)
Import $237 million (2001 est.)
Import - towary mainly food (2001)
Import - partnerzy NA
Niepodleglosc 28 listopad 1975 (date of proclamation of independence from Portugalia); note - 20 maj 2002 is the official date of international recognition of Timor Wschodni's independence from Indonezja
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 8.5%
Przemysl printing, soap manufacturing, handicrafts, woven cloth
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 48.86 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 55.34 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 42.05 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Inflacja 8% NA (2003 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, AsDB, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICCt, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS (observer), ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, MIGA, OPCW, PIF (observer), UN, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WHO
Nawadniane tereny 1,065 sq km (est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court of Justice - constitution calls dla one judge to be appointed by National Parliament and rest appointed by Superior Council dla Judiciary; note - until Supreme Court is established, Court of Appeals is highest court
Sila robocza NA
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki NA
Granica total: 228 km

border countries: Indonezja 228 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 4.71%

permanent crops: 0.67%

other: 94.62% (2001)
Jezyki Tetum (official), Portuguese (official), Indonezjan, English

note: there are about 16 indigenous languages; Tetum, Galole, Mambae, and Kemak are spoken by significant numbers of people
System prawny UN-drafted legal system based on Indonezjan law remains w place but will be replaced by civil and penal codes based on Portuguese law (2004)
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Parliament (number of seats can vary, minimum requirement of 52 and a maximum of 65 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms); note - dla its first term of office, the National Parliament is comprised of 88 members on an exceptional basis

elections: (next to be held sierpien 2006); direct elections dla national parliament were never held; elected delegates to the national convention named themselves legislators instead of having elections; hence the exceptional numbers dla this term of the national parliament.

election results: percent of vote by party - FRETILIN 57.37%, PD 8.72%, PSD 8.18%, ASDT 7.84%, UDT 2.36%, PNT 2.21%, KOTA 2.13%, PPT 2.01%, PDC 1.98%, PST 1.78%, independents/other 5.42%; seats by party - FRETILIN 55, PD 7, PSD 6, ASDT 6, PDC 2, UDT 2, KOTA 2, PNT 2, PPT 2, UDC/PDC 1, PST 1, PL 1, independent 1
Zywotnosc total population: 65.56 years

male: 63.31 years

female: 67.92 years (2004 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 58.6% (2002)
Lokalizacja Southeastern Asia, northwest of Australia w the Lesser Sunda Islands at the eastern end of the Indonezjan archipelago; note - Timor Wschodni includes the eastern half of the island of Timor, the Oecussi (Ambeno) region on the northwest portion of the island of Timor, and the islands of Pulau Atauro and Pulau Jaco
Lokalizacja na mapie Southeast Asia
Morskie obszary territorial sea: NA nm

exclusive economic zone: NA nm

continental shelf: NA nm

exclusive fishing zone: NA nm

extended fishing zone: NA nm
Flota handlowa none
Wojsko Timor Wschodni Defense Force (Forcas de Defesa de Timor-L'este, FDTL): Army, Navy
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $4.4 million (FY03)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) NA
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) NA (2004 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) NA (2004 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (osoby osiagajace wiek poborowy w ciagu roku) NA (2004 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 28 listopad (1975)
Narodowosc noun: Timorese

adjective: Timorese
Naturalne zagrozenia floods and landslides are common; earthquakes, tsunamis, tropical cyclones
Surowce naturalne gold, petroleum, natural gas, manganese, marble
Wspolczynnik migracji 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Associacao Social-Democrata Timorense or ASDT [Francisco Xavier do AMARAL]; Christian Democratic Party of Timor or PDC [Antonio XIMENES]; Christian Democratic Union of Timor or UDC [Vicente da Silva GUTERRES]; Democratic Party or PD [Fernando de ARAUJO]; Liberal Party or PL [leader NA]; Maubere Democratic Party or PDM [leader NA]; People's Party of Timor or PPT [Jacob XAVIER]; Revolutionary Front of Independent Timor Wschodni or FRETILIN [Lu OLO]; Social Democrat Party of Timor Wschodni or PSD [Mario CARRASCALAO]; Socialist Party of Timor or PST [leader Avelino COELHO]; Sons of the Mountain Warriors (also known as Association of Timorese Heroes) or KOTA [Clementino dos Reis AMARAL]; Timor Democratic Union or UDT [Joao CARRASCALAO]; Timor Labor Party or PTT [Paulo Freitas DA SILVA]; Timorese Nationalist Party or PNT [Abilio ARAUJO]; Timorese Popular Democratic Association or APODETI [Frederico Almeida-Santos DA COSTA]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Popular Council dla the Defense of the Democratic Republic of Timor Wschodni or CPD-RDTL [leader Antonio-Aitahan MATAK] is largest political pressure group; it rejects current government and claims to be rightful government; Kolimau 2000 [leader Dr. Bruno MAGALHAES] is another opposition group; dissatisfied veterans of struggle against Indonezja, led by one-time government advisor Cornelio GAMA (also known as L-7), also play an important role w pressuring government
Ludnosc 1,019,252

note: other estimates range as low as 800,000 (lipiec 2004 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 42% (2003 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 2.11% (2004 est.)
Porty i stocznie NA
Stacje radiowe AM NA, FM NA, shortwave NA
Religie Roman Catholic 90%, Muslim 4%, Protestant 3%, Hindu 0.5%, Buddhist, Animist (1992 est.)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.97 male(s)/female

total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 17 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny NA
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne NA
Telefony komorkowe NA
Stacje telewizyjne NA
Uksztaltowanie terenu mountainous
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 3.7 children born/woman (2004 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 50% (including underemployment) (1992 est.)
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