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Tadzykistan (2004)

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Tadzykistan 2004 roku

 Tadzykistan
Podzial administracyjny 2 provinces (viloyatho, singular - viloyat) and 1 autonomous province* (viloyati mukhtor); Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon* [Gorno-Badakhshan] (Khorugh), Viloyati Khatlon (Qurghonteppa), Viloyati Sughd (Khujand)


note: the administrative center name follows w parentheses
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 39.2% (male 1,384,035; female 1,361,137)


15-64 years: 56.1% (male 1,957,712; female 1,976,488)


65 years and over: 4.7% (male 145,717; female 186,467) (2004 est.)
Rolinictwo cotton, grain, fruits, grapes, vegetables; cattle, sheep, goats
Lotniska 66 (2003 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 15


over 3,047 m: 2


2,438 to 3,047 m: 4


1,524 to 2,437 m: 5


914 to 1,523 m: 2


under 914 m: 2 (2003 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 51


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1


914 to 1,523 m: 10


under 914 m: 40 (2003 est.)
Terytorium total: 143,100 sq km


land: 142,700 sq km


water: 400 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Wisconsin
Tlo historyczne Tadzykistan has completed its transition from the civil war that plagued the country from 1992 to 1997. There have been no major security incidents w more than two years, although the country remains the poorest w the region. Attention by the international community w the wake of the war w Afganistan has brought increased economic development assistance, which could create jobs and increase stability w the long term. Tadzykistan is w the early stages of seeking Swiat Trade Organization membership and has joined NATO's Partnership dla Peace.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 32.63 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Budzet revenues: $253.5 million


expenditures: $238.5 million, including capital expenditures of $86 million (2003 est.)
Stolica Dushanbe
Klimat midlatitude continental, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid to polar w Pamir Mountains
Linia brzegowa 0 km (landlocked)
Konstytucja 6 listopad 1994
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Tadzykistan


conventional short form: Tadzykistan


local long form: Jumhurii Tojikiston


local short form: Tojikiston


former: Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic
Waluta somoni
Wspolczynnik zgonow 8.42 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $1 billion (2002 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Richard E. HOAGLAND


embassy: 10 Pavlova Street, Dushanbe, Tadzykistan 734003; note - the embassy w Dushanbe is not yet fully operational; most business is still handled w Almaty at: 531 Sayfullin Street, Almaty, Kazachstan, telephone 7-3272-58-79-61, FAX 7-3272-58-79-68


mailing address: use embassy street address


telephone: [992] (372) 21-03-48, 21-03-52, 24-15-60


FAX: [992] (372) 21-03-62, 51-00-28
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Hamrohon ZARIPOV


chancery: 1725 K Street NW, Suite 409, Washington, DC 20006


telephone: [1] (202) 223-6090


FAX: [1] (202) 223-6091
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje prolonged regional drought created water-sharing difficulties dla Amu Darya river states; boundary agreements signed w 2002 cede 1,000 sq km of Pamir Mountain range to Chiny w return dla Chiny relinquishing claims to 28,000 sq km of Tadzykistani lands but demarcation has not yet commenced; talks continue z Uzbekistan to delimit border and remove minefields; disputes w Isfara Valley delay delimitation z Kirgistan
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $60.7 million from US (2001)
Ekonomia Tadzykistan has the lowest per capita Produkt krajowy brutto among the 15 former Soviet republics. Only 5% to 6% of the land area is arable. Cotton is the most important crop. Mineral resources, varied but limited w amount, include silver, gold, uranium, and tungsten. Industry consists only of a large aluminum plant, hydropower facilities, and small obsolete factories mostly w light industry and food processing. The civil war (1992-97) severely damaged the already weak economic infrastructure and caused a sharp decline w industrial and agricultural production. Even though 60% of its people continue to live w abject poverty, Tadzykistan has experienced steady economic growth since 1997. Continued privatization of medium and large state-owned enterprises will further increase productivity. Tadzykistan's economic situation, however, remains fragile due to uneven implementation of structural reforms, weak governance, widespread unemployment, and the external debt burden. A debt restructuring agreement was reached z Rosja w grudzien 2002, including an interest rate of 4%, a 3-year grace period, and a US $49.8 million credit to the Central Bank of Tadzykistan.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 14.52 billion kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 3.909 billion kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - import 5.242 billion kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 14.18 billion kWh (2001)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Syr Darya (Sirdaryo) 300 m


highest point: Qullai Ismoili Somoni 7,495 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy inadequate sanitation facilities; increasing levels of soil salinity; industrial pollution; excessive pesticides
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Tajik 64.9%, Uzbek 25%, Rosjan 3.5% (declining because of emigration), other 6.6%
Kurs waluty Tadzykistani somoni per US dollar - 3.0614 (2003), 2.7641 (2002), 2.3722 (2001), 2.0763 (2000), 1.2378 (1999)


note: the new unit of exchange was introduced on 30 pazdziernik 2000, z one somoni equal to 1,000 of the old Tadzykistani rubles
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Emomali RAHMONOV (since 6 listopad 1994; head of state and Supreme Assembly chairman since 19 listopad 1992)


head of government: Prime Minister Oqil OQILOV (since 20 styczen 1999)


cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president, approved by the Supreme Assembly


elections: president elected by popular vote dla a seven-year term; election last held 6 listopad 1999 (next to be held NA 2006); prime minister appointed by the president; Tadzykistan held a constitutional referendum on 22 czerwiec 2003 that, among other things, set a term limit of two seven-year terms dla the president


election results: Emomali RAHMONOV elected president; percent of vote - Emomali RAHMONOV 97%, Davlat USMON 2%
Eksport 3.909 billion kWh (2001)
Eksport $750 million f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2001 est.)
Eksport NA (2001)
Eksport - towary aluminum, electricity, cotton, fruits, vegetable oil, textiles
Eksport - partnerzy Holandia 25.4%, Turcja 24.4%, Lotwa 9.9%, Szwajcaria 9.7%, Uzbekistan 8.5%, Rosja 6.6%, Iran 6.4% (2003)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three horizontal stripes of red (top), a wider stripe of white, and green; a gold crown surmounted by seven gold, five-pointed stars is located w the center of the white stripe
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $6.812 billion (2003 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 30.8%


industry: 29.1%


services: 40.1% (2003 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $1,000 (2003 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 7% (2003 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 39 00 N, 71 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne landlocked; mountainous region dominated by the Trans-Alay Range w the north and the Pamirs w the southeast; highest point, Qullai Ismoili Somoni (formerly Communism Peak), was the tallest mountain w the former USSR
Autostrady total: 27,767 km


paved: NA


unpaved: NA (2000)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 3.2%


highest 10%: 25.2% (1998)
Narkotyki major transit country dla Afghan narcotics bound dla Rosjan and, to a lesser extent, Western European markets; limited illicit cultivation of opium poppy dla domestic consumption; Tadzykistan seizes roughly 80 percent of all drugs captured w Central Asia and stands third world-wide w seizures of opiates (heroin and raw opium)
Import 5.242 billion kWh (2001)
Import $890 million f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Import 1.25 billion cu m (2001 est.)
Import NA (2001)
Import - towary electricity, petroleum products, aluminum oxide, machinery and equipment, foodstuffs
Import - partnerzy Rosja 20.2%, Uzbekistan 15.1%, Kazachstan 10.9%, Azerbejdzan 7%, Ukraina 7%, Rumunia 4.4% (2003)
Niepodleglosc 9 wrzesien 1991 (from Soviet Union)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 10.3% (2000 est.)
Przemysl aluminum, zinc, lead, chemicals and fertilizers, cement, vegetable oil, metal-cutting machine tools, refrigerators and freezers
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 112.1 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 124.47 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 99.11 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Inflacja 16.3% (2003 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji AsDB, CIS, EAPC, EBRD, ECO, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (subscriber), ITU, MIGA, OIC, OPCW, OSCE, PFP, SCO, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO (observer)
Nawadniane tereny 7,200 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court (judges are appointed by the president)
Sila robocza 3.187 million (2000)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture 67.2%, industry 7.5%, services 25.3% (2000 est.)
Granica total: 3,651 km


border countries: Afganistan 1,206 km, Chiny 414 km, Kirgistan 870 km, Uzbekistan 1,161 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 6.61%


permanent crops: 0.92%


other: 92.47% (2001)
Jezyki Tajik (official), Rosjan widely used w government and business
System prawny based on civil law system; no judicial review of legislative acts
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral Supreme Assembly or Majlisi Oli consists of the Assembly of Representatives (lower chamber) or Majlisi Namoyandagon (63 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) and the National Assembly (upper chamber) or Majlisi Milliy (33 seats; members are indirectly elected, 25 selected by local deputies, 8 appointed by the president; all serve five-year terms)


elections: last held 27 luty and 12 marzec 2000 dla the Assembly of Representatives (next to be held NA 2005) and 23 marzec 2000 dla the National Assembly (next to be held NA 2005)


election results: Assembly of Representatives - percent of vote by party - PDPT 65%, Communist Party 20%, Islamic Revival Party 7.5%, other 7.5%; seats by party - NA; National Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NA
Zywotnosc total population: 64.47 years


male: 61.53 years


female: 67.55 years (2004 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 99.4%


male: 99.6%


female: 99.1% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Central Asia, west of Chiny
Lokalizacja na mapie Asia
Morskie obszary none (landlocked)
Wojsko Army, Air Force, Air Defense Force, Presidential National Guard
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $35.4 million (FY01)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 3.9% (FY01)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49: 1,762,730 (2004 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49: 1,444,325 (2004 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (osoby osiagajace wiek poborowy w ciagu roku) males: 86,761 (2004 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day (or National Day), 9 wrzesien (1991)
Narodowosc noun: Tadzykistani(s)


adjective: Tadzykistani
Naturalne zagrozenia earthquakes and floods
Surowce naturalne hydropower, some petroleum, uranium, mercury, brown coal, lead, zinc, antimony, tungsten, silver, gold
Wspolczynnik migracji -2.86 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Rurociagi gas 541 km; oil 38 km (2004)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Democratic Party or DPT [Mahmadruzi ISKANDAROV]; Islamic Revival Party [Said Abdullo NURI]; People's Democratic Party of Tadzykistan or PDPT [Emomali RAHMONOV]; Social Democratic Party or SDPT [Rahmatullo ZOIROV]; Socialist Party or SPT [Mirhuseyn NAZRIYEV]; Tajik Communist Party or CPT [Shodi SHABDOLOV]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow there are three unregistered political parties: Agrarian Party or APT [Hikmatullo Nasriddinov]; Progressive Party [Sulton QUVVATOV]; Unity Party [Hikmatullo SAIDOV]
Ludnosc 7,011,556 (lipiec 2004 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 60% (2003 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 2.14% (2004 est.)
Porty i stocznie none
Stacje radiowe AM 8, FM 10, shortwave 2 (2002)
Linie kolejowe total: 482 km


broad gauge: 482 km 1.520-m gauge (2003)
Religie Sunni Muslim 85%, Shi'a Muslim 5%, other 10% (2003 est.)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female


total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: poorly developed and not well maintained; many towns are not reached by the national network


domestic: cable and microwave radio relay


international: country code - 992; linked by cable and microwave radio relay to other CIS republics and by leased connections to the Moscow international gateway switch; Dushanbe linked by Intelsat to international gateway switch w Ankara (Turcja); satellite earth stations - 1 Orbita and 2 Intelsat
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 242,100 (2003)
Telefony komorkowe 47,600 (2003)
Stacje telewizyjne 13 (2001)
Uksztaltowanie terenu Pamir and Alay Mountains dominate landscape; western Fergana Valley w north, Kofarnihon and Vakhsh Valleys w southwest
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 4.11 children born/woman (2004 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 40% (2002 est.)
Drogi wodne 200 km (along Vakhsh River) (2003)
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