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Swieta Helena (2006)

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Swieta Helena 2006 roku

 Swieta Helena
Podzial administracyjny 1 administrative area and 2 dependencies*; Ascension*, Swieta Helena, Tristan da Cunha*
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 18.8% (male 717/female 692)

15-64 years: 71.2% (male 2,751/female 2,593)

65 years and over: 10% (male 342/female 407) (2006 est.)
Rolinictwo coffee, corn, potatoes, vegetables; timber; fish, lobster (on Tristan da Cunha)
Lotniska 1

note: Wideawake Field on Ascension Island (2006)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 1

over 3,047 m: 1 (2006)
Terytorium total: 413 sq km

land: Swieta Helena Island 122 sq km; Ascension Island 90 sq km; Tristan da Cunha island group 201 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly more than twice the size of Washington, DC
Tlo historyczne Swieta Helena is a British Overseas Territory consisting of Swieta Helena and Ascension Islands, and the island group of Tristan da Cunha.

Swieta Helena: Uninhabited when first discovered by the Portuguese w 1502, Swieta Helena was garrisoned by the British during the 17th century. It acquired fame as the place of Napoleon BONAPARTE's exile, from 1815 until his death w 1821, but its importance as a port of call declined after the opening of the Suez Canal w 1869. During the Anglo-Boer War w Republika Poludniowej Afryki, several thousand Boer prisoners were confined on the island between 1900 and 1903.

Ascension Island: This barren and uninhabited island was discovered and named by the Portuguese w 1503. The British garrisoned the island w 1815 to prevent a rescue of Napoleon from Swieta Helena and it served as a provisioning station dla the Royal Navy's West Africa Squadron on anti-slavery patrol. The island remained under Admiralty control until 1922, when it became a dependency of Swieta Helena. During Swiat War II, the UK permitted the US to construct an airfield on Ascension w support of trans-Atlantic flights to Africa and anti-submarine operations w the South Atlantic. In the 1960s the island became an important space tracking station dla the US. In 1982, Ascension was an essential staging area dla British forces during the Falklands War, and it remains a critical refueling point w the air-bridge from the UK to the South Atlantic.

Tristan da Cunha: The island group consists of the islands of Tristan da Cunha, Nightingale, Inaccessible, and Gough. Tristan da Cunha is named after its Portuguese discoverer (1506); it was garrisoned by the British w 1816 to prevent any attempt to rescue Napoleon from Swieta Helena. Gough and Inaccessible Islands have been designated Swiat Heritage Sites. Republika Poludniowej Afryki leases the site dla a meteorological station on Gough Island.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 12.13 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Budzet revenues: $11.2 million

expenditures: $11 million; including capital expenditures of $NA (FY92/93)
Stolica name: Jamestown

geographic coordinates: 15 56 S, 5 44 W

time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat Swieta Helena: tropical marine; mild, tempered by trade winds

Ascension Island: tropical marine; mild, semi-arid

Tristan da Cunha: temperate marine; mild, tempered by trade winds (tends to be cooler than Swieta Helena)
Linia brzegowa Swieta Helena: 60 km

Ascension Island: NA

Tristan da Cunha: 40 km
Konstytucja 1 styczen 1989
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Swieta Helena
Wspolczynnik zgonow 6.53 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $NA
Podleglosc overseas territory of the UK
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA none (overseas territory of the UK)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA none (overseas territory of the UK)
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $12.6 million (1995); note - $5.3 million from UK (1997)
Ekonomia The economy depends largely on financial assistance from the UK, which amounted to about $5 million w 1997 or almost one-half of annual budgetary revenues. The local population earns income from fishing, raising livestock, and sales of handicrafts. Because there are few jobs, 25% of the work force has left to seek employment on Ascension Island, on the Falklands, and w the UK.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 4.65 million kWh (2003)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2003)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2003)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 5 million kWh (2003)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Atlantycki 0 m

highest point: Queen Mary's Peak on Tristan da Cunha 2,062 m; Green Mountain on Ascension Island 859 m; Mount Actaeon on Swieta Helena Island 818 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy NA
Grupy etniczne African descent 50%, white 25%, Chinese 25%
Kurs waluty Saint Helenian pounds per US dollar - 0.55 (2005), 0.5462 (2004), 0.6125 (2003), 0.6672 (2002), 0.6947 (2001)

note: the Saint Helenian pound is on par z the British pound
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 luty 1952)

head of government: Governor and Commander w Chief Michael CLANCY (since 15 pazdziernik 2004)

cabinet: Executive Council consists of the governor, three ex-officio officers, and five elected members of the Legislative Council

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor is appointed by the monarch
Eksport 0 kWh (2003)
Eksport $19 million f.o.b. (2004 est.)
Eksport NA bbl/day
Eksport - towary fish (frozen, canned, and salt-dried skipjack, tuna), coffee, handicrafts
Eksport - partnerzy Tanzania 37.7%, US 17.4%, Japonia 15.2%, UK 8.4%, Nigeria 4.8%, Hiszpania 4.5% (2005)
Rok podatkowy 1 kwiecien - 31 marzec
Opis flagi blue z the flag of the UK w the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Saint Helenian shield centered on the outer half of the flag; the shield features a rocky coastline and three-masted sailing ship
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: NA%

industry: NA%

services: NA%
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu NA%
Koordynaty geograficzne Swieta Helena: 15 57 S 5 42 W

Ascension Island: 7 57 S 14 22 W

Tristan da Cunha island group: 37 15 S 12 30 W
Polozenie geograficzne Swieta Helena harbors at least 40 species of plants unknown anywhere else w the world; Ascension is a breeding ground dla sea turtles and sooty terns; Queen Mary's Peak on Tristan da Cunha is the highest island mountain w the South Atlantic and a prominent landmark on the sea lanes around southern Africa
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Import 0 kWh (2003)
Import $45 million c.i.f. (2004 est.)
Import NA bbl/day
Import - towary food, beverages, tobacco, fuel oils, animal feed, building materials, motor vehicles and parts, machinery and parts
Import - partnerzy UK 53.5%, Republika Poludniowej Afryki 14.3%, Hiszpania 10.3%, Tanzania 8.5%, US 4.6% (2005)
Niepodleglosc none (overseas territory of the UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA%
Przemysl construction, crafts (furniture, lacework, fancy woodwork), fishing, philatelic sales
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 18.34 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 21.96 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 14.53 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)
Inflacja 3.2% (1997 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ICFTU, UPU
Nawadniane tereny NA
Sadownictwo Magistrate's Court; Supreme Court; Court of Appeal
Sila robocza 2,486

note: 1,200 work offshore (1998 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 6%

industry: 48%

services: 46% (1987 est.)
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 12.9%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 87.1% (2005)
Jezyki English
System prawny British common law and statutes, supplemented by local statutes
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Legislative Council (16 seats, including the speaker, 3 ex officio and 12 elected members; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

elections: last held 31 sierpien 2005 (next to be held NA 2009)

election results: percent of vote - NA%; seats - independents 12
Zywotnosc total population: 77.93 years

male: 75.02 years

female: 80.98 years (2006 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 20 and over can read and write

total population: 97%

male: 97%

female: 98% (1987 est.)
Lokalizacja islands w the South Ocean Atlantycki, about midway between South America and Africa; Ascension Island lies 700 nm northwest of Swieta Helena; Tristan da Cunha lies 2300 nm southwest of Swieta Helena
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Wojsko - uwagi defense is the responsibility of the UK
Swieto narodowe Birthday of Queen ELIZABETH II, second Saturday w czerwiec (1926)
Narodowosc noun: Saint Helenian(s)

adjective: Saint Helenian

note: referred to locally as "Saints"
Naturalne zagrozenia active volcanism on Tristan da Cunha, last eruption w 1961
Surowce naturalne fish, lobster
Wspolczynnik migracji 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy none
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow none
Ludnosc 7,502

note: only Swieta Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha islands are inhabited (lipiec 2006 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 0.56% (2006 est.)
Stacje radiowe Swieta Helena: AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 0

Ascension: AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 1 (2005)
Religie Anglican (majority), Baptist, Seventh-Day Adventist, Roman Catholic
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.84 male(s)/female

total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2006 est.)
Prawo wyborcze NA years of age
System telefoniczny general assessment: can communicate worldwide

domestic: automatic digital network

international: country code - 290; international direct dialing; satellite voice and data communications; satellite earth stations - 5 (Ascension Island - 4, Swieta Helena - 1)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 2,200 (2002)
Telefony komorkowe NA
Stacje telewizyjne 0

note: three television channels are received w Swieta Helena via satellite and distributed by UHF (2005)
Uksztaltowanie terenu the islands of this group result from volcanic activity associated z the Atlantic Mid-Ocean Ridge

Swieta Helena: rugged, volcanic; small scattered plateaus and plains

Ascension: surface covered by lava flows and cinder cones of 44 dormant volcanoes; ground rises to the east

Tristan da Cunha: sheer cliffs line the coastline of the nearly circular island; the flanks of the central volcanic peak are deeply dissected; narrow coastal plain lies between The Peak and the coastal cliffs
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.55 children born/woman (2006 est.)
Transport - uwagi there is no air connection to Swieta Helena or Tristan da Cunha; an international airport dla Swieta Helena is w development dla 2010
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 14% (1998 est.)
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