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Spratly Islands (2001)

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Spratly Islands 2001 year

 Spratly Islands
Airports 4 (2000 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total:

914 to 1,523 m:
1 (2000 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways total:

914 to 1,523 m:

under 914 m:
2 (2000 est.)
Area total:
less than 5 sq km

less than 5 sq km

0 sq km

includes 100 or so islets, coral reefs, and sea mounts scattered over an area of nearly 410,000 sq km of the central South China Sea
Area - comparative NA
Background Rich fishing grounds and the potential for gas and oil deposits have caused this archipelago to be claimed in its entirety by China, Taiwan, and Vietnam, while portions are claimed by Malaysia and the Philippines. All five parties have occupied certain islands or reefs, and occasional clashes have occurred between Chinese and Vietnamese naval forces
Climate tropical
Coastline 926 km
Country name conventional long form:

conventional short form:
Spratly Islands
Disputes - international all of the Spratly Islands are claimed by China, Taiwan, and Vietnam; parts of them are claimed by Malaysia and the Philippines; in 1984, Brunei established an exclusive fishing zone that encompasses Louisa Reef in the southern Spratly Islands, but has not publicly claimed the island; in 2000, China joined ASEAN discussions towards creating a South China Sea "code of conduct" - a non-legally binding confidence building measure
Economy - overview Economic activity is limited to commercial fishing. The proximity to nearby oil- and gas-producing sedimentary basins suggests the potential for oil and gas deposits, but the region is largely unexplored, and there are no reliable estimates of potential reserves; commercial exploitation has yet to be developed.
Elevation extremes lowest point:
South China Sea 0 m

highest point:
unnamed location on Southwest Cay 4 m
Environment - current issues NA
Geographic coordinates 8 38 N, 111 55 E
Geography - note strategically located near several primary shipping lanes in the central South China Sea; includes numerous small islands, atolls, shoals, and coral reefs
Irrigated land 0 sq km (1993)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land:

permanent crops:

permanent pastures:

forests and woodland:

Location Southeastern Asia, group of reefs and islands in the South China Sea, about two-thirds of the way from southern Vietnam to the southern Philippines
Map references Southeast Asia
Maritime claims NA
Military - note Spratly Islands consist of more than 100 small islands or reefs, of which about 45 are claimed and occupied by China, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan, and Vietnam
Natural hazards typhoons; serious maritime hazard because of numerous reefs and shoals
Natural resources fish, guano, undetermined oil and natural gas potential
Population no indigenous inhabitants

there are scattered garrisons occupied by personnel of several claimant states (July 2001 est.)
Ports and harbors none; offshore anchorage only
Terrain flat
Waterways none
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