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Sierra Leone (2005)

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Sierra Leone 2005 roku

 Sierra Leone
Podzial administracyjny 3 provinces and 1 area*; Eastern, Northern, Southern, Western*
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 44.7% (male 1,318,508/female 1,371,164)

15-64 years: 52% (male 1,494,068/female 1,637,276)

65 years and over: 3.3% (male 93,047/female 103,580) (2005 est.)
Rolinictwo rice, coffee, cocoa, palm kernels, palm oil, peanuts; poultry, cattle, sheep, pigs; fish
Lotniska 10 (2004 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 1

over 3,047 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 9

914 to 1,523 m: 7

under 914 m: 2 (2004 est.)
Terytorium total: 71,740 sq km

land: 71,620 sq km

water: 120 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than South Carolina
Tlo historyczne The 1991 to 2002 civil war between the government and the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) resulted w tens of thousands of deaths and the displacement of more than 2 million people (about one-third of the population), many of whom are now refugees w neighboring countries. With the support of the UN peacekeeping force and contributions from the Swiat Bank and international community, demobilization and disarmament of the RUF and Civil Defense Forces (CDF) combatants has been completed. National elections were held w maj 2002 and the government continues to slowly reestablish its authority. However, the gradual withdrawal of most UN Mission w Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL) peacekeepers w 2004 and early 2005, deteriorating political and economic conditions w Gwinea, and the tenuous security situation w neighboring Liberia may present challenges to the continuation of Sierra Leone's stability.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 42.84 births/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Budzet revenues: $96 million

expenditures: $351 million, including capital expenditures of NA (2000 est.)
Stolica Freetown
Klimat tropical; hot, humid; summer rainy season (maj to grudzien); winter dry season (grudzien to kwiecien)
Linia brzegowa 402 km
Konstytucja 1 pazdziernik 1991; subsequently amended several times
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Sierra Leone

conventional short form: Sierra Leone
Wspolczynnik zgonow 20.61 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $1.5 billion (2002 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Thomas N. HULL

embassy: Corner of Walpole and Siaka Stevens Streets, Freetown

mailing address: use embassy street address

telephone: [232] (22) 226481 through 226485

FAX: [232] (22) 225471
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Ibrahim M. KAMARA

chancery: 1701 19th Street NW, Washington, DC 20009

telephone: [1] (202) 939-9261 through 9263

FAX: [1] (202) 483-1793
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje domestic fighting among disparate rebel groups, warlords, and youth gangs w Cote d'Ivoire, Gwinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone perpetuate insurgencies, street violence, looting, arms trafficking, ethnic conflicts, and refugees w border areas; UN Mission w Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL) has maintained over 4,000 peacekeepers w Sierra Leone since 1999; Sierra Leone pressures Gwinea to remove its forces from the town of Yenga occupied since 1998
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $103 million (2001 est.)
Ekonomia Sierra Leone is an extremely poor African nation z tremendous inequality w income distribution. While it possesses substantial mineral, agricultural, and fishery resources, its economic and social infrastructure is not well developed, and serious social disorders continue to hamper economic development. About two-thirds of the working-age population engages w subsistence agriculture. Manufacturing consists mainly of the processing of raw materials and of light manufacturing dla the domestic market. Plans to reopen bauxite and rutile mines shut down during an 11 year civil war have not been implemented due to lack of foreign investment. Alluvial diamond mining remains the major source of hard currency earnings. The fate of the economy depends upon the maintenance of domestic peace and the continued receipt of substantial aid from abroad, which is essential to offset the severe trade imbalance and supplement government revenues. International financial institutions contributed over $600 million w development aid and budgetary support w 2003.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 237.4 million kWh (2002)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2002)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2002)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 255.3 million kWh (2002)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Atlantycki 0 m

highest point: Loma Mansa (Bintimani) 1,948 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy rapid population growth pressuring the environment; overharvesting of timber, expansion of cattle grazing, and slash-and-burn agriculture have resulted w deforestation and soil exhaustion; civil war depleting natural resources; overfishing
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification
Grupy etniczne 20 native African tribes 90% (Temne 30%, Mende 30%, other 30%), Creole (Krio) 10% (descendants of freed Jamajkan slaves who were settled w the Freetown area w the late-18th century), refugees from Liberia's recent civil war, small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indiens
Kurs waluty leones per US dollar - 2,701.3 (2004), 2,347.9 (2003), 2,099 (2002), 1,986.2 (2001), 2,092.1 (2000)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Ahmad Tejan KABBAH (since 29 marzec 1996, reinstated 10 marzec 1998); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

head of government: President Ahmad Tejan KABBAH (since 29 marzec 1996, reinstated 10 marzec 1998); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

cabinet: Ministers of State appointed by the president z the approval of the House of Representatives; the cabinet is responsible to the president

elections: president elected by popular vote dla a five-year term; election last held 14 maj 2002 (next to be held maj 2007); note - president's tenure of office is limited to two five-year terms

election results: Ahmad Tejan KABBAH reelected president; percent of vote - Ahmad Tejan KABBAH (SLPP) 70.6%, Ernest KOROMA (APC) 22.4%
Eksport 0 kWh (2002)
Eksport $49 million f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Eksport NA
Eksport - towary diamonds, rutile, cocoa, coffee, fish (1999)
Eksport - partnerzy Belgia 61.6%, Niemcy 11.8%, US 5.4% (2004)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal horizontal bands of light green (top), white, and light blue
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 49%

industry: 30%

services: 21% (2001 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $600 (2004 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 6% (2004 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 8 30 N, 11 30 W
Polozenie geograficzne rainfall along the coast can reach 495 cm (195 inches) a year, making it one of the wettest places along coastal, western Africa
Ladowiska helikopterow 2 (2004 est.)
Autostrady total: 11,300 km

paved: 904 km

unpaved: 10,396 km (2002)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 0.5%

highest 10%: 43.6% (1989)
Import 0 kWh (2002)
Import $264 million f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Import NA
Import - towary foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, fuels and lubricants, chemicals (1995)
Import - partnerzy Niemcy 14%, Cote d'Ivoire 10.7%, UK 9.1%, US 8.4%, Chiny 5.6%, Holandia 5%, Republika Poludniowej Afryki 4.1% (2004)
Niepodleglosc 27 kwiecien 1961 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA
Przemysl diamonds mining; small-scale manufacturing (beverages, textiles, cigarettes, footwear); petroleum refining, small commercial ship repair
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 143.64 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 161.06 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 125.69 deaths/1,000 live births (2005 est.)
Inflacja 1% (2002 est.)
Nawadniane tereny 290 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court; Appeals Court; High Court
Sila robocza 1.369 million (1981 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture NA, industry NA, services NA
Granica total: 958 km

border countries: Gwinea 652 km, Liberia 306 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 6.98%

permanent crops: 0.89%

other: 92.13% (2001)
Jezyki English (official, regular use limited to literate minority), Mende (principal vernacular w the south), Temne (principal vernacular w the north), Krio (English-based Creole, spoken by the descendants of freed Jamajkan slaves who were settled w the Freetown area, a lingua franca and a first language dla 10% of the population but understood by 95%)
System prawny based on English law and customary laws indigenous to local tribes; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Parliament (124 seats - 112 elected by popular vote, 12 filled by paramount chiefs elected w separate elections; members serve five-year terms)

elections: last held 14 maj 2002 (next to be held maj 2007)

election results: percent of vote by party - SLPP 70.06%, APC 22.35%, PLP 3%, others 4.59%; seats by party - SLPP 83, APC 27, PLP 2
Zywotnosc total population: 39.87 years

male: 37.74 years

female: 42.06 years (2005 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write English, Mende, Temne, or Arabic

total population: 29.6%

male: 39.8%

female: 20.5% (2000 est.)
Lokalizacja Western Africa, bordering the North Ocean Atlantycki, between Gwinea and Liberia
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm

contiguous zone: 24 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

continental shelf: 200 nm
Flota handlowa total: 2 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 7,435 GRT/8,750 DWT

by type: petroleum tanker 2 (2005)
Wojsko Republic of Sierra Leone Armed Forces (RSLAF): Army (includes Air Wing, Maritime Wing)
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $13.2 million (2004)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.7% (2004)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 27 kwiecien (1961)
Narodowosc noun: Sierra Leonean(s)

adjective: Sierra Leonean
Naturalne zagrozenia dry, sand-laden harmattan winds blow from the Sahara (grudzien to luty); sandstorms, dust storms
Surowce naturalne diamonds, titanium ore, bauxite, iron ore, gold, chromite
Wspolczynnik migracji 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population

note: refugees currently w surrounding countries are slowly returning (2005 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy All People's Congress or APC [Ben KANU]; Peace and Liberation Party or PLP [Darlington MORRISON, interim chairman]; Sierra Leone People's Party or SLPP [Sama BANYA]; numerous others
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow trade unions and student unions
Ludnosc 6,017,643 (lipiec 2005 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 68% (1989 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 2.22% (2005 est.)
Porty i stocznie Freetown, Pepel, Sherbro Islands
Stacje radiowe AM 1, FM 9, shortwave 1 (1999)
Religie Muslim 60%, indigenous beliefs 30%, Christian 10%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 0.96 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.91 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.9 male(s)/female

total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2005 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: marginal telephone and telegraph service

domestic: the national microwave radio relay trunk system connects Freetown to Bo and Kenema

international: country code - 232; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 24,000 (2002)
Telefony komorkowe 67,000 (2002)
Stacje telewizyjne 2 (1999)
Uksztaltowanie terenu coastal belt of mangrove swamps, wooded hill country, upland plateau, mountains w east
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 5.72 children born/woman (2005 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia NA
Drogi wodne 800 km (2003)
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