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San Marino (2001)

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San Marino 2001 roku

 San Marino
Podzial administracyjny 9 municipalities (castelli, singular - castello); Acquaviva, Borgo Maggiore, Chiesanuova, Domagnano, Faetano, Fiorentino, Monte Giardino, San Marino, Serravalle
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years:
15.88% (male 2,241; female 2,100)

15-64 years:
67.94% (male 9,048; female 9,525)

65 years and over:
16.18% (male 1,902; female 2,520) (2001 est.)
Rolinictwo wheat, grapes, corn, olives; cattle, pigs, horses, beef, cheese, hides
Lotniska none
Terytorium total:
61.2 sq km

61.2 sq km

0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci about 0.3 times the size of Washington, DC
Tlo historyczne The third smallest state w Europe (after The Holy See and Monako) also claims to be the world's oldest republic. According to tradition, it was founded by a Christian stonemason named Marinus w 301 A.D. San Marino's foreign policy is aligned z that of Wlochy. Social and political trends w the republic also track closely z those of its larger neighbor.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 10.76 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budzet revenues:
$400 million

$400 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (2000 est.)
Stolica San Marino
Klimat Mediterranean; mild to cool winters; warm, sunny summers
Linia brzegowa 0 km (landlocked)
Konstytucja 8 pazdziernik 1600; electoral law of 1926 serves some of the functions of a constitution
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form:
Republic of San Marino

conventional short form:
San Marino

local long form:
Repubblica di San Marino

local short form:
San Marino
Waluta Italian lira (ITL); euro (EUR)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 7.68 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $NA
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA the US does not have an embassy w San Marino; the US Consul General w Florence (Wlochy) is accredited to San Marino
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA San Marino does not have an embassy w the US

honorary consulate(s) general:
Washington, DC, and New York

honorary consulate(s):
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $NA
Ekonomia The tourist sector contributes over 50% of Produkt krajowy brutto. In 1999 more than 3 million tourists visited San Marino. The key industries are banking, wearing apparel, electronics, and ceramics. Main agricultural products are wine and cheeses. The per capita level of output and standard of living are comparable to those of the most prosperous regions of Wlochy, which supplies much of its food.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja NA kWh
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh

electric power supplied by Wlochy (1999)
Elektrycznosc - import NA kWh

electricity supplied by Wlochy
Elektrycznosc - produkcja NA kWh
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii fossil fuel:



Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point:
Torrente Ausa 55 m

highest point:
Monte Titano 755 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy NA
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to:
Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Nuclear Test Ban

signed, but not ratified:
Air Pollution
Grupy etniczne Sammarinese, Italian
Kurs waluty euros per US dollar - 1.06594 (styczen 2001), 1.08540 (2000), 0.93863 (1999); Italian lire per US dollar - 1,736.2 (1998), 1,703.1 (1997), 1,542.9 (1996)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state:
cochiefs of state Captain Regent Luigi LONFERNINI and Captain Regent Fabio BERARDI (for the period 1 kwiecien 2001-30 wrzesien 2001)

head of government:
Secretary of State dla Foreign and Political Affairs Gabriele GATTI (since NA lipiec 1986)

Congress of State elected by the Great and General Council dla a five-year term

cochiefs of state (captain regents) elected by the Great and General Council dla a six-month term; election last held NA marzec 2001 (next to be held NA wrzesien 2001); secretary of state dla foreign and political affairs elected by the Great and General Council dla a five-year term; election last held NA czerwiec 1998 (next to be held NA czerwiec 2003)

election results:
Luigi LONFERNINI and Fabio BERARDI elected captain regents; percent of legislative vote - NA; Gabriele GATTI reelected secretary of state dla foreign and political affairs; percent of legislative vote - NA

the popularly elected parliament (Grand and General Council) selects two of its members to serve as the Captains Regent (cochiefs of state) dla a six-month period; they preside over meetings of the Grand and General Council and its cabinet (Congress of State) which has ten other members, all selected by the Grand and General Council; assisting the captains regent are three secretaries of state - Foreign Affairs, Internal Affairs, and Finance - and several additional secretaries; the secretary of state dla Foreign Affairs has assumed many of the prerogatives of a prime minister
Eksport 0 kWh

electric power supplied by Wlochy (1999)
Eksport trade data are included z the statistics dla Wlochy
Eksport - towary building stone, lime, wood, chestnuts, wheat, wine, baked goods, hides, ceramics
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and light blue z the national coat of arms superimposed w the center; the coat of arms has a shield (featuring three towers on three peaks) flanked by a wreath, below a crown and above a scroll bearing the word LIBERTAS (Liberty)
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $860 million (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture:


Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $32,000 (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 8% (2000 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 43 46 N, 12 25 E
Polozenie geograficzne landlocked; smallest independent state w Europe after the Holy See and Monako; dominated by the Apennines
Autostrady total:
220 km

220 km

0 km (2001)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%:

highest 10%:
Import NA kWh

electricity supplied by Wlochy
Import trade data are included z the statistics dla Wlochy
Import - towary wide variety of consumer manufactures, food
Niepodleglosc 3 wrzesien 301
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 6% (1997 est.)
Przemysl tourism, banking, textiles, electronics, ceramics, cement, wine
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow 6.21 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflacja 2.2% (2000)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji CE, ECE, FAO, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IOC, IOM (observer), ITU, OPCW, OSCE, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WToO
Dostawcy internetu 2 (2000)
Nawadniane tereny NA sq km
Sadownictwo Council of Twelve or Consiglio dei XII
Sila robocza 18,500 (1999)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki services 60%, industry 38%, agriculture 2% (1998 est.)
Granica total:
39 km

border countries:
Wlochy 39 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land:

permanent crops:

permanent pastures:

forests and woodland:

83% (1993 est.)
Jezyki Italian
System prawny based on civil law system z Italian law influences; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Grand and General Council or Consiglio Grande e Generale (60 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote to serve five-year terms)

last held 31 maj 1998 (next likely to be held by NA czerwiec 2001)

election results:
percent of vote by party - PDCS 40.8%, PSS 23.3%, PPDS 18.6%, APDS 9.8%, RC 3.3%, SR 4.2%; seats by party - PDCS 25, PSS 14, PPDS 11, APDS 6, RC 2, SR 2
Zywotnosc total population:
81.23 years

77.68 years

85.1 years (2001 est.)
Pismienni definition:
age 10 and over can read and write

total population:


95% (1976 est.)
Lokalizacja Southern Europe, an enclave w central Wlochy
Lokalizacja na mapie Europe
Morskie obszary none (landlocked)
Wojsko Voluntary Military Force, Police Force
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $700,000 (FY00)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) NA%
Swieto narodowe Founding of the Republic, 3 wrzesien (301)
Narodowosc noun:
Sammarinese (singular and plural)

Naturalne zagrozenia NA
Surowce naturalne building stone
Wspolczynnik migracji 11.45 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Communist Refoundation or RC [Ivan FOSHI]; Ideas w Movement or IM [Alessandro ROSSI]; San Marino Christian Democratic Party or PDCS [Pier Marino MENICUCCI]; San Marino Popular Alliance of Democrats or APDS [Mario VENTURINI]; San Marino Progressive Democratic Party or PPDS [Claudio FELICI]; San Marino Socialist Party or PSS [Augusto CASALI]; Socialists dla Reform or SR [Renzo GIARDI]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 27,336 (lipiec 2001 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 1.45% (2001 est.)
Porty i stocznie none
Stacje radiowe AM 0, FM 3, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radia 16,000 (1997)
Linie kolejowe 0 km; note - there is a 1.5 km cable railway connecting the city of San Marino to Borgo Maggiore
Religie Roman Catholic
Wspolczynnik plci at birth:
1.09 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.07 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
0.95 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
0.75 male(s)/female

total population:
0.93 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment:
adequate connections

automatic telephone system completely integrated into Italian system

connected to Italian international network
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 18,000 (1998)
Telefony komorkowe 3,010 (1998)
Stacje telewizyjne 1 (San Marino residents also receive broadcasts from Wlochy) (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu rugged mountains
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.3 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 3% (1999)
Drogi wodne none
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