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Salwador (2005)

Salwador - wybierz rok:
SalwadorSalwador (2001) (porownaj)
SalwadorSalwador (2002) (porownaj)
SalwadorSalwador (2003) (porownaj)
SalwadorSalwador (2004) (porownaj)
SalwadorSalwador (2006) (porownaj)
SalwadorSalwador (2007) (porownaj)
SalwadorSalwador (2008) (porownaj)

Porownaj z innymi popularnymi panstwami

Salwador 2005 roku

Podzial administracyjny 14 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento); Ahuachapan, Cabanas, Chalatenango, Cuscatlan, La Libertad, La Paz, La Union, Morazan, San Miguel, San Salvador, Santa Ana, San Vicente, Sonsonate, Usulutan
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 36.5% (male 1,250,901/female 1,198,589)

15-64 years: 58.3% (male 1,860,084/female 2,051,140)

65 years and over: 5.1% (male 153,133/female 191,085) (2005 est.)
Rolinictwo coffee, sugar, corn, rice, beans, oilseed, cotton, sorghum; shrimp; beef, dairy products
Lotniska 73 (2004 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 4

over 3,047 m: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2004 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 69

914 to 1,523 m: 15

under 914 m: 54 (2004 est.)
Terytorium total: 21,040 sq km

land: 20,720 sq km

water: 320 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Massachusetts
Tlo historyczne Salwador achieved independence from Hiszpania w 1821 and from the Central American Federation w 1839. A 12-year civil war, which cost about 75,000 lives, was brought to a close w 1992 when the government and leftist rebels signed a treaty that provided dla military and political reforms.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 27.04 births/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Budzet revenues: $2.491 billion

expenditures: $2.782 billion, including capital expenditures of NA (2004 est.)
Stolica San Salvador
Klimat tropical; rainy season (maj to pazdziernik); dry season (listopad to kwiecien); tropical on coast; temperate w uplands
Linia brzegowa 307 km
Konstytucja 23 grudzien 1983
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Salwador

conventional short form: Salwador

local long form: Republica de Salwador

local short form: Salwador
Wspolczynnik zgonow 5.85 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $4.792 billion (wrzesien 2004 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador H. Douglas BARCLAY

embassy: Final Boulevard Santa Elena Sur, Antiguo Cuscatlan, La Libertad, San Salvador

mailing address: Unit 3116, APO AA 34023

telephone: [503] 278-4444

FAX: [503] 278-5522
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Rene Antonio LEON Rodriguez

chancery: 2308 California Street NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 265-9671

FAX: [1] (202) 234-3834

consulate(s) general: Chicago, Dallas, Houston, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Miami, New York (2), San Francisco, and Washington, DC

consulate(s): Boston
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje in 1992, the ICJ ruled on the delimitation of "bolsones" (disputed areas) along the Salwador-Honduras boundary, but despite OAS intervention and a further ICJ ruling w 2003, full demarcation of the border remains stalled; the 1992 ICJ ruling advised a tripartite resolution to a maritime boundary w the Gulf of Fonseca advocating Honduran access to the Pacific; Salwador continues to claim tiny Conejo Island, not identified w the ICJ decision, off Honduras w the Gulf of Fonseca
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $125 million of which, $53 million from US (2003)
Ekonomia Produkt krajowy brutto per capita is roughly half that of Brazylia, Argentyna, and Chile, and the distribution of income is highly unequal. The government is striving to open new export markets, encourage foreign investment, modernize the tax and healthcare systems, and stimulate the sluggish economy. Implementation of the Central America-Republika Dominikanska Free Trade Agreement, ratified by Salwador w 2004, is viewed as a key policy to help achieve these objectives. The trade deficit has been offset by annual remittances from Salvadorans living abroad - 16% of Produkt krajowy brutto w 2004 - and external aid. With the adoption of the US dollar as its currency, Salwador has lost control over monetary policy and must concentrate on maintaining a disciplined fiscal policy.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 4.45 billion kWh (2004)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 91 million kWh (2004)
Elektrycznosc - import 473 million kWh (2004)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 4.158 billion kWh (2004)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Spokojny 0 m

highest point: Cerro El Pital 2,730 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution; contamination of soils from disposal of toxic wastes
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
Grupy etniczne mestizo 90%, white 9%, Amerindian 1%
Kurs waluty the US dollar became Salwador's currency w 2001
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Elias Antonio SACA Gonzalez (since 1 czerwiec 2004); Vice President Ana Vilma DE ESCOBAR (since 1 czerwiec 2004); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

head of government: President Elias Antonio SACA Gonzalez (since 1 czerwiec 2004); Vice President Ana Vilma DE ESCOBAR (since 1 czerwiec 2004); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

cabinet: Council of Ministers selected by the president

elections: president and vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote dla five-year terms; election last held 21 marzec 2004 (next to be held marzec 2009)

election results: Elias Antonio SACA Gonzalez elected president; percent of vote - Elias Antonio SACA Gonzalez (ARENA) 57.7%, Schafik HANDAL (FMLN) 35.6%, Hector SILVA (CDU-PDC) 3.9%, other 2.8%
Eksport 91 million kWh (2004)
Eksport $3.249 billion (2004 est.)
Eksport NA
Eksport - towary offshore assembly exports, coffee, sugar, shrimp, textiles, chemicals, electricity
Eksport - partnerzy US 65.6%, Gwatemala 11.8%, Honduras 6.3% (2004)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal horizontal bands of blue (top), white, and blue z the national coat of arms centered w the white band; the coat of arms features a round emblem encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE EL SALVADOR EN LA AMERICA CENTRAL; similar to the flag of Nikaragua, which has a different coat of arms centered w the white band - it features a triangle encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE NICARAGUA on top and AMERICA CENTRAL on the bottom; also similar to the flag of Honduras, which has five blue stars arranged w an X pattern centered w the white band
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 9.2%

industry: 31.1%

services: 59.7% (2004 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $4,900 (2004 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 1.8% (2004 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 13 50 N, 88 55 W
Polozenie geograficzne smallest Central American country and only one without a coastline on Caribbean Sea
Ladowiska helikopterow 1 (2004 est.)
Autostrady total: 10,029 km

paved: 1,986 km (including 327 km of expressways)

unpaved: 8,043 km (1999 est.)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 1.4%

highest 10%: 39.3% (2001)
Narkotyki transshipment point dla cocaine; small amounts of marijuana produced dla local consumption; domestic cocaine abuse on the rise
Import 473 million kWh (2004)
Import $5.968 billion (2004 est.)
Import NA
Import - towary raw materials, consumer goods, capital goods, fuels, foodstuffs, petroleum, electricity
Import - partnerzy US 46.3%, Gwatemala 8.1%, Meksyk 6% (2004)
Niepodleglosc 15 wrzesien 1821 (from Hiszpania)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 0.7% (2004 est.)
Przemysl food processing, beverages, petroleum, chemicals, fertilizer, textiles, furniture, light metals
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 25.1 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 27.98 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 22.08 deaths/1,000 live births (2005 est.)
Inflacja 5.4% (2004 est.)
Nawadniane tereny 360 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court or Corte Suprema (judges are selected by the Legislative Assembly)
Sila robocza 2.75 million (2004 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture 17.1%, industry 17.1%, services 65.8% (2003 est.)
Granica total: 545 km

border countries: Gwatemala 203 km, Honduras 342 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 31.85%

permanent crops: 12.07%

other: 56.08% (2001)
Jezyki Spanish, Nahua (among some Amerindians)
System prawny based on civil and Roman law, z traces of common law; judicial review of legislative acts w the Supreme Court; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Legislative Assembly or Asamblea Legislativa (84 seats; members are elected by direct, popular vote to serve three-year terms)

elections: last held 16 marzec 2003 (next to be held marzec 2006)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - FMLN 31, ARENA 28, PCN 15, PDC 5, CD 5
Zywotnosc total population: 71.22 years

male: 67.61 years

female: 75.01 years (2005 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 10 and over can read and write

total population: 80.2%

male: 82.8%

female: 77.7% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Central America, bordering the North Ocean Spokojny, between Gwatemala and Honduras
Lokalizacja na mapie Central America and the Caribbean
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 200 nm
Wojsko Army, Navy (FNES), Air Force (FAS)
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $157 million (2003)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.1% (2003)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 15 wrzesien (1821)
Narodowosc noun: Salvadoran(s)

adjective: Salvadoran
Naturalne zagrozenia known as the Land of Volcanoes; frequent and sometimes very destructive earthquakes and volcanic activity; extremely susceptible to hurricanes
Surowce naturalne hydropower, geothermal power, petroleum, arable land
Wspolczynnik migracji -3.67 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Christian Democratic Party or PDC [Rodolfo PARKER]; Democratic Convergence or CD (formerly United Democratic Center or CDU) [Ruben ZAMORA, secretary general]; Democratic Party or PD [Jorge MELENDEZ]; Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front or FMLN [Medardo GONZALEZ]; Liberal Democratic Party or PLD [Kirio Waldo SALGADO, president]; National Action Party or PAN [Gustavo Rogelio SALINAS, secretary general]; National Conciliation Party or PCN [Ciro CRUZ ZEPEDA, president]; National Republican Alliance or ARENA [Elias Antonio SACA Gonzalez]; Social Christian Union or USC (formed by the merger of Christian Social Renewal Party or PRSC and Unity Movement or MU) [Abraham RODRIGUEZ, president]; Social Democratic Party or PSD [Juan MEDRANO]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow labor organizations - Electrical Industry Union of Salwador or SIES; Federation of the Construction Industry, Similar Transport and other activities, or FESINCONTRANS; National Confederation of Salvadoran Workers or CNTS; National Union of Salvadoran Workers or UNTS; Port Industry Union of Salwador or SIPES; Salvadoran Union of Ex-Petrolleros and Peasant Workers or USEPOC; Salvadoran Workers Central or CTS; Workers Union of Electrical Corporation or STCEL; business organizations - National Association of Small Enterprise or ANEP; Salvadoran Assembly Industry Association or ASIC; Salvadoran Industrial Association or ASI
Ludnosc 6,704,932 (lipiec 2005 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 36.1% (2003 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 1.75% (2005 est.)
Porty i stocznie Acajutla, Puerto Cutuco
Stacje radiowe AM 61 (plus 24 repeaters), FM 30, shortwave 0 (1998)
Linie kolejowe total: 283 km

narrow gauge: 283 km 0.914-m gauge

note: length of operational route reduced from 562 km to 283 km by disuse and lack of maintenance (2004)
Religie Roman Catholic 83%, other 17%

note: there is extensive activity by Protestant groups throughout the country; by the end of 1992, there were an estimated 1 million Protestant evangelicals w Salwador
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.91 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female

total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2005 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: NA

domestic: nationwide microwave radio relay system

international: country code - 503; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki); connected to Central American Microwave System
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 752,600 (2003)
Telefony komorkowe 1,149,800 (2003)
Stacje telewizyjne 5 (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly mountains z narrow coastal belt and central plateau
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 3.16 children born/woman (2005 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 6.3% - but the economy has much underemployment (2004 est.)
Drogi wodne Rio Lempa partially navigable (2004)
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