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Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (2004)

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Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2004 year

 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Administrative divisions 6 parishes; Charlotte, Grenadines, Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint Patrick
Age structure 0-14 years: 27.6% (male 16,463; female 15,872)

15-64 years: 66% (male 39,827; female 37,547)

65 years and over: 6.4% (male 3,247; female 4,237) (2004 est.)
Agriculture - products bananas, coconuts, sweet potatoes, spices, small numbers of cattle, sheep, pigs, goats, fish
Airports 6 (2003 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total: 5

914 to 1,523 m: 4

under 914 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 1

under 914 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Area total: 389 sq km (Saint Vincent 344 sq km)

land: 389 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative twice the size of Washington, DC
Background Disputed between France and the United Kingdom in the 18th century, Saint Vincent was ceded to the latter in 1783. Autonomy was granted in 1969 and independence in 1979.
Birth rate 16.77 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Budget revenues: $94.6 million

expenditures: $85.8 million, including capital expenditures of NA (2000 est.)
Capital Kingstown
Climate tropical; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (May to November)
Coastline 84 km
Constitution 27 October 1979
Country name conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Currency East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Death rate 6.04 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Debt - external $167.2 million (2000)
Diplomatic representation from the US the US does not have an embassy in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; the US Ambassador to Barbados, Ambassador Mary E. KRAMER, is accredited to Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission: Ambassador Ellsworth I. A. JOHN

chancery: 3216 New Mexico Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016

telephone: [1] (202) 364-6730

FAX: [1] (202) 364-6736

consulate(s) general: New York
Disputes - international joins other Caribbean states to counter Venezuela's claim that Aves Island sustains human habitation, a criterion under UNCLOS, which permits Venezuela to extend its EEZ/continental shelf over a large portion of the Caribbean Sea
Economic aid - recipient $47.5 million (1995); note - EU $34.5 million (1998)
Economy - overview Economic growth in this lower-middle-income country hinges upon seasonal variations in the agricultural and tourism sectors. Tropical storms wiped out substantial portions of crops in 1994, 1995, and 2002, and tourism in the Eastern Caribbean has suffered low arrivals following 11 September 2001. Saint Vincent is home to a small offshore banking sector and has moved to adopt international regulatory standards. Saint Vincent is also a large producer of marijuana and is being used as a transshipment point for illegal narcotics from South America.
Electricity - consumption 86 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - production 92.48 million kWh (2001)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

highest point: Soufriere 1,234 m
Environment - current issues pollution of coastal waters and shorelines from discharges by pleasure yachts and other effluents; in some areas, pollution is severe enough to make swimming prohibitive
Environment - international agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
Ethnic groups black 66%, mixed 19%, East Indian 6%, Carib Amerindian 2%, other 7%
Exchange rates East Caribbean dollars per US dollar - 2.7 (2003), 2.7 (2002), 2.7 (2001), 2.7 (2000), 2.7 (1999)
Executive branch chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General Sir Fredrick Nathaniel BALLANTYNE (since 2 September 2002)

head of government: Prime Minister Ralph E. GONSALVES (since 29 March 2001)

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; the governor general is appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; deputy prime minister appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
Exports 0 kWh (2001)
Exports $38 million (2002 est.)
Exports NA (2001)
Exports - commodities bananas 39%, eddoes and dasheen (taro), arrowroot starch, tennis racquets
Exports - partners France 52.7%, UK 6.9%, Greece 6.4%, Spain 6.4% (2003)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description three vertical bands of blue (hoist side), gold (double width), and green; the gold band bears three green diamonds arranged in a V pattern
GDP purchasing power parity - $342 million (2002 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 10%

industry: 26%

services: 64% (2001 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $2,900 (2002 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 0.7% (2002 est.)
Geographic coordinates 13 15 N, 61 12 W
Geography - note the administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada; Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is comprised of 32 islands and cays
Highways total: 1,040 km

paved: 320 km

unpaved: 720 km (1999 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA

highest 10%: NA
Illicit drugs transshipment point for South American drugs destined for the US and Europe; small-scale cannabis cultivation
Imports 0 kWh (2001)
Imports $174 million (2002 est.)
Imports NA (2001)
Imports - commodities foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, chemicals and fertilizers, minerals and fuels
Imports - partners France 31.4%, US 10.4%, Singapore 10.2%, Trinidad and Tobago 10%, Spain 9%, Italy 5.5% (2003)
Independence 27 October 1979 (from UK)
Industrial production growth rate -0.9% (1997 est.)
Industries food processing, cement, furniture, clothing, starch
Infant mortality rate total: 15.24 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 16.58 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 13.86 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) -0.4% (2001 est.)
International organization participation ACP, C, Caricom, CDB, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ITU, MIGA, OAS, OECS, OPANAL, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WTO
Irrigated land 10 sq km (1998 est.)
Judicial branch Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (based on Saint Lucia; one judge of the Supreme Court resides in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines)
Labor force 67,000 (1984 est.)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture 26%, industry 17%, services 57% (1980 est.)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 17.95%

permanent crops: 17.95%

other: 64.1% (2001)
Languages English, French patois
Legal system based on English common law
Legislative branch unicameral House of Assembly (21 seats, 15 elected representatives and 6 appointed senators; representatives are elected by popular vote from single-member constituencies to serve five-year terms)

elections: last held 28 March 2001 (next to be held by July 2006)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - ULP 12, NDP 3
Life expectancy at birth total population: 73.35 years

male: 71.54 years

female: 75.21 years (2004 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school

total population: 96%

male: 96%

female: 96% (1970 est.)
Location Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago
Map references Central America and the Caribbean
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

contiguous zone: 24 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

continental shelf: 200 nm
Merchant marine total: 704 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 5,967,418 GRT/9,041,023 DWT

by type: bulk 120, cargo 346, chemical tanker 19, combination bulk 10, combination ore/oil 1, container 51, liquefied gas 5, livestock carrier 4, multi-functional large load carrier 4, passenger 8, petroleum tanker 31, refrigerated cargo 45, roll on/roll off 42, short-sea/passenger 9, specialized tanker 8, vehicle carrier 1

foreign-owned: Albania 1, Angola 2, Argentina 1, Australia 3, Bangladesh 3, Barbados 2, Belgium 3, Bulgaria 16, China 114, Colombia 1, Croatia 7, Cyprus 2, Denmark 13, Egypt 5, Estonia 13, France 17, Germany 10, Greece 134, Guyana 8, Hong Kong 15, Iceland 7, India 5, Indonesia 1, Israel 3, Italy 21, Kenya 5, South Korea 4, Latvia 7, Lebanon 9, Liberia 5, Lithuania 3, Malta 4, Isle of Man 1, Marshall Islands 3, Mexico 2, Monaco 6, Netherlands 9, Nigeria 8, Norway 32, Pakistan 6, Panama 3, Poland 3, Portugal 1, Puerto Rico 2, Romania 2, Russia 21, Saint Kitts and Nevis 1, Saint Lucia 1, Saudi Arabia 3, Singapore 5, Slovenia 7, Spain 1, Sweden 9, Switzerland 8, Syria 6, Taiwan 1, Thailand 1, Trinidad and Tobago 1, Turkey 23, Ukraine 8, United Kingdom 11, United States

registered in other countries: 25 (2004 est.)
Military branches Royal Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Police Force (includes Special Service Unit), Coast Guard
Military expenditures - dollar figure NA
Military expenditures - percent of GDP NA
National holiday Independence Day, 27 October (1979)
Nationality noun: Saint Vincentian(s) or Vincentian(s)

adjective: Saint Vincentian or Vincentian
Natural hazards hurricanes; Soufriere volcano on the island of Saint Vincent is a constant threat
Natural resources hydropower, cropland
Net migration rate -7.64 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Political parties and leaders National Reform Party or NRP [Joel MIGUEL]; New Democratic Party or NDP [Arnhim EUSTACE]; People's Progressive Movement or PPM [Ken BOYEA]; Progressive Labor Party or PLP [leader NA]; United People's Movement or UPM [Adrian SAUNDERS]; Unity Labor Party or ULP [Ralph GONSALVES] (formed by the coalition of Saint Vincent Labor Party or SVLP and the Movement for National Unity or MNU)
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 117,193 (July 2004 est.)
Population below poverty line NA
Population growth rate 0.31% (2004 est.)
Ports and harbors Kingstown
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 6, shortwave 0 (2004)
Religions Anglican 47%, Methodist 28%, Roman Catholic 13%, Hindu Seventh-Day Adventist, other Protestant
Sex ratio at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female

total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: adequate system

domestic: islandwide, fully automatic telephone system; VHF/UHF radiotelephone from Saint Vincent to the other islands of the Grenadines

international: country code - 1-784; VHF/UHF radiotelephone from Saint Vincent to Barbados; new SHF radiotelephone to Grenada and to Saint Lucia; access to Intelsat earth station in Martinique through Saint Lucia
Telephones - main lines in use 27,300 (2002)
Telephones - mobile cellular 10,000 (2002)
Television broadcast stations 1 (plus three repeaters) (2004)
Terrain volcanic, mountainous
Total fertility rate 1.9 children born/woman (2004 est.)
Unemployment rate 22% (1997 est.)
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