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Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (2001)

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Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2001 year

 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Administrative divisions 6 parishes; Charlotte, Grenadines, Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint Patrick
Age structure 0-14 years:
29.61% (male 17,466; female 16,865)

15-64 years:
64.04% (male 38,074; female 36,179)

65 years and over:
6.35% (male 3,162; female 4,196) (2001 est.)
Agriculture - products bananas, coconuts, sweet potatoes, spices; small numbers of cattle, sheep, pigs, goats; fish
Airports 6 (2000 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total:

914 to 1,523 m:

under 914 m:
2 (2000 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways total:

under 914 m:
1 (2000 est.)
Area total:
389 sq km (Saint Vincent 344 sq km)

389 sq km

0 sq km
Area - comparative twice the size of Washington, DC
Background Disputed between France and Great Britain in the 18th century, Saint Vincent was ceded to the latter in 1783. Autonomy was granted in 1969, and independence in 1979.
Birth rate 17.91 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budget revenues:
$85.7 million

$98.6 million, including capital expenditures of $25.7 million (1997 est.)
Capital Kingstown
Climate tropical; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (May to November)
Coastline 84 km
Constitution 27 October 1979
Country name conventional long form:

conventional short form:
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Currency East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Death rate 6.16 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Debt - external $99.3 million (1998)
Diplomatic representation from the US the US does not have an embassy in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; the US Ambassador in Barbados is accredited to Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission:
Ambassador Ellsworth JOHN

3216 New Mexico Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016

[1] (202) 364-6730

[1] (202) 364-6736
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $47.5 million (1995); note - EU $34.5 million (1998)
Economy - overview Agriculture, dominated by banana production, is the most important sector of this lower-middle-income economy. The services sector, based mostly on a growing tourist industry, is also important. The government has been relatively unsuccessful at introducing new industries, and a high unemployment rate persists. The continuing dependence on a single crop represents the biggest obstacle to the islands' development; tropical storms wiped out substantial portions of crops in both 1994 and 1995. The tourism sector has considerable potential for development over the next decade. Recent growth has been stimulated by strong activity in the construction sector and an improvement in tourism. There is a small manufacturing sector and a small offshore financial sector whose particularly restrictive secrecy laws have caused some international concern.
Electricity - consumption 76.3 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - production 82 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel:



0% (1999)
Elevation extremes lowest point:
Caribbean Sea 0 m

highest point:
Soufriere 1,234 m
Environment - current issues pollution of coastal waters and shorelines from discharges by pleasure yachts and other effluents; in some areas, pollution is severe enough to make swimming prohibitive
Environment - international agreements party to:
Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling

signed, but not ratified:
Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
Ethnic groups black 66%, mixed 19%, East Indian 6%, Carib Amerindian 2%
Exchange rates East Caribbean dollars per US dollar - 2.7000 (fixed rate since 1976)
Executive branch chief of state:
Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General David JACK (since 29 September 1989)

head of government:
Prime Minister Ralph GONSALVES (since 29 March 2001)

Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister

none; the monarch is hereditary; the governor general is appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; deputy prime minister appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
Exports 0 kWh (1999)
Exports $53.7 million (2000 est.)
Exports - commodities bananas 39%, eddoes and dasheen (taro), arrowroot starch, tennis racquets
Exports - partners Caricom countries 49%, UK 16%, US 10% (1995)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description three vertical bands of blue (hoist side), gold (double width), and green; the gold band bears three green diamonds arranged in a V pattern
GDP purchasing power parity - $322 million (2000 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture:


71.9% (1996 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $2,800 (2000 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 2% (2000 est.)
Geographic coordinates 13 15 N, 61 12 W
Geography - note the administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada
Highways total:
1,040 km

320 km

720 km (1996)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%:

highest 10%:
Illicit drugs transshipment point for South American drugs destined for the US and Europe
Imports 0 kWh (1999)
Imports $185.6 million (2000 est.)
Imports - commodities foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, chemicals and fertilizers, minerals and fuels
Imports - partners US 36%, Caricom countries 28%, UK 13% (1995)
Independence 27 October 1979 (from UK)
Industrial production growth rate -0.9% (1997 est.)
Industries food processing, cement, furniture, clothing, starch
Infant mortality rate 16.61 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2% (1999 est.)
International organization participation ACP, C, Caricom, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat (nonsignatory user), Interpol, IOC, ITU, OAS, OECS, OPANAL, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WTrO
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 15 (2000)
Irrigated land 10 sq km (1993 est.)
Judicial branch Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (based on Saint Lucia; one judge of the Supreme Court resides in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines)
Labor force 67,000 (1984 est.)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture 26%, industry 17%, services 57% (1980 est.)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land:

permanent crops:

permanent pastures:

forests and woodland:

31% (1993 est.)
Languages English, French patois
Legal system based on English common law
Legislative branch unicameral House of Assembly (21 seats, 15 elected representatives and 6 appointed senators; representatives are elected by popular vote from single-member constituencies to serve five-year terms)

last held 28 March 2001 (next to be held by NA March 2006)

election results:
percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - ULP 12, NDP 3
Life expectancy at birth total population:
72.56 years

70.83 years

74.34 years (2001 est.)
Literacy definition:
age 15 and over has ever attended school

total population:


96% (1970 est.)
Location Caribbean, islands in the Caribbean Sea, north of Trinidad and Tobago
Map references Central America and the Caribbean
Maritime claims contiguous zone:
24 NM

continental shelf:
200 NM

exclusive economic zone:
200 NM

territorial sea:
12 NM
Merchant marine total:
800 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 6,705,336 GRT/10,134,002 DWT

ships by type:
barge carrier 1, bulk 131, cargo 395, chemical tanker 29, combination bulk 12, combination ore/oil 1, container 46, liquefied gas 7, livestock carrier 3, multi-functional large-load carrier 4, passenger 2, petroleum tanker 56, refrigerated cargo 42, roll on/roll off 49, short-sea passenger 11, specialized tanker 10, vehicle carrier 1

includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: China 4, Ireland 1, France 1, Greece 3, Hong Kong 1, Croatia 10, India 1, Japan 2, Monaco 1, Netherlands 1, Norway 2, Netherlands Antilles 1, Pakistan 1, Russia 1, Slovenia 5, UAE 1 (2000 est.)
Military branches Royal Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Police Force (includes Special Service Unit), Coast Guard
Military expenditures - dollar figure $NA
Military expenditures - percent of GDP NA%
National holiday Independence Day, 27 October (1979)
Nationality noun:
Saint Vincentian(s) or Vincentian(s)

Saint Vincentian or Vincentian
Natural hazards hurricanes; Soufriere volcano on the island of Saint Vincent is a constant threat
Natural resources hydropower, cropland
Net migration rate -7.72 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Political parties and leaders National Reform Party or NRP [Joel MIGUEL]; New Democratic Party or NDP [Arnhim EUSTACE]; People's Progressive Movement or PPM [Ken BOYEA]; Progressive Labor Party or PLP [leader NA]; United People's Movement or UPM [Adrian SAUNDERS]; Unity Labor Party or ULP [Ralph GONSALVES] (formed by the coalition of Saint Vincent Labor Party or SVLP and the Movement for National Unity or MNU)
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 115,942 (July 2001 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 0.4% (2001 est.)
Ports and harbors Kingstown
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 3, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios 77,000 (1997)
Railways 0 km
Religions Anglican 47%, Methodist 28%, Roman Catholic 13%, Seventh-Day Adventist, Hindu, other Protestant
Sex ratio at birth:
1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.04 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
1.05 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
0.75 male(s)/female

total population:
1.03 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment:
adequate system

islandwide, fully automatic telephone system; VHF/UHF radiotelephone from Saint Vincent to the other islands of the Grenadines

VHF/UHF radiotelephone from Saint Vincent to Barbados; new SHF radiotelephone to Grenada and to Saint Lucia; access to Intelsat earth station in Martinique through Saint Lucia
Telephones - main lines in use 20,500 (1998)
Telephones - mobile cellular NA
Television broadcast stations 1 (plus three repeaters) (1997)
Terrain volcanic, mountainous
Total fertility rate 2.06 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Unemployment rate 22% (1997 est.)
Waterways none
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