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Saint Pierre and Miquelon (2001)

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Saint Pierre and Miquelon 2001 year

 Saint Pierre and Miquelon
Administrative divisions none (territorial collectivity of France); note - there are no first-order administrative divisions approved by the US Government, but there are two communes - Saint Pierre, Miquelon
Age structure 0-14 years:
25.85% (male 917; female 874)

15-64 years:
64.22% (male 2,273; female 2,176)

65 years and over:
9.93% (male 291; female 397) (2001 est.)
Agriculture - products vegetables; poultry, cattle, sheep, pigs; fish
Airports 2 (2000 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total:

1,524 to 2,437 m:

914 to 1,523 m:
1 (2000 est.)
Area total:
242 sq km

242 sq km

0 sq km

includes eight small islands in the Saint Pierre and the Miquelon groups
Area - comparative 1.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Background First settled by the French in the early 17th century, the islands represent the sole remaining vestige of France's once vast North American possessions.
Birth rate 15.88 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budget revenues:
$70 million

$60 million, including capital expenditures of $24 million (1996 est.)
Capital Saint-Pierre
Climate cold and wet, with much mist and fog; spring and autumn are windy
Coastline 120 km
Constitution 28 September 1958 (French Constitution)
Country name conventional long form:
Territorial Collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon

conventional short form:
Saint Pierre and Miquelon

local long form:
Departement de Saint-Pierre et Miquelon

local short form:
Saint-Pierre et Miquelon
Currency French franc (FRF); euro (EUR)
Death rate 6.64 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Debt - external $NA
Dependency status self-governing territorial collectivity of France
Diplomatic representation from the US none (territorial collectivity of France)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (territorial collectivity of France)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient approximately $65 million in annual grants from France
Economy - overview The inhabitants have traditionally earned their livelihood by fishing and by servicing fishing fleets operating off the coast of Newfoundland. The economy has been declining, however, because of disputes with Canada over fishing quotas and a steady decline in the number of ships stopping at Saint Pierre. In 1992, an arbitration panel awarded the islands an exclusive economic zone of 12,348 sq km to settle a longstanding territorial dispute with Canada, although it represents only 25% of what France had sought. The islands are heavily subsidized by France to the great betterment of living standards. The government hopes an expansion of tourism will boost economic prospects.
Electricity - consumption 37.2 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - production 40 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel:



0% (1999)
Elevation extremes lowest point:
Atlantic Ocean 0 m

highest point:
Morne de la Grande Montagne 240 m
Environment - current issues NA
Ethnic groups Basques and Bretons (French fishermen)
Exchange rates euros per US dollar - 1.06594 (January 2001), 1.08540 (2000), 0.93863 (1999); French francs per US dollar - 5.8995 (1998), 5.8367 (1997), 5.1155 (1996)
Executive branch chief of state:
President Jacques CHIRAC of France (since 17 May 1995), represented by Prefect Remi THUAU (since NA)

head of government:
President of the General Council Bernard LE SOAVEC (since NA 1996)


French president elected by popular vote for a seven-year term; election last held 7 May 1995 (next to be held NA May 2002); prefect appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; president of the General Council is elected by the members of the council
Exports 0 kWh (1999)
Exports $12 million (f.o.b., 1999)
Exports - commodities fish and fish products, soybeans, animal feed, mollusks and crustaceans, fox and mink pelts
Exports - partners US 43%, Egypt 14%, Japan 11%, Colombia 8% (1999)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description a yellow sailing ship facing the hoist side rides on a dark blue background with a black wave line under the ship; on the hoist side, a vertical band is divided into three parts: the top part is red with a green diagonal cross extending to the corners overlaid by a white cross dividing the square into four sections; the middle part has a white background with an ermine pattern; the third part has a red background with two stylized yellow lions outlined in black, one on top of the other; the flag of France is used for official occasions
GDP purchasing power parity - $74 million (1996 est.); supplemented by annual payments from France of about $60 million
GDP - composition by sector agriculture:


GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $11,000 (1996 est.)
GDP - real growth rate NA%
Geographic coordinates 46 50 N, 56 20 W
Geography - note vegetation scanty
Highways total:
114 km

69 km

45 km (1994 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%:

highest 10%:
Imports 0 kWh (1999)
Imports $55 million (f.o.b., 1999)
Imports - commodities meat, clothing, fuel, electrical equipment, machinery, building materials
Imports - partners France 44%, Canada 40% (1999)
Independence none (territorial collectivity of France; has been under French control since 1763)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries fish processing and supply base for fishing fleets; tourism
Infant mortality rate 8.39 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2.1% (1991-96 average)
International organization participation FZ, WFTU
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 1 (2000)
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch Superior Tribunal of Appeals or Tribunal Superieur d'Appel
Labor force 3,000 (1997)
Labor force - by occupation fishing 18%, industry (mainly fish-processing) 41%, services 41% (1996 est.)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land:

permanent crops:

permanent pastures:

forests and woodland:

83% (1993 est.)
Languages French
Legal system French law with special adaptations for local conditions, such as housing and taxation
Legislative branch unicameral General Council or Conseil General (19 seats - 15 from Saint Pierre and 4 from Miquelon; members are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms)

elections last held NA April 2000 (next to be held NA April 2006)

election results:
percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NA

Saint Pierre and Miquelon elect 1 seat to the French Senate; elections last held NA September 1995 (next to be held NA September 2004); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - RPR 1; Saint Pierre and Miquelon also elects 1 seat to the French National Assembly; elections last held 25 May-1 June 1997 (next to be held NA 2002); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UDF 1
Life expectancy at birth total population:
77.77 years

75.51 years

80.13 years (2001 est.)
Literacy definition:
age 15 and over can read and write

total population:


99% (1982 est.)
Location Northern North America, islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, south of Newfoundland (Canada)
Map references North America
Maritime claims exclusive economic zone:
200 NM

territorial sea:
12 NM
Merchant marine none (2000 est.)
Military - note defense is the responsibility of France
National holiday Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)
Nationality noun:
Frenchman(men), Frenchwoman(women)

Natural hazards persistent fog throughout the year can be a maritime hazard
Natural resources fish, deepwater ports
Net migration rate -4.91 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Political parties and leaders Rassemblement pour la Republique or RPR [leader NA]; Socialist Party or PS [leader NA]; Union pour la Democratie Francaise or UDF [leader NA]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 6,928 (July 2001 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 0.43% (2001 est.)
Ports and harbors Saint Pierre
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 4, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios 4,000 (1997)
Railways 0 km
Religions Roman Catholic 99%
Sex ratio at birth:
1.06 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.05 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
1.04 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
0.73 male(s)/female

total population:
1.01 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment:


radiotelephone communication with most countries in the world; 1 earth station in French domestic satellite system
Telephones - main lines in use 4,000 (1997)
Telephones - mobile cellular 0 (1994)
Television broadcast stations 0 (there are, however, two repeaters which rebroadcast programs from France, Canada, and the US) (1997)
Terrain mostly barren rock
Total fertility rate 2.12 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Unemployment rate 9.8% (1997)
Waterways none
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