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Saint Kitts and Nevis (2005)

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 Saint Kitts and Nevis
Administrative divisions 14 parishes; Christ Church Nichola Town, Saint Anne Sandy Point, Saint George Basseterre, Saint George Gingerland, Saint James Windward, Saint John Capesterre, Saint John Figtree, Saint Mary Cayon, Saint Paul Capesterre, Saint Paul Charlestown, Saint Peter Basseterre, Saint Thomas Lowland, Saint Thomas Middle Island, Trinity Palmetto Point
Age structure 0-14 years: 28% (male 5,586/female 5,330)

15-64 years: 63.7% (male 12,424/female 12,403)

65 years and over: 8.3% (male 1,328/female 1,887) (2005 est.)
Agriculture - products sugarcane, rice, yams, vegetables, bananas; fish
Airports 2 (2004 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total: 2

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Area total: 261 sq km (Saint Kitts 168 sq km; Nevis 93 sq km)

land: 261 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative 1.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Background First settled by the British in 1623, the islands became an associated state with full internal autonomy in 1967. The island of Anguilla rebelled and was allowed to secede in 1971. Saint Kitts and Nevis achieved independence in 1983. In 1998, a vote in Nevis on a referendum to separate from Saint Kitts fell short of the two-thirds majority needed. Nevis is once more trying to separate from the Saint Kitts.
Birth rate 18.12 births/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Budget revenues: $89.7 million

expenditures: $128.2 million, including capital expenditures of $19.5 million (2003 est.)
Capital Basseterre
Climate tropical tempered by constant sea breezes; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (May to November)
Coastline 135 km
Constitution 19 September 1983
Country name conventional long form: Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis

conventional short form: Saint Kitts and Nevis

former: Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis
Death rate 8.47 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Debt - external $171 million (2001)
Diplomatic representation from the US the US does not have an embassy in Saint Kitts and Nevis; the US Ambassador to Barbados is accredited to Saint Kitts and Nevis
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission: Ambassador Dr. Izben Cordinal WILLIAMS

chancery: 3216 New Mexico Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016

telephone: [1] (202) 686-2636

FAX: [1] (202) 686-5740

consulate(s) general: New York
Disputes - international joins other Caribbean states to counter Venezuela's claim that Aves Island sustains human habitation, a criterion under UNCLOS, which permits Venezuela to extend its EEZ/continental shelf over a large portion of the Caribbean Sea
Economic aid - recipient $8 million (2001)
Economy - overview Sugar was the traditional mainstay of the Saint Kitts economy until the 1970s. Although the crop still dominates the agricultural sector, activities such as tourism, export-oriented manufacturing, and offshore banking have assumed larger roles in the economy. Tourism revenues are now the chief source of the islands' foreign exchange. The opening of a 470-room resort in February 2003 was expected to bring in much-needed revenue.
Electricity - consumption 98.44 million kWh (2002)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2002)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2002)
Electricity - production 105.8 million kWh (2002)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

highest point: Mount Liamuiga 1,156 m
Environment - current issues NA
Environment - international agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Ethnic groups predominantly black; some British, Portuguese, and Lebanese
Exchange rates East Caribbean dollars per US dollar - 2.7 (2004), 2.7 (2003), 2.7 (2002), 2.7 (2001), 2.7 (2000)
Executive branch chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General Cuthbert Montraville SEBASTIAN (since 1 January 1996)

head of government: Prime Minister Dr. Denzil DOUGLAS (since 6 July 1995) and Deputy Prime Minister Sam CONDOR (since 6 July 1995)

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general in consultation with the prime minister

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; the governor general is appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; deputy prime minister appointed by the governor general
Exports 0 kWh (2002)
Exports $70 million (2002 est.)
Exports NA
Exports - commodities machinery, food, electronics, beverages, tobacco
Exports - partners US 57.5%, Canada 9%, Portugal 8.3%, UK 6.7% (2004)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description divided diagonally from the lower hoist side by a broad black band bearing two white, five-pointed stars; the black band is edged in yellow; the upper triangle is green, the lower triangle is red
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 3.5%

industry: 25.8%

services: 70.7% (2001)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $8,800 (2002 est.)
GDP - real growth rate -1.9% (2002 est.)
Geographic coordinates 17 20 N, 62 45 W
Geography - note with coastlines in the shape of a baseball bat and ball, the two volcanic islands are separated by a three-km-wide channel called The Narrows; on the southern tip of long, baseball bat-shaped Saint Kitts lies the Great Salt Pond; Nevis Peak sits in the center of its almost circular namesake island and its ball shape complements that of its sister island
Highways total: 320 km

paved: 136 km

unpaved: 184 km (1999 est)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA

highest 10%: NA
Illicit drugs transshipment point for South American drugs destined for the US and Europe; some money-laundering activity
Imports 0 kWh (2002)
Imports $195 million (2002 est.)
Imports NA
Imports - commodities machinery, manufactures, food, fuels
Imports - partners Ukraine 44.7%, US 22.1%, Trinidad and Tobago 8.8%, UK 6.2% (2004)
Independence 19 September 1983 (from UK)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries sugar processing, tourism, cotton, salt, copra, clothing, footwear, beverages
Infant mortality rate total: 14.49 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 16.25 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 12.63 deaths/1,000 live births (2005 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 1.7% (2001 est.)
International organization participation ACP, C, Caricom, CDB, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, MIGA, OAS, OECS, OPANAL, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WTO
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (based on Saint Lucia; one judge of the Supreme Court resides in Saint Kitts and Nevis)
Labor force 18,170 (June 1995)
Labor force - by occupation NA
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 19.44%

permanent crops: 2.78%

other: 77.78% (2001)
Languages English
Legal system based on English common law
Legislative branch unicameral National Assembly (14 seats, 3 appointed and 11 popularly elected from single-member constituencies; members serve five-year terms)

elections: last held 25 October 2004 (next to be held by 2009)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - SKNLP 7, CCM 2, NRP 1, PAM 1
Life expectancy at birth total population: 72.15 years

male: 69.31 years

female: 75.16 years (2005 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school

total population: 97%

male: 97%

female: 98% (1980 est.)
Location Caribbean, islands in the Caribbean Sea, about one-third of the way from Puerto Rico to Trinidad and Tobago
Map references Central America and the Caribbean
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

contiguous zone: 24 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Military branches Saint Kitts and Nevis Defense Force (includes Coast Guard), Royal Saint Kitts and Nevis Police Force
Military expenditures - dollar figure NA
Military expenditures - percent of GDP NA
National holiday Independence Day, 19 September (1983)
Nationality noun: Kittitian(s), Nevisian(s)

adjective: Kittitian, Nevisian
Natural hazards hurricanes (July to October)
Natural resources arable land
Net migration rate -5.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Political parties and leaders Concerned Citizens Movement or CCM [Vance AMORY]; Nevis Reformation Party or NRP [Joseph PARRY]; People's Action Movement or PAM [Lindsey GRANT]; Saint Kitts and Nevis Labor Party or SKNLP [Dr. Denzil DOUGLAS]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 38,958 (July 2005 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 0.38% (2005 est.)
Ports and harbors Basseterre, Charlestown
Radio broadcast stations AM 3, FM 3, shortwave 0 (2004)
Railways total: 50 km

narrow gauge: 50 km 0.762-m gauge on Saint Kitts to serve sugarcane plantations during harvest season (2003)
Religions Anglican, other Protestant, Roman Catholic
Sex ratio at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/female

total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2005 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: good interisland and international connections

domestic: inter-island links via Eastern Caribbean Fiber Optic cable; construction of enhanced wireless infrastructure launched in November 2004

international: country code - 1-869; international calls are carried by submarine cable or Intelsat
Telephones - main lines in use 23,500 (2002)
Telephones - mobile cellular 5,000 (2002)
Television broadcast stations 1 (plus three repeaters) (2004)
Terrain volcanic with mountainous interiors
Total fertility rate 2.33 children born/woman (2005 est.)
Unemployment rate 4.5% (1997)
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