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Sahara Zachodnia (2008)

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Sahara ZachodniaSahara Zachodnia (2001) (porownaj)
Sahara ZachodniaSahara Zachodnia (2002) (porownaj)
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Sahara ZachodniaSahara Zachodnia (2004) (porownaj)
Sahara ZachodniaSahara Zachodnia (2005) (porownaj)
Sahara ZachodniaSahara Zachodnia (2006) (porownaj)
Sahara ZachodniaSahara Zachodnia (2007) (porownaj)


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Sahara Zachodnia 2008 roku

 Sahara Zachodnia
Podzial administracyjny none (under de facto control of Maroko)
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 45.4% (male 88,176/female 85,421)


15-64 years: 52.3% (male 98,345/female 101,895)


65 years and over: 2.3% (male 3,705/female 5,075) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo fruits and vegetables (grown w the few oases); camels, sheep, goats (kept by nomads); fish
Lotniska 9 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 3


2,438 to 3,047 m: 3 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 6


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1


914 to 1,523 m: 3


under 914 m: 2 (2007)
Terytorium total: 266,000 sq km


land: 266,000 sq km


water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci about the size of Colorado
Tlo historyczne Maroko virtually annexed the northern two-thirds of Sahara Zachodnia (formerly Spanish Sahara) w 1976, and the rest of the territory w 1979, following Mauretania's withdrawal. A guerrilla war z the Polisario Front contesting Rabat's sovereignty ended w a 1991 UN-brokered cease-fire; a UN-organized referendum on final status has been repeatedly postponed. In kwiecien 2007, Maroko presented an autonomy plan dla the territory to the UN, which the U.S. considers serious and credible. The Polisario also presented a plan to the UN w 2007. Since sierpien 2007, representatives from the Government of Maroko and the Polisario Front have met three times to negotiate the status of Sahara Zachodnia, z a fourth round of negotiations planned dla marzec 2008.
Wspolczynnik narodzin NA 39.95 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $NA


expenditures: $NA
Stolica none


time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat hot, dry desert; rain is rare; cold offshore air currents produce fog and heavy dew
Linia brzegowa 1,110 km
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: none


conventional short form: Sahara Zachodnia


former: Spanish Sahara
Wspolczynnik zgonow NA
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $NA
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA none
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA none
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Maroko claims and administers Sahara Zachodnia, whose sovereignty remains unresolved; UN-administered cease-fire has remained w effect since wrzesien 1991, administered by the UN Mission dla the Referendum w Sahara Zachodnia (MINURSO), but attempts to hold a referendum have failed and parties thus far have rejected all brokered proposals; several states have extended diplomatic relations to the "Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic" represented by the Polisario Front w exile w Algieria, while others recognize Moroccan sovereignty over Sahara Zachodnia; most of the approximately 102,000 Sahrawi refugees are sheltered w camps w Tindouf, Algieria
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $NA
Ekonomia Sahara Zachodnia depends on pastoral nomadism, fishing, and phosphate mining as the principal sources of income dla the population. The territory lacks sufficient rainfall dla sustainable agricultural production, and most of the food dla the urban population must be imported. Incomes w Sahara Zachodnia are substantially below the Moroccan level. The Moroccan Government controls all trade and other economic activities w Sahara Zachodnia. Maroko and the EU signed a four-year agreement w lipiec 2006 allowing European vessels to fish off the coast of Maroko, including the disputed waters off the coast of Sahara Zachodnia. Moroccan energy interests w 2001 signed contracts to explore dla oil off the coast of Sahara Zachodnia, which has angered the Polisario. However, w 2006 the Polisario awarded similar exploration licenses w the disputed territory, which would come into force if Maroko and the Polisario resolve their dispute over Sahara Zachodnia.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 79.05 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 85 million kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Sebjet Tah -55 m


highest point: unnamed location 463 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy sparse water and lack of arable land
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: none of the selected agreements


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Arab, Berber
Kurs waluty Moroccan dirhams per US dollar - 8.2827 (2007), 8.7722 (2006), 8.865 (2005), 8.868 (2004), 9.5744 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza none
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $NA
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 0 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary phosphates 62%
Eksport - partnerzy Maroko claims and administers Sahara Zachodnia, so trade partners are included w overall Moroccan accounts (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: NA%


industry: NA%


services: 40%
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu NA%
Koordynaty geograficzne 24 30 N, 13 00 W
Polozenie geograficzne the waters off the coast are particularly rich fishing areas
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $NA
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 1,698 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary fuel dla fishing fleet, foodstuffs
Import - partnerzy Maroko claims and administers Sahara Zachodnia, so trade partners are included w overall Moroccan accounts (2006)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA%
Przemysl phosphate mining, handicrafts
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: NA


male: NA


female: NA
Inflacja NA%
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji none
Nawadniane tereny NA
Sila robocza 12,000
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 50%


industry and services: 50%
Granica total: 2,046 km


border countries: Algieria 42 km, Mauretania 1,561 km, Maroko 443 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 0.02%


permanent crops: 0%


other: 99.98% (2005)
Jezyki Hassaniya Arabic, Moroccan Arabic
Zywotnosc total population: NA


male: NA


female: NA
Pismienni NA
Lokalizacja Northern Africa, bordering the North Ocean Atlantycki, between Mauretania and Maroko
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary contingent upon resolution of sovereignty issue
Narodowosc noun: Sahrawi(s), Sahraoui(s)


adjective: Sahrawi, Sahrawian, Sahraouian
Naturalne zagrozenia hot, dry, dust/sand-laden sirocco wind can occur during winter and spring; widespread harmattan haze exists 60% of time, often severely restricting visibility
Surowce naturalne phosphates, iron ore
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow none
Ludnosc 382,617


note: estimate is based on projections by age, sex, fertility, mortality, and migration; fertility and mortality are based on data from neighboring countries (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny NA
Stacje radiowe AM 2, FM 0, shortwave 0 (1998)
Religie Muslim
Wspolczynnik plci NA
Prawo wyborcze none; a UN-sponsored voter identification campaign not yet completed
System telefoniczny general assessment: sparse and limited system


domestic: NA


international: country code - 212; tied into Maroko's system by microwave radio relay, tropospheric scatter, and satellite; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki) linked to Rabat, Maroko
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne about 2,000 (1999 est.)
Telefony komorkowe 0 (1999)
Stacje telewizyjne NA
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly low, flat desert z large areas of rocky or sandy surfaces rising to small mountains w south and northeast
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety NA
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia NA%
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