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Paragwaj (2005)

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Paragwaj 2005 roku

Podzial administracyjny 17 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento) and 1 capital city*; Alto Paragwaj, Alto Parana, Amambay, Asuncion*, Boqueron, Caaguazu, Caazapa, Canindeyu, Central, Concepcion, Cordillera, Guaira, Itapua, Misiones, Neembucu, Paraguari, Presidente Hayes, San Pedro
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 37.9% (male 1,223,479/female 1,184,134)

15-64 years: 57.3% (male 1,825,473/female 1,809,810)

65 years and over: 4.8% (male 140,935/female 164,053) (2005 est.)
Rolinictwo cotton, sugarcane, soybeans, corn, wheat, tobacco, cassava (tapioca), fruits, vegetables; beef, pork, eggs, milk; timber
Lotniska 878 (2004 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 12

over 3,047 m: 3

1,524 to 2,437 m: 5

914 to 1,523 m: 4 (2004 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 866

1,524 to 2,437 m: 26

914 to 1,523 m: 323

under 914 m: 517 (2004 est.)
Terytorium total: 406,750 sq km

land: 397,300 sq km

water: 9,450 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than California
Tlo historyczne In the disastrous War of the Triple Alliance (1865-70), Paragwaj lost two-thirds of all adult males and much of its territory. It stagnated economically dla the next half century. In the Chaco War of 1932-35, large, economically important areas were won from Boliwia. The 35-year military dictatorship of Alfredo STROESSNER was overthrown w 1989, and, despite a marked increase w political infighting w recent years, relatively free and regular presidential elections have been held since then.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 29.43 births/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Budzet revenues: $1.123 billion

expenditures: $1.129 billion, including capital expenditures of $700 million (2004 est.)
Stolica Asuncion
Klimat subtropical to temperate; substantial rainfall w the eastern portions, becoming semiarid w the far west
Linia brzegowa 0 km (landlocked)
Konstytucja promulgated 20 czerwiec 1992
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Paragwaj

conventional short form: Paragwaj

local long form: Republica del Paragwaj

local short form: Paragwaj
Wspolczynnik zgonow 4.53 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $3.239 billion (2004 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador John F. KEANE

embassy: 1776 Avenida Mariscal Lopez, Casilla Postal 402, Asuncion

mailing address: Unit 4711, APO AA 34036-0001

telephone: [595] (21) 213-715

FAX: [595] (21) 213-728
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador James SPALDING Hellmers

chancery: 2400 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 483-6960 through 6962

FAX: [1] (202) 234-4508

consulate(s) general: Kansas City, Los Angeles, Miami, New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje unruly region at convergence of Argentyna-Brazylia-Paragwaj borders is locus of money laundering, smuggling, arms and illegal narcotics trafficking, and fundraising dla extremist organizations
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie NA
Ekonomia Landlocked Paragwaj has a market economy marked by a large informal sector. This sector features both reexport of imported consumer goods to neighboring countries as well as the activities of thousands of microenterprises and urban street vendors. Because of the importance of the informal sector, accurate economic measures are difficult to obtain. A large percentage of the population derives their living from agricultural activity, often on a subsistence basis. The formal economy grew by an average of about 3% annually w 1995-97, but averaged near-zero growth w 1998-2001 and contracted by 2.3 percent w 2002, w response to regional contagion and an outbreak of hoof-and-mouth desease. On a per capita basis, real income has stagnated at 1980 levels. Most observers attribute Paragwaj's poor economic performance to political uncertainty, corruption, lack of progress on structural reform, substantial internal and external debt, and deficient infrastructure. Aided by a firmer exchange rate and perhaps a greater confidence w the economic policy of the Duarte FRUTOS administration, the economy rebounded w 2003 and 2004, posting modest growth each year.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 2.469 billion kWh (2002)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 42.51 billion kWh (2002)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2002)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 48.36 billion kWh (2002)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: junction of Rio Paragwaj and Rio Parana 46 m

highest point: Cerro Pero (Cerro Tres Kandu) 842 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy deforestation; water pollution; inadequate means dla waste disposal pose health risks dla many urban residents; loss of wetlands
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne mestizo (mixed Spanish and Amerindian) 95%, other 5%
Kurs waluty guarani per US dollar - 5,974.6 (2004), 6,424.3 (2003), 5,716.3 (2002), 4,105.9 (2001), 3,486.4 (2000)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Nicanor DUARTE Frutos (since 15 sierpien 2003); Vice President Luis CASTIGLIONI Joria (since 15 sierpien 2003); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

head of government: President Nicanor DUARTE Frutos (since 15 sierpien 2003); Vice President Luis CASTIGLIONI Joria (since 15 sierpien 2003); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

cabinet: Council of Ministers nominated by the president

elections: president and vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote dla five-year terms; election last held 27 kwiecien 2003 (next to be held kwiecien 2008)

election results: Nicanor DUARTE Frutos elected president; percent of vote - Nicanor DUARTE Frutos 37.1%, Julio Cesar Ramon FRANCO Gomez 23.9%, Pedro Nicolas Maraa FADUL Niella 21.3%, Guillermo SANCHEZ Guffanti 13.5%, other 4.2%
Eksport 42.51 billion kWh (2002)
Eksport $2.936 billion f.o.b. (2004 est.)
Eksport NA
Eksport - towary soybeans, feed, cotton, meat, edible oils, electricity, wood, leather
Eksport - partnerzy Urugwaj 27.8%, Brazylia 19.2%, Argentyna 6.3%, Szwajcaria 4.1% (2004)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal, horizontal bands of red (top), white, and blue z an emblem centered w the white band; unusual flag w that the emblem is different on each side; the obverse (hoist side at the left) bears the national coat of arms (a yellow five-pointed star within a green wreath capped by the words REPUBLICA DEL PARAGUAY, all within two circles); the reverse (hoist side at the right) bears the seal of the treasury (a yellow lion below a red Cap of Liberty and the words Paz y Justicia (Peace and Justice) capped by the words REPUBLICA DEL PARAGUAY, all within two circles)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 25.3%

industry: 24.9%

services: 49.8% (2004 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $4,800 (2004 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 2.8% (2004 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 23 00 S, 58 00 W
Polozenie geograficzne landlocked; lies between Argentyna, Boliwia, and Brazylia; population concentrated w southern part of country
Autostrady total: 29,500 km

paved: 14,986 km

unpaved: 14,514 km (1999 est)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 0.5%

highest 10%: 43.8% (1998)
Narkotyki major illicit producer of cannabis, most or all of which is consumed w Brazylia, Argentyna, and Chile; transshipment country dla Andean cocaine headed dla Brazylia, other Southern Cone markets, Europe, and US; corruption and some money-laundering activity, especially w the Tri-Border Terytorium
Import 0 kWh (2002)
Import $3.33 billion f.o.b. (2004 est.)
Import NA
Import - towary road vehicles, consumer goods, tobacco, petroleum products, electrical machinery
Import - partnerzy Brazylia 30.9%, Argentyna 23.3%, Chiny 16.6%, US 4% (2004)
Niepodleglosc 14 maj 1811 (from Hiszpania)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 0% (2000 est.)
Przemysl sugar, cement, textiles, beverages, wood products, steel, metallurgic, electric power
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 25.63 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 30.37 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 20.66 deaths/1,000 live births (2005 est.)
Inflacja 5.1% (2004 est.)
Nawadniane tereny 670 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court of Justice or Corte Suprema de Justicia (judges appointed on the proposal of the Council of Magistrates or Consejo de la Magistratura)
Sila robocza 2.66 million (2004 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture 45%
Granica total: 3,920 km

border countries: Argentyna 1,880 km, Boliwia 750 km, Brazylia 1,290 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 7.6%

permanent crops: 0.23%

other: 92.17% (2001)
Jezyki Spanish (official), Guarani (official)
System prawny based on Argentine codes, Roman law, and French codes; judicial review of legislative acts w Supreme Court of Justice
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral Congress or Congreso consists of the Chamber of Senators or Camara de Senadores (45 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) and the Chamber of Deputies or Camara de Diputados (80 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

elections: Chamber of Senators - last held 27 kwiecien 2003 (next to be held kwiecien 2008); Chamber of Deputies - last held 27 kwiecien 2003 (next to be held kwiecien 2008)

election results: Chamber of Senators - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - ANR 16, PLRA 12, UNACE 7, PQ 7, PPS 2, PEN 1; Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - ANR 37, PLRA 21, UNACE 10, PQ 10, PPS 2
Zywotnosc total population: 74.89 years

male: 72.35 years

female: 77.55 years (2005 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 94%

male: 94.9%

female: 93% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Central South America, northeast of Argentyna
Lokalizacja na mapie South America
Morskie obszary none (landlocked)
Flota handlowa total: 21 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 31,667 GRT/30,826 DWT

by type: cargo 15, livestock carrier 1, passenger 1, petroleum tanker 2, roll on/roll off 2

foreign-owned: 2 (Argentyna 2)

registered w other countries: 1 (2005)
Wojsko Army, Navy (includes Naval Aviation, River Defense Corps, Coast Guard), Air Force
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $53.1 million (2004)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 0.9% (2003)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 14 maj 1811 (observed 15 maj annually)
Narodowosc noun: Paragwajan(s)

adjective: Paragwajan
Naturalne zagrozenia local flooding w southeast (early wrzesien to czerwiec); poorly drained plains may become boggy (early pazdziernik to czerwiec)
Surowce naturalne hydropower, timber, iron ore, manganese, limestone
Wspolczynnik migracji -0.08 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Asociacion Nacional Republicana - Colorado Party or ANR [Herminio CACERES, interim president]; Movimiento Union Nacional de Ciudadanos Eticos or UNACE [Enrique GONZALEZ Quintana, acting chairman]; Patria Querida (Beloved Fatherland Party) or PQ [Pedro Nicolas Maraa FADUL Niella]; Partido Encuentro Nacional or PEN [Luis TORALES Kenney]; Partido Liberal Radical Autentico or PLRA [Julio Cesar FRANCO]; Partido Pais Solidario or PPS [Carlos Alberto FILIZZOLA Pallares]

note: Nicanor DUARTE Frutos on leave as party leader of the Colorado Party or ANR while serving as President of Paragwaj; Lino Cesar OVIEDO Silva, leader of UNACE, is currently serving a ten-year prison term
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Ahorristas Estafados or AE; Coordinating Table of National Campesino Organizations or MCNOC; National Federation of Campesinos or FNC; National Workers Central or CNT; Paragwajan Workers Confederation or CPT; Roman Catholic Church; Unitary Workers Central or CUT
Ludnosc 6,347,884 (lipiec 2005 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 36% (2001 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 2.48% (2005 est.)
Porty i stocznie Asuncion, Villeta, San Antonio, Encarnacion
Stacje radiowe AM 46, FM 27, shortwave 6 (three inactive) (1998)
Linie kolejowe total: 441 km

standard gauge: 441 km 1.435-m gauge (2004)
Religie Roman Catholic 90%, Mennonite and other Protestant 10%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female

total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2005 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal and compulsory up to age 75
System telefoniczny general assessment: meager telephone service; principal switching center is Asuncion

domestic: fair microwave radio relay network

international: country code - 595; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 273,200 (2002)
Telefony komorkowe 1,770,300 (2003)
Stacje telewizyjne 5 (2003)
Uksztaltowanie terenu grassy plains and wooded hills east of Rio Paragwaj; Gran Chaco region west of Rio Paragwaj mostly low, marshy plain near the river, and dry forest and thorny scrub elsewhere
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 3.93 children born/woman (2005 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 15.1% (2004 est.)
Drogi wodne 3,100 km (2004)
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