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Paracel Islands (2002)

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Paracel Islands 2002 year

 Paracel Islands
Airports 1 (2001)
Airports - with paved runways total: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2002)
Area total: NA sq km

land: NA sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative NA
Background This archipelago is surrounded by productive fishing grounds and by potential oil and gas reserves. In 1932, French Indochina annexed the islands and set up a weather station on Pattle Island; maintenance was continued by its successor, Vietnam. China has occupied the Paracel Islands since 1974, when its troops seized a South Vietnamese garrison occupying the western islands. The islands are claimed by Vietnam and Taiwan.
Climate tropical
Coastline 518 km
Country name conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Paracel Islands
Disputes - international occupied by China, but claimed by Taiwan and Vietnam
Economy - overview China announced plans in 1997 to open the islands for tourism.
Elevation extremes lowest point: South China Sea 0 m

highest point: unnamed location on Rocky Island 14 m
Environment - current issues NA
Geographic coordinates 16 30 N, 112 00 E
Geography - note composed of 130 small coral islands and reefs divided into the northeast Amphitrite Group and the western Crescent Group
Irrigated land 0 sq km (1998 est.)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 0%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 100% (1998 est.)
Location Southeastern Asia, group of small islands and reefs in the South China Sea, about one-third of the way from central Vietnam to the northern Philippines
Map references Southeast Asia
Maritime claims NA
Military - note occupied by China
Natural hazards typhoons
Natural resources none
Population no indigenous inhabitants

note: there are scattered Chinese garrisons (July 2002 est.)
Ports and harbors small Chinese port facilities on Woody Island and Duncan Island being expanded
Terrain mostly low and flat
Waterways none
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