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Papua-Nowa Gwinea (2006)

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Papua-Nowa Gwinea 2006 roku

 Papua-Nowa Gwinea
Podzial administracyjny 20 provinces; Bougainville, Central, Chimbu, Eastern Highlands, East New Britain, East Sepik, Enga, Gulf, Madang, Manus, Milne Bay, Morobe, National Stolica, New Irlandia, Northern, Sandaun, Southern Highlands, Western, Western Highlands, West New Britain
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 37.8% (male 1,090,879/female 1,054,743)


15-64 years: 58.3% (male 1,703,204/female 1,601,224)


65 years and over: 3.9% (male 103,054/female 117,440) (2006 est.)
Rolinictwo coffee, cocoa, copra, palm kernels, tea, sugar, rubber, sweet potatoes, fruit, vegetables, vanilla; shell fish, poultry, pork
Lotniska 582 (2006)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 21


2,438 to 3,047 m: 2


1,524 to 2,437 m: 14


914 to 1,523 m: 4


under 914 m: 1 (2006)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 561


1,524 to 2,437 m: 11


914 to 1,523 m: 62


under 914 m: 488 (2006)
Terytorium total: 462,840 sq km


land: 452,860 sq km


water: 9,980 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly larger than California
Tlo historyczne The eastern half of the island of New Gwinea - second largest w the world - was divided between Niemcy (north) and the UK (south) w 1885. The latter area was transferred to Australia w 1902, which occupied the northern portion during Swiat War I and continued to administer the combined areas until independence w 1975. A nine-year secessionist revolt on the island of Bougainville ended w 1997 after claiming some 20,000 lives.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 29.36 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Budzet revenues: $1.368 billion


expenditures: $1.354 billion; including capital expenditures of $344 million (2005 est.)
Stolica name: Port Moresby


geographic coordinates: 9 30 S, 147 10 E


time difference: UTC+10 (15 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical; northwest monsoon (grudzien to marzec), southeast monsoon (maj to pazdziernik); slight seasonal temperature variation
Linia brzegowa 5,152 km
Konstytucja 16 wrzesien 1975
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Independent State of Papua-Nowa Gwinea


conventional short form: Papua-Nowa Gwinea


local short form: Papuaniugini


former: Territory of Papua and New Gwinea


abbreviation: PNG
Wspolczynnik zgonow 7.25 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $1.882 billion (2005 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Robert W. FITTS


embassy: Douglas Street, Port Moresby


mailing address: 4240 Port Moresby PI, US Department of State, Washington DC 20521-4240


telephone: [675] 321-1455


FAX: [675] 321-3423
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Evan Jeremy PAKI


chancery: 1779 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Suite 805, Washington, DC 20036


telephone: [1] (202) 745-3680


FAX: [1] (202) 745-3679
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje relies on assistance from Australia to keep out illegal cross-border activities from primarily Indonezja, including goods smuggling, illegal narcotics trafficking, and squatters and secessionists
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $NA
Ekonomia Papua-Nowa Gwinea is richly endowed z natural resources, but exploitation has been hampered by rugged terrain and the high cost of developing infrastructure. Agriculture provides a subsistence livelihood dla 85% of the population. Mineral deposits, including oil, copper, and gold, account dla nearly two-thirds of export earnings. The economy has improved over the past three years because of high commodity prices following a prolonged period of instability. The government of Prime Minister SOMARE has expended much of its energy remaining w power and should be the first government w decades to serve a full five-year term. The government has also brought stability to the national budget thus far, largely through expenditure control. Numerous challenges still face the government including regaining investor confidence, restoring integrity to state institutions, promoting economic efficiency by privatizing moribund state institutions, and balancing relations z Australia, the former colonial ruler. Other socio-cultural challenges include the HIV/Aids epidemic, law and order, and land tenure issues. Australia annually supplies $240 million w aid, which accounts dla nearly 20% of the national budget.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 1.481 billion kWh (2003)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2003)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2003)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 1.592 billion kWh (2003)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Spokojny 0 m


highest point: Mount Wilhelm 4,509 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy rain forest subject to deforestation as a result of growing commercial demand dla tropical timber; pollution from mining projects; severe drought
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Melanesian, Papuan, Negrito, Micronesian, Polynesian
Kurs waluty kina per US dollar - 3.08 (2005), 3.2225 (2004), 3.5635 (2003), 3.8952 (2002), 3.3887 (2001)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 luty 1952), represented by governor general Sir Paulius MATANE (since 29 czerwiec 2004)


head of government: Prime Minister Sir Michael SOMARE (since 2 sierpien 2002); deputy prime minister Don Polye (since 5 lipiec 2006)


cabinet: National Executive Council appointed by the governor general on the recommendation of the prime minister


elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the National Executive Council; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition usually is appointed prime minister by the governor general
Eksport 0 kWh (2003)
Eksport $2.833 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2001 est.)
Eksport NA bbl/day
Eksport - towary oil, gold, copper ore, logs, palm oil, coffee, cocoa, crayfish, prawns
Eksport - partnerzy Australia 28.7%, Japonia 8.6%, Chiny 5.4% (2005)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi divided diagonally from upper hoist-side corner; the upper triangle is red z a soaring yellow bird of paradise centered; the lower triangle is black z five, white, five-pointed stars of the Southern Cross constellation centered
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 35.3%


industry: 38.1%


services: 26.6% (2005 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 3% (2005 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 6 00 S, 147 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne shares island of New Gwinea z Indonezja; one of world's largest swamps along southwest coast
Ladowiska helikopterow 2 (2006)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 1.7%


highest 10%: 40.5% (1996)
Import 0 kWh (2003)
Import $1.651 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2001 est.)
Import NA bbl/day
Import - towary machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, food, fuels, chemicals
Import - partnerzy Australia 54.6%, Singapur 13.4%, Japonia 4.3%, Malezja 4.2% (2005)
Niepodleglosc 16 wrzesien 1975 (from the Australian-administered UN trusteeship)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA%
Przemysl copra crushing, palm oil processing, plywood production, wood chip production; mining of gold, silver, and copper; crude oil production, petroleum refining; construction, tourism
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 49.96 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 54.08 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 45.63 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)
Inflacja 1.7% (2005 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, APEC, ARF, AsDB, ASEAN (observer), C, CP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITU, MIGA, NAM, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, WToO
Nawadniane tereny NA
Sadownictwo Supreme Court (the chief justice is appointed by the governor general on the proposal of the National Executive Council after consultation z the minister responsible dla justice; other judges are appointed by the Judicial and Legal Services Commission)
Sila robocza 2.413 million (2004)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 85%


industry: NA%


services: NA%
Granica total: 820 km


border countries: Indonezja 820 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 0.49%


permanent crops: 1.4%


other: 98.11% (2005)
Jezyki Melanesian Pidgin serves as the lingua franca, English spoken by 1%-2%, Motu spoken w Papua region


note: 820 indigenous languages spoken (over one-tenth of the world's total)
System prawny based on English common law
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Parliament - sometimes referred to as the House of Assembly (109 seats, 89 elected from open electorates and 20 from provincial electorates; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)


elections: last held 15-29 czerwiec 2002 and kwiecien and maj 2003; completed w maj 2003 (voting w the Southern Highlands was not completed during the czerwiec 2002 election period); next to be held not later than czerwiec 2007


election results: percent of vote by party - National Alliance 18%, URP 13%, PDM 12%, PPP 8%, Pangu 6%, PAP 5%, PLP 4%, others 34%; seats by party - National Alliance 19, URP 14, PDM 13, PPP 8, PANGU 6, PAP 5, PLP 4, others 40; as of styczen 2006 - National Alliance 25, URP 10, PNGP 9, PPP 9, PANGU 6, PAP 12, PLP 4, others 34


note: association z political parties is fluid (2005)
Zywotnosc total population: 65.28 years


male: 63.08 years


female: 67.58 years (2006 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 64.6%


male: 71.1%


female: 57.7% (2002)
Lokalizacja Oceania, group of islands including the eastern half of the island of New Gwinea between the Coral Sea and the South Ocean Spokojny, east of Indonezja
Lokalizacja na mapie Oceania
Morskie obszary measured from claimed archipelagic baselines


territorial sea: 12 nm


continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation


exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Flota handlowa total: 24 ships (1000 GRT or over) 55,532 GRT/72,240 DWT


by type: bulk carrier 2, cargo 18, passenger/cargo 2, petroleum tanker 1, roll on/roll off 1


foreign-owned: 6 (UK 6) (2006)
Wojsko Papua-Nowa Gwinea Defense Force (includes Maritime Operations Element, Air Operations Element)
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $16.9 million (2003)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.4% (FY02)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 16 wrzesien (1975)
Narodowosc noun: Papua-Nowa Gwinean(s)


adjective: Papua-Nowa Gwinean
Naturalne zagrozenia active volcanism; situated along the Pacific "Ring of Fire"; the country is subject to frequent and sometimes severe earthquakes; mud slides; tsunamis
Surowce naturalne gold, copper, silver, natural gas, timber, oil, fisheries
Wspolczynnik migracji 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Rurociagi oil 264 km (2006)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Christian Democratic Party [Dr. Banare BUN]; Melanesian Alliance Party or MAP [Sir Moi AVEL]; National Alliance Party or NA [Michael SOMARE]; National Party [Melcher PEP]; Papua and Niugini Union Party or PANGU [Rabbie NAMALIU]; Papua-Nowa Gwinea First Party [Cecilking DORUBA]; Papua-Nowa Gwinea Labor Party [Bob DANAYA]; Papua-Nowa Gwinea Party or PNGP (was People's Democratic Movement or PDM) [Sir Mekere MORAUTA]; People's Action Party or PAP [Moses MALADINA]; People's Labor Party or PLP [Ekis ROPENU]; People's National Congress or PNC [Peter O'NEILL]; People's Progress Party or PPP [Byron CHAN]; Pipol First Party [Luther WENGE]; United Party [Bire KIMASOPA]; United Resources Party or URP [Tim NEVILLE] (2005)
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 5,670,544 (lipiec 2006 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 37% (2002 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 2.21% (2006 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 8, FM 19, shortwave 28 (1998)
Religie Roman Catholic 22%, Lutheran 16%, Presbyterian/Methodist/London Missionary Society 8%, Anglican 5%, Evangelical Alliance 4%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1%, other Protestant 10%, indigenous beliefs 34%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.88 male(s)/female


total population: 1.05 male(s)/female (2006 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: services are adequate; facilities provide radiotelephone and telegraph, coastal radio, aeronautical radio, and international radio communication services


domestic: mostly radiotelephone


international: country code - 675; submarine cables to Australia and Guam; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Spokojny); international radio communication service
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 62,000 (2002)
Telefony komorkowe 26,000 (2005)
Stacje telewizyjne 3 (all w the Port Moresby area)


note: additional stations at Mt. Hagen, Goroka, Lae, and Rabaul are planned (2004)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly mountains z coastal lowlands and rolling foothills
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 3.88 children born/woman (2006 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 2.8% up to 80% w urban areas (2004)
Drogi wodne 10,940 km (2003)
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