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Papua-Nowa Gwinea (2004)

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Papua-Nowa Gwinea 2004 roku

 Papua-Nowa Gwinea
Podzial administracyjny 20 provinces; Bougainville, Central, Chimbu, Eastern Highlands, East New Britain, East Sepik, Enga, Gulf, Madang, Manus, Milne Bay, Morobe, National Stolica, New Irlandia, Northern, Sandaun, Southern Highlands, Western, Western Highlands, West New Britain
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 38.3% (male 1,053,940; female 1,019,492)

15-64 years: 58% (male 1,622,124; female 1,519,104)

65 years and over: 3.8% (male 96,638; female 108,982) (2004 est.)
Rolinictwo coffee, cocoa, coconuts, palm kernels, tea, rubber, sweet potatoes, fruit, vegetables, poultry, pork
Lotniska 559 (2003 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 21

2,438 to 3,047 m: 2

1,524 to 2,437 m: 14

914 to 1,523 m: 4

under 914 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 550

1,524 to 2,437 m: 10

914 to 1,523 m: 62

under 914 m: 478 (2004 est.)
Terytorium total: 462,840 sq km

land: 452,860 sq km

water: 9,980 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly larger than California
Tlo historyczne The eastern half of the island of New Gwinea - second largest w the world - was divided between Niemcy (north) and the UK (south) w 1885. The latter area was transferred to Australia w 1902, which occupied the northern portion during Swiat War I and continued to administer the combined areas until independence w 1975. A nine-year secessionist revolt on the island of Bougainville ended w 1997 after claiming some 20,000 lives.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 30.52 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Budzet revenues: $954.1 million

expenditures: $996.8 million, including capital expenditures of $344 million (2003 est.)
Stolica Port Moresby
Klimat tropical; northwest monsoon (grudzien to marzec), southeast monsoon (maj to pazdziernik); slight seasonal temperature variation
Linia brzegowa 5,152 km
Konstytucja 16 wrzesien 1975
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Independent State of Papua-Nowa Gwinea

conventional short form: Papua-Nowa Gwinea

former: Territory of Papua and New Gwinea

abbreviation: PNG
Waluta kina (PGK)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 7.5 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $2.909 billion (2003 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Robert W. FITTS

embassy: Douglas Street, Port Moresby

mailing address: 4240 Port Moresby PI, US Department of State, Washington DC 20521-4240

telephone: [675] 321-1455

FAX: [675] 321-3423
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Evan Jeremy PAKI

chancery: 1779 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Suite 805, Washington, DC 20036

telephone: [1] (202) 745-3680

FAX: [1] (202) 745-3679
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje seeks assistance from Australia to control illegal cross-border activities from primarily Indonezja, including smuggling, drug trafficking, and Indonezjan squatters and secessionists
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $400 million (1999 est.)
Ekonomia Papua-Nowa Gwinea is richly endowed z natural resources, but exploitation has been hampered by rugged terrain and the high cost of developing infrastructure. Agriculture provides a subsistence livelihood dla 85% of the population. Mineral deposits, including oil, copper, and gold, account dla 72% of export earnings. The economy has faltered over the past four years. Former Prime Minister Mekere MORAUTA had tried to restore integrity to state institutions, to stabilize the kina, restore stability to the national budget, to privatize public enterprises where appropriate, and to ensure ongoing peace on Bougainville. The government has had considerable success w attracting international support, specifically gaining the backing of the IMF and the Swiat Bank w securing development assistance loans. Challenges face Prime Minister Michael SOMARE, including curbing inflation, gaining further investor confidence, continuing efforts to privatize government assets, maintaining the support of members of Parliament, and balancing relations z Australia, the former colonial ruler.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 1.391 billion kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 1.496 billion kWh (2001)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Spokojny 0 m

highest point: Mount Wilhelm 4,509 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy rain forest subject to deforestation as a result of growing commercial demand dla tropical timber; pollution from mining projects; severe drought
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Melanesian, Papuan, Negrito, Micronesian, Polynesian
Kurs waluty kina per US dollar - 3.5635 (2003), 3.8952 (2002), 3.3887 (2001), 2.7822 (2000), 2.5708 (1999)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 luty 1952), represented by governor general Sir Paulius MATANE (since 29 czerwiec 2004)

head of government: Prime Minister Sir Michael SOMARE (since 2 sierpien 2002); deputy prime minister (vacant)

cabinet: National Executive Council appointed by the governor general on the recommendation of the prime minister

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the National Executive Council; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition usually is appointed prime minister by the governor general
Eksport 0 kWh (2001)
Eksport $1.938 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2001 est.)
Eksport NA (2001)
Eksport - towary oil, gold, copper ore, logs, palm oil, coffee, cocoa, crayfish, prawns
Eksport - partnerzy Australia 25.6%, Japonia 7.4%, Chiny 5.8% (2003)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi divided diagonally from upper hoist-side corner; the upper triangle is red z a soaring yellow bird of paradise centered; the lower triangle is black z five, white, five-pointed stars of the Southern Cross constellation centered
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $11.48 billion (2003 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 34%

industry: 37.7%

services: 28.3% (2003 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $2,200 (2003 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 1.4% (2003 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 6 00 S, 147 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne shares island of New Gwinea z Indonezja; one of world's largest swamps along southwest coast
Ladowiska helikopterow 2 (2003 est.)
Autostrady total: 19,600 km

paved: 686 km

unpaved: 18,914 km (1999 est.)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 1.7%

highest 10%: 40.5% (1996)
Import 0 kWh (2001)
Import $967 million f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2001 est.)
Import NA (2001)
Import - towary machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, food, fuels, chemicals
Import - partnerzy Australia 44.6%, Singapur 20.6%, Nowa Zelandia 7.7%, Chiny 5% (2003)
Niepodleglosc 16 wrzesien 1975 (from the Australian-administered UN trusteeship)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA (FY01/02 est.)
Przemysl copra crushing, palm oil processing, plywood production, wood chip production; mining of gold, silver, and copper; crude oil production; construction, tourism
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 53.15 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 57.39 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 48.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Inflacja 14.7% (2003 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, APEC, ARF, AsDB, C, CP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO (correspondent), ITU, MIGA, NAM, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny NA sq km
Sadownictwo Supreme Court (the chief justice is appointed by the governor general on the proposal of the National Executive Council after consultation z the minister responsible dla justice; other judges are appointed by the Judicial and Legal Services Commission)
Sila robocza 3.25 million (2003)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture 85%, industry NA, services NA
Granica total: 820 km

border countries: Indonezja 820 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 0.46%

permanent crops: 1.44%

other: 98.1% (2001)
Jezyki Melanesian Pidgin serves as the lingua franca, English spoken by 1%-2%, Motu spoken w Papua region

note: 715 indigenous languages -- many unrelated
System prawny based on English common law
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Parliament - sometimes referred to as the House of Assembly (109 seats, 89 elected from open electorates and 20 from provincial electorates; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

elections: last held 15-29 czerwiec 2002 and kwiecien and maj 2003; completed w maj 2003 (voting w the Southern Highlands was not completed during the czerwiec 2002 election period); next to be held not later than czerwiec 2007

election results: percent of vote by party - National Alliance 18%, URP 13%, PDM 12%, PPP 8%, Pangu 6%, PAP 5%, PLP 4%, others 34%; seats by party - National Alliance 19, UPR 14, PDM 13, PPP 8, Pangu 6, PAP 5, PLP 4, others 40; note - association z political parties is fluid (2003)
Zywotnosc total population: 64.56 years

male: 62.41 years

female: 66.81 years (2004 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 64.6%

male: 71.1%

female: 57.7% (2002)
Lokalizacja Oceania, group of islands including the eastern half of the island of New Gwinea between the Coral Sea and the South Ocean Spokojny, east of Indonezja
Lokalizacja na mapie Oceania
Morskie obszary measured from claimed archipelagic baselines

territorial sea: 12 nm

continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Flota handlowa total: 23 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 47,586 GRT/60,934 DWT

by type: bulk 1, cargo 12, chemical tanker 1, combination ore/oil 2, container 1, petroleum tanker 4, roll on/roll off 2

foreign-owned: Singapur 2, Wielka Brytania 6

registered w other countries: 1 (2004 est.)
Wojsko Papua-Nowa Gwinea Defense Force: Ground Force, Maritime Operations Element, and Air Operations Element
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $16.9 million (2003)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.4% (FY02)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49: 1,403,467 (2004 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49: 775,064 (2004 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 16 wrzesien (1975)
Narodowosc noun: Papua-Nowa Gwinean(s)

adjective: Papua-Nowa Gwinean
Naturalne zagrozenia active volcanism; situated along the Pacific "Ring of Fire"; the country is subject to frequent and sometimes severe earthquakes; mud slides; tsunamis
Surowce naturalne gold, copper, silver, natural gas, timber, oil, fisheries
Wspolczynnik migracji 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Rurociagi oil 264 km (2004)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Christian Democratic Party [Dr.Banare BUN, party leader]; Melanesian Alliance Party or MAP [Sir Moi AVEL, party leader]; National Alliance Party or NA [Michael SOMARE, party leader; George MANOA, party president]; National Party [Melchior PEP, party leader]; Papua and Niugini Union Party or PANGU [Chris HAIVETA, party leader]; Papua-Nowa Gwinea First Party [Cecilking DORUBA, party leader]; Papua-Nowa Gwinea Labor Party [Bob DANAYA, party leader]; Papua-Nowa Gwinea Party [Sir Mekere MORAUTA, party leader]; People's Action Party or PAP [Moses MALADINA, party leader]; People's Labor Party or PLP [Ekis ROPENU, party leader]; People's National Congress or PNC [Peter O'NEILL, party leader]; People's Progressive Party or PPP [Andrew BAING, party leader]; Pipol First Party [Luther WENGE, party leader]; Rural People's Party [Peter NAMUS, party leader]; United Party [Bire KIMASOPA, party leader]; United Resources Party or URP [Tim NEVILLE, party leader] (2004)
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 5,420,280 (lipiec 2004 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 37% (2002 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 2.3% (2004 est.)
Porty i stocznie Kieta, Lae, Madang, Port Moresby, Rabaul
Stacje radiowe AM 8, FM 19, shortwave 28 (1998)
Religie Roman Catholic 22%, Lutheran 16%, Presbyterian/Methodist/London Missionary Society 8%, Anglican 5%, Evangelical Alliance 4%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1%, other Protestant 10%, indigenous beliefs 34%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.07 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female

total population: 1.05 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: services are adequate; facilities provide radiotelephone and telegraph, coastal radio, aeronautical radio, and international radio communication services

domestic: mostly radiotelephone

international: country code - 675; submarine cables to Australia and Guam; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Spokojny); international radio communication service
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 62,000 (2002)
Telefony komorkowe 15,000 (2002)
Stacje telewizyjne 3 (all w the Port Moresby area)

note: additional stations at Mt. Hagen, Goroka, Lae, and Rabaul are planned (2004)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly mountains z coastal lowlands and rolling foothills
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 4.04 children born/woman (2004 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia NA
Drogi wodne 10,940 km (2003)
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