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Papua-Nowa Gwinea 2002 roku

 Papua-Nowa Gwinea
Podzial administracyjny 20 provinces; Bougainville, Central, Chimbu, Eastern Highlands, East New Britain, East Sepik, Enga, Gulf, Madang, Manus, Milne Bay, Morobe, National Stolica, New Irlandia, Northern, Sandaun, Southern Highlands, Western, Western Highlands, West New Britain
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 38.6% (male 1,013,936; female 980,841)


15-64 years: 57.7% (male 1,544,650; female 1,440,628)


65 years and over: 3.7% (male 90,661; female 101,317) (2002 est.)
Rolinictwo coffee, cocoa, coconuts, palm kernels, tea, rubber, sweet potatoes, fruit, vegetables; poultry, pork
Lotniska 490 (2001)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 21


2,438 to 3,047 m: 2


1,524 to 2,437 m: 14


914 to 1,523 m: 4


under 914 m: 1 (2002)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 470


1,524 to 2,437 m: 11


914 to 1,523 m: 56


under 914 m: 403 (2002)
Terytorium total: 462,840 sq km


land: 452,860 sq km


water: 9,980 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly larger than California
Tlo historyczne The eastern half of the island of New Gwinea - second largest w the world - was divided between Niemcy (north) and the UK (south) w 1885. The latter area was transferred to Australia w 1902, which occupied the northern portion during Swiat War I and continued to administer the combined areas until independence w 1975. A nine-year secessionist revolt on the island of Bougainville ended w 1997, after claiming some 20,000 lives.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 31.61 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Budzet revenues: $894 million


expenditures: $1.1 billion, including capital expenditures of $344 million (2000 est.)
Stolica Port Moresby
Klimat tropical; northwest monsoon (grudzien to marzec), southeast monsoon (maj to pazdziernik); slight seasonal temperature variation
Linia brzegowa 5,152 km
Konstytucja 16 wrzesien 1975
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Independent State of Papua-Nowa Gwinea


conventional short form: Papua-Nowa Gwinea


former: Territory of Papua and New Gwinea


abbreviation: PNG
Waluta kina (PGK)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 7.75 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $2.6 billion (2000 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Susan S. JACOBS


embassy: Douglas Street (adjacent to the Bank of Papua-Nowa Gwinea), Port Moresby


mailing address: P. O. Box 1492, Port Moresby, HCD121


telephone: [675] 321-1455


FAX: [675] 321-1593
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Nagora Y. BOGAN


chancery: 1779 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Suite 805, Washington, DC 20036


telephone: [1] (202) 745-3680


FAX: [1] (202) 745-3679
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $400 million (1999 est.)
Ekonomia Papua-Nowa Gwinea is richly endowed z natural resources, but exploitation has been hampered by rugged terrain and the high cost of developing infrastructure. Agriculture provides a subsistence livelihood dla 85% of the population. Mineral deposits, including oil, copper, and gold, account dla 72% of export earnings. The economy has declined over the past two years and will probably continue to falter w 2002. Prime Minister Mekere MORAUTA has tried to restore integrity to state institutions, stabilize the kina, restore stability to the national budget, privatize public enterprises where appropriate, and ensure ongoing peace on Bougainville. The government has had considerable success w attracting international support, specifically gaining the support of the IMF and the Swiat Bank w securing development assistance loans. Significant challenges remain dla MORAUTA, however, including gaining further investor confidence, specifically dla the proposed Papua-Nowa Gwinea-Australia oil pipeline, continuing efforts to privatize government assets, and maintaining the support of members of Parliament.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 1.535 billion kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 1.65 billion kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii fossil fuel: 55%


hydro: 45%


nuclear: 0%


other: 0% (2000)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Spokojny 0 m


highest point: Mount Wilhelm 4,509 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy rain forest subject to deforestation as a result of growing commercial demand dla tropical timber; pollution from mining projects; severe drought
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol
Grupy etniczne Melanesian, Papuan, Negrito, Micronesian, Polynesian
Kurs waluty kina per US dollar - 3.706 (styczen 2002), 3.374 (2001), 2.765 (2000), 2.539 (1999), 2.058 (1998), 1.434 (1997)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 luty 1952), represented by Governor General Sir Silas ATOPARE (since 13 listopad 1997)


head of government: Prime Minister Sir Michael SOMARE (since NA sierpien 2002); Deputy Prime Minister Allan MARAT (since NA sierpien 2002)


cabinet: National Executive Council appointed by the governor general on the recommendation of the prime minister


elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the National Executive Council; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition usually is appointed prime minister by the governor general
Eksport 0 kWh (2000)
Eksport $1.8 billion f.o.b. (2001 est.)
Eksport - towary oil, gold, copper ore, logs, palm oil, coffee, cocoa, crayfish, prawns
Eksport - partnerzy Australia 30%, Japonia 11%, Chiny 6%, Niemcy 4%, South Korea 4%, UK 3%, Filipiny 1%, US 1% (2000)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi divided diagonally from upper hoist-side corner; the upper triangle is red z a soaring yellow bird of paradise centered; the lower triangle is black z five, white, five-pointed stars of the Southern Cross constellation centered
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $12.2 billion (2001 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 30%


industry: 37%


services: 33% (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $2,400 (2001 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu -2.5% (2001 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 6 00 S, 147 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne shares island of New Gwinea z Indonezja; one of world's largest swamps along southwest coast
Ladowiska helikopterow 2 (2002)
Autostrady total: 19,600 km


paved: 686 km


unpaved: 18,914 km (1996)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 2%


highest 10%: 41% (1996) (1996)
Import 0 kWh (2000)
Import $1.024 billion f.o.b. (2001 est.)
Import - towary machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, food, fuels, chemicals
Import - partnerzy Australia 50%, Singapur 20%, Japonia 4%, NZ 4%, Indonezja 3%, Malezja 3%, US 2% (2000)
Niepodleglosc 16 wrzesien 1975 (from the Australian-administered UN trusteeship)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA%
Przemysl copra crushing, palm oil processing, plywood production, wood chip production; mining of gold, silver, and copper; crude oil production; construction, tourism
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow 56.53 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Inflacja 10.3% (2001 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, APEC, ARF (dialogue partner), AsDB, ASEAN (associate member), C, CP, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OPCW, Sparteca, SPC, SPF, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO
Dostawcy internetu 3 (2000)
Nawadniane tereny NA sq km
Sadownictwo Supreme Court (the chief justice is appointed by the governor general on the proposal of the National Executive Council after consultation z the minister responsible dla justice; other judges are appointed by the Judicial and Legal Services Commission)
Sila robocza 2.3 million (1999)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture 85%, industry NA%, services NA%
Granica total: 820 km


border countries: Indonezja 820 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 0.13%


permanent crops: 1.35%


other: 98.52% (1998 est.)
Jezyki English spoken by 1%-2%, pidgin English widespread, Motu spoken w Papua region


note: 715 indigenous languages
System prawny based on English common law
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Parliament - sometimes referred to as the House of Assembly (109 seats, 89 elected from open electorates and 20 from provincial electorates; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)


elections: last held 14-28 czerwiec 1997 (next to be held 15 czerwiec 2002)


election results: percent of vote by party - PPP 15%, Pangu Pati 14%, NA 14%, PDM 8%, PNC 6%, PAP 5%, UP 3%, NP 1%, PUP 1%, independents 33%; seats by party - PPP 16, Pangu Pati 15, NA 15, PDM 9, PNC 7, PAP 5, UP 3, NP 1, PUP 1, independents 37; note - association z political parties is very fluid
Zywotnosc total population: 63.83 years


male: 61.73 years


female: 66.03 years (2002 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 64.5%


male: 72%


female: 57% (2000)
Lokalizacja Southeastern Asia, group of islands including the eastern half of the island of New Gwinea between the Coral Sea and the South Ocean Spokojny, east of Indonezja
Lokalizacja na mapie Oceania
Morskie obszary measured from claimed archipelagic baselines


continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation


exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM


territorial sea: 12 NM
Flota handlowa total: 22 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 40,911 GRT/58,723 DWT


ships by type: bulk 1, cargo 10, chemical tanker 1, combination ore/oil 3, container 1, petroleum tanker 3, roll on/roll off 3


note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Singapur 2, Wielka Brytania 7
(2002 est.)
Wojsko Papua-Nowa Gwinea Defense Force (includes Ground Force, Maritime Operations Element, and Air Operations Element)
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $42 million (FY98)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1% (FY98)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49: 1,338,003 (2002 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49: 740,085 (2002 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 16 wrzesien (1975)
Narodowosc noun: Papua-Nowa Gwinean(s)


adjective: Papua-Nowa Gwinean
Naturalne zagrozenia active volcanism; situated along the Pacific "Ring of Fire"; the country is subject to frequent and sometimes severe earthquakes; mud slides; tsunamis
Surowce naturalne gold, copper, silver, natural gas, timber, oil, fisheries
Wspolczynnik migracji 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Melanesian Alliance Party or MAP [leader NA]; National Alliance or NA [George MANDA, party president]; National Front Party [leader NA]; National Party or NP [Michael MEL]; Papua-Nowa Gwinea Revival Party [John PUNDARI]; Papua-Nowa Gwinea United Party or Pangu Pati [Chris HAIVETA]; People's Action Party or PAP [Ted DIRO]; People's Democratic Movement or PDM [Sir Mekere MORAUTA]; People's Labor Party or PLP [Peter YAMA]; People's National Congress or PNC [Bill SKATE]; People's Progress Party or PPP [Michael NALI]; People's Unity Party or PUP [Alfred KAIABE]; United Party or UP [Rimbiuk PATO]


note: more than 40 political parties have registered to participate w the czerwiec 2002 elections
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 5,172,033 (lipiec 2002 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 37%
Przyrost naturalny 2.39% (2002 est.)
Porty i stocznie Kieta, Lae, Madang, Port Moresby, Rabaul
Stacje radiowe AM 8, FM 19, shortwave 28 (1998)
Radia 410,000 (1997)
Linie kolejowe 0 km
Religie Roman Catholic 22%, Lutheran 16%, Presbyterian/Methodist/London Missionary Society 8%, Anglican 5%, Evangelical Alliance 4%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1%, other Protestant 10%, indigenous beliefs 34%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.07 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.9 male(s)/female


total population: 1.05 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: services are adequate and being improved; facilities provide radiotelephone and telegraph, coastal radio, aeronautical radio, and international radio communication services


domestic: mostly radiotelephone


international: submarine cables to Australia and Guam; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Spokojny); international radio communication service
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 61,152 (1999)
Telefony komorkowe 3,053 (1996)
Stacje telewizyjne 3 (all w the Port Moresby area)


note: additional stations at Mt. Hagen, Goroka, Lae, and Rabaul are planned (2002)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly mountains z coastal lowlands and rolling foothills
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 4.21 children born/woman (2002 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia NA%
Drogi wodne 10,940 km
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