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Papua-Nowa Gwinea 2001 roku

 Papua-Nowa Gwinea
Podzial administracyjny 20 provinces; Bougainville, Central, Chimbu, Eastern Highlands, East New Britain, East Sepik, Enga, Gulf, Madang, Manus, Milne Bay, Morobe, National Stolica, New Irlandia, Northern, Sandaun, Southern Highlands, Western, Western Highlands, West New Britain
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years:
38.7% (male 993,248; female 960,647)

15-64 years:
57.63% (male 1,507,064; female 1,402,666)

65 years and over:
3.67% (male 87,779; female 97,651) (2001 est.)
Rolinictwo coffee, cocoa, coconuts, palm kernels, tea, rubber, sweet potatoes, fruit, vegetables; poultry, pork
Lotniska 492 (2000 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total:
20

2,438 to 3,047 m:
2

1,524 to 2,437 m:
13

914 to 1,523 m:
4

under 914 m:
1 (2000 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total:
472

1,524 to 2,437 m:
13

914 to 1,523 m:
57

under 914 m:
402 (2000 est.)
Terytorium total:
462,840 sq km

land:
452,860 sq km

water:
9,980 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly larger than California
Tlo historyczne The eastern half of the island of New Gwinea - second largest w the world - was divided between Niemcy (north) and the UK (south) w 1885. The latter area was transferred to Australia w 1902, which occupied the northern portion during Swiat War I and continued to administer the combined areas until independence w 1975. A nine-year secessionist revolt on the island of Bougainville ended w 1997, after claiming some 20,000 lives.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 32.15 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budzet revenues:
$1.6 billion

expenditures:
$1.9 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (1998 est.)
Stolica Port Moresby
Klimat tropical; northwest monsoon (grudzien to marzec), southeast monsoon (maj to pazdziernik); slight seasonal temperature variation
Linia brzegowa 5,152 km
Konstytucja 16 wrzesien 1975
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form:
Independent State of Papua-Nowa Gwinea

conventional short form:
Papua-Nowa Gwinea

former:
Territory of Papua and New Gwinea

abbreviation:
PNG
Waluta kina (PGK)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 7.88 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $2.9 billion (2000 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission:
Ambassador Arma Jane KARAER

embassy:
Douglas Street, Port Moresby

mailing address:
P. O. Box 1492, Port Moresby

telephone:
[675] 321-1455

FAX:
[675] 321-3423
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission:
Ambassador Susan JACOBS

chancery:
1779 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20036

telephone:
[1] (202) 745-3680

FAX:
[1] (202) 745-3679
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $400 million (1999 est.)
Ekonomia Papua-Nowa Gwinea is richly endowed z natural resources, but exploitation has been hampered by the rugged terrain and the high cost of developing infrastructure. Agriculture provides a subsistence livelihood dla 85% of the population. Mineral deposits, including oil, copper, and gold, account dla 72% of export earnings. The 3.4% average annual growth rate of Produkt krajowy brutto during 1979-1998 conceals considerable year-to-year variation resulting from external economic shocks, natural disasters, and economic management problems. There has been little growth w the last half of the 1990s, z real Produkt krajowy brutto w 1999 barely 3% higher than w 1994, not enough to compensate dla population growth. A new administration under the leadership of Prime Minister Mekere MORAUTA w lipiec 1999 has promised to restore integrity to state institutions, to stabilize the kina, to restore stability to the national budget, to privatize public enterprises where appropriate, and to ensure ongoing peace on Bougainville. The government has had considerable success w attracting international support, specifically gaining the support of the IMF and the Swiat Bank w securing development assistance loans. Significant challenges remain dla MORAUTA, however, including gaining further investor confidence, specifically dla the proposed Papua-Nowa Gwinea-Australia oil pipeline, continuing efforts to privatize government assets, and w maintaining the support from members of Parliament who after 15 lipiec 2001 can dismiss him z a vote of no-confidence.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 1.693 billion kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 1.82 billion kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii fossil fuel:
54.95%

hydro:
45.05%

nuclear:
0%

other:
0% (1999)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point:
Ocean Spokojny 0 m

highest point:
Mount Wilhelm 4,509 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy rain forest subject to deforestation as a result of growing commercial demand dla tropical timber; pollution from mining projects; severe drought
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to:
Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified:
Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol
Grupy etniczne Melanesian, Papuan, Negrito, Micronesian, Polynesian
Kurs waluty kina per US dollar - 2.81 (pazdziernik 2000), 2.696 (2000), 2.539 (1999), 2.058 (1998), 1.434 (1997), 1.318 (1996)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state:
Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 luty 1952), represented by Governor General Silas ATOPARE (since 13 listopad 1997)

head of government:
Prime Minister Mekere MORAUTA (since NA sierpien 1999); Deputy Prime Minister Michael OGIO (since 3 listopad 2000)

cabinet:
National Executive Council appointed by the governor general on the recommendation of the prime minister

elections:
none; the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the National Executive Council; prime minister and deputy prime minister appointed by the governor general dla up to five years on the basis of majority support w National Parliament
Eksport 0 kWh (1999)
Eksport $2.1 billion (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
Eksport - towary oil, gold, copper ore, logs, palm oil, coffee, cocoa, crayfish, prawns
Eksport - partnerzy Australia 30%, Japonia 12%, Niemcy 7%, South Korea 4%, Filipiny 3%, UK 3% (1999)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi divided diagonally from upper hoist-side corner; the upper triangle is red z a soaring yellow bird of paradise centered; the lower triangle is black z five, white, five-pointed stars of the Southern Cross constellation centered
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $12.2 billion (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture:
30%

industry:
35%

services:
35% (1999 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $2,500 (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 2.9% (2000 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 6 00 S, 147 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne shares island of New Gwinea z Indonezja; one of world's largest swamps along southwest coast
Ladowiska helikopterow 2 (2000 est.)
Autostrady total:
19,600 km

paved:
686 km

unpaved:
18,914 km (1996)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%:
1.7%

highest 10%:
40.5% (1996)
Import 0 kWh (1999)
Import $1 billion (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
Import - towary machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, food, fuels, chemicals
Import - partnerzy Australia 53%, Singapur 13%, Japonia 6%, US 4%, Nowa Zelandia 4%, Malezja 4% (1999)
Niepodleglosc 16 wrzesien 1975 (from the Australian-administered UN trusteeship)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA%
Przemysl copra crushing, palm oil processing, plywood production, wood chip production; mining of gold, silver, and copper; crude oil production; construction, tourism
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow 58.21 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflacja 17% (2000 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, APEC, ARF (dialogue partner), AsDB, ASEAN (observer), C, CP, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OPCW, Sparteca, SPC, SPF, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO
Dostawcy internetu 3 (2000)
Nawadniane tereny NA sq km
Sadownictwo Supreme Court (the chief justice is appointed by the governor general on the proposal of the National Executive Council after consultation z the minister responsible dla justice; other judges are appointed by the Judicial and Legal Services Commission)
Sila robocza 1.941 million
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture 85%, industry NA%, services NA%
Granica total:
820 km

border countries:
Indonezja 820 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land:
0.1%

permanent crops:
1%

permanent pastures:
0%

forests and woodland:
92.9%

other:
6% (1993 est.)
Jezyki English spoken by 1%-2%, pidgin English widespread, Motu spoken w Papua region

note:
715 indigenous languages
System prawny based on English common law
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Parliament - sometimes referred to as the House of Assembly (109 seats, 89 elected from open electorates and 20 from provincial electorates; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

elections:
last held 14-28 czerwiec 1997 (next to be held NA czerwiec 2002)

election results:
percent of vote by party - PPP 15%, Pangu Pati 14%, NA 14%, PDM 8%, PNC 6%, PAP 5%, UP 3%, NP 1%, PUP 1%, independents 33%; seats by party - PPP 16, Pangu Pati 15, NA 15, PDM 9, PNC 7, PAP 5, UP 3, NP 1, PUP 1, independents 37; note - association z political parties is very fluid
Zywotnosc total population:
63.46 years

male:
61.39 years

female:
65.64 years (2001 est.)
Pismienni definition:
age 15 and over can read and write

total population:
72.2%

male:
81%

female:
62.7% (1995 est.)
Lokalizacja Southeastern Asia, group of islands including the eastern half of the island of New Gwinea between the Coral Sea and the South Ocean Spokojny, east of Indonezja
Lokalizacja na mapie Oceania
Morskie obszary measured from claimed archipelagic baselines

continental shelf:
200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

exclusive fishing zone:
200 NM

territorial sea:
12 NM
Flota handlowa total:
20 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 35,361 GRT/51,096 DWT

ships by type:
bulk 1, cargo 9, chemical tanker 1, combination ore/oil 3, container 1, petroleum tanker 3, roll on/roll off 2 (2000 est.)
Wojsko Papua-Nowa Gwinea Defense Force (includes Ground, Naval, and Air Forces, and Special Forces Unit)
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $42 million (FY98)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1% (FY98)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49:
1,306,159 (2001 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49:
723,012 (2001 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 16 wrzesien (1975)
Narodowosc noun:
Papua-Nowa Gwinean(s)

adjective:
Papua-Nowa Gwinean
Naturalne zagrozenia active volcanism; situated along the Pacific "Rim of Fire"; the country is subject to frequent and sometimes severe earthquakes; mud slides; tsunamis
Surowce naturalne gold, copper, silver, natural gas, timber, oil, fisheries
Wspolczynnik migracji 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy National Alliance or NA [Michael SOMARE]; National Party or NP [Michael MEL]; Papua-Nowa Gwinea United Party or Pangu Pati [Chris HAIVETA]; People's Action Party or PAP [Ted DIRO]; People's Democratic Movement or PDM [Sir Mekere MORAUTA]; People's National Congress or PNC [Simon KAUMI]; People's Progress Party or PPP [Michael NALI]; People's Unity Party or PUP [Alfred KAIABE]; United Party or UP [Rimbiuk PATO]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 5,049,055 (lipiec 2001 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 37%
Przyrost naturalny 2.43% (2001 est.)
Porty i stocznie Kieta, Lae, Madang, Port Moresby, Rabaul
Stacje radiowe AM 8, FM 19, shortwave 28 (1998)
Radia 410,000 (1997)
Linie kolejowe 0 km
Religie Roman Catholic 22%, Lutheran 16%, Presbyterian/Methodist/London Missionary Society 8%, Anglican 5%, Evangelical Alliance 4%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1%, other Protestant 10%, indigenous beliefs 34%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth:
1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.03 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
1.07 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
0.9 male(s)/female

total population:
1.05 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment:
services are adequate and being improved; facilities provide radiotelephone and telegraph, coastal radio, aeronautical radio, and international radio communication services

domestic:
mostly radiotelephone

international:
submarine cables to Australia and Guam; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Spokojny); international radio communication service
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 47,000 (1996)
Telefony komorkowe 3,053 (1996)
Stacje telewizyjne 3 (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly mountains z coastal lowlands and rolling foothills
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 4.3 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia NA%
Drogi wodne 10,940 km
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