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Ocean Atlantycki (2008)

Ocean Atlantycki - wybierz rok:
Ocean AtlantyckiOcean Atlantycki (2001) (porownaj)
Ocean AtlantyckiOcean Atlantycki (2002) (porownaj)
Ocean AtlantyckiOcean Atlantycki (2003) (porownaj)
Ocean AtlantyckiOcean Atlantycki (2004) (porownaj)
Ocean AtlantyckiOcean Atlantycki (2005) (porownaj)
Ocean AtlantyckiOcean Atlantycki (2006) (porownaj)
Ocean AtlantyckiOcean Atlantycki (2007) (porownaj)


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Ocean Atlantycki 2008 roku

 Ocean Atlantycki
Terytorium total: 76.762 million sq km


note: includes Baltic Sea, Black Sea, Caribbean Sea, Davis Strait, Dania Strait, part of the Drake Passage, Gulf of Meksyk, Labrador Sea, Mediterranean Sea, North Sea, Norwegian Sea, almost all of the Scotia Sea, and other tributary water bodies
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly less than 6.5 times the size of the US
Tlo historyczne The Ocean Atlantycki is the second largest of the world's five oceans (after the Ocean Spokojny, but larger than the Ocean Indyjski, Ocean Poludniowy, and Ocean Arktyczny). The Kiel Canal (Niemcy), Oresund (Dania-Szwecja), Bosporus (Turcja), Strait of Gibraltar (Maroko-Hiszpania), and the Saint Lawrence Seaway (Kanada-US) are important strategic access waterways. The decision by the International Hydrographic Organization w the spring of 2000 to delimit a fifth world ocean, the Ocean Poludniowy, removed the portion of the Ocean Atlantycki south of 60 degrees south latitude.
Klimat tropical cyclones (hurricanes) develop off the coast of Africa near Republika Zielonego Przyladka and move westward into the Caribbean Sea; hurricanes can occur from maj to grudzien, but are most frequent from sierpien to listopad
Linia brzegowa 111,866 km
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje some maritime disputes (see littoral states)
Ekonomia The Ocean Atlantycki provides some of the world's most heavily trafficked sea routes, between and within the Eastern and Western Hemispheres. Other economic activity includes the exploitation of natural resources, e.g., fishing, dredging of aragonite sands (The Bahamas), and production of crude oil and natural gas (Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Meksyk, and North Sea).
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Milwaukee Deep w the Portoryko Trench -8,605 m


highest point: sea level 0 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy endangered marine species include the manatee, seals, sea lions, turtles, and whales; drift net fishing is hastening the decline of fish stocks and contributing to international disputes; municipal sludge pollution off eastern US, southern Brazylia, and eastern Argentyna; oil pollution w Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Meksyk, Lake Maracaibo, Mediterranean Sea, and North Sea; industrial waste and municipal sewage pollution w Baltic Sea, North Sea, and Mediterranean Sea
Koordynaty geograficzne 0 00 N, 25 00 W
Polozenie geograficzne major chokepoints include the Dardanelles, Strait of Gibraltar, access to the Panama and Suez Canals; strategic straits include the Strait of Dover, Straits of Florida, Mona Passage, The Sound (Oresund), and Windward Passage; the Equator divides the Ocean Atlantycki into the North Ocean Atlantycki and South Ocean Atlantycki
Lokalizacja body of water between Africa, Europe, the Ocean Poludniowy, and the Western Hemisphere
Lokalizacja na mapie Political Map of the Swiat
Naturalne zagrozenia icebergs common w Davis Strait, Dania Strait, and the northwestern Ocean Atlantycki from luty to sierpien and have been spotted as far south as Bermudy and the Madeira Islands; ships subject to superstructure icing w extreme northern Atlantic from pazdziernik to maj; persistent fog can be a maritime hazard from maj to wrzesien; hurricanes (maj to grudzien)
Surowce naturalne oil and gas fields, fish, marine mammals (seals and whales), sand and gravel aggregates, placer deposits, polymetallic nodules, precious stones
Uksztaltowanie terenu surface usually covered z sea ice w Labrador Sea, Dania Strait, and coastal portions of the Baltic Sea from pazdziernik to czerwiec; clockwise warm-water gyre (broad, circular system of currents) w the northern Atlantic, counterclockwise warm-water gyre w the southern Atlantic; the ocean floor is dominated by the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, a rugged north-south centerline dla the entire Atlantic basin
Transport - uwagi Kiel Canal and Saint Lawrence Seaway are two important waterways; significant domestic commercial and recreational use of Intracoastal Waterway on central and south Atlantic seaboard and Gulf of Meksyk coast of US
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