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Northern Mariana Islands (2004)

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Northern Mariana Islands 2004 year

 Northern Mariana Islands
Administrative divisions none (commonwealth in political union with the US); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are four municipalities at the second order; Northern Islands, Rota, Saipan, Tinian
Age structure 0-14 years: 20.3% (male 8,286; female 7,625)

15-64 years: 78.1% (male 25,579; female 35,534)

65 years and over: 1.6% (male 603; female 625) (2004 est.)
Agriculture - products coconuts, fruits, vegetables; cattle
Airports 6 (2003 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total: 3

2,438 to 3,047 m: 2

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 2

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1

under 914 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Area total: 477 sq km

land: 477 sq km

water: 0 sq km

note: includes 14 islands including Saipan, Rota, and Tinian
Area - comparative 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Background Under US administration as part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific, the people of the Northern Mariana Islands decided in the 1970s not to seek independence but instead to forge closer links with the US. Negotiations for territorial status began in 1972. A covenant to establish a commonwealth in political union with the US was approved in 1975. A new government and constitution went into effect in 1978.
Birth rate 19.77 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Budget revenues: $193 million

expenditures: $223 million, including capital expenditures of NA (FY01/02 est.)
Capital Saipan
Climate tropical marine; moderated by northeast trade winds, little seasonal temperature variation; dry season December to June, rainy season July to October
Coastline 1,482 km
Constitution Covenant Agreement effective 4 November 1986 and the Constitution of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands effective 1 January 1978
Country name conventional long form: Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands

conventional short form: Northern Mariana Islands

former: Mariana Islands District (Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands)
Currency US dollar (USD)
Death rate 2.3 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Debt - external NA
Dependency status commonwealth in political union with the US; federal funds to the Commonwealth administered by the US Department of the Interior, Office of Insular Affairs
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient extensive funding from US
Economy - overview The economy benefits substantially from financial assistance from the US. The rate of funding has declined as locally generated government revenues have grown. The key tourist industry employs about 50% of the work force and accounts for roughly one-fourth of GDP. Japanese tourists predominate. Annual tourist entries have exceeded one-half million in recent years, but financial difficulties in Japan have caused a temporary slowdown. The agricultural sector is made up of cattle ranches and small farms producing coconuts, breadfruit, tomatoes, and melons. Garment production is by far the most important industry with employment of 17,500 mostly Chinese workers and sizable shipments to the US under duty and quota exemptions.
Electricity - consumption NA kWh
Electricity - exports 0 kWh
Electricity - imports 0 kWh
Electricity - production NA kWh
Elevation extremes lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point: unnamed location on Agrihan 965 m
Environment - current issues contamination of groundwater on Saipan may contribute to disease; clean-up of landfill; protection of endangered species conflicts with development
Ethnic groups Chamorro, Carolinians and other Micronesians, Caucasian, Japanese, Chinese, Filipino, Korean
Exchange rates the US dollar is used
Executive branch chief of state: President George W. BUSH of the US (since 20 January 2001); Vice President Richard B. CHENEY (since 20 January 2001)

head of government: Governor Juan N. BABAUTA (since NA January 2002); Lieutenant Governor Diego T. BENAVENTE (since NA January 2002)

cabinet: NA

elections: US president and vice president elected on the same ticket for four-year terms; governor and lieutenant governor elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year terms; election last held NA November 2001 (next to be held NA November 2005)

election results: Juan N. BABAUTA elected governor in a four-way race; percent of vote - Juan N. BABAUTA (Republican Party) 49%
Exports 0 kWh
Exports NA
Exports - commodities garments
Exports - partners US (2000)
Fiscal year 1 October - 30 September
Flag description blue, with a white, five-pointed star superimposed on the gray silhouette of a latte stone (a traditional foundation stone used in building) in the center, surrounded by a wreath
GDP purchasing power parity - $900 million

note: GDP estimate includes US subsidy (2000 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: NA

industry: NA

services: NA
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $12,500 (2000 est.)
GDP - real growth rate NA
Geographic coordinates 15 12 N, 145 45 E
Geography - note strategic location in the North Pacific Ocean
Heliports 1 (2003 est.)
Highways total: 362 km

paved: NA km

unpaved: NA km (1991)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA

highest 10%: NA
Imports 0 kWh
Imports NA
Imports - commodities food, construction equipment and materials, petroleum products
Imports - partners US, Japan (2000)
Independence none (commonwealth in political union with the US)
Industrial production growth rate NA
Industries tourism, construction, garments, handicrafts
Infant mortality rate total: 7.25 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 7.18 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 7.32 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 1.2% (1997 est.)
International organization participation Interpol (subbureau)
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch Commonwealth Supreme Court; Superior Court; Federal District Court
Labor force 6,006 total indigenous labor force; 2,699 unemployed; 28,717 foreign workers (June 1995)
Labor force - by occupation NA
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 13.04%

permanent crops: 4.35%

other: 82.61% (2001)
Languages English, Chamorro, Carolinian

note: 86% of population speaks a language other than English at home
Legal system based on US system, except for customs, wages, immigration laws, and taxation
Legislative branch bicameral Legislature consists of the Senate (9 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year staggered terms) and the House of Representatives (18 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve two-year terms)

elections: Senate - last held 1 November 2003 (next to be held 5 November 2005); House of Representatives - last held 1 November 2003 (next to be held 5 November 2005)

election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NA; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Covenant Party 9, Republican Party 7, Democratic Party 1, independent 1

note: the Northern Mariana Islands does not have a nonvoting delegate in the US Congress; instead, it has an elected official or "resident representative" located in Washington, DC; seats by party - Republican Party 1 (Pedro A. TENORIO)
Life expectancy at birth total population: 75.67 years

male: 73.11 years

female: 78.38 years (2004 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 97%

male: 97%

female: 96% (1980 est.)
Location Oceania, islands in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the Philippines
Map references Oceania
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Merchant marine none
Military - note defense is the responsibility of the US
National holiday Commonwealth Day, 8 January (1978)
Nationality noun: NA

adjective: NA
Natural hazards active volcanoes on Pagan and Agrihan; typhoons (especially August to November)
Natural resources arable land, fish
Net migration rate 9.61 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Political parties and leaders Democratic Party [Dr. Carlos S. CAMACHO]; Republican Party [NA]; Covenant Party [Benigno R. FITIAL]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 78,252 (July 2004 est.)
Population below poverty line NA
Population growth rate 2.71% (2004 est.)
Ports and harbors Saipan, Tinian
Radio broadcast stations AM 2, FM 3, shortwave 1 (1998)
Religions Christian (Roman Catholic majority, although traditional beliefs and taboos may still be found)
Sex ratio at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.09 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.72 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.97 male(s)/female

total population: 0.79 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal; indigenous inhabitants are US citizens but do not vote in US presidential elections
Telephone system general assessment: NA

domestic: NA

international: country code - 1-670; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)
Telephones - main lines in use 21,000 (2000)
Telephones - mobile cellular 3,000 (2000)
Television broadcast stations 1 (on Saipan and one station planned for Rota; in addition, two cable services on Saipan provide varied programming from satellite networks) (1997)
Terrain southern islands are limestone with level terraces and fringing coral reefs; northern islands are volcanic
Total fertility rate 1.33 children born/woman (2004 est.)
Unemployment rate NA
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