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Norfolk Island (2004)

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Norfolk Island 2004 year

 Norfolk Island
Administrative divisions none (territory of Australia)
Age structure 0-14 years: 20.2%

15-64 years: 63.9%

65 years and over: 15.9% (2004 est.)
Agriculture - products Norfolk Island pine seed, Kentia palm seed, cereals, vegetables, fruit; cattle, poultry
Airports 1 (2003 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Area total: 34.6 sq km

land: 34.6 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative about 0.2 times the size of Washington, DC
Background Two British attempts at establishing the island as a penal colony (1788-1814 and 1825-55) were ultimately abandoned. In 1856, the island was resettled by Pitcairn Islanders, descendants of the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian companions.
Birth rate NA births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Budget revenues: $4.6 million

expenditures: $4.8 million, including capital expenditures of NA (FY92/93)
Capital Kingston
Climate subtropical; mild, little seasonal temperature variation
Coastline 32 km
Constitution Norfolk Island Act of 1979
Country name conventional long form: Territory of Norfolk Island

conventional short form: Norfolk Island
Currency Australian dollar (AUD)
Death rate NA deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Debt - external NA
Dependency status territory of Australia; Canberra administers Commonwealth responsibilities on Norfolk Island through the Department of Environment, Sport, and Territories
Diplomatic representation from the US none (territory of Australia)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (territory of Australia)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient NA
Economy - overview Tourism, the primary economic activity, has steadily increased over the years and has brought a level of prosperity unusual among inhabitants of the Pacific islands. The agricultural sector has become self-sufficient in the production of beef, poultry, and eggs.
Electricity - consumption NA kWh
Electricity - production NA kWh
Elevation extremes lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point: Mount Bates 319 m
Environment - current issues NA
Ethnic groups descendants of the Bounty mutineers, Australian, New Zealander, Polynesians
Exchange rates Australian dollars per US dollar - 1.5419 (2003), 1.8406 (2002), 1.9320 (2001), 1.7173 (2000), 1.5497 (1999)
Executive branch chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); the UK and Australia are represented by Administrator Grant TAMBLING (since 1 November 2003)

head of government: Assembly President and Chief Minister Geoffrey Robert GARDNER (since 5 December 2001)

cabinet: Executive Council is made up of four of the nine members of the Legislative Assembly; the council devises government policy and acts as an advisor to the administrator

elections: the monarch is hereditary; administrator appointed by the governor general of Australia; chief minister elected by the Legislative Assembly for a term of not more than three years; election last held 29 November 2001 (next to be held by December 2004)

election results: Geoffrey Robert GARDNER elected chief minister; percent of Legislative Assembly vote - NA
Exports $1.5 million f.o.b. (FY91/92)
Exports - commodities postage stamps, seeds of the Norfolk Island pine and Kentia palm, small quantities of avocados
Exports - partners Australia, other Pacific island countries, NZ, Asia, Europe
Fiscal year 1 July - 30 June
Flag description three vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and green with a large green Norfolk Island pine tree centered in the slightly wider white band
GDP purchasing power parity - NA
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: NA

industry: NA

services: NA
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - NA
GDP - real growth rate NA
Geographic coordinates 29 02 S, 167 57 E
Geography - note most of the 32-km coastline consists of almost inaccessible cliffs, but the land slopes down to the sea in one small southern area on Sydney Bay, where the capital of Kingston is situated
Highways total: 80 km

paved: 53 km

unpaved: 27 km (2001)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA

highest 10%: NA
Imports $17.9 million c.i.f. (FY91/92)
Imports - commodities NA
Imports - partners Australia, other Pacific island countries, NZ, Asia, Europe
Independence none (territory of Australia)
Industrial production growth rate NA
Industries tourism
Infant mortality rate total: NA

male: NA

female: NA
Inflation rate (consumer prices) NA
International organization participation UPU
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch Supreme Court; Court of Petty Sessions
Labor force NA
Labor force - by occupation tourism NA, subsistence agriculture NA
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 0%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 100% (2001)
Languages English (official), Norfolk a mixture of 18th century English and ancient Tahitian
Legal system based on the laws of Australia, local ordinances and acts; English common law applies in matters not covered by either Australian or Norfolk Island law
Legislative branch unicameral Legislative Assembly (9 seats; members elected by electors who have nine equal votes each but only four votes can be given to any one candidate; members serve three-year terms)

elections: last held 29 November 2001 (next to be held by December 2004)

election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - independents 9
Life expectancy at birth total population: NA years

male: NA years

female: NA years
Literacy NA
Location Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Australia
Map references Oceania
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Merchant marine none
Military - note defense is the responsibility of Australia
National holiday Bounty Day (commemorates the arrival of Pitcairn Islanders), 8 June (1856)
Nationality noun: Norfolk Islander(s)

adjective: Norfolk Islander(s)
Natural hazards typhoons (especially May to July)
Natural resources fish
Net migration rate NA migrant(s)/1,000 population
Political parties and leaders none
Political pressure groups and leaders none
Population 1,841 (July 2004 est.)
Population below poverty line NA
Population growth rate -0.01% (2004 est.)
Ports and harbors none; loading jetties at Kingston and Cascade
Radio broadcast stations AM 0, FM 3, shortwave 0 (1998)
Religions Anglican 37.4%, Uniting Church in Australia 14.5%, Roman Catholic 11.5%, Seventh-Day Adventist 3.1%, none 12.2%, unknown 17.4%, other 3.9% (1996)
Sex ratio NA
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: adequate

domestic: NA

international: country code - 672; undersea coaxial cable links with Australia, New Zealand, and Canada; satellite service planned for near future
Telephones - main lines in use 2,532; note: a mix of analog (2500) and digital (32) circuits (2004)
Telephones - mobile cellular 0 (proposed cellular service disallowed in August 2002 island referendum) (2002)
Television broadcast stations 1 (local programming station plus two repeaters that bring in Australian programs by satellite) (1998)
Terrain volcanic formation with mostly rolling plains
Total fertility rate NA children born/woman (2004 est.)
Unemployment rate NA
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