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Norfolk Island (2001)

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Norfolk Island 2001 year

 Norfolk Island
Administrative divisions none (territory of Australia)
Age structure 0-14 years:

15-64 years:

65 years and over:
Agriculture - products Norfolk Island pine seed, Kentia palm seed, cereals, vegetables, fruit; cattle, poultry
Airports 1 (2000 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total:

1,524 to 2,437 m:
1 (2000 est.)
Area total:
34.6 sq km

34.6 sq km

0 sq km
Area - comparative about 0.2 times the size of Washington, DC
Background Two British attempts at establishing the island as a penal colony (1788-1814 and 1825-55) were ultimately abandoned. In 1856, the island was resettled by Pitcairn Islanders, descendants of the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian companions.
Birth rate NA births/1,000 population
Budget revenues:
$4.6 million

$4.8 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY92/93)
Capital Kingston
Climate subtropical, mild, little seasonal temperature variation
Coastline 32 km
Constitution Norfolk Island Act of 1979
Country name conventional long form:
Territory of Norfolk Island

conventional short form:
Norfolk Island
Currency Australian dollar (AUD)
Death rate NA deaths/1,000 population
Debt - external $NA
Dependency status territory of Australia; Canberra administers Commonwealth responsibilities on Norfolk Island through the Department of Environment, Sport, and Territories
Diplomatic representation from the US none (territory of Australia)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (territory of Australia)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $NA
Economy - overview Tourism, the primary economic activity, has steadily increased over the years and has brought a level of prosperity unusual among inhabitants of the Pacific islands. The agricultural sector has become self-sufficient in the production of beef, poultry, and eggs.
Electricity - consumption NA kWh
Electricity - production NA kWh
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel:



Elevation extremes lowest point:
Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point:
Mount Bates 319 m
Environment - current issues NA
Ethnic groups descendants of the Bounty mutineers, Australian, New Zealander, Polynesians
Exchange rates Australian dollars per US dollar - 1.7995 (January 2001), 1.7173 (2000), 1.5497 (1999), 1.5888 (1998), 1.3439 (1997), 1.2773 (1996)
Executive branch chief of state:
Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); the UK and Australia are represented by Administrator Anthony J. MESSNER (since 4 August 1997)

head of government:
Assembly President and Chief Minister Ronald Coane NOBBS (since 23 February 2000)

Executive Council is made up of four of the nine members of the Legislative Assembly; the council devises government policy and acts as an advisor to the Administrator

the monarch is hereditary; administrator appointed by the governor general of Australia; chief minister elected by the Legislative Assembly for a term of not more than three years; election last held 23 February 2000 (next to be held by March 2003)

election results:
Ronald Coane NOBBS elected chief minister; percent of Legislative Assembly vote - NA%
Exports $1.5 million (f.o.b., FY91/92)
Exports - commodities postage stamps, seeds of the Norfolk Island pine and Kentia palm, small quantities of avocados
Exports - partners Australia, other Pacific island countries, NZ, Asia, Europe
Fiscal year 1 July - 30 June
Flag description three vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and green with a large green Norfolk Island pine tree centered in the slightly wider white band
GDP purchasing power parity - $NA
GDP - composition by sector agriculture:


GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $NA
GDP - real growth rate NA%
Geographic coordinates 29 02 S, 167 57 E
Highways total:
80 km

53 km

27 km (2001)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%:

highest 10%:
Imports $17.9 million (c.i.f., FY91/92)
Imports - commodities NA
Imports - partners Australia, other Pacific island countries, NZ, Asia, Europe
Independence none (territory of Australia)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries tourism
Infant mortality rate NA deaths/1,000 live births
Inflation rate (consumer prices) NA%
International organization participation none
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 2 (2000)
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch Supreme Court; Court of Petty Sessions
Labor force 1,395 (1991 est.)
Labor force - by occupation tourism NA%, subsistence agriculture NA%
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land:

permanent crops:

permanent pastures:

forests and woodland:

75% (1993 est.)
Languages English (official), Norfolk a mixture of 18th century English and ancient Tahitian
Legal system based on the laws of Australia, local ordinances and acts; English common law applies in matters not covered by either Australian or Norfolk Island law
Legislative branch unicameral Legislative Assembly (9 seats; members elected by electors who have nine equal votes each but only four votes can be given to any one candidate; members serve three-year terms)

last held 23 February 2000 (next to be held by March 2003)

election results:
percent of vote - NA%; seats - independents 9
Life expectancy at birth total population:
NA years

NA years

NA years
Location Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Australia
Map references Oceania
Maritime claims exclusive fishing zone:
200 NM

territorial sea:
3 NM
Merchant marine none (2000 est.)
Military - note defense is the responsibility of Australia
National holiday Pitcairners Arrival Day, 8 June (1856)
Nationality noun:
Norfolk Islander(s)

Norfolk Islander(s)
Natural hazards typhoons (especially May to July)
Natural resources fish
Net migration rate NA migrant(s)/1,000 population
Political parties and leaders none
Political pressure groups and leaders none
Population 1,879 (July 2001 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate -0.71% (2001 est.)
Ports and harbors none; loading jetties at Kingston and Cascade
Radio broadcast stations AM 0, FM 3, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios 2,500 (1996)
Railways 0 km
Religions Anglican 39%, Roman Catholic 11.7%, Uniting Church in Australia 16.4%, Seventh-Day Adventist 4.4%, none 9.2%, unknown 16.9%, other 2.4% (1986)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment:


radiotelephone service with Sydney (Australia)
Telephones - main lines in use 1,087 (1983)
Telephones - mobile cellular 0 (1983)
Television broadcast stations 1 (local programming station plus two repeaters that bring in Australian programs by satellite) (1998)
Terrain volcanic formation with mostly rolling plains
Total fertility rate NA children born/woman
Unemployment rate NA%
Waterways none
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