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New Caledonia (2004)

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 New Caledonia
Administrative divisions none (overseas territory of France); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 3 provinces named Iles Loyaute, Nord, and Sud
Age structure 0-14 years: 29.4% (male 32,076; female 30,772)

15-64 years: 64.3% (male 69,150; female 68,310)

65 years and over: 6.3% (male 6,259; female 7,112) (2004 est.)
Agriculture - products vegetables; beef, deer, other livestock products
Airports 25 (2003 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total: 11

over 3,047 m: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 8

under 914 m: 2 (2004 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 14

914 to 1,523 m: 8

under 914 m: 6 (2004 est.)
Area total: 19,060 sq km

land: 18,575 sq km

water: 485 sq km
Area - comparative slightly smaller than New Jersey
Background Settled by both Britain and France during the first half of the 19th century, the island was made a French possession in 1853. It served as a penal colony for four decades after 1864. Agitation for independence during the 1980s and early 1990s has dissipated.
Birth rate 18.98 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Budget revenues: $861.3 million

expenditures: $735.3 million, including capital expenditures of $52 million (1996 est.)
Capital Noumea
Climate tropical; modified by southeast trade winds; hot, humid
Coastline 2,254 km
Constitution 28 September 1958 (French Constitution)
Country name conventional long form: Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies

conventional short form: New Caledonia

local long form: Territoire des Nouvelle-Caledonie et Dependances

local short form: Nouvelle-Caledonie
Currency Comptoirs Francais du Pacifique franc (XPF); note - may adopt the euro in 2003
Death rate 5.64 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Debt - external $79 million (1998 est.)
Dependency status overseas territory of France since 1956
Diplomatic representation from the US none (overseas territory of France)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (overseas territory of France)
Disputes - international Matthew and Hunter Islands east of New Caledonia claimed by France and Vanuatu
Economic aid - recipient $880 million annual subsidy from France (1998)
Economy - overview New Caledonia has about 25% of the world's known nickel resources. Only a small amount of the land is suitable for cultivation, and food accounts for about 20% of imports. In addition to nickel, substantial financial support from France - equal to more than one-fourth of GDP - and tourism are keys to the health of the economy. Substantial new investment in the nickel industry, combined with the recovery of global nickel prices, brightens the economic outlook for the next several years.
Electricity - consumption 1.5 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - production 1.613 billion kWh (2001)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point: Mont Panie 1,628 m
Environment - current issues erosion caused by mining exploitation and forest fires
Ethnic groups Melanesian 42.5%, European 37.1%, Wallisian 8.4%, Polynesian 3.8%, Indonesian 3.6%, Vietnamese 1.6%, other 3%
Exchange rates Comptoirs Francais du Pacifique francs (XPF) per US dollar - 105.73 (2003), 126.72 (2002), 133.26 (2001), 129.44 (2000), 111.93 (1999)
Executive branch chief of state: President of France Jacques CHIRAC (since 17 May 1995), represented by High Commissioner Daniel CONSTANTIN (since 3 July 2002)

head of government: President of the Government Marie-Noelle THEMEREAU (since 10 June 2004)

cabinet: Consultative Committee

elections: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; high commissioner appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; president of the government elected by the members of the Territorial Congress; note - last election held 29 June 2004 when Marie-Noelle THEMEREAU was elected on the third vote with 8 votes for and 3 abstentions
Exports 0 kWh (2001)
Exports $448 million f.o.b. (2002)
Exports NA (2001)
Exports - commodities ferronickels, nickel ore, fish
Exports - partners Japan 21.8%, France 19.2%, Taiwan 14%, Spain 11%, South Korea 8.5%, Australia 7.2%, Italy 5.1% (2003)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description the flag of France is used
GDP purchasing power parity - $3.158 billion (2003 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 5%

industry: 30%

services: 65% (1997 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $15,000 (2001 est.)
GDP - real growth rate NA
Geographic coordinates 21 30 S, 165 30 E
Geography - note consists of the main island of New Caledonia (one of the largest in the Pacific Ocean), the archipelago of Iles Loyaute, and numerous small, sparsely populated islands and atolls
Heliports 6 (2003 est.)
Highways total: 4,825 km

paved: 2,287 km

unpaved: 2,538 km (1999)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA

highest 10%: NA
Imports 0 kWh (2001)
Imports $1.007 billion f.o.b. (2002)
Imports NA (2001)
Imports - commodities machinery and equipment, fuels, chemicals, foodstuffs
Imports - partners France 46.1%, Australia 9.5%, Singapore 9.3%, New Zealand 4.3% (2003)
Independence none (overseas territory of France); note - a referendum on independence was held in 1998 but did not pass; a new referendum is scheduled for 2014
Industrial production growth rate -0.6% (1996)
Industries nickel mining and smelting
Infant mortality rate total: 7.89 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 8.59 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 7.14 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) -0.6% (2000 est.)
International organization participation FZ, ICFTU, PIF (observer), UPU, WFTU, WMO
Irrigated land 160 sq km (1991)
Judicial branch Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel; County Courts; Joint Commerce Tribunal Court; Children's Court
Labor force 79,400 (including 15,018 unemployed, 1996)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture 7%, industry 23%, services 70% (1999 est.)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 0.38%

permanent crops: 0.33%

other: 99.29% (2001)
Languages French (official), 33 Melanesian-Polynesian dialects
Legal system the 1988 Matignon Accords grant substantial autonomy to the islands; formerly under French law
Legislative branch unicameral Territorial Congress or Congres Territorial (54 seats; members are members of the three Provincial Assemblies or Assemblees Provinciales elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

elections: last held 9 May 2004 (next to be held NA 2009)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - RPCR-UMP 16, AE 16, UNI-FLNKS 8, UE 7, FN 4, others 3

note: New Caledonia currently holds 1 seat in the French Senate; elections last held 24 September 2001 (next to be held not later than September 2007; between now and 2010 New Caledonia will gain a second seat in the French Senate); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NA; New Caledonia also elects 2 seats to the French National Assembly; elections last held 9 and 16 June 2002 (next to be held by June 2007); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UMP 2
Life expectancy at birth total population: 73.78 years

male: 70.82 years

female: 76.89 years (2004 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 91%

male: 92%

female: 90% (1976 est.)
Location Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Australia
Map references Oceania
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Merchant marine total: 1 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 1,261 GRT/1,600 DWT

by type: cargo 1

foreign-owned: Malaysia 1

registered in other countries: 1 (2004 est.)
Military - note defense is the responsibility of France
Military branches no regular indigenous military forces; French Armed Forces (including Army, Navy, Air Force, Gendarmerie); Police Force
Military expenditures - dollar figure NA
Military expenditures - percent of GDP NA
National holiday Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)
Nationality noun: New Caledonian(s)

adjective: New Caledonian
Natural hazards cyclones, most frequent from November to March
Natural resources nickel, chrome, iron, cobalt, manganese, silver, gold, lead, copper
Net migration rate 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Political parties and leaders Alliance pour la Caledonie or APLC [Didier LE ROUX]; Caleonian Union or UC [leader NA]; Federation des Comites de Coordination des Independantistes or FCCI [Francois BURCK]; Front National or FN [Guy GEORGE]; Front Uni de Liberation Kanak or FULK [Ernest UNE]; Kanak Socialist Front for National Liberation or FLNKS [leader NA] (includes PALIKA, UNI, UC, and UPM); Parti de Liberation Kanak or PALIKA [Paul NEAOUTYINE and Elie POIGOUNE]; Rally for Caledonia in the Republic (anti independent) or RPCR-UMP [Jacques LAFLEUR]; The Future Together or AE [Harold MARTIN]; Union Nationale pour l'Independance or UNI [Paul NEAOUTYINE]; note - may no longer exist, but Paul NEAOUTYINE has since become a president of Parti de Liberation Kanak or PALIKA; Union Progressiste Melanesienne or UPM [Victor TUTUGORO]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 213,679 (July 2004 est.)
Population below poverty line NA
Population growth rate 1.33% (2004 est.)
Ports and harbors Mueo, Noumea, Thio
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 5, shortwave 0 (1998)
Religions Roman Catholic 60%, Protestant 30%, other 10%
Sex ratio at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.88 male(s)/female

total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: NA

domestic: NA

international: country code - 687; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)
Telephones - main lines in use 52,000 (2002)
Telephones - mobile cellular 80,000 (2002)
Television broadcast stations 6 (plus 25 low-power repeaters) (1997)
Terrain coastal plains with interior mountains
Total fertility rate 2.35 children born/woman (2004 est.)
Unemployment rate 19% (1996)
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