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Netherlands Antilles (2004)

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Netherlands Antilles 2004 year

 Netherlands Antilles
Administrative divisions none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)

note: each island has its own government
Age structure 0-14 years: 24.5% (male 27,387; female 26,094)

15-64 years: 67.2% (male 70,024; female 76,552)

65 years and over: 8.3% (male 7,443; female 10,626) (2004 est.)
Agriculture - products aloes, sorghum, peanuts, vegetables, tropical fruit
Airports 5 (2003 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total: 5

over 3,047 m: 1

2038 to 3047 m: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 1

under 914 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Area total: 960 sq km

land: 960 sq km

water: 0 sq km

note: includes Bonaire, Curacao, Saba, Sint Eustatius, and Sint Maarten (Dutch part of the island of Saint Martin)
Area - comparative more than five times the size of Washington, DC
Background Once the center of the Caribbean slave trade, the island of Curacao was hard hit by the abolition of slavery in 1863. Its prosperity (and that of neighboring Aruba) was restored in the early 20th century with the construction of oil refineries to service the newly discovered Venezuelan oil fields. The island of Saint Martin is shared with France; its southern portion is named Sint Maarten and is part of the Netherlands Antilles; its northern portion is called Saint-Martin and is part of Guadeloupe.
Birth rate 15.36 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Budget revenues: $710.8 million

expenditures: $741.6 million, including capital expenditures of NA (1997 est.)
Capital Willemstad
Climate tropical; ameliorated by northeast trade winds
Coastline 364 km
Constitution 29 December 1954, Statute of the Realm of the Netherlands, as amended
Country name conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Netherlands Antilles

local long form: none

local short form: Nederlandse Antillen

former: Curacao and Dependencies
Currency Netherlands Antillean guilder (ANG)
Death rate 6.4 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Debt - external $1.35 billion (1996)
Dependency status part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands; full autonomy in internal affairs granted in 1954; Dutch Government responsible for defense and foreign affairs
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission: Consul General Robert E. SORENSON

consulate(s) general: J. B. Gorsiraweg #1, Willemstad AN, Curacao

mailing address: P. O. Box 158, Willemstad, Curacao

telephone: [599] (9) 4613066

FAX: [599] (9) 4616489
Diplomatic representation in the US none (represented by the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient IMF provided $61 million in 2000, and the Netherlands continued its support with $40 million (2000)
Economy - overview Tourism, petroleum refining, and offshore finance are the mainstays of this small economy, which is closely tied to the outside world. Although GDP has declined or grown slightly in each of the past seven years, the islands enjoy a high per capita income and a well-developed infrastructure compared with other countries in the region. Almost all consumer and capital goods are imported, the US and Mexico being the major suppliers. Poor soils and inadequate water supplies hamper the development of agriculture. Budgetary problems hamper reform of the health and pension systems of an aging population.
Electricity - consumption 986.8 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - production 1.061 billion kWh (2001)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

highest point: Mount Scenery 862 m
Environment - current issues NA
Ethnic groups mixed black 85%, Carib Amerindian, white, East Asian
Exchange rates Netherlands Antillean guilders per US dollar - 1.79 (2003), 1.79 (2002), 1.79 (2001), 1.79 (2000), 1.79 (1999)
Executive branch chief of state: Queen BEATRIX of the Netherlands (since 30 April 1980), represented by Governor General Frits GOEDGEDRAG (since 1 July 2002)

head of government: Prime Minister Etienne YS (since 3 June 2004)

cabinet: Council of Ministers elected by the Staten (legislature)

elections: the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch for a six-year term; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party is usually elected prime minister by the Staten; election last held 18 January 2002 (next to be held by NA 2006)

note: government coalition - PAR, PNP, PLKP, DP St. Maarten, UP Bonaire, WIPM Saba, DP Statia
Exports 0 kWh (2001)
Exports $1.579 billion f.o.b. (2002)
Exports NA (2001)
Exports - commodities petroleum products
Exports - partners US 21.3%, Venezuela 16%, Bahamas, The 7.6%, Singapore 5.2%, Honduras 4.9%, Guatemala 4.4% (2003)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description white, with a horizontal blue stripe in the center superimposed on a vertical red band, also centered; five white, five-pointed stars are arranged in an oval pattern in the center of the blue band; the five stars represent the five main islands of Bonaire, Curacao, Saba, Sint Eustatius, and Sint Maarten
GDP purchasing power parity - $2.45 billion (2003 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 1%

industry: 15%

services: 84% (2000 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $11,400 (2003 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 0.5% (2003 est.)
Geographic coordinates 12 15 N, 68 45 W
Geography - note the five islands of the Netherlands Antilles are divided geographically into the Leeward Islands (northern) group (Saba, Sint Eustatius, and Sint Maarten) and the Windward Islands (southern) group (Bonaire and Curacao)
Highways total: 600 km

paved: 300 km

unpaved: 300 km
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA

highest 10%: NA
Illicit drugs transshipment point for South American drugs bound for the US and Europe; money-laundering center
Imports 0 kWh (2001)
Imports $2.233 billion f.o.b. (2002)
Imports NA (2001)
Imports - commodities crude petroleum, food, manufactures
Imports - partners Venezuela 64.8%, US 13.6%, Netherlands 7.8% (2003)
Independence none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
Industrial production growth rate NA
Industries tourism (Curacao, Sint Maarten, and Bonaire), petroleum refining (Curacao), petroleum transshipment facilities (Curacao and Bonaire), light manufacturing (Curacao)
Infant mortality rate total: 10.37 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 11.18 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 9.52 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2.1% (2003 est.)
International organization participation ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, UNESCO (associate), UPU, WCL, WCO, WMO, WToO (associate)
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch Joint High Court of Justice (judges appointed by the monarch)
Labor force 89,000 (2000)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture 1%, industry 13%, services 86% (2000 est.)
Land boundaries total: 10.2 km

border countries: Guadeloupe (Saint Martin) 10.2 km
Land use arable land: 10%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 90% (2001)
Languages Dutch (official), Papiamento (a Spanish-Portuguese-Dutch-English dialect) predominates, English widely spoken, Spanish
Legal system based on Dutch civil law system with some English common law influence
Legislative branch unicameral States or Staten (22 seats - Curacao 14, Bonaire 3, St. Maarten 3, St. Eustatius 1, Saba 1; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

elections: last held 18 January 2002 (next to be held in 2006)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PAR 4, PNP 3, PLKP 2, DP St. M 2, UP Bonaire 2, WIPM 1, DP

note: the government of Prime Minister Etienne YS is a coalition of several parties; current government formed after collapse of FOL led government on 4 April 2004
Life expectancy at birth total population: 75.6 years

male: 73.37 years

female: 77.95 years (2004 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 96.7%

male: 96.7%

female: 96.8% (2003 est.)
Location Caribbean, two island groups in the Caribbean Sea - one includes Curacao and Bonaire north of Venezuela; the other is east of the Virgin Islands
Map references Central America and the Caribbean
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm
Merchant marine total: 162 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 1,317,007 GRT/1,668,499 DWT

by type: bulk 4, cargo 59, chemical tanker 1, combination bulk 1, combination ore/oil 3, container 28, liquefied gas 6, multi-functional large load carrier 22, passenger 1, petroleum tanker 1, refrigerated cargo 28, roll on/roll off 7, specialized tanker 1

foreign-owned: Belgium 3, Denmark 1, Germany 57, Monaco 4, Netherlands 70, New Zealand 1, Norway 5, Peru 1, Spain 1, Sweden 5, Turkey 2, United Kingdom 6

registered in other countries: 1 (2004 est.)
Military - note defense is the responsibility of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Military branches National Guard, Police Force
Military manpower - availability males age 15-49: 55,536 (2004 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service males age 15-49: 31,025 (2004 est.)
Military manpower - reaching military age annually males: 1,660 (2004 est.)
National holiday Queen's Day (Birthday of Queen-Mother JULIANA in 1909 and accession to the throne of her oldest daughter BEATRIX in 1980), 30 April
Nationality noun: Dutch Antillean(s)

adjective: Dutch Antillean
Natural hazards Curacao and Bonaire are south of Caribbean hurricane belt and are rarely threatened; Sint Maarten, Saba, and Sint Eustatius are subject to hurricanes from July to October
Natural resources phosphates (Curacao only), salt (Bonaire only)
Net migration rate -0.41 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Political parties and leaders Antillean Restructuring Party or PAR [Etienne YS]; C 93 [Stanley BROWN]; Democratic Party of Bonaire or PDB [Jopi ABRAHAM]; Democratic Party of Curacao or DP [Errol HERNANDEZ]; Democratic Party of Sint Eustatius or DP-St. E [Julian WOODLEY]; Democratic Party of Sint Maarten or DP-St. M [Sarah WESCOTT-WILLIAMS]; Foundation Energetic Management Anti-Narcotics or FAME [Eric LODEWIJKS]; Labor Party People's Crusade or PLKP [Errol COVA]; National Alliance [William MARLIN]; National People's Party or PNP [Susanne F. C. CAMELIA-ROMER]; New Antilles Movement or MAN [Kenneth GIJSBERTHA]; Patriotic Union of Bonaire or UPB [Ramonsito BOOI]; Patriotic Movement of Sint Maarten or SPA [Vance JAMES, Jr.]; People's Party or PAPU [Richard HODI]; Pro Curacao Party or PPK [Winston LOURENS]; Saba Democratic Labor Movement [Steve HASSELL]; Saba Unity Party [Carmen SIMMONDS]; St. Eustatius Alliance or SEA [Kenneth VAN PUTTEN]; Serious Alternative People's Party or Sapp [Julian ROLLOCKS]; Social Action Cause or KAS [Benny DEMEI]; Windward Islands People's Movement or WIPM [Will JOHNSTON]; Workers' Liberation Front or FOL [Anthony GODETT, Rignald LAK, Editha WRIGHT]

note: political parties are indigenous to each island
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 218,126 (July 2004 est.)
Population below poverty line NA
Population growth rate 0.86% (2004 est.)
Ports and harbors Kralendijk, Philipsburg, Willemstad
Radio broadcast stations AM 8, FM 19, shortwave 0 (2004)
Religions Roman Catholic, Protestant, Jewish, Seventh-Day Adventist
Sex ratio at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/female

total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: generally adequate facilities

domestic: extensive interisland microwave radio relay links

international: country code - 599; submarine cables - 2; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
Telephones - main lines in use 81,000 (2001)
Telephones - mobile cellular 81,000 (2001)
Television broadcast stations 3 (there is also a cable service, which supplies programs received from various US satellite networks and two Venezuelan channels) (2004)
Terrain generally hilly, volcanic interiors
Total fertility rate 2.02 children born/woman (2004 est.)
Unemployment rate 15.6% (2002 est.)
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