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Mikronezja, Sfederowane Stany Mikronezji (2005)

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Mikronezja, Sfederowane Stany Mikronezji 2005 roku

 Mikronezja, Sfederowane Stany Mikronezji
Podzial administracyjny 4 states; Chuuk (Truk), Kosrae (Kosaie), Pohnpei (Ponape), Yap
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 37.1% (male 20,439/female 19,674)

15-64 years: 59.8% (male 32,382/female 32,313)

65 years and over: 3% (male 1,461/female 1,836) (2005 est.)
Rolinictwo black pepper, tropical fruits and vegetables, coconuts, cassava (tapioca), betel nuts, sweet potatoes; pigs, chickens
Lotniska 6 (2004 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 6

1,524 to 2,437 m: 4

914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2004 est.)
Terytorium total: 702 sq km

land: 702 sq km

water: 0 sq km (fresh water only)

note: includes Pohnpei (Ponape), Chuuk (Truk) Islands, Yap Islands, and Kosrae (Kosaie)
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci four times the size of Washington, DC (land area only)
Tlo historyczne In 1979 the Federated States of Micronesia, a UN Trust Territory under US administration, adopted a constitution. In 1986 independence was attained under a Compact of Free Association z the US, which was amended and renewed w 2004. Present concerns include large-scale unemployment, overfishing, and overdependence on US aid.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 25.11 births/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Budzet revenues: $161 million ($69 million less grants)

expenditures: $160 million, including capital expenditures of NA (1998 est.)
Stolica Palikir
Klimat tropical; heavy year-round rainfall, especially w the eastern islands; located on southern edge of the typhoon belt z occasionally severe damage
Linia brzegowa 6,112 km
Konstytucja 10 maj 1979
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Federated States of Micronesia

conventional short form: none

former: Ponape, Truk, and Yap Districts (Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands)

abbreviation: FSM
Wspolczynnik zgonow 4.87 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $53.1 million (FY02/03 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Suzanne K. HALE

embassy: 101 Upper Pics Road, Kolonia

mailing address: P. O. Box 1286, Kolonia, Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia 96941

telephone: [691] 320-2187

FAX: [691] 320-2186
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Jesse Bibiano MAREHALAU

chancery: 1725 N Street NW, Washington, DC 20036

telephone: [1] (202) 223-4383

FAX: [1] (202) 223-4391

consulate(s) general: Honolulu and Tamuning (Guam)
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie under terms of the Compact of Free Association, the US pledged $1.3 billion w grant aid during the period 1986-2001; the level of aid has been subsequently reduced
Ekonomia Economic activity consists primarily of subsistence farming and fishing. The islands have few mineral deposits worth exploiting, except dla high-grade phosphate. The potential dla a tourist industry exists, but the remote location, a lack of adequate facilities, and limited air connections hinder development. The Amended Compact of Free Association z the US guarantees the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) millions of dollars w annual aid through 2023, and establishes a Trust Fund into which the US and the FSM make annual contributions w order to provide annual payouts to the FSM w perpetuity after 2023. The country's medium-term economic outlook appears fragile due not only to the reduction w US assistance but also to the slow growth of the private sector. Geographical isolation and a poorly developed infrastructure remain major impediments to long-term growth.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 178.6 million kWh (2002)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2002)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2002)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 192 million kWh (2002)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Spokojny 0 m

highest point: Dolohmwar (Totolom) 791 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy overfishing, climate change, pollution
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne nine ethnic Micronesian and Polynesian groups
Kurs waluty the US dollar is used
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Joseph J. URUSEMAL (since 11 maj 2003); Vice President Redley KILLION (11 maj 2003); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

head of government: President Joseph J. URUSEMAL (since 11 maj 2003); Vice President Redley KILLION (11 maj 2003); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

cabinet: Cabinet

elections: president and vice president elected by Congress from among the four senators at large dla four-year terms; election last held 11 maj 2003 (next to be held maj 2007); note - a proposed constitutional amendment to establish popular elections dla president and vice president failed

election results: Joseph J. URUSEMAL elected president; percent of Congress vote - NA%; Redley KILLION elected vice president; percent of Congress vote - NA%
Eksport 0 kWh (2002)
Eksport $22 million (f.o.b.) (FY99/00 est.)
Eksport - towary fish, garments, bananas, black pepper
Eksport - partnerzy Japonia, US, Guam (2000)
Rok podatkowy 1 pazdziernik - 30 wrzesien
Opis flagi light blue z four white five-pointed stars centered; the stars are arranged w a diamond pattern
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 50%

industry: 4%

services: 46% (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $2,000 (2002 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 1% (2002 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 6 55 N, 158 15 E
Polozenie geograficzne four major island groups totaling 607 islands
Autostrady total: 240 km

paved: 42 km

unpaved: 198 km (1999 est.)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA

highest 10%: NA
Import 0 kWh (2002)
Import $149 million f.o.b. (FY99/00 est.)
Import - towary food, manufactured goods, machinery and equipment, beverages
Import - partnerzy US, Australia, Japonia (2000)
Niepodleglosc 3 listopad 1986 (from the US-administered UN Trusteeship)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA
Przemysl tourism, construction, fish processing, specialized aquaculture, craft items from shell, wood, and pearls
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 30.21 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 33.3 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 26.97 deaths/1,000 live births (2005 est.)
Inflacja 1% (2002 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, AsDB, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, IMF, IOC, ITU, MIGA, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, WHO, WMO
Nawadniane tereny NA
Sadownictwo Supreme Court
Sila robocza NA
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki two-thirds are government employees
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 5.71%

permanent crops: 45.71%

other: 48.58% (2001)
Jezyki English (official and common language), Trukese, Pohnpeian, Yapese, Kosrean, Ulithian, Woleaian, Nukuoro, Kapingamarangi
System prawny based on adapted Trust Territory laws, acts of the legislature, municipal, common, and customary laws
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Congress (14 seats; four - one elected from each state to serve four-year terms and 10 - elected from single-member districts delineated by population to serve two-year terms; members elected by popular vote)

elections: elections dla four-year term seats last held 4 marzec 2003 (next to be held marzec 2007); elections dla two-year term seats last held 8 marzec 2005 (next to be held marzec 2007)

election results: percent of vote - NA%; seats - independents 14
Zywotnosc total population: 69.75 years

male: 67.96 years

female: 71.62 years (2005 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 89%

male: 91%

female: 88% (1980 est.)
Lokalizacja Oceania, island group w the North Ocean Spokojny, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Indonezja
Lokalizacja na mapie Oceania
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Flota handlowa total: 2 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 2,423 GRT/1,551 DWT

by type: cargo 1, passenger/cargo 1

foreign-owned: 2 (Stany Zjednoczone 2) (2005)
Wojsko - uwagi Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) is a sovereign, self-governing state w free association z the US; FSM is totally dependent on the US dla its defense
Wojsko no ministry of defense and no standing armed forces; the paramilitary Maritime Wing, a small maritime law enforcement unit, is responsible to the Division of Maritime Surveillance within the Office of the Attorney General (2003)
Swieto narodowe Konstytucja Day, 10 maj (1979)
Narodowosc noun: Micronesian(s)

adjective: Micronesian; Chuukese, Kosraen(s), Pohnpeian(s), Yapese
Naturalne zagrozenia typhoons (czerwiec to grudzien)
Surowce naturalne forests, marine products, deep-seabed minerals, phosphate
Wspolczynnik migracji -21.01 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy no formal parties
Ludnosc 108,105 (lipiec 2005 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 26.7%
Przyrost naturalny -0.08% (2005 est.)
Porty i stocznie Tomil Harbor
Stacje radiowe AM 5, FM 1, shortwave 0 (2004)
Religie Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 47%
Wspolczynnik plci NA
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: adequate system

domestic: islands interconnected by shortwave radiotelephone (used mostly dla government purposes), satellite (Intelsat) ground stations, and some coaxial and fiber-optic cable; cellular service available on Kosrae, Pohnpei, and Yap

international: country code - 691; satellite earth stations - 5 Intelsat (Ocean Spokojny) (2002)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 10,100 (2001)
Telefony komorkowe 1,800 (2002)
Stacje telewizyjne 3; note - cable TV also available (2004)
Uksztaltowanie terenu islands vary geologically from high mountainous islands to low, coral atolls; volcanic outcroppings on Pohnpei, Kosrae, and Chuuk
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 3.25 children born/woman (2005 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 16% (1999 est.)
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