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Mikronezja, Sfederowane Stany Mikronezji (2002)

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Mikronezja, Sfederowane Stany Mikronezji 2002 roku

 Mikronezja, Sfederowane Stany Mikronezji
Podzial administracyjny 4 states; Chuuk (Truk), Kosrae (Kosaie), Pohnpei (Ponape), Yap
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: NA%


15-64 years: NA%


65 years and over: NA%
Rolinictwo black pepper, tropical fruits and vegetables, coconuts, cassava (tapioca), sweet potatoes; pigs, chickens
Lotniska 7 (2001)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 6


1,524 to 2,437 m: 4


914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2002)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 1


914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2002)
Terytorium total: 702 sq km


land: 702 sq km


water: 0 sq km (fresh water only)


note: includes Pohnpei (Ponape), Chuuk (Truk) Islands, Yap Islands, and Kosrae
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci four times the size of Washington, DC (land area only)
Tlo historyczne In 1979 the Federated States of Micronesia, a UN Trust Territory under US administration, adopted a constitution. In 1986 independence was attained under a Compact of Free Association z the US. Present concerns include large-scale unemployment, overfishing, and overdependence on US aid.
Wspolczynnik narodzin NA births/1,000 population
Budzet revenues: $161 million ($69 million less grants)


expenditures: $160 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1998 est.)
Stolica Palikir
Klimat tropical; heavy year-round rainfall, especially w the eastern islands; located on southern edge of the typhoon belt z occasionally severe damage
Linia brzegowa 6,112 km
Konstytucja 10 maj 1979
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Federated States of Micronesia


conventional short form: none


former: Ponape, Truk, and Yap Districts (Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands)


abbreviation: FSM
Waluta US dollar (USD)
Wspolczynnik zgonow NA deaths/1,000 population
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $66.5 million
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Larry DINGER


embassy: address NA, Kolonia


mailing address: P. O. Box 1286, Kolonia, Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia 96941


telephone: [691] 320-2187


FAX: [691] 320-2186
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Jesse Bibiano MAREHALAU


chancery: 1725 N Street NW, Washington, DC 20036


telephone: [1] (202) 223-4383


FAX: [1] (202) 223-4391


consulate(s) general: Honolulu and Tamuning (Guam)
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie under terms of the Compact of Free Association, the US pledged $1.3 billion w grant aid during the period 1986-2001
Ekonomia Economic activity consists primarily of subsistence farming and fishing. The islands have few mineral deposits worth exploiting, except dla high-grade phosphate. The potential dla a tourist industry exists, but the remote location and a lack of adequate facilities hinder development. In 1996, the country experienced a 20% reduction w revenues from the Compact of Free Association - the agreement z the US w which Micronesia received $1.3 billion w financial and technical assistance over a 15-year period until 2001. Since these revenues accounted dla 57% of consolidated government revenues, reduced Compact funding resulted w a severe depression. Economic activity recovered w 1999-2001. The country's medium-term economic outlook appears fragile due to likely further reductions w external grants made under the US Compact funding. Geographical isolation and a poorly developed infrastructure remain major impediments to long-term growth.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja NA kWh
Elektrycznosc - produkcja NA kWh
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii fossil fuel: NA%


hydro: NA%


nuclear: NA%


other: NA%
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Spokojny 0 m


highest point: Dolohmwar (Totolom) 791 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy overfishing, climate change, pollution
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne nine ethnic Micronesian and Polynesian groups
Kurs waluty the US dollar is used
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Leo A. FALCAM (since 21 lipiec 1999); Vice President Redley KILLION (since 21 lipiec 1999); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government


head of government: President Leo A. FALCAM (since 21 lipiec 1999); Vice President Redley KILLION (since 21 lipiec 1999); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government


cabinet: Cabinet


elections: president and vice president elected by Congress from among the four senators-at-large dla four-year terms; election last held NA maj 1999 (next to be held NA maj 2003); note - a proposed constitutional amendment to establish popular elections dla president and vice president failed


election results: Leo A. FALCAM elected president; percent of Congress vote - NA%; Redley KILLION elected vice president; percent of Congress vote - NA%
Eksport $22 million (f.o.b.)
Eksport - towary fish, garments, bananas, black pepper
Eksport - partnerzy Japonia, US, Guam
Rok podatkowy 1 pazdziernik - 30 wrzesien
Opis flagi light blue z four white five-pointed stars centered; the stars are arranged w a diamond pattern
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $269 million


note: Produkt krajowy brutto is supplemented by grant aid, averaging perhaps $100 million annually (2001 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 50%


industry: 4%


services: 46% (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $2,000 (2001 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 2% (2001 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 6 55 N, 158 15 E
Polozenie geograficzne four major island groups totaling 607 islands
Autostrady total: 240 km


paved: 42 km


unpaved: 198 km (1996)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
Import $149 million f.o.b.
Import - towary food, manufactured goods, machinery and equipment, beverages
Import - partnerzy US, Australia, Japonia
Niepodleglosc 3 listopad 1986 (from the US-administered UN Trusteeship)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA%
Przemysl tourism, construction, fish processing, craft items from shell, wood, and pearls
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow NA deaths/1,000 live births
Inflacja 2.5% (2001 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, AsDB, ESCAP, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IFC, IFRCS (associate), IMF, IOC, ITU, OPCW, Sparteca, SPC, SPF, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, WHO, WMO
Dostawcy internetu 1 (2000)
Nawadniane tereny NA sq km
Sadownictwo Supreme Court
Sila robocza NA
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki two-thirds are government employees
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 5.71%


permanent crops: 45.71%


other: 48.58% (1998 est.)
Jezyki English (official and common language), Trukese, Pohnpeian, Yapese, Kosrean, Ulithian, Woleaian, Nukuoro, Kapingamarangi
System prawny based on adapted Trust Territory laws, acts of the legislature, municipal, common, and customary laws
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Congress (14 seats; members elected by popular vote; four - one elected from each state - to serve four-year terms and 10 - elected from single-member districts delineated by population - to serve two-year terms)


elections: elections dla four-year term seats last held 2 marzec 1999 (next to be held NA marzec 2003); elections dla two-year term seats last held 6 marzec 2001 (next to be held NA marzec 2003)


election results: percent of vote - NA%; seats - independents 14
Zywotnosc total population: NA years


male: NA years


female: NA years
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 89%


male: 91%


female: 88% (1980 est.)
Lokalizacja Oceania, island group w the North Ocean Spokojny, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Indonezja
Lokalizacja na mapie Oceania
Morskie obszary exclusive economic zone: 200 NM


territorial sea: 12 NM
Flota handlowa none


note: includes a foreign-owned ship registered here as a flag of convenience: Stany Zjednoczone 1 (2002 est.)
Wojsko - uwagi Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) is a sovereign, self-governing state w free association z the US; FSM is totally dependent on the US dla its defense
Swieto narodowe Konstytucja Day, 10 maj (1979)
Narodowosc noun: Micronesian(s)


adjective: Micronesian; Chuukese, Kosraen(s), Pohnpeian(s), Yapese
Naturalne zagrozenia typhoons (czerwiec to grudzien)
Surowce naturalne forests, marine products, deep-seabed minerals
Wspolczynnik migracji NA migrant(s)/1,000 population
Partie polityczne i przywodcy no formal parties
Ludnosc 135,869 (lipiec 2002 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny NA% (2002 est.)
Porty i stocznie Colonia (Yap), Kolonia (Pohnpei), Lele, Moen
Stacje radiowe AM 5, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radia 9,400 (1996)
Linie kolejowe 0 km (2003)
Religie Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 47%
Wspolczynnik plci NA
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: adequate system


domestic: islands interconnected by shortwave radiotelephone (used mostly dla government purposes)


international: satellite earth stations - 5 Intelsat (Ocean Spokojny) (2002)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 11,000 (2001)
Telefony komorkowe newly installed w Pohnpei and Yap
Stacje telewizyjne 2 (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu islands vary geologically from high mountainous islands to low, coral atolls; volcanic outcroppings on Pohnpei, Kosrae, and Truk
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety NA children born/woman
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 16% (1999 est.)
Drogi wodne none
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