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Mikronezja, Sfederowane Stany Mikronezji (2001)

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Mikronezja, Sfederowane Stany Mikronezji 2001 roku

 Mikronezja, Sfederowane Stany Mikronezji
Podzial administracyjny 4 states; Chuuk (Truk), Kosrae, Pohnpei, Yap
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years:
NA%

15-64 years:
NA%

65 years and over:
NA%
Rolinictwo black pepper, tropical fruits and vegetables, coconuts, cassava (tapioca), sweet potatoes; pigs, chickens
Lotniska 7 (2000 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total:
6

1,524 to 2,437 m:
4

914 to 1,523 m:
2 (2000 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total:
1

914 to 1,523 m:
1 (2000 est.)
Terytorium total:
702 sq km

land:
702 sq km

water:
0 sq km

note:
includes Pohnpei (Ponape), Truk (Chuuk) Islands, Yap Islands, and Kosrae
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci four times the size of Washington, DC
Tlo historyczne In 1979 the Federated States of Micronesia, a UN Trust Territory under US administration, adopted a constitution. In 1986 independence was attained under a Compact of Free Association z the Stany Zjednoczone. Present concerns include large-scale unemployment, overfishing, and overdependence on US aid.
Budzet revenues:
$161 million ($69 million less grants)

expenditures:
$160 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1998 est.)
Stolica Palikir
Klimat tropical; heavy year-round rainfall, especially w the eastern islands; located on southern edge of the typhoon belt z occasionally severe damage
Linia brzegowa 6,112 km
Konstytucja 10 maj 1979
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form:
Federated States of Micronesia

conventional short form:
none

former:
Ponape, Truk, and Yap Districts (Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands)

abbreviation:
FSM
Waluta US dollar (USD)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $111 million (1997 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission:
Ambassador Diane E. WATSON

embassy:
address NA, Kolonia

mailing address:
P. O. Box 1286, Kolonia, Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia 96941

telephone:
[691] 320-2187

FAX:
[691] 320-2186
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission:
Ambassador Jesse Bibiano MAREHALAU

chancery:
1725 N Street NW, Washington, DC 20036

telephone:
[1] (202) 223-4383

FAX:
[1] (202) 223-4391

consulate(s) general:
Honolulu and Tamuning (Guam)
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie under terms of the Compact of Free Association, the US will provide $1.3 billion w grant aid during the period 1986-2001
Ekonomia Economic activity consists primarily of subsistence farming and fishing. The islands have few mineral deposits worth exploiting, except dla high-grade phosphate. The potential dla a tourist industry exists, but the remoteness of the location and a lack of adequate facilities hinder development. In 1996, the country experienced a 20% reduction w revenues from the Compact of Free Association - the agreement between the US and Micronesia w which Micronesia receives $1.3 billion w financial and technical assistance over a 15-year period until 2001 - as a result of the second step-down under the agreement. Since these revenues accounted dla 57% of consolidated government revenues, reduced Compact funding resulted w a severe depression. While Micronesia's economy appears to have bottomed out w 1999, the country's medium-term economic outlook remains fragile due to likely further reductions w external grants made under the US Compact funding. Geographical isolation and a poorly developed infrastructure remain major impediments to long-term growth.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja NA kWh
Elektrycznosc - produkcja NA kWh
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii fossil fuel:
NA%

hydro:
NA%

nuclear:
NA%

other:
NA%
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point:
Ocean Spokojny 0 m

highest point:
Totolom 791 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy overfishing
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to:
Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection

signed, but not ratified:
none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne nine ethnic Micronesian and Polynesian groups
Kurs waluty the US dollar is used
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state:
President Leo A. FALCAM (since 21 lipiec 1999); Vice President Redley KILLION (since 21 lipiec 1999); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

head of government:
President Leo A. FALCAM (since 21 lipiec 1999); Vice President Redley KILLION (since 21 lipiec 1999); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

cabinet:
Cabinet

elections:
president and vice president elected by Congress from among the four senators-at-large dla four-year terms; election last held NA maj 1999 (next to be held NA maj 2003)

election results:
Leo A. FALCAM elected president; percent of Congress vote - NA%; Redley KILLION elected vice president; percent of Congress vote - NA%
Eksport $73 million (f.o.b., 1996 est.)
Eksport - towary fish, garments, bananas, black pepper
Eksport - partnerzy Japonia, US, Guam
Rok podatkowy 1 pazdziernik - 30 wrzesien
Opis flagi light blue z four white five-pointed stars centered; the stars are arranged w a diamond pattern
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $263 million (1999 est.)

note:
Produkt krajowy brutto is supplemented by grant aid, averaging perhaps $100 million annually
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture:
19%

industry:
4%

services:
77% (1996 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $2,000 (1999 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 0.3% (1999 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 6 55 N, 158 15 E
Polozenie geograficzne four major island groups totaling 607 islands
Autostrady total:
240 km

paved:
42 km

unpaved:
198 km (1996)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%:
NA%

highest 10%:
NA%
Import $168 million (c.i.f., 1996 est.)
Import - towary food, manufactured goods, machinery and equipment, beverages
Import - partnerzy US, Japonia, Australia
Niepodleglosc 3 listopad 1986 (from the US-administered UN Trusteeship)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA%
Przemysl tourism, construction, fish processing, craft items from shell, wood, and pearls
Inflacja 2.6% (FY98/99)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, AsDB, ESCAP, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IFC, IMF, Intelsat, IOC, ITU, OPCW, Sparteca, SPC, SPF, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, WHO, WMO
Dostawcy internetu 1 (2000)
Nawadniane tereny NA sq km
Sadownictwo Supreme Court
Sila robocza NA
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki two-thirds are government employees
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land:
NA%

permanent crops:
NA%

permanent pastures:
NA%

forests and woodland:
NA%

other:
NA%
Jezyki English (official and common language), Trukese, Pohnpeian, Yapese, Kosrean
System prawny based on adapted Trust Territory laws, acts of the legislature, municipal, common, and customary laws
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Congress (14 seats; members elected by popular vote; four - one elected from each of state - to serve four-year terms and 10 - elected from single-member districts delineated by population - to serve two-year terms)

elections:
elections dla four-year term seats last held 2 marzec 1999 (next to be held NA marzec 2003); elections dla two-year term seats last held 6 marzec 2001 (next to be held NA marzec 2003)

election results:
percent of vote - NA%; seats - independents 14
Pismienni definition:
age 15 and over can read and write

total population:
89%

male:
91%

female:
88% (1980 est.)
Lokalizacja Oceania, island group w the North Ocean Spokojny, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Indonezja
Lokalizacja na mapie Oceania
Morskie obszary exclusive economic zone:
200 NM

territorial sea:
12 NM
Flota handlowa none (2000 est.)
Wojsko - uwagi Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) is a sovereign, self-governing state w free association z the US; FSM is totally dependent on the US dla its defense
Swieto narodowe Konstytucja Day, 10 maj (1979)
Narodowosc noun:
Micronesian(s)

adjective:
Micronesian; Kosrae(s), Pohnpeian(s), Trukese, Yapese
Naturalne zagrozenia typhoons (czerwiec to grudzien)
Surowce naturalne forests, marine products, deep-seabed minerals
Partie polityczne i przywodcy no formal parties
Ludnosc 134,597 (lipiec 2001 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Porty i stocznie Colonia (Yap), Kolonia (Pohnpei), Lele, Moen
Stacje radiowe AM 5, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radia NA
Linie kolejowe 0 km
Religie Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 47%, other and none 3%
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment:
adequate system

domestic:
islands interconnected by shortwave radiotelephone (used mostly dla government purposes)

international:
satellite earth stations - 4 Intelsat (Ocean Spokojny)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 11,000 (2001)
Telefony komorkowe NA
Stacje telewizyjne 2 (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu islands vary geologically from high mountainous islands to low, coral atolls; volcanic outcroppings on Pohnpei, Kosrae, and Truk
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 16% (1999 est.)
Drogi wodne none
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