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Micronesia, Federated States of (2005)

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Micronesia, Federated States of 2005 year

 Micronesia, Federated States of
Administrative divisions 4 states; Chuuk (Truk), Kosrae (Kosaie), Pohnpei (Ponape), Yap
Age structure 0-14 years: 37.1% (male 20,439/female 19,674)

15-64 years: 59.8% (male 32,382/female 32,313)

65 years and over: 3% (male 1,461/female 1,836) (2005 est.)
Agriculture - products black pepper, tropical fruits and vegetables, coconuts, cassava (tapioca), betel nuts, sweet potatoes; pigs, chickens
Airports 6 (2004 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total: 6

1,524 to 2,437 m: 4

914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2004 est.)
Area total: 702 sq km

land: 702 sq km

water: 0 sq km (fresh water only)

note: includes Pohnpei (Ponape), Chuuk (Truk) Islands, Yap Islands, and Kosrae (Kosaie)
Area - comparative four times the size of Washington, DC (land area only)
Background In 1979 the Federated States of Micronesia, a UN Trust Territory under US administration, adopted a constitution. In 1986 independence was attained under a Compact of Free Association with the US, which was amended and renewed in 2004. Present concerns include large-scale unemployment, overfishing, and overdependence on US aid.
Birth rate 25.11 births/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Budget revenues: $161 million ($69 million less grants)

expenditures: $160 million, including capital expenditures of NA (1998 est.)
Capital Palikir
Climate tropical; heavy year-round rainfall, especially in the eastern islands; located on southern edge of the typhoon belt with occasionally severe damage
Coastline 6,112 km
Constitution 10 May 1979
Country name conventional long form: Federated States of Micronesia

conventional short form: none

former: Ponape, Truk, and Yap Districts (Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands)

abbreviation: FSM
Death rate 4.87 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Debt - external $53.1 million (FY02/03 est.)
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission: Ambassador Suzanne K. HALE

embassy: 101 Upper Pics Road, Kolonia

mailing address: P. O. Box 1286, Kolonia, Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia 96941

telephone: [691] 320-2187

FAX: [691] 320-2186
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission: Ambassador Jesse Bibiano MAREHALAU

chancery: 1725 N Street NW, Washington, DC 20036

telephone: [1] (202) 223-4383

FAX: [1] (202) 223-4391

consulate(s) general: Honolulu and Tamuning (Guam)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient under terms of the Compact of Free Association, the US pledged $1.3 billion in grant aid during the period 1986-2001; the level of aid has been subsequently reduced
Economy - overview Economic activity consists primarily of subsistence farming and fishing. The islands have few mineral deposits worth exploiting, except for high-grade phosphate. The potential for a tourist industry exists, but the remote location, a lack of adequate facilities, and limited air connections hinder development. The Amended Compact of Free Association with the US guarantees the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) millions of dollars in annual aid through 2023, and establishes a Trust Fund into which the US and the FSM make annual contributions in order to provide annual payouts to the FSM in perpetuity after 2023. The country's medium-term economic outlook appears fragile due not only to the reduction in US assistance but also to the slow growth of the private sector. Geographical isolation and a poorly developed infrastructure remain major impediments to long-term growth.
Electricity - consumption 178.6 million kWh (2002)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2002)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2002)
Electricity - production 192 million kWh (2002)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point: Dolohmwar (Totolom) 791 m
Environment - current issues overfishing, climate change, pollution
Environment - international agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Ethnic groups nine ethnic Micronesian and Polynesian groups
Exchange rates the US dollar is used
Executive branch chief of state: President Joseph J. URUSEMAL (since 11 May 2003); Vice President Redley KILLION (11 May 2003); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

head of government: President Joseph J. URUSEMAL (since 11 May 2003); Vice President Redley KILLION (11 May 2003); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

cabinet: Cabinet

elections: president and vice president elected by Congress from among the four senators at large for four-year terms; election last held 11 May 2003 (next to be held May 2007); note - a proposed constitutional amendment to establish popular elections for president and vice president failed

election results: Joseph J. URUSEMAL elected president; percent of Congress vote - NA%; Redley KILLION elected vice president; percent of Congress vote - NA%
Exports 0 kWh (2002)
Exports $22 million (f.o.b.) (FY99/00 est.)
Exports - commodities fish, garments, bananas, black pepper
Exports - partners Japan, US, Guam (2000)
Fiscal year 1 October - 30 September
Flag description light blue with four white five-pointed stars centered; the stars are arranged in a diamond pattern
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 50%

industry: 4%

services: 46% (2000 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $2,000 (2002 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 1% (2002 est.)
Geographic coordinates 6 55 N, 158 15 E
Geography - note four major island groups totaling 607 islands
Highways total: 240 km

paved: 42 km

unpaved: 198 km (1999 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA

highest 10%: NA
Imports 0 kWh (2002)
Imports $149 million f.o.b. (FY99/00 est.)
Imports - commodities food, manufactured goods, machinery and equipment, beverages
Imports - partners US, Australia, Japan (2000)
Independence 3 November 1986 (from the US-administered UN Trusteeship)
Industrial production growth rate NA
Industries tourism, construction, fish processing, specialized aquaculture, craft items from shell, wood, and pearls
Infant mortality rate total: 30.21 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 33.3 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 26.97 deaths/1,000 live births (2005 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 1% (2002 est.)
International organization participation ACP, AsDB, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, IMF, IOC, ITU, MIGA, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, WHO, WMO
Irrigated land NA
Judicial branch Supreme Court
Labor force NA
Labor force - by occupation two-thirds are government employees
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 5.71%

permanent crops: 45.71%

other: 48.58% (2001)
Languages English (official and common language), Trukese, Pohnpeian, Yapese, Kosrean, Ulithian, Woleaian, Nukuoro, Kapingamarangi
Legal system based on adapted Trust Territory laws, acts of the legislature, municipal, common, and customary laws
Legislative branch unicameral Congress (14 seats; four - one elected from each state to serve four-year terms and 10 - elected from single-member districts delineated by population to serve two-year terms; members elected by popular vote)

elections: elections for four-year term seats last held 4 March 2003 (next to be held March 2007); elections for two-year term seats last held 8 March 2005 (next to be held March 2007)

election results: percent of vote - NA%; seats - independents 14
Life expectancy at birth total population: 69.75 years

male: 67.96 years

female: 71.62 years (2005 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 89%

male: 91%

female: 88% (1980 est.)
Location Oceania, island group in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Indonesia
Map references Oceania
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Merchant marine total: 2 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 2,423 GRT/1,551 DWT

by type: cargo 1, passenger/cargo 1

foreign-owned: 2 (United States 2) (2005)
Military - note Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) is a sovereign, self-governing state in free association with the US; FSM is totally dependent on the US for its defense
Military branches no ministry of defense and no standing armed forces; the paramilitary Maritime Wing, a small maritime law enforcement unit, is responsible to the Division of Maritime Surveillance within the Office of the Attorney General (2003)
National holiday Constitution Day, 10 May (1979)
Nationality noun: Micronesian(s)

adjective: Micronesian; Chuukese, Kosraen(s), Pohnpeian(s), Yapese
Natural hazards typhoons (June to December)
Natural resources forests, marine products, deep-seabed minerals, phosphate
Net migration rate -21.01 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Political parties and leaders no formal parties
Population 108,105 (July 2005 est.)
Population below poverty line 26.7%
Population growth rate -0.08% (2005 est.)
Ports and harbors Tomil Harbor
Radio broadcast stations AM 5, FM 1, shortwave 0 (2004)
Religions Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 47%
Sex ratio NA
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: adequate system

domestic: islands interconnected by shortwave radiotelephone (used mostly for government purposes), satellite (Intelsat) ground stations, and some coaxial and fiber-optic cable; cellular service available on Kosrae, Pohnpei, and Yap

international: country code - 691; satellite earth stations - 5 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean) (2002)
Telephones - main lines in use 10,100 (2001)
Telephones - mobile cellular 1,800 (2002)
Television broadcast stations 3; note - cable TV also available (2004)
Terrain islands vary geologically from high mountainous islands to low, coral atolls; volcanic outcroppings on Pohnpei, Kosrae, and Chuuk
Total fertility rate 3.25 children born/woman (2005 est.)
Unemployment rate 16% (1999 est.)
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