Main page Compare countries Index countries Index fields


Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of (2001)

Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of - select year:
Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of (2002) (compare)
Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of (2003) (compare)

Compare with other popular countries

Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of 2001 year

 Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of
Administrative divisions 123 municipalities (opstini, singular - opstina); Aracinovo, Bac, Belcista, Berovo, Bistrica, Bitola, Blatec, Bogdanci, Bogomila, Bogovinje, Bosilovo, Brvenica, Cair (Skopje), Capari, Caska, Cegrane, Centar (Skopje), Centar Zupa, Cesinovo, Cucer-Sandevo, Debar, Delcevo, Delogozdi, Demir Hisar, Demir Kapija, Dobrusevo, Dolna Banjica, Dolneni, Dorce Petrov (Skopje), Drugovo, Dzepciste, Gazi Baba (Skopje), Gevgelija, Gostivar, Gradsko, Ilinden, Izvor, Jegunovce, Kamenjane, Karbinci, Karpos (Skopje), Kavadarci, Kicevo, Kisela Voda (Skopje), Klecevce, Kocani, Konce, Kondovo, Konopiste, Kosel, Kratovo, Kriva Palanka, Krivogastani, Krusevo, Kuklis, Kukurecani, Kumanovo, Labunista, Lipkovo, Lozovo, Lukovo, Makedonska Kamenica, Makedonski Brod, Mavrovi Anovi, Meseista, Miravci, Mogila, Murtino, Negotino, Negotino-Poloska, Novaci, Novo Selo, Oblesevo, Ohrid, Orasac, Orizari, Oslomej, Pehcevo, Petrovec, Plasnia, Podares, Prilep, Probistip, Radovis, Rankovce, Resen, Rosoman, Rostusa, Samokov, Saraj, Sipkovica, Sopiste, Sopotnika, Srbinovo, Star Dojran, Staravina, Staro Nagoricane, Stip, Struga, Strumica, Studenicani, Suto Orizari (Skopje), Sveti Nikole, Tearce, Tetovo, Topolcani, Valandovo, Vasilevo, Velesta, Veles, Vevcani, Vinica, Vitoliste, Vranestica, Vrapciste, Vratnica, Vrutok, Zajas, Zelenikovo, Zileno, Zitose, Zletovo, Zrnovci

the seven municipalities followed by Skopje in parentheses collectively constitute "greater Skopje"
Age structure 0-14 years:
22.92% (male 243,715; female 225,349)

15-64 years:
66.94% (male 688,484; female 681,225)

65 years and over:
10.14% (male 92,043; female 115,393) (2001 est.)
Agriculture - products rice, tobacco, wheat, corn, millet, cotton, sesame, mulberry leaves, citrus, vegetables; beef, pork, poultry, mutton
Airports 16 (2000 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total:

2,438 to 3,047 m:

under 914 m:
8 (2000 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways total:

914 to 1,523 m:

under 914 m:
3 (2000 est.)
Area total:
25,333 sq km

24,856 sq km

477 sq km
Area - comparative slightly larger than Vermont
Background International recognition of The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia's (FYROM) independence from Yugoslavia in 1991 was delayed by Greece's objection to the new state's use of what it considered a Hellenic name and symbols. Greece finally lifted its trade blockade in 1995, and the two countries agreed to normalize relations, despite continued disagreement over FYROM's use of "Macedonia." FYROM's large Albanian minority and the de facto independence of neighboring Kosovo continue to be sources of ethnic tension.
Birth rate 13.5 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budget revenues:
$1.06 billion

$1 billion, including capital expenditures of $107 million (1996 est.)
Capital Skopje
Climate warm, dry summers and autumns and relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall
Coastline 0 km (landlocked)
Constitution adopted 17 November 1991, effective 20 November 1991

Democratic Party for Albanians (DPA), which is now a member party of the government, is calling for a rewrite of the constitution to declare ethnic Albanians a constituent national group and allow for greater regional autonomy
Country name conventional long form:
The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

conventional short form:

local long form:
Republika Makedonija

local short form:

Currency Macedonian denar (MKD)
Death rate 7.7 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Debt - external $1.4 billion (2000)
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission:
Ambassador Michael M. EINIK

Bul. Ilinden bb, 91000 Skopje

mailing address:
American Embassy Skopje, Department of State, Washington, DC 20521-7120 (pouch)

[389] (91) 116-180

[389] (91) 117-103
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission:
Ambassador Ljubica Z. ACEVSKA

3050 K Street, NW, Suite 210, Washington, DC 20007

[1] (202) 337 3063

[1] (202) 337-3093

consulate(s) general:
New York
Disputes - international dispute with Greece over its name; February 2001 agreement with Yugoslavia settled alignment of boundary, stipulating implementation within two years
Economic aid - recipient $100 million from the EU (2000)
Economy - overview At independence in November 1991, Macedonia was the least developed of the Yugoslav republics, producing a mere 5% of the total federal output of goods and services. The collapse of Yugoslavia ended transfer payments from the center and eliminated advantages from inclusion in a de facto free trade area. An absence of infrastructure, UN sanctions on its largest market Yugoslavia, and a Greek economic embargo hindered economic growth until 1996. GDP has subsequently increased each year, rising by 5% in 2000. Successful privatization in 2000 boosted the country's reserves to over $700 million. Also, the leadership demonstrated a continuing commitment to economic reform, free trade, and regional integration. Inflation jumped to 11% in 2000, largely due to higher oil prices.
Electricity - consumption 5.992 billion kWh (1999)
Electricity - exports 30 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - imports 75 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - production 6.395 billion kWh (1999)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel:



0% (1999)
Elevation extremes lowest point:
Vardar River 50 m

highest point:
Golem Korab (Maja e Korabit) 2,753 m
Environment - current issues air pollution from metallurgical plants
Environment - international agreements party to:
Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified:
none of the selected agreements
Ethnic groups Macedonian 66.6%, Albanian 22.7%, Turkish 4%, Roma 2.2%, Serb 2.1%, other 2.4% (1994)
Exchange rates Macedonian denars per US dollar - 64.757 (January 2001), 65.904 (2000), 56.902 (1999), 54.462 (1998), 50.004 (1997), 39.981 (1996)
Executive branch chief of state:
President Boris TRAJKOVSKI (since 15 December 1999)

head of government:
Prime Minister Ljubco GEORGIEVSKI (since 30 November 1998)

Council of Ministers elected by the majority vote of all the deputies in the Assembly; note - current cabinet formed by the government coalition parties VMRO-DPMNE, LDP, and DPA

president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 14 November 1999 (next to be held NA October 2004); prime minister elected by parliament; election last held NA November 1998 (next to be held NA 2002)

election results:
Boris TRAJKOVSKI elected president on second-round ballot; percent of vote - Boris TRAJKOVSKI 52.4%, Tito PETKOVSKI 46.2%
Exports 30 million kWh (1999)
Exports $1.4 billion (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
Exports - commodities food, beverages, tobacco; miscellaneous manufactures, iron and steel
Exports - partners Germany 22%, Yugoslavia 22%, US 12%, Greece 7%, Italy 6% (2000)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description a rising yellow sun with eight rays extending to the edges of the red field
GDP purchasing power parity - $9 billion (2000 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture:


63% (2000)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $4,400 (2000 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 5% (2000 est.)
Geographic coordinates 41 50 N, 22 00 E
Geography - note landlocked; major transportation corridor from Western and Central Europe to Aegean Sea and Southern Europe to Western Europe
Highways total:
8,684 km

5,540 km (including 133 km of expressways)

3,144 km (1997)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%:

highest 10%:
Illicit drugs increasing transshipment point for Southwest Asian heroin and hashish; minor transit point for South American cocaine destined for Europe
Imports 75 million kWh (1999)
Imports $2 billion (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
Imports - commodities machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels; food products
Imports - partners Germany 13%, Ukraine 13%, Russia 10%, Yugoslavia 8%, Greece 8% (2000)
Independence 17 September 1991 (from Yugoslavia)
Industrial production growth rate 3% (2000)
Industries coal, metallic chromium, lead, zinc, ferronickel, textiles, wood products, tobacco
Infant mortality rate 12.95 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 11% (2000 est.)
International organization participation ACCT (associate), BIS, CCC, CE, CEI, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat (nonsignatory user), Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO, ITU, OPCW, OSCE, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO (observer)
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 6 (2000)
Irrigated land 830 sq km (1993 est.)
Judicial branch Constitutional Court; Judicial Court of the Republic; judges for both courts are elected by the Judicial Council
Labor force 1 million (1999 est.)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%
Land boundaries total:
748 km

border countries:
Albania 151 km, Bulgaria 148 km, Greece 228 km, Yugoslavia 221 km
Land use arable land:

permanent crops:

permanent pastures:

forests and woodland:

10% (1993 est.)
Languages Macedonian 70%, Albanian 21%, Turkish 3%, Serbo-Croatian 3%, other 3%
Legal system based on civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts
Legislative branch unicameral Assembly or Sobranje (120 seats - 85 members are elected by popular vote, 35 members come from lists of candidates submitted by parties based on the percentage that parties gain from the overall vote; all serve four-year terms)

last held 18 October and 1 November 1998 (next to be held NA 2002)

election results:
percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - VMRO-DPMNE 43, SDSM 27, PDP 14, DA 13, DPA 11, VMRO-VMRO 6, LDP 4, SP 1, Roma Party 1
Life expectancy at birth total population:
74.02 years

71.79 years

76.43 years (2001 est.)
Literacy definition:

total population:


Location Southeastern Europe, north of Greece
Map references Europe
Maritime claims none (landlocked)
Military branches Army (includes Air and Air Defense Forces), Police Force
Military expenditures - dollar figure $76.3 million (FY00/01)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP 2.17% (FY00/01)
Military manpower - availability males age 15-49:
548,183 (2001 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service males age 15-49:
442,053 (2001 est.)
Military manpower - military age 19 years of age
Military manpower - reaching military age annually males:
17,905 (2001 est.)
National holiday Uprising Day, 2 August (1903)
Nationality noun:

Natural hazards high seismic risks
Natural resources chromium, lead, zinc, manganese, tungsten, nickel, low-grade iron ore, asbestos, sulfur, timber, arable land
Net migration rate -1.54 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Pipelines 10 km
Political parties and leaders Democratic Alternative or DA [Vasil TUPURKOVSKI, president]; Democratic Party for Albanians or DPA [Arben XHAFERI, president]; Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization - Democratic Party for Macedonian National Unity or VMRO-DPMNE [Ljubcho GEORGIEVSKI, president]; Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization-True Macedonian Reform Option or VMRO-VMRO [Boris STOJMANOV]; Liberal Democratic Party or LDP [Risto GUSTERVO]; Party for Democratic Prosperity or PDP [Imeri IMERI, president]; Social-Democratic Alliance of Macedonia or SDSM (former Communist Party) [Branko CRVENKOVSKI, president]; Socialist Party of Macedonia or SP [Ljubisav IVANOV, president]; Union of Romanies of Macedonia or SRM [leader NA]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 2,046,209 (July 2001 est.)
Population below poverty line 25% (2000 est.)
Population growth rate 0.43% (2001 est.)
Ports and harbors none
Radio broadcast stations AM 29, FM 20, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios 410,000 (1997)
Railways total:
699 km

standard gauge:
699 km 1.435-m gauge (233 km electrified)

a 56-km extension of the Kumanovo-Beljakovci line to the Bulgarian border at Gyveshevo is under construction (2001)
Religions Macedonian Orthodox 67%, Muslim 30%, other 3%
Sex ratio at birth:
1.08 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.08 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
1.01 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
0.8 male(s)/female

total population:
1 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment:


Telephones - main lines in use 408,000 (1997)
Telephones - mobile cellular 12,362 (1997)
Television broadcast stations 31 (plus 166 repeaters) (1995)
Terrain mountainous territory covered with deep basins and valleys; three large lakes, each divided by a frontier line; country bisected by the Vardar River
Total fertility rate 1.79 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Unemployment rate 32% (2000)
Waterways note:
lake transport only, on the Greek and Albanian borders
Sitemap: Compare countries listing (map site) | Country listing (map site)
Links: Add to favorites | Information about this website | Stats | Polityka prywatnosci
This page was generated in ##czas## s. Size this page: ##rozmiar_strony## kB.