Main page Compare countries Index countries Index fields


Latvia (2001)

Latvia - select year:
LatviaLatvia (2002) (compare)
LatviaLatvia (2003) (compare)
LatviaLatvia (2004) (compare)
LatviaLatvia (2005) (compare)
LatviaLatvia (2006) (compare)
LatviaLatvia (2007) (compare)
LatviaLatvia (2008) (compare)

Compare with other popular countries

Latvia 2001 year

Administrative divisions 26 counties (singular - rajons) and 7 municipalities*: Aizkraukles Rajons, Aluksnes Rajons, Balvu Rajons, Bauskas Rajons, Cesu Rajons, Daugavpils*, Daugavpils Rajons, Dobeles Rajons, Gulbenes Rajons, Jekabpils Rajons, Jelgava*, Jelgavas Rajons, Jurmala*, Kraslavas Rajons, Kuldigas Rajons, Leipaja*, Liepajas Rajons, Limbazu Rajons, Ludzas Rajons, Madonas Rajons, Ogres Rajons, Preilu Rajons, Rezekne*, Rezeknes Rajons, Riga*, Rigas Rajons, Saldus Rajons, Talsu Rajons, Tukuma Rajons, Valkas Rajons, Valmieras Rajons, Ventspils*, Ventspils Rajons
Age structure 0-14 years:
16.55% (male 201,746; female 193,036)

15-64 years:
68.15% (male 776,509; female 848,908)

65 years and over:
15.3% (male 118,110; female 246,922) (2001 est.)
Agriculture - products grain, sugar beets, potatoes, vegetables; beef, milk, eggs; fish
Airports 25 (2000 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total:

2,438 to 3,047 m:

1,524 to 2,437 m:

914 to 1,523 m:

under 914 m:
4 (2000 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways total:

2,438 to 3,047 m:

1,524 to 2,437 m:

914 to 1,523 m:

under 914 m:
7 (2000 est.)
Area total:
64,589 sq km

64,589 sq km

0 sq km
Area - comparative slightly larger than West Virginia
Background After a brief period of independence between the two World Wars, Latvia was annexed by the USSR in 1940. It reestablished its independence in 1991 following the breakup of the Soviet Union. Although the last Russian troops left in 1994, the status of the Russian minority (some 30% of the population) remains of concern to Moscow. Latvia continues to revamp its economy for eventual integration into various Western European political and economic institutions.
Birth rate 8.03 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budget revenues:
$1.33 billion

$1.27 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (1998 est.)
Capital Riga
Climate maritime; wet, moderate winters
Coastline 531 km
Constitution the 1991 Constitutional Law which supplements the 1922 constitution, provides for basic rights and freedoms
Country name conventional long form:
Republic of Latvia

conventional short form:

local long form:
Latvijas Republika

local short form:

Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic
Currency Latvian lat (LVL)
Death rate 14.8 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Debt - external $800 million (2000 est.)
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission:
Ambassador James H. HOLMES

Raina Boulevard 7, LV-1510, Riga

mailing address:
American Embassy Riga, PSC 78, Box Riga, APO AE 09723

[371] 721-0005

[371] 782-0047
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission:
Ambassador Aivis RONIS

4325 17th Street NW, Washington, DC 20011

[1] (202) 726-8213, 8214

[1] (202) 726-6785
Disputes - international draft treaty delimiting the boundary with Russia has not been signed; has not ratified 1998 maritime boundary agreement with Lithuania (primary concern is oil exploration rights)
Economic aid - recipient $96.2 million (1995)
Economy - overview In 2000, Latvia's transitional economy recovered from the 1998 Russian financial crisis, largely due to the SKELE government's budget stringency and a gradual reorientation of exports toward EU countries, lessening Latvia's trade dependency on Russia. Latvia officially joined the World Trade Organization in February 1999 - the first Baltic state to join - and was invited at the Helsinki EU Summit in December 1999 to begin accession talks in early 2000. Unemployment fell to 7.8% in 2000, down from 9.6% in 1999, and 9.2% in 1998. Privatization of large state-owned utilities and the shipping industry faced more delays in 2000, and political instability will continue to delay completion of the privatization process over the next year. Latvia projects 6% GDP growth, 2.5%-3.0% inflation, and a 1.7% fiscal deficit in 2001. Preparing for EU membership over the next few years remains a top foreign policy goal.
Electricity - consumption 4.316 billion kWh (1999)
Electricity - exports 400 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - imports 1 billion kWh (1999)
Electricity - production 3.996 billion kWh (1999)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel:



0% (1999)
Elevation extremes lowest point:
Baltic Sea 0 m

highest point:
Gaizinkalns 312 m
Environment - current issues air and water pollution because of a lack of waste conversion equipment; Gulf of Riga and Daugava River heavily polluted; contamination of soil and groundwater with chemicals and petroleum products at military bases
Environment - international agreements party to:
Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified:
Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
Ethnic groups Latvian 56.5%, Russian 30.4%, Byelorussian 4.3%, Ukrainian 2.8%, Polish 2.6%, other 3.4%
Exchange rates lati per US dollar - 0.614 (January 2001), 0.607 (2000), 0.585 (1999), 0.590 (1998), 0.581 (1997), 0.551 (1996)
Executive branch chief of state:
President Vaira VIKE-FREIBERGA (since 8 July 1999)

head of government:
Prime Minister Andris BERZINS (since 5 May 2000)

Council of Ministers nominated by the prime minister and appointed by the Parliament

president elected by Parliament for a four-year term; election last held 17 June 1999 (next to be held by NA June 2003); prime minister appointed by the president

election results:
Vaira VIKE-FREIBERGA elected as a compromise candidate in second phase of balloting, second round (after five rounds in first phase failed); percent of parliamentary vote - Vaira VIKE-FREIBERGA 53%, Valdis BIRKAVS 20%, Ingrida UDRE 9%
Exports 400 million kWh (1999)
Exports $2.1 billion (f.o.b., 2000)
Exports - commodities wood and wood products, machinery and equipment, metals, textiles, foodstuffs
Exports - partners Germany 16%, UK 11%, Sweden 11%, Russia 7% (1999)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description three horizontal bands of maroon (top), white (half-width), and maroon
GDP purchasing power parity - $17.3 billion (2000 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture:


62% (1999)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $7,200 (2000 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 5.5% (2000 est.)
Geographic coordinates 57 00 N, 25 00 E
Highways total:
59,178 km

22,843 km

36,335 km (1998 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%:

highest 10%:
25.9% (1998)
Illicit drugs transshipment point for opiates and cannabis from Central and Southwest Asia to Western Europe and Scandinavia and Latin American cocaine and some synthetics from Western Europe to CIS; limited production of illicit amphetamine, ephedrine, and ecstasy for export
Imports 1 billion kWh (1999)
Imports $3.2 billion (f.o.b., 2000)
Imports - commodities machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels
Imports - partners Russia 15%, Germany 10%, Finland 9%, Sweden 7% (1999)
Independence 18 November 1991 (from Soviet Union)
Industrial production growth rate 6.3% (2000 est.)
Industries buses, vans, street and railroad cars, synthetic fibers, agricultural machinery, fertilizers, washing machines, radios, electronics, pharmaceuticals, processed foods, textiles; note - dependent on imports for energy, raw materials, and intermediate products
Infant mortality rate 15.34 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2.7% (2000)
International organization participation BIS, CBSS, CCC, CE, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, EU (applicant), FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat (nonsignatory user), Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NSG, OAS (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WEU (associate partner), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 42 (2000)
Irrigated land 160 sq km (1993 est.)
Judicial branch Supreme Court (judges' appointments are confirmed by Parliament)
Labor force 1.4 million (2000 est.)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture 10%, industry 25%, services 65% (2000 est.)
Land boundaries total:
1,150 km

border countries:
Belarus 141 km, Estonia 339 km, Lithuania 453 km, Russia 217 km
Land use arable land:

permanent crops:

permanent pastures:

forests and woodland:

14% (1993 est.)
Languages Latvian or Lettish (official), Lithuanian, Russian, other
Legal system based on civil law system
Legislative branch unicameral Parliament or Saeima (100 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote to serve four-year terms)

last held 3 October 1998 (next to be held NA October 2002)

election results:
percent of vote by party - People's Party 21%, LC 18%, TSP 14%, TB/LNNK 14%, Social Democrats 13%, New Party 7%; seats by party - People's Party 24, LC 21, TB/LNNK 17, TSP 16, Social Democrats 14, New Party 8
Life expectancy at birth total population:
68.7 years

62.8 years

74.9 years (2001 est.)
Literacy definition:
age 15 and over can read and write

total population:


99% (1989 est.)
Location Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, between Estonia and Lithuania
Map references Europe
Maritime claims continental shelf:
200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

exclusive economic zone:
200 NM

territorial sea:
12 NM
Merchant marine total:
8 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 27,984 GRT/29,978 DWT

ships by type:
cargo 2, petroleum tanker 3, refrigerated cargo 3 (2000 est.)
Military branches Ground Forces, Navy, Air and Air Defense Forces, Security Forces, Border Guard, Home Guard (Zemessardze)
Military expenditures - dollar figure $60 million (FY99)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP 0.9% (FY99)
Military manpower - availability males age 15-49:
590,784 (2001 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service males age 15-49:
463,944 (2001 est.)
Military manpower - military age 18 years of age
Military manpower - reaching military age annually males:
19,114 (2001 est.)
National holiday Independence Day, 18 November (1918); note - 18 November 1918 is the date of independence from Soviet Russia, 18 November 1991 is the date of independence from the Soviet Union
Nationality noun:

Natural hazards NA
Natural resources minimal; amber, peat, limestone, dolomite, hydropower, arable land
Net migration rate -1.27 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Pipelines crude oil 750 km; refined products 780 km; natural gas 560 km (1992)
Political parties and leaders Anticommunist Union or PA [P. MUCENIEKS]; Christian Democrat Union or LKDS [Talavs JUNDZIS]; Christian People's Party or KTP [Uldis AUGSTKALNS]; Democratic Party "Saimnieks" or DPS [Ziedonis CEVERS, chairman]; For Fatherland and Freedom or TB [Maris GRINBLATS], merged with LNNK; For Human Rights in a United Latvia [Janis JURKANS], a coalition of the People's Harmony Party or TSP, the Latvian Socialist Party or LSP, and the Equal Rights Movement; Green Party or LZP [Olegs BATAREVSKI]; Latvian Liberal Party or LLP [J. DANOSS]; Latvian National Conservative Party or LNNK [Andrejs KRASTINS]; Latvian National Democratic Party or LNDP [A. MALINS]; Latvian Social-Democratic Workers Party (Social Democrats) or LSDWU [Juris BOJARS and Janis ADAMSONS, leaders]; Latvian Unity Party or LVP [Alberis KAULS]; Latvia's Way or LC [Andrei PANTELEJEVS]; New Christian Party [Ainars SLESERS]; New Faction [Ingrida UDRE]; "Our Land" or MZ [M. DAMBEKALNE]; Party of Russian Citizens or LKPP [V. SOROCHIN, V. IVANOV]; People's Party [Andris SKELE]; Political Union of Economists or TPA [Edvins KIDE]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 2,385,231 (July 2001 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate -0.81% (2001 est.)
Ports and harbors Daugavpils, Liepaja, Riga, Ventspils
Radio broadcast stations AM 8, FM 56, shortwave 1 (1998)
Radios 1.76 million (1997)
Railways total:
2,412 km

broad gauge:
2,379 km 1.520-m gauge (271 km electrified) (1992)

narrow gauge:
33 km 0.750-m gauge (1994)
Religions Lutheran, Roman Catholic, Russian Orthodox
Sex ratio at birth:
1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.05 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
0.91 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
0.48 male(s)/female

total population:
0.85 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal for Latvian citizens
Telephone system general assessment:
inadequate, but is being modernized to provide an international capability independent of the Moscow international switch; more facilities are being installed for individual use

expansion underway in intercity trunk line connections, rural exchanges, and mobile systems; still many unsatisfied subscriber applications

international connections are now available via cable and a satellite earth station at Riga, enabling direct connections for most calls (1998)
Telephones - main lines in use 748,000 (1997)
Telephones - mobile cellular 77,100 (1997)
Television broadcast stations 44 (plus 31 repeaters) (1995)
Terrain low plain
Total fertility rate 1.15 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Unemployment rate 7.8% (2000 est.)
Waterways 300 km (perennially navigable)
Sitemap: Compare countries listing (map site) | Country listing (map site)
Links: Add to favorites | Information about this website | Stats | Polityka prywatnosci
This page was generated in ##czas## s. Size this page: ##rozmiar_strony## kB.