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Kuwejt (2001)

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Kuwejt 2001 roku

 Kuwejt
Podzial administracyjny 5 governorates (muhafazat, singular - muhafazah); Al Ahmadi, Al Farwaniyah, Al 'Asimah, Al Jahra', Hawalli
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years:
28.76% (male 299,080; female 288,125)

15-64 years:
68.82% (male 897,839; female 507,527)

65 years and over:
2.42% (male 31,843; female 17,547) (2001 est.)
Rolinictwo practically no crops; fish
Lotniska 8 (2000 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total:
4

over 3,047 m:
2

2,438 to 3,047 m:
2 (2000 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total:
4

1,524 to 2,437 m:
1

under 914 m:
3 (2000 est.)
Terytorium total:
17,820 sq km

land:
17,820 sq km

water:
0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than New Jersey
Tlo historyczne Kuwejt was attacked and overrun by Irak on 2 sierpien 1990. Following several weeks of aerial bombardment, a US-led UN coalition began a ground assault on 23 luty 1991 that completely liberated Kuwejt w four days. Kuwejt has spent more than $5 billion to repair oil infrastructure damaged during 1990-91.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 21.91 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budzet revenues:
$11.5 billion

expenditures:
$17.2 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY01/02)
Stolica Kuwejt
Klimat dry desert; intensely hot summers; short, cool winters
Linia brzegowa 499 km
Konstytucja approved and promulgated 11 listopad 1962
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form:
State of Kuwejt

conventional short form:
Kuwejt

local long form:
Dawlat al Kuwayt

local short form:
Al Kuwayt
Waluta Kuwejti dinar (KWD)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 2.45 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $6.9 billion (2000 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission:
Ambassador James A. LAROCCO

embassy:
Bayan, near the Bayan palace, Kuwejt City

mailing address:
P. O. Box 77 Safat, 13001 Safat, Kuwejt Unit 69000, APO AE 09880-9000

telephone:
[965] 539-5307

FAX:
[965] 538-0282
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission:
Ambassador (vacant)

chancery:
2940 Tilden Street NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone:
[1] (202) 966-0702

FAX:
[1] (202) 966-0517
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje in listopad 1994, Irak formally accepted the UN-demarcated border z Kuwejt which had been spelled out w Security Council Resolutions 687 (1991), 773 (1993), and 883 (1993); this formally ends earlier claims to Kuwejt and to Bubiyan and Warbah islands
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $27.6 million (1995)
Ekonomia Kuwejt is a small, relatively open economy z proved crude oil reserves of about 94 billion barrels - 10% of world reserves. Petroleum accounts dla nearly half of Produkt krajowy brutto, 90% of export revenues, and 75% of government income. Kuwejt's climate limits agricultural development. Consequently, z the exception of fish, it depends almost wholly on food imports. About 75% of potable water must be distilled or imported. Higher oil prices put the FY99/00 budget into a $2 billion surplus. The FY00/01 budget covers only nine months because of a change w the fiscal year. The budget dla FY01/02, which begins 1 kwiecien, contains higher expenditures dla salaries, construction, and other general categories. Kuwejt continues its discussions z foreign oil companies to develop fields w the northern part of the country.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 29.357 billion kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 31.567 billion kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii fossil fuel:
100%

hydro:
0%

nuclear:
0%

other:
0% (1999)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point:
Persian Gulf 0 m

highest point:
unnamed location 306 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy limited natural fresh water resources; some of world's largest and most sophisticated desalination facilities provide much of the water; air and water pollution; desertification
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to:
Klimat Change, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection

signed, but not ratified:
Biodiversity, Endangered Species, Marine Dumping
Grupy etniczne Kuwejti 45%, other Arab 35%, South Asian 9%, Iranian 4%, other 7%
Kurs waluty Kuwejti dinars per US dollar - 0.3057 (styczen 2001), 0.3067 (2000), 0.3044 (1999), 0.3047 (1998), 0.3033 (1997), 0.2994 (1996)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state:
Amir JABIR al-Ahmad al-Jabir Al Sabah (since 31 grudzien 1977)

head of government:
Prime Minister and Crown Prince SAAD al-Abdallah al-Salim Al Sabah (since 8 luty 1978); First Deputy Prime Minister SABAH al-Ahmad al-Jabir Al Sabah (since 17 pazdziernik 1992); Deputy Prime Ministers JABIR MUBARAK al-Hamud Al Sabah (since NA) and MUHAMMAD KHALID al-Hamed Al Sabah (since NA)

cabinet:
Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister and approved by the monarch

elections:
none; the monarch is hereditary; prime minister and deputy prime ministers appointed by the monarch
Eksport 0 kWh (1999)
Eksport $23.2 billion (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
Eksport - towary oil and refined products, fertilizers
Eksport - partnerzy Japonia 23%, US 12%, Singapur 8%, Holandia 7% (1999)
Rok podatkowy 1 kwiecien - 31 marzec
Opis flagi three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and red z a black trapezoid based on the hoist side
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $29.3 billion (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture:
0%

industry:
55%

services:
45% (1996)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $15,000 (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 6% (2000 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 29 30 N, 45 45 E
Polozenie geograficzne strategic location at head of Persian Gulf
Ladowiska helikopterow 3 (2000 est.)
Autostrady total:
4,450 km

paved:
3,590 km

unpaved:
860 km (1999 est.)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%:
NA%

highest 10%:
NA%
Import 0 kWh (1999)
Import $7.6 billion (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
Import - towary food, construction materials, vehicles and parts, clothing
Import - partnerzy US 15%, Japonia 10%, UK 7%, Niemcy 7% (1999)
Niepodleglosc 19 czerwiec 1961 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 1% (1997 est.)
Przemysl petroleum, petrochemicals, desalination, food processing, construction materials
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow 11.18 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflacja 3% (2000)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ABEDA, AfDB, AFESD, AL, AMF, BDEAC, CAEU, CCC, ESCWA, FAO, G-77, GCC, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, NAM, OAPEC, OIC, OPCW, OPEC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNITAR, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Dostawcy internetu 3 (2000)
Nawadniane tereny 20 sq km (1993 est.)
Sadownictwo High Court of Appeal
Sila robocza 1.3 million (1998 est.)

note:
68% of the population w the 15-64 age group is non-national (lipiec 1998 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%
Granica total:
464 km

border countries:
Irak 242 km, Arabia Saudyjska 222 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land:
0%

permanent crops:
0%

permanent pastures:
8%

forests and woodland:
0%

other:
92% (1993 est.)
Jezyki Arabic (official), English widely spoken
System prawny civil law system z Islamic law significant w personal matters; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Assembly or Majlis al-Umma (50 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

elections:
last held 3 lipiec 1999 (next to be held NA 2003)

election results:
percent of vote - NA%; seats - independents 50; note - all cabinet ministers are also ex officio members of the National Assembly
Zywotnosc total population:
76.27 years

male:
75.42 years

female:
77.15 years (2001 est.)
Pismienni definition:
age 15 and over can read and write

total population:
78.6%

male:
82.2%

female:
74.9% (1995 est.)
Lokalizacja Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Irak and Arabia Saudyjska
Lokalizacja na mapie Middle East
Morskie obszary territorial sea:
12 NM
Flota handlowa total:
45 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 2,461,072 GRT/3,966,645 DWT

ships by type:
bulk 1, cargo 6, container 6, liquefied gas 7, livestock carrier 5, petroleum tanker 20 (2000 est.)
Wojsko Army, Navy, Air Force, National Police Force, National Guard, Coast Guard
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $1.9 billion (FY00/01)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 8.7% (FY00/01)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49:
780,559 (2001 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49:
466,521 (2001 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (wiek zolniezy) 18 years of age
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (osoby osiagajace wiek poborowy w ciagu roku) males:
18,309 (2001 est.)
Swieto narodowe National Day, 25 luty (1950)
Narodowosc noun:
Kuwejti(s)

adjective:
Kuwejti
Naturalne zagrozenia sudden cloudbursts are common from pazdziernik to kwiecien; they bring inordinate amounts of rain which can damage roads and houses; sandstorms and dust storms occur throughout the year, but are most common between marzec and sierpien
Surowce naturalne petroleum, fish, shrimp, natural gas
Wspolczynnik migracji 14.31 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Rurociagi crude oil 877 km; petroleum products 40 km; natural gas 165 km
Partie polityczne i przywodcy none; formation of political parties is illegal
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow several political groups act as de facto parties: Bedouins, merchants, Sunni and Shi'a activists, and secular leftists and nationalists
Ludnosc 2,041,961

note:
includes 1,159,913 non-nationals (lipiec 2001 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 3.38% (2001 est.)

note:
this rate reflects a return to pre-Gulf crisis immigration of expatriates
Porty i stocznie Ash Shu'aybah, Ash Shuwaykh, Kuwejt, Mina' 'Abd Allah, Mina' al Ahmadi, Mina' Su'ud
Stacje radiowe AM 6, FM 11, shortwave 1 (1998)
Radia 1.175 million (1997)
Linie kolejowe 0 km
Religie Muslim 85% (Sunni 45%, Shi'a 40%), Christian, Hindu, Parsi, and other 15%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth:
1.04 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.04 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
1.77 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
1.81 male(s)/female

total population:
1.51 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Prawo wyborcze adult males who have been naturalized dla 30 years or more or have resided w Kuwejt since before 1920 and their male descendants at age 21

note:
only 10% of all citizens are eligible to vote; w 1996, naturalized citizens who do not meet the pre-1920 qualification but have been naturalized dla 30 years were eligible to vote dla the first time
System telefoniczny general assessment:
the quality of service is excellent

domestic:
new telephone exchanges provide a large capacity dla new subscribers; trunk traffic is carried by microwave radio relay, coaxial cable, open wire, and fiber-optic cable; a cellular telephone system operates throughout Kuwejt, and the country is well supplied z pay telephones

international:
coaxial cable and microwave radio relay to Arabia Saudyjska; linked to Bahrajn, Katar, UAE via the Fiber-Optic Gulf (FOG) cable; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Ocean Atlantycki, 2 Ocean Indyjski), 1 Inmarsat (Ocean Atlantycki), and 2 Arabsat
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 412,000 (1997)
Telefony komorkowe 210,000 (1997)
Stacje telewizyjne 13 (plus several satellite channels) (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu flat to slightly undulating desert plain
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 3.2 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 1.8% (official 1996 est.)
Drogi wodne none
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