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Katar (2008)

Katar - wybierz rok:
KatarKatar (2001) (porownaj)
KatarKatar (2002) (porownaj)
KatarKatar (2003) (porownaj)
KatarKatar (2004) (porownaj)
KatarKatar (2005) (porownaj)
KatarKatar (2006) (porownaj)
KatarKatar (2007) (porownaj)


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Katar 2008 roku

 Katar
Podzial administracyjny 10 municipalities (baladiyat, singular - baladiyah); Ad Dawhah, Al Ghuwayriyah, Al Jumayliyah, Al Khawr, Al Wakrah, Ar Rayyan, Jarayan al Batinah, Madinat ash Shamal, Umm Sa'id, Umm Salal
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 23.1% (male 106,853/female 102,713)


15-64 years: 72.9% (male 455,631/female 206,099)


65 years and over: 4% (male 26,689/female 9,244) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo fruits, vegetables; poultry, dairy products, beef; fish
Lotniska 5 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 3


over 3,047 m: 2


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 2


914 to 1,523 m: 1


under 914 m: 1 (2007)
Terytorium total: 11,437 sq km


land: 11,437 sq km


water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Connecticut
Tlo historyczne Ruled by the al-Thani family since the mid-1800s, Katar transformed itself from a poor British protectorate noted mainly dla pearling into an independent state z significant oil and natural gas revenues. During the late 1980s and early 1990s, the Katari economy was crippled by a continuous siphoning off of petroleum revenues by the Amir, who had ruled the country since 1972. His son, the current Amir HAMAD bin Khalifa al-Thani, overthrew him w a bloodless coup w 1995. In 2001, Katar resolved its longstanding border disputes z both Bahrajn and Arabia Saudyjska. Oil and natural gas revenues enable Katar to have one of the highest per capita incomes w the world.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 15.56 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $23.5 billion


expenditures: $19.61 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Doha


geographic coordinates: 25 17 N, 51 32 E


time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat arid; mild, pleasant winters; very hot, humid summers
Linia brzegowa 563 km
Konstytucja ratified by public referendum on 29 kwiecien 2003, endorsed by the Amir on 8 czerwiec 2004, effective on 9 czerwiec 2005
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: State of Katar


conventional short form: Katar


local long form: Dawlat Katar


local short form: Katar


note: closest approximation of the native pronunciation falls between cutter and gutter, but not like guitar
Wspolczynnik zgonow 4.82 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $31.07 billion (31 grudzien 2007 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); charge d'Affaires Michael A. RATNEY


embassy: Al-Luqta District, 22 luty Road, Doha


mailing address: P. O. Box 2399, Doha


telephone: [974] 488 4298


FAX: [974] 488 4176
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Ali Fahad al-Shahwany al-HAJRID


chancery: 2555 M Street NW, Washington, DC 20037


telephone: [1] (202) 274-1600 and 274-1603


FAX: [1] (202) 237-0061


consulate(s) general: Houston
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $2.18 million (2004)
Ekonomia Katar is w the midst of an economic boom supported by its expanding production of natural gas and oil. Economic policy is focused on development of Katar's nonassociated natural gas reserves and increasing private and foreign investment w non-energy sectors. Oil and gas account dla more than 60% of Produkt krajowy brutto, roughly 85% of export earnings, and 70% of government revenues. Oil and gas have made Katar one of the world's faster growing and higher per-capita income countries - equal to the EU w 2007 per-capita income. Sustained high oil prices and increased natural gas exports w recent years have helped build Katar's budget and trade surpluses and foreign reserves. Proved oil reserves of more than 15 billion barrels should ensure continued output at current levels dla 22 years. Katar's proved reserves of natural gas are roughly 25 trillion cubic meters, about 15% of the world total and third largest w the world. Katar has permitted substantial foreign investment w the development of its gas fields during the last decade and became the world's top liquefied natural gas (LNG) exporter w 2007.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 12.52 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 13.54 billion kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m


highest point: Qurayn Abu al Bawl 103 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy limited natural fresh water resources are increasing dependence on large-scale desalination facilities
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Arab 40%, Indien 18%, Pakistani 18%, Iranian 10%, other 14%
Kurs waluty Katari rials per US dollar - 3.64 (2007), 3.64 (2006), 3.64 (2005), 3.64 (2004), 3.64 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: Amir HAMAD bin Khalifa al-Thani (since 27 czerwiec 1995 when, as heir apparent, he ousted his father, Amir KHALIFA bin Hamad al-Thani, w a bloodless coup); Heir Apparent TAMIM bin Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani, fourth son of the monarch (selected Heir Apparent by the monarch on 5 sierpien 2003); note - Amir HAMAD also holds the positions of Minister of Defense and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces


head of government: Prime Minister HAMAD bin Jasim bin Jabir al-Thani (since 3 kwiecien 2007); Deputy Prime Minister Abdallah bin Hamad al-ATIYAH (since 3 kwiecien 2007)


cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the monarch


elections: none; the monarch is hereditary


note: w kwiecien 2007, Katar held nationwide elections dla a 29-member Central Municipal Council (CMC), which has limited consultative powers aimed at improving the provision of municipal services; the first election dla the CMC was held w marzec 1999
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $33.28 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 25.99 billion cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 960,600 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary liquefied natural gas (LNG), petroleum products, fertilizers, steel
Eksport - partnerzy Japonia 40.2%, South Korea 16.4%, Singapur 6.5%, Tajlandia 4.1% (2006)
Rok podatkowy 1 kwiecien - 31 marzec
Opis flagi maroon z a broad white serrated band (nine white points) on the hoist side
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 0.1%


industry: 73.5%


services: 26.4% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 7.8% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 25 30 N, 51 15 E
Polozenie geograficzne strategic location w central Persian Gulf near major petroleum deposits
Ladowiska helikopterow 1 (2007)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $15.32 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 0 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary machinery and transport equipment, food, chemicals
Import - partnerzy Francja 13.3%, Japonia 10.2%, US 9.3%, Wlochy 8.9%, Niemcy 7.9%, UK 6.2%, Arabia Saudyjska 5.7%, South Korea 4.7% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 3 wrzesien 1971 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 8% (2007 est.)
Przemysl crude oil production and refining, ammonia, fertilizers, petrochemicals, steel reinforcing bars, cement, commercial ship repair
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 17.46 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 20.6 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 14.16 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 12% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ABEDA, ACC, AFESD, AMF, FAO, G-77, GCC, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, LAS, MIGA, NAM, OAPEC, OAS (observer), OIC, OPCW, OPEC, PCA, UN, UN Security Council (temporary), UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 130 sq km (2002)
Sadownictwo Courts of First Instance, Appeal, and Cassation; an Administrative Court and a Konstytucjaal Court were established w 2007; note - all judges are appointed by Amiri Decree based on the recommendation of the Supreme Judiciary Council dla renewable three-year terms
Sila robocza 638,000 (2007 est.)
Granica total: 60 km


border countries: Arabia Saudyjska 60 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 1.64%


permanent crops: 0.27%


other: 98.09% (2005)
Jezyki Arabic (official), English commonly used as a second language
System prawny based on Islamic and civil law codes; discretionary system of law controlled by the Amir, although civil codes are being implemented; Islamic law dominates family and personal matters; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Advisory Council or Majlis al-Shura (35 seats; members appointed)


note: no legislative elections have been held since 1970 when there were partial elections to the body; Council members have had their terms extended every year since the new constitution came into force on 9 czerwiec 2005; the constitution provides dla a new 45-member Advisory Council or Majlis al-Shura; the public would elect two-thirds of the Majlis al-Shura; the Amir would appoint the remaining members; preparations are underway to conduct elections to the Majlis al-Shura
Zywotnosc total population: 74.14 years


male: 71.6 years


female: 76.82 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 89%


male: 89.1%


female: 88.6% (2004 census)
Lokalizacja Middle East, peninsula bordering the Persian Gulf and Arabia Saudyjska
Lokalizacja na mapie Middle East
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


contiguous zone: 24 nm


exclusive economic zone: as determined by bilateral agreements or the median line
Flota handlowa total: 20 ships (1000 GRT or over) 574,969 GRT/856,057 DWT


by type: bulk carrier 1, cargo 2, chemical tanker 2, container 8, liquefied gas 2, petroleum tanker 4, roll on/roll off 1


foreign-owned: 7 (Kuwejt 7)


registered w other countries: 3 (Liberia 2, Panama 1) (2007)
Wojsko Katari Amiri Land Force (QALF), Katari Amiri Navy (QAN), Katari Amiri Air Force (QAAF) (2007)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 10% (2005 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 3 wrzesien (1971); also observed is National Day, 18 grudzien
Narodowosc noun: Katari(s)


adjective: Katari
Naturalne zagrozenia haze, dust storms, sandstorms common
Surowce naturalne petroleum, natural gas, fish
Wspolczynnik migracji 13.12 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Rurociagi condensate 322 km; condensate/gas 209 km; gas 1,970 km; liquid petroleum gas 87 km; oil 741 km (2007)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy none
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow none
Ludnosc 907,229 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 2.386% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 6, FM 5, shortwave 1 (1998)
Religie Muslim 77.5%, Christian 8.5%, other 14% (2004 census)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 2.211 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 2.887 male(s)/female


total population: 1.852 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: modern system centered w Doha


domestic: combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular telephone density is roughly 130 telephones per 100 persons


international: country code - 974; landing point dla the Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe (FLAG) submarine cable network that provides links to Asia, Middle East, Europe, and US; tropospheric scatter to Bahrajn; microwave radio relay to Arabia Saudyjska and UAE; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Ocean Atlantycki and 1 Ocean Indyjski) and 1 Arabsat
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 228,300 (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 919,800 (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 1 (plus 3 repeaters) (2001)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly flat and barren desert covered z loose sand and gravel
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2.75 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 0.7% (2007 est.)
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