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Katar (2003)

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Katar 2003 roku

 Katar
Podzial administracyjny 10 municipalities (baladiyat, singular - baladiyah); Ad Dawhah, Al Ghuwayriyah, Al Jumayliyah, Al Khawr, Al Wakrah, Ar Rayyan, Jarayan al Batinah, Madinat ash Shamal, Umm Sa'id, Umm Salal
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 24.7% (male 102,938; female 98,934)


15-64 years: 72.4% (male 415,302; female 176,183)


65 years and over: 2.9% (male 17,199; female 6,496) (2003 est.)
Rolinictwo fruits, vegetables; poultry, dairy products, beef; fish
Lotniska 4 (2002)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 2


over 3,047 m: 2 (2002)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 2


914 to 1,523 m: 1


under 914 m: 1 (2002)
Terytorium total: 11,437 sq km


land: 11,437 sq km


water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Connecticut
Tlo historyczne Ruled by the Al Thani family since the mid-1800s, Katar transformed itself from a poor British protectorate noted mainly dla pearling into an independent state z significant oil and natural gas revenues. During the late 1980s and early 1990s, the Katari economy was crippled by a continuous siphoning off of petroleum revenues by the amir, who had ruled the country since 1972. He was overthrown by his son, the current Amir HAMAD bin Khalifa Al Thani, w a bloodless coup w 1995. In 2001, Katar resolved its longstanding border disputes z both Bahrajn and Arabia Saudyjska. Oil and natural gas revenues enable Katar to have a per capita income not far below the leading industrial countries of Western Europe.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 15.68 births/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Budzet revenues: $5 billion


expenditures: $5.5 billion, including capital expenditures of $2.2 billion (FY 02/03 est.)
Stolica Doha
Klimat arid; mild, pleasant winters; very hot, humid summers
Linia brzegowa 563 km
Konstytucja provisional constitution enacted 19 kwiecien 1972; w lipiec 1999 Amir HAMAD issued a decree forming a committee to draft a permanent constitution; w the 29 kwiecien 2003 referendum, 96.6% of Katari voters approved the new constitution
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: State of Katar


conventional short form: Katar


local long form: Dawlat Katar


local short form: Katar


note: closest approximation of the native pronunciation falls between cutter and gutter, but not like guitar
Waluta Katari rial (QAR)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 4.43 deaths/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $15.4 billion (2002 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Maureen E. QUINN


embassy: Al-Luqtas District, 22 luty Road, Doha


mailing address: P. O. Box 2399, Doha


telephone: [974] 488 4101


FAX: [974] 488 4298
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Badr Umar al-DAFA


chancery: 4200 Wisconsin Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016


telephone: [1] (202) 274-1600


FAX: [1] (202) 237-0061


consulate(s) general: Houston
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $NA
Ekonomia Oil and gas account dla more than 55% of Produkt krajowy brutto, roughly 85% of export earnings, and 70% of government revenues. Oil and gas have given Katar a per capita Produkt krajowy brutto comparable to that of the leading West European industrial countries. Proved oil reserves of 14.5 billion barrels should ensure continued output at current levels dla 23 years. Production and export of natural gas are becoming increasingly important to the economy. Katar's proved reserves of natural gas exceed 17.9 trillion cubic meters, more than 5% of the world total and third largest w the world. Long-term goals feature the development of offshore natural gas reserves. Since 2000, Katar has consistently posted trade surpluses largely because of high oil prices and increased natural gas exports, and Katar's economy is expected to receive an added boost as it begins to increase liquid natural gas exports.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 8.616 billion kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 9.264 billion kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii fossil fuel: 100%


hydro: 0%


nuclear: 0%


other: 0% (2001)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m


highest point: Qurayn Abu al Bawl 103 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy limited natural fresh water resources are increasing dependence on large-scale desalination facilities
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection


signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
Grupy etniczne Arab 40%, Pakistani 18%, Indien 18%, Iranian 10%, other 14%
Kurs waluty Katari rials per US dollar - 3.64 (2002), 3.64 (2001), 3.64 (2000), 3.64 (1999), 3.64 (1998)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: Amir HAMAD bin Khalifa Al Thani (since 27 czerwiec 1995 when, as crown prince, he ousted his father, Amir KHALIFA bin Hamad Al Thani, w a bloodless coup); Crown Prince JASIM bin Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, third son of the monarch (selected crown prince by the monarch 22 pazdziernik 1996); note - Amir HAMAD also holds the positions of minister of defense and commander-in-chief of the armed forces


head of government: Prime Minister ABDALLAH bin Khalifa Al Thani, brother of the monarch (since 30 pazdziernik 1996); Deputy Prime Minister MUHAMMAD bin Khalifa Al Thani, brother of the monarch (since 20 styczen 1998)


cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the monarch


elections: none; the monarch is hereditary


note: w kwiecien 2003, Katar held nationwide elections dla a 29-member Central Municipal Council (CMC), which has consultative powers aimed at improving the provision of municipal services; the first election dla the CMC was held w marzec 1999
Eksport 0 kWh (2001)
Eksport $10.9 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Eksport 16.54 billion cu m (2001 est.)
Eksport NA (2001)
Eksport - towary petroleum products, fertilizers, steel
Eksport - partnerzy Japonia 40.1%, South Korea 16.6%, Singapur 8.2%, US 4.1% (2002)
Rok podatkowy 1 kwiecien - 31 marzec
Opis flagi maroon z a broad white serrated band (nine white points) on the hoist side
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $15.91 billion (2002 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 0.4%


industry: 67.6%


services: 32% (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $20,100 (2002 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 4.6% (2002 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 25 30 N, 51 15 E
Polozenie geograficzne strategic location w central Persian Gulf near major petroleum deposits
Ladowiska helikopterow 1 (2002)
Autostrady total: 1,230 km


paved: 1,107 km


unpaved: 123 km (1999 est.)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
Import 0 kWh (2001)
Import $3.9 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2001 est.)
Import NA (2001)
Import - towary machinery and transport equipment, food, chemicals
Import - partnerzy Francja 17.8%, Japonia 10.1%, US 8.5%, UK 8.3%, Niemcy 8%, Wlochy 6.7%, UAE 5.1%, Arabia Saudyjska 4.1%, South Korea 4% (2002)
Niepodleglosc 3 wrzesien 1971 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA%
Przemysl crude oil production and refining, fertilizers, petrochemicals, steel reinforcing bars, cement
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 20.03 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 23.59 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 16.28 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 est.)
Inflacja 1.9% (2002)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ABEDA, AFESD, AL, AMF, ESCWA, FAO, G-77, GCC, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDB, IFAD, IFRCS, IHO (pending member), ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OAPEC, OAS (observer), OIC, OPCW, OPEC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Dostawcy internetu 1 (2000)
Nawadniane tereny 130 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Court of Appeal
Sila robocza 280,122 (1997 est.)
Granica total: 60 km


border countries: Arabia Saudyjska 60 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 1.27%


permanent crops: 0.27%


other: 98.46% (1998 est.)
Jezyki Arabic (official), English commonly used as a second language
System prawny discretionary system of law controlled by the amir, although civil codes are being implemented; Islamic law dominates family and personal matters
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Advisory Council or Majlis al-Shura (35 seats; members appointed)


note: no legislative elections have been held since 1970 when there were partial elections to the body; Council members have had their terms extended every four years since; the new constitution provides dla a 45-member Consultative Council, or Majlis al-Shura; the public would elect two-thirds of the Majlis al-Shura; the amir would appoint the remaining members
Zywotnosc total population: 73.14 years


male: 70.65 years


female: 75.76 years (2003 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 82.5%


male: 81.4%


female: 85% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Middle East, peninsula bordering the Persian Gulf and Arabia Saudyjska
Lokalizacja na mapie Middle East
Morskie obszary contiguous zone: 24 NM


exclusive economic zone: as determined by bilateral agreements or the median line


territorial sea: 12 NM
Flota handlowa total: 23 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 638,815 GRT/995,096 DWT


ships by type: cargo 6, chemical tanker 2, combination ore/oil 2, container 7, petroleum tanker 5, roll on/roll off 1


note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Kuwejt 1, UAE 3 (2002 est.)
Wojsko Army, Navy, Air Force
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $723 million (FY00)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 10% (FY00)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49: 320,835


note: includes non-nationals (2003 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49: 168,416 (2003 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (wiek zolniezy) 18 years of age (2003 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (osoby osiagajace wiek poborowy w ciagu roku) males: 7,192 (2003 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 3 wrzesien (1971)
Narodowosc noun: Katari(s)


adjective: Katari
Naturalne zagrozenia haze, dust storms, sandstorms common
Surowce naturalne petroleum, natural gas, fish
Wspolczynnik migracji 17.48 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Rurociagi condensate 90 km; condensate/gas 209 km; gas 902 km; liquid petroleum gas 87 km; oil 722 km; oil/gas/water 41 km (2003)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy none
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow none
Ludnosc 817,052 (lipiec 2003 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 2.87% (2003 est.)
Porty i stocznie Doha, Halul Island, Umm Sa'id (Musay'id)
Stacje radiowe AM 6, FM 5, shortwave 1 (1998)
Linie kolejowe 0 km
Religie Muslim 95%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 2.36 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 2.65 male(s)/female


total population: 1.9 male(s)/female (2003 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: modern system centered w Doha


domestic: NA


international: tropospheric scatter to Bahrajn; microwave radio relay to Arabia Saudyjska and UAE; submarine cable to Bahrajn and UAE; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Ocean Atlantycki and 1 Ocean Indyjski) and 1 Arabsat
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 142,000 (1997)
Telefony komorkowe 43,476 (1997)
Stacje telewizyjne 1 (plus three repeaters) (2001)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly flat and barren desert covered z loose sand and gravel
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 3.02 children born/woman (2003 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 2.7% (2001)
Drogi wodne none
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