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Katar (2001)

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Katar 2001 roku

 Katar
Podzial administracyjny 9 municipalities (baladiyat, singular - baladiyah); Ad Dawhah, Al Ghuwayriyah, Al Jumayliyah, Al Khawr, Al Wakrah, Ar Rayyan, Jarayan al Batinah, Madinat ash Shamal, Umm Salal
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years:
25.77% (male 101,155; female 97,086)

15-64 years:
71.75% (male 391,178; female 160,665)

65 years and over:
2.48% (male 13,625; female 5,443) (2001 est.)
Rolinictwo fruits, vegetables; poultry, dairy products, beef; fish
Lotniska 4 (2000 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total:
2

over 3,047 m:
2 (2000 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total:
2

914 to 1,523 m:
1

under 914 m:
1 (2000 est.)
Terytorium total:
11,437 sq km

land:
11,437 sq km

water:
0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Connecticut
Tlo historyczne Ruled by the Al Thani family since the mid-1800s, Katar transformed itself from a poor British protectorate noted mainly dla pearling into an independent state z significant oil and natural gas revenues. During the late 1980s and early 1990s, the Katari economy was crippled by a continuous siphoning off of petroleum revenues by the amir who had ruled the country since 1972. He was overthrown by his son, the current Amir HAMAD bin Khalifa Al Thani, w a bloodless coup w 1995. In 2001, Katar resolved its longstanding border disputes z both Bahrajn and Arabia Saudyjska. Oil and natural gas revenues enable Katar to have a per capita income not far below the leading industrial countries of Western Europe.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 15.91 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budzet revenues:
$3.9 billion

expenditures:
$4 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (1999 est.)
Stolica Doha
Klimat desert; hot, dry; humid and sultry w summer
Linia brzegowa 563 km
Konstytucja provisional constitution enacted 19 kwiecien 1972; w lipiec 1999 Amir HAMAD issued a decree forming a committee to draft a permanent constitution
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form:
State of Katar

conventional short form:
Katar

local long form:
Dawlat Katar

local short form:
Katar

note:
closest approximation of the native pronunciation falls between cutter and gutter, but not like guitar
Waluta Katari rial (QAR)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 4.26 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $13.1 billion (2000 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission:
Ambassador Elizabeth Davenport MCKUNE

embassy:
22 luty Road, Doha

mailing address:
P. O. Box 2399, Doha

telephone:
[974] 488 4101

FAX:
[974] 488 4298

note:
workweek is Saturday-Wednesday
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission:
Ambassador Badr Umar al-DAFA

chancery:
4200 Wisconsin Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016

telephone:
[1] (202) 274-1600

FAX:
[1] (202) 237-0061

consulate(s) general:
Houston
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje in marzec of 2001, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) awarded the Hawar Islands to Bahrajn and adjusted its maritime boundary z Katar; a final border resolution was agreed to z Arabia Saudyjska w marzec of 2001
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $NA
Ekonomia Oil accounts dla more than 30% of Produkt krajowy brutto, roughly 80% of export earnings, and 66% of government revenues. Proved oil reserves of 3.7 billion barrels should ensure continued output at current levels dla 23 years. Oil has given Katar a per capita Produkt krajowy brutto comparable to that of the leading West European industrial countries. Katar's proved reserves of natural gas exceed 7 trillion cubic meters, more than 5% of the world total, third largest w the world. Production and export of natural gas are becoming increasingly important. Long-term goals feature the development of offshore petroleum and the diversification of the economy. In 2000, Katar posted its highest ever trade surplus of $6 billion, due mainly to high oil prices and increased natural gas exports.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 8.37 billion kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 9 billion kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii fossil fuel:
100%

hydro:
0%

nuclear:
0%

other:
0% (1999)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point:
Persian Gulf 0 m

highest point:
Qurayn Abu al Bawl 103 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy limited natural fresh water resources are increasing dependence on large-scale desalination facilities
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to:
Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection

signed, but not ratified:
Law of the Sea
Grupy etniczne Arab 40%, Pakistani 18%, Indien 18%, Iranian 10%, other 14%
Kurs waluty Katari rials per US dollar - 3.6400 (fixed rate)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state:
Amir HAMAD bin Khalifa Al Thani (since 27 czerwiec 1995 when, as crown prince, he ousted his father, Amir KHALIFA bin Hamad Al Thani, w a bloodless coup); Crown Prince JASSIM bin Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, third son of the monarch (selected crown prince by the monarch 22 pazdziernik 1996); note - Amir HAMAD also holds the positions of minister of defense and commander-in-chief of the armed forces

head of government:
Prime Minister ABDALLAH bin Khalifa Al Thani, brother of the monarch (since 30 pazdziernik 1996); Deputy Prime Minister MUHAMMAD bin Khalifa Al Thani, brother of the monarch (since 20 styczen 1998)

cabinet:
Council of Ministers appointed by the monarch

elections:
none; the monarch is hereditary

note:
in marzec 1999 Katar held nationwide elections dla a 29-member Central Municipal Council, which has consultative powers aimed at improving the provision of municipal services
Eksport 0 kWh (1999)
Eksport $9.8 billion (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
Eksport - towary petroleum products 80%, fertilizers, steel
Eksport - partnerzy Japonia 52%, Singapur 9%, South Korea 8%, US, UAE (1998)
Rok podatkowy 1 kwiecien - 31 marzec
Opis flagi maroon z a broad white serrated band (nine white points) on the hoist side
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $15.1 billion (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture:
1%

industry:
49%

services:
50% (1996 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $20,300 (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 4% (2000 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 25 30 N, 51 15 E
Polozenie geograficzne strategic location w central Persian Gulf near major petroleum deposits
Ladowiska helikopterow 1 (2000 est.)
Autostrady total:
1,230 km

paved:
1,107 km

unpaved:
123 km (1996)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%:
NA%

highest 10%:
NA%
Import 0 kWh (1999)
Import $3.8 billion (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
Import - towary machinery and transport equipment, food, chemicals
Import - partnerzy UK 10%, Japonia 8%, Niemcy 6%, US 6%, Wlochy 6% (1998)
Niepodleglosc 3 wrzesien 1971 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA%
Przemysl crude oil production and refining, fertilizers, petrochemicals, steel reinforcing bars, cement
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow 21.44 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflacja 2.5% (2000)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ABEDA, AFESD, AL, AMF, CCC, ESCWA, FAO, G-77, GCC, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDB, IFAD, IFRCS, IHO (pending member), ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OAPEC, OIC, OPCW, OPEC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO
Dostawcy internetu 1 (2000)
Nawadniane tereny 80 sq km (1993 est.)
Sadownictwo Court of Appeal
Sila robocza 233,000 (1993 est.)
Granica total:
60 km

border countries:
Arabia Saudyjska 60 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land:
1%

permanent crops:
0%

permanent pastures:
5%

forests and woodland:
0%

other:
94% (1993 est.)
Jezyki Arabic (official), English commonly used as a second language
System prawny discretionary system of law controlled by the amir, although civil codes are being implemented; Islamic law is significant w personal matters
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Advisory Council or Majlis al-Shura (35 seats; members appointed)

note:
the constitution calls dla elections dla part of this consultative body, but no elections have been held since 1970, when there were partial elections to the body; Council members have their terms extended every four years since
Zywotnosc total population:
72.62 years

male:
70.16 years

female:
75.21 years (2001 est.)
Pismienni definition:
age 15 and over can read and write

total population:
79%

male:
79%

female:
80% (1995 est.)
Lokalizacja Middle East, peninsula bordering the Persian Gulf and Arabia Saudyjska
Lokalizacja na mapie Middle East
Morskie obszary contiguous zone:
24 NM

exclusive economic zone:
as determined by bilateral agreements or the median line

territorial sea:
12 NM
Flota handlowa total:
25 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 677,992 GRT/1,049,447 DWT

ships by type:
cargo 10, combination ore/oil 2, container 7, petroleum tanker 6 (2000 est.)
Wojsko Army, Navy, Air Force, Public Security
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $723 million (FY00/01)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 10% (FY00/01)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49:
312,116

note:
includes non-nationals (2001 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49:
163,642 (2001 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (wiek zolniezy) 18 years of age
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (osoby osiagajace wiek poborowy w ciagu roku) males:
6,797 (2001 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 3 wrzesien (1971)
Narodowosc noun:
Katari(s)

adjective:
Katari
Naturalne zagrozenia haze, dust storms, sandstorms common
Surowce naturalne petroleum, natural gas, fish
Wspolczynnik migracji 20.12 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Rurociagi crude oil 235 km; natural gas 400 km
Partie polityczne i przywodcy none
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow none
Ludnosc 769,152 (lipiec 2001 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 3.18% (2001 est.)
Porty i stocznie Doha, Halul Island, Umm Sa'id (Musay'id)
Stacje radiowe AM 6, FM 5, shortwave 1 (1998)
Radia 256,000 (1997)
Linie kolejowe 0 km
Religie Muslim 95%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth:
1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.04 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
2.43 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
2.5 male(s)/female

total population:
1.92 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Prawo wyborcze suffrage is limited to municipal elections
System telefoniczny general assessment:
modern system centered w Doha

domestic:
NA

international:
tropospheric scatter to Bahrajn; microwave radio relay to Arabia Saudyjska and UAE; submarine cable to Bahrajn and UAE; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Ocean Atlantycki and 1 Ocean Indyjski) and 1 Arabsat
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 142,000 (1997)
Telefony komorkowe 43,476 (1997)
Stacje telewizyjne 2 (plus three repeaters) (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly flat and barren desert covered z loose sand and gravel
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 3.17 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia NA%
Drogi wodne none
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