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Jan Mayen (2001)

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Jan Mayen 2001 year

 Jan Mayen
Airports 1 (2000 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways total:

1,524 to 2,437 m:
1 (2000 est.)
Area total:
373 sq km

373 sq km

0 sq km
Area - comparative slightly more than twice the size of Washington, DC
Background This desolate, mountainous island was named after a Dutch whaling captain who indisputably discovered it in 1614 (earlier claims are inconclusive). Visited only occasionally by seal hunters and trappers over the following centuries, the island came under Norwegian sovereignty in 1929. The long dormant Beerenberg volcano resumed activity in 1970; it is the northernmost active volcano on earth.
Climate arctic maritime with frequent storms and persistent fog
Coastline 124.1 km
Country name conventional long form:

conventional short form:
Jan Mayen
Dependency status territory of Norway; administered from Oslo through a governor (sysselmann) resident in Longyearbyen (Svalbard); however, authority has been delegated to a station commander of the Norwegian Defense Communication Service
Disputes - international none
Economy - overview Jan Mayen is a volcanic island with no exploitable natural resources. Economic activity is limited to providing services for employees of Norway's radio and meteorological stations located on the island.
Elevation extremes lowest point:
Norwegian Sea 0 m

highest point:
Haakon VII Toppen/Beerenberg 2,277 m
Environment - current issues NA
Flag description the flag of Norway is used
Geographic coordinates 71 00 N, 8 00 W
Geography - note barren volcanic island with some moss and grass
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 13 (Jan Mayen and Svalbard) (2000)
Irrigated land 0 sq km (1993)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land:

permanent crops:

permanent pastures:

forests and woodland:

Legal system the laws of Norway, where applicable, apply
Location Northern Europe, island between the Greenland Sea and the Norwegian Sea, northeast of Iceland
Map references Arctic Region
Maritime claims contiguous zone:
10 NM

continental shelf:
200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

exclusive economic zone:
200 NM

territorial sea:
4 NM
Military - note defense is the responsibility of Norway
Natural hazards dominated by the volcano Haakon VII Toppen/Beerenberg; volcanic activity resumed in 1970
Natural resources none
Population no indigenous inhabitants

there are personnel who operate the Long Range Navigation (Loran-C) base and the weather and coastal services radio station (July 2001 est.)
Ports and harbors none; offshore anchorage only
Radio broadcast stations AM NA, FM NA, shortwave NA

there is one radio and meteorological station (1998)
Terrain volcanic island, partly covered by glaciers
Waterways none
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