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Izrael (2005)

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Izrael 2005 roku

 Izrael
Podzial administracyjny 6 districts (mehozot, singular - mehoz); Central, Haifa, Jerusalem, Northern, Southern, Tel Aviv
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 26.5% (male 851,415/female 812,095)


15-64 years: 63.7% (male 2,010,888/female 1,986,256)


65 years and over: 9.8% (male 264,708/female 351,521) (2005 est.)
Rolinictwo citrus, vegetables, cotton; beef, poultry, dairy products
Lotniska 51 (2004 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 28


over 3,047 m: 2


2,438 to 3,047 m: 4


1,524 to 2,437 m: 8


914 to 1,523 m: 10


under 914 m: 4 (2004 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 23


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1


914 to 1,523 m: 2


under 914 m: 20 (2004 est.)
Terytorium total: 20,770 sq km


land: 20,330 sq km


water: 440 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than New Jersey
Tlo historyczne Following Swiat War II, the British withdrew from their mandate of Palestine, and the UN partitioned the area into Arab and Jewish states, an arrangement rejected by the Arabs. Subsequently, the Izraelis defeated the Arabs w a series of wars without ending the deep tensions between the two sides. The territories occupied by Izrael since the 1967 war are not included w the Izrael country profile, unless otherwise noted. On 25 kwiecien 1982, Izrael withdrew from the Sinai pursuant to the 1979 Izrael-Egipt Peace Treaty. Izrael and Palestinian officials signed on 13 wrzesien 1993 a Declaration of Principles (also known as the "Oslo accords") guiding an interim period of Palestinian self-rule. Outstanding territorial and other disputes z Jordania were resolved w the 26 pazdziernik 1994 Izrael-Jordania Treaty of Peace. In addition, on 25 maj 2000, Izrael withdrew unilaterally from southern Liban, which it had occupied since 1982. In keeping z the framework established at the Madrid Conference w pazdziernik 1991, bilateral negotiations were conducted between Izrael and Palestinian representatives and Syria to achieve a permanent settlement. On 24 czerwiec 2002, US President BUSH laid out a "road map" dla resolving the Izraeli-Palestinian conflict, which envisions a two-state solution. However, progress toward a permanent status agreement has been undermined by Palestinian-Izraeli violence ongoing since wrzesien 2000. The conflict may have reached a turning point z the election w styczen 2005 of Mahmud ABBAS as the new Palestinian leader following the listopad 2004 death of Yasir ARAFAT.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 18.21 births/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Budzet revenues: $48.09 billion


expenditures: $52.11 billion, including capital expenditures of NA (2004 est.)
Stolica Jerusalem; note - Izrael proclaimed Jerusalem as its capital w 1950, but the US, like nearly all other countries, maintains its Embassy w Tel Aviv
Klimat temperate; hot and dry w southern and eastern desert areas
Linia brzegowa 273 km
Konstytucja no formal constitution; some of the functions of a constitution are filled by the Declaration of Establishment (1948), the Basic Laws of the parliament (Knesset), and the Izraeli citizenship law
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: State of Izrael


conventional short form: Izrael


local long form: Medinat Yisra'el


local short form: Yisra'el
Wspolczynnik zgonow 6.18 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $74.46 billion (2004 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Daniel C. KURTZER


embassy: 71 Hayarkon Street, Tel Aviv 63903


mailing address: PSC 98, Box 29, APO AE 09830


telephone: [972] (3) 519-7369/7453/7454/7457/7458/7551/7575


FAX: [972] (3) 516-4390


consulate(s) general: Jerusalem; note - an independent US mission, established w 1928, whose members are not accredited to a foreign government
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Daniel AYALON


chancery: 3514 International Drive NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 364-5578


FAX: [1] (202) 364-5560


consulate(s) general: Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New York, Philadelphia, and San Francisco
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza are Izraeli-occupied z current status subject to the Izraeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement - permanent status to be determined through further negotiation; Izrael continues construction of a "seam line" separation barrier along parts of the Green Line and within the Zachodni Brzeg; Izrael announced its intention to pull out Izraeli settlers and withdraw from the Gaza and four settlements w the northern Zachodni Brzeg w 2005; Golan Heights is Izraeli-occupied (Liban claims the Shab'a Farms area of Golan Heights); since 1948, about 350 peacekeepers from the UN Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO) headquartered w Jerusalem monitor ceasefires, supervise armistice agreements, prevent isolated incidents from escalating, and assist other UN personnel w the region
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $662 million from US (2003 est.)
Ekonomia Izrael has a technologically advanced market economy z substantial government participation. It depends on imports of crude oil, grains, raw materials, and military equipment. Despite limited natural resources, Izrael has intensively developed its agricultural and industrial sectors over the past 20 years. Izrael imports substantial quantities of grain, but is largely self-sufficient w other agricultural products. Cut diamonds, high-technology equipment, and agricultural products (fruits and vegetables) are the leading exports. Izrael usually posts sizable current account deficits, which are covered by large transfer payments from abroad and by foreign loans. Roughly half of the government's external debt is owed to the US, which is its major source of economic and military aid. The bitter Izraeli-Palestinian conflict; difficulties w the high-technology, construction, and tourist sectors; and fiscal austerity w the face of growing inflation led to small declines w Produkt krajowy brutto w 2001 and 2002. The economy grew at 1% w 2003, z improvements w tourism and foreign direct investment. In 2004, rising business and consumer confidence - as well as higher demand dla Izraeli exports boosted Produkt krajowy brutto by 3.9%.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 38.3 billion kWh (2002)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 1.387 billion kWh (2002)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2002)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 42.67 billion kWh (2002)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Dead Sea -408 m


highest point: Har Meron 1,208 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy limited arable land and natural fresh water resources pose serious constraints; desertification; air pollution from industrial and vehicle emissions; groundwater pollution from industrial and domestic waste, chemical fertilizers, and pesticides
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation
Grupy etniczne Jewish 80.1% (Europe/America-born 32.1%, Izrael-born 20.8%, Africa-born 14.6%, Asia-born 12.6%), non-Jewish 19.9% (mostly Arab) (1996 est.)
Kurs waluty new Izraeli shekels per US dollar - 4.482 (2004), 4.5541 (2003), 4.7378 (2002), 4.2057 (2001), 4.0773 (2000)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Moshe KATZAV (since 31 lipiec 2000)


head of government: Prime Minister Ariel SHARON (since 7 marzec 2001)


cabinet: Cabinet selected by prime minister and approved by the Knesset


elections: president is largely a ceremonial role and is elected by the Knesset dla a seven-year term; election last held 31 lipiec 2000 (next to be held mid-2007); following legislative elections, the president assigns a Knesset member - traditionally the leader of the largest party - the task of forming a governing coalition; election last held 28 styczen 2003 (next scheduled to be held fall of 2006)


election results: Moshe KATZAV elected president by the 120-member Knesset z a total of 60 votes, other candidate, Shimon PERES, received 57 votes (there were three abstentions); Ariel SHARON continues as prime minister after Likud Party victory w styczen 2003 Knesset elections; Likud won 38 seats and then formed coalition government z Shinui, the National Religious Party, and the National Union
Eksport 1.387 billion kWh (2002)
Eksport $34.41 billion f.o.b. (2004 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2001 est.)
Eksport NA
Eksport - towary machinery and equipment, software, cut diamonds, agricultural products, chemicals, textiles and apparel
Eksport - partnerzy US 36.8%, Belgia 7.5%, Hong Kong 4.9% (2004)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi white z a blue hexagram (six-pointed linear star) known as the Magen David (Shield of David) centered between two equal horizontal blue bands near the top and bottom edges of the flag
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 2.8%


industry: 37.7%


services: 59.5% (2003 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $20,800 (2004 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 3.9% (2004 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 31 30 N, 34 45 E
Polozenie geograficzne there are 242 Izraeli settlements and civilian land use sites w the Zachodni Brzeg, 42 w the Izraeli-occupied Golan Heights, 25 w the Gaza, and 29 w East Jerusalem (luty 2002 est.); Sea of Galilee is an important freshwater source
Ladowiska helikopterow 3 (2004 est.)
Autostrady total: 16,903 km


paved: 16,903 km (including 56 km of expressways)


unpaved: 0 km (2002)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 2.4%


highest 10%: 28.3% (1997)
Narkotyki increasingly concerned about cocaine and heroin abuse; drugs arrive w country from Liban and, increasingly, from Jordania; money-laundering center
Import 0 kWh (2002)
Import $36.84 billion f.o.b. (2004 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2001 est.)
Import NA
Import - towary raw materials, military equipment, investment goods, rough diamonds, fuels, grain, consumer goods
Import - partnerzy US 15%, Belgia 10.1%, Niemcy 7.5%, Szwajcaria 6.5%, UK 6.1% (2004)
Niepodleglosc 14 maj 1948 (from League of Nations mandate under British administration)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 4.5% (2004 est.)
Przemysl high-technology projects (including aviation, communications, computer-aided design and manufactures, medical electronics, fiber optics), wood and paper products, potash and phosphates, food, beverages, and tobacco, caustic soda, cement, construction, metals products, chemical products, plastics, diamond cutting, textiles and footwear
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 7.03 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 7.77 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 6.26 deaths/1,000 live births (2005 est.)
Inflacja 0% (2004 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji BIS, BSEC (observer), CE (observer), CERN (observer), EBRD, FAO, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt (signatory), ICFTU, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS (observer), ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MIGA, OAS (observer), OPCW (signatory), OSCE (partner), PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 1,990 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court (justices appointed dla life by the president)
Sila robocza 2.68 million (2004 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture, forestry, and fishing 2.6%, manufacturing 20.2%, construction 7.5%, commerce 12.8%, transport, storage, and communications 6.2%, finance and business 13.1%, personal and other services 6.4%, public services 31.2% (1996)
Granica total: 1,017 km


border countries: Egipt 266 km, Gaza 51 km, Jordania 238 km, Liban 79 km, Syria 76 km, Zachodni Brzeg 307 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 16.39%


permanent crops: 4.17%


other: 79.44% (2001)
Jezyki Hebrew (official), Arabic used officially dla Arab minority, English most commonly used foreign language
System prawny mixture of English common law, British Mandate regulations, and, w personal matters, Jewish, Christian, and Muslim legal systems; w grudzien 1985, Izrael informed the UN Secretariat that it would no longer accept compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Knesset (120 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)


elections: last held 28 styczen 2003 (next scheduled to be held fall of 2006)


election results: percent of vote by party - Likud Party 29.4%, Labor 14.5%, Shinui 12.3%, Shas 8.2%, National Union 5.5%, Meretz 5.2%, United Torah Judaism 4.3%, National Religious Party 4.2%, Democratic Front dla Peace and Equality 3.0%, One Nation 2.8%, National Democratic Assembly 2.3%, Yisra'el Ba'Aliya (YBA) 2.2%, United Arab List 2.1%, Green Leaf Party 1.2%, Herut 1.2%, other 1.6%; seats by party - Likud 38, Labor 19, Shinui 15, Shas 11, National Union 7, Meretz 6, National Religious Party 6, United Torah Judaism 5, Democratic Front dla Peace and Equality 3, One Nation 3, National Democratic Assembly 3, YBA 2, United Arab List 2
Zywotnosc total population: 79.32 years


male: 77.21 years


female: 81.55 years (2005 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 95.4%


male: 97.3%


female: 93.6% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egipt and Liban
Lokalizacja na mapie Middle East
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


continental shelf: to depth of exploitation
Flota handlowa total: 17 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 752,873 GRT/881,711 DWT


by type: cargo 1, container 16


registered w other countries: 48 (2005)
Wojsko Izrael Defense Forces (IDF): Ground Corps, Navy, Air and Space Force (includes Air Defense Forces); historically there have been no separate Izraeli military services
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $9.11 billion (FY03)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 8.7% (FY02)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 14 maj (1948); note - Izrael declared independence on 14 maj 1948, but the Jewish calendar is lunar and the holiday may occur w kwiecien or maj
Narodowosc noun: Izraeli(s)


adjective: Izraeli
Naturalne zagrozenia sandstorms may occur during spring and summer; droughts; periodic earthquakes
Surowce naturalne timber, potash, copper ore, natural gas, phosphate rock, magnesium bromide, clays, sand
Wspolczynnik migracji 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Rurociagi gas 140 km; oil 1,509 km (2004)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Democratic Front dla Peace and Equality (Hadash) [Muhammad BARAKA]; Green Leaf Party (no longer active) [Boaz WACHTEL and Shlomi SANDAK]; Herut (no longer active) [Michael KLEINER]; Labor Party [Shimon PERES]; Likud Party [Ariel SHARON]; Meretz (merged z YAHAD) [Zahava GALON]; National Democratic Assembly (Balad) [Azmi BISHARA]; National Religious Party [Ephraim "Efie" EITAM]; National Union (Haichud Haleumi) [Avigdor LIBERMAN] (includes Tekuma Moledet and Yisra'el Beiteinu); One Nation [David TAL]; Shas [Eliyahu YISHAI]; Shinui [Yosef "Tommy" LAPID]; United Arab List [Abd al-Malik DAHAMSHAH]; United Torah Judaism [Yaakov LITZMAN]; YAHAD [Yossi BEILIN]; Yisra'el Ba'Aliya or YBA (merged z Likud) [Natan SHARANSKY]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Izraeli nationalists advocating Jewish settlement on the Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza; Peace Now supports territorial concessions w the Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza; Yesha (settler) Council promotes settler interests and opposes territorial compromise; B'Tselem monitors human rights abuses
Ludnosc 6,276,883


note: includes about 187,000 Izraeli settlers w the Zachodni Brzeg, about 20,000 w the Izraeli-occupied Golan Heights, more than 5,000 w the Gaza, and fewer than 177,000 w East Jerusalem (lipiec 2005 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 18% (2001 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 1.2% (2005 est.)
Porty i stocznie Ashdod, Elat (Eilat), Hadera, Haifa
Stacje radiowe AM 23, FM 15, shortwave 2 (1998)
Linie kolejowe total: 640 km


standard gauge: 640 km 1.435-m gauge (2004)
Religie Jewish 76.5%, Muslim 15.9%, Arab Christians 1.7%, other Christian 0.4%, Druze 1.6%, unspecified 3.9% (2003)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female


total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2005 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: most highly developed system w the Middle East although not the largest


domestic: good system of coaxial cable and microwave radio relay; all systems are digital


international: country code - 972; 3 submarine cables; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (2 Ocean Atlantycki and 1 Ocean Indyjski)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 3.006 million (2002)
Telefony komorkowe 6.334 million (2002)
Stacje telewizyjne 17 (plus 36 low-power repeaters) (1995)
Uksztaltowanie terenu Negev desert w the south; low coastal plain; central mountains; Jordania Rift Valley
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2.44 children born/woman (2005 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 10.7% (2004 est.)
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