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Isle of Man (2005)

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 Isle of Man
Administrative divisions none; there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 24 local authorities each with its own elections
Age structure 0-14 years: 17.4% (male 6,681/female 6,365)

15-64 years: 65.5% (male 24,693/female 24,482)

65 years and over: 17.1% (male 5,163/female 7,665) (2005 est.)
Agriculture - products cereals, vegetables; cattle, sheep, pigs, poultry
Airports 1 (2004 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Area total: 572 sq km

land: 572 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative slightly more than three times the size of Washington, DC
Background Part of the Norwegian Kingdom of the Hebrides until the 13th century when it was ceded to Scotland, the isle came under the British crown in 1765. Current concerns include reviving the almost extinct Manx Gaelic language.
Birth rate 11.18 births/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Budget revenues: $485 million

expenditures: $463 million, including capital expenditures of NA (FY00/01 est.)
Capital Douglas
Climate temperate; cool summers and mild winters; overcast about one-third of the time
Coastline 160 km
Constitution unwritten; note - The Isle of Man Constitution Act of 1961 does not embody the unwritten Manx Constitution
Country name conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Isle of Man
Death rate 11.26 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Debt - external $NA
Dependency status British crown dependency
Diplomatic representation from the US none (British crown dependency)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (British crown dependency)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient NA
Economy - overview Offshore banking, manufacturing, and tourism are key sectors of the economy. The government's policy of offering incentives to high-technology companies and financial institutions to locate on the island has paid off in expanding employment opportunities in high-income industries. As a result, agriculture and fishing, once the mainstays of the economy, have declined in their shares of GDP. Trade is mostly with the UK. The Isle of Man enjoys free access to EU markets.
Elevation extremes lowest point: Irish Sea 0 m

highest point: Snaefell 621 m
Environment - current issues waste disposal (both household and industrial); transboundary air pollution
Ethnic groups Manx (Norse-Celtic descent), Briton
Exchange rates Manx pounds per US dollar - 0.5462 (2004), 0.6125 (2003), 0.6672 (2002), 0.6947 (2001), 0.6609 (2000)
Executive branch chief of state: Lord of Mann Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Lieutenant Governor Ian MACFADYEN (since 26 October 2002)

head of government: Chief Minister Donald GELLING (since 14 December 2004)

cabinet: Council of Ministers

elections: the monarch is hereditary; lieutenant governor appointed by the monarch for a five-year term; the Chief Minister is elected by the Tynwald; election last held 14 December 2004 (next to be held December 2010)

election results: Donald GELLING elected chief minister by the Tynwald; note - Richard CORKILL resigned 2 December 2004
Exports $NA
Exports - commodities tweeds, herring, processed shellfish, beef, lamb
Exports - partners UK (2000)
Fiscal year 1 April - 31 March
Flag description red with the Three Legs of Man emblem (Trinacria), in the center; the three legs are joined at the thigh and bent at the knee; in order to have the toes pointing clockwise on both sides of the flag, a two-sided emblem is used
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 1%

industry: 13%

services: 86% (2000 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $28,500 (2003 est.)
GDP - real growth rate NA%
Geographic coordinates 54 15 N, 4 30 W
Geography - note one small islet, the Calf of Man, lies to the southwest, and is a bird sanctuary
Highways total: 800 km

paved: 800 km

unpaved: 0 km (1999)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Imports $NA
Imports - commodities timber, fertilizers, fish
Imports - partners UK (2000)
Independence none (British crown dependency)
Industrial production growth rate 3.2% (FY96/97)
Industries financial services, light manufacturing, tourism
Infant mortality rate total: 5.93 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 6.93 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 4.87 deaths/1,000 live births (2005 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 3.6% (March 2003 est.)
International organization participation UPU
Irrigated land 0 sq km (1998 est.)
Judicial branch High Court of Justice (justices are appointed by the Lord Chancellor of England on the nomination of the lieutenant governor)
Labor force 39,690 (2001)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture, forestry and fishing 3%, manufacturing 11%, construction 10%, transport and communication 8%, wholesale and retail distribution 11%, professional and scientific services 18%, public administration 6%, banking and finance 18%, tourism 2%, entertainment and catering 3%, miscellaneous services 10%
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 9%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 91% (permanent pastures, forests, mountain, and heathland) (2002)
Languages English, Manx Gaelic
Legal system English common law and Manx statute
Legislative branch bicameral Tynwald consists of the Legislative Council (an 11-member body composed of the President of Tynwald, the Lord Bishop of Sodor and Man, a nonvoting attorney general, and 8 others named by the House of Keys) and the House of Keys (24 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

elections: House of Keys - last held 22 November 2001 (next to be held November 2006)

election results: House of Keys - percent of vote by party - Man Labor Party 17.3%, Alliance for Progressive Government 14.6%; seats by party - Man Labor Party 2, Alliance for Progressive Government 3, independents 19
Life expectancy at birth total population: 78.34 years

male: 74.98 years

female: 81.87 years (2005 est.)
Literacy definition: NA

total population: NA%

male: NA%

female: NA%
Location Western Europe, island in the Irish Sea, between Great Britain and Ireland
Map references Europe
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm
Merchant marine total: 267 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 6,834,626 GRT/11,354,689 DWT

by type: bulk carrier 31, cargo 54, chemical tanker 45, combination ore/oil 1, container 15, liquefied gas 46, passenger/cargo 2, petroleum tanker 53, refrigerated cargo 4, roll on/roll off 10, specialized tanker 1, vehicle carrier 5

foreign-owned: 253 (Australia 1, Bahamas 8, Denmark 39, France 2, Germany 55, Greece 20, Hong Kong 3, Italy 7, Japan 4, Netherlands 2, New Zealand 1, Norway 18, Singapore 2, Sweden 1, Turkey 2, United Kingdom 86, United States 2)

registered in other countries: 9 (2005)
Military - note defense is the responsibility of the UK
National holiday Tynwald Day, 5 July
Nationality noun: Manxman (men), Manxwoman (women)

adjective: Manx
Natural hazards NA
Natural resources none
Net migration rate 5.33 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Political parties and leaders Man Labor Party [leader NA]; Alliance for Progressive Government [leader NA]; Man Nationalist Party [leader NA]

note: most members sit as independents
Political pressure groups and leaders none
Population 75,049 (July 2005 est.)
Population below poverty line NA
Population growth rate 0.52% (2005 est.)
Ports and harbors Castletown, Douglas, Ramsey
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998)
Railways total: 61 km (35 km electrified) (2003)
Religions Anglican, Roman Catholic, Methodist, Baptist, Presbyterian, Society of Friends
Sex ratio at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/female

total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2005 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: NA

domestic: landline, telefax, mobile cellular telephone system

international: fiber-optic cable, microwave radio relay, satellite earth station, submarine cable
Telephones - main lines in use 51,000 (1999)
Telephones - mobile cellular NA
Television broadcast stations 0 (receives broadcasts from the UK and satellite) (1999)
Terrain hills in north and south bisected by central valley
Total fertility rate 1.65 children born/woman (2005 est.)
Unemployment rate 0.6% (2004 est.)
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