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Isle of Man (2001)

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Isle of Man 2001 year

 Isle of Man
Administrative divisions there are 24 local authorities each with its own elections
Age structure 0-14 years:
17.51% (male 6,562; female 6,306)

15-64 years:
65.19% (male 24,061; female 23,845)

65 years and over:
17.3% (male 5,076; female 7,639) (2001 est.)
Agriculture - products cereals, vegetables; cattle, sheep, pigs, poultry
Airports 1 (2000 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total:

1,524 to 2,437 m:
1 (2000 est.)
Area total:
572 sq km

572 sq km

0 sq km
Area - comparative slightly more than three times the size of Washington, DC
Background Part of the Norwegian Kingdom of the Hebrides until the 13th century when it was ceded to Scotland, the isle came under the British crown in 1765. Current concerns include reviving the almost extinct Manx Celtic language.
Birth rate 11.58 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budget revenues:
$485 million

$463 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY00/01 est.)
Capital Douglas
Climate cool summers and mild winters; temperate; overcast about one-third of the time
Coastline 160 km
Constitution unwritten; note - The Isle of Man Constitution Act, 1961, does not embody the Manx Constitution
Country name conventional long form:

conventional short form:
Isle of Man
Currency British pound (GBP); note - there is also a Manx pound
Death rate 11.84 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Debt - external $NA
Dependency status British crown dependency
Diplomatic representation from the US none (British crown dependency)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (British crown dependency)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $NA
Economy - overview Offshore banking, manufacturing, and tourism are key sectors of the economy. The government's policy of offering incentives to high-technology companies and financial institutions to locate on the island has paid off in expanding employment opportunities in high-income industries. As a result, agriculture and fishing, once the mainstays of the economy, have declined in their shares of GDP. Banking and other services now contribute 42% to GDP. Trade is mostly with the UK. The Isle of Man enjoys free access to EU markets.
Elevation extremes lowest point:
Irish Sea 0 m

highest point:
Snaefell 621 m
Environment - current issues waste disposal (both household and industrial); transboundary air pollution
Ethnic groups Manx (Norse-Celtic descent), Briton
Exchange rates Manx pounds per US dollar - 0.6764 (January 2001), 0.6596 (2000), 0.6180 (1999), 0.6037 (1998), 0.6106 (1997), 0.6403 (1996); the Manx pound is at par with the British pound
Executive branch chief of state:
Lord of Mann Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Lieutenant Governor His Excellency Sir Timothy DAUNT (since 27 October 1995)

head of government:
Chief Minister Donald GELLING (since 3 December 1996)

Council of Ministers

the monarch is hereditary; lieutenant governor appointed by the monarch for a five-year term; the Chief Minister is elected by the Tynwald; election last held 3 December 1996 (next to be held NA 2001)

election results:
Donald GELLING elected chief minister by the Tynwald
Exports $NA
Exports - commodities tweeds, herring, processed shellfish, beef, lamb
Exports - partners UK
Fiscal year 1 April - 31 March
Flag description red with the Three Legs of Man emblem (Trinacria), in the center; the three legs are joined at the thigh and bent at the knee; in order to have the toes pointing clockwise on both sides of the flag, a two-sided emblem is used
GDP purchasing power parity - $1.4 billion (1999 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture:


90% (1999 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $18,800 (1999 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 13.5% (1999 est.)
Geographic coordinates 54 15 N, 4 30 W
Geography - note one small islet, the Calf of Man, lies to the southwest, and is a bird sanctuary
Highways total:
800 km

800 km

0 km (1999)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%:

highest 10%:
Imports $NA
Imports - commodities timber, fertilizers, fish
Imports - partners UK
Independence none (British crown dependency)
Industrial production growth rate 3.2% (FY96/97)
Industries financial services, light manufacturing, tourism
Infant mortality rate 6.42 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2.5% (2000 est.)
International organization participation none
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) NA
Irrigated land 0 sq km
Judicial branch High Court of Justice (justices are appointed by the Lord Chancellor of England on the nomination of the lieutenant governor)
Labor force 36,610 (1998)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture, forestry and fishing 3%, manufacturing 11%, construction 10%, transport and communication 8%, wholesale and retail distribution 11%, professional and scientific services 18%, public administration 6%, banking and finance 18%, tourism 2%, entertainment and catering 3%, miscellaneous services 10%
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land:

permanent crops:

permanent pastures:

forests and woodland:

39% (includes 25% mountain and heathland)
Languages English, Manx Gaelic
Legal system English common law and Manx statute
Legislative branch bicameral Tynwald consists of the Legislative Council (a 11-member body composed of the President of Tynwald, the Lord Bishop of Sodor and Man, a nonvoting attorney general, and 8 others named by the House of Keys) and the House of Keys (24 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

House of Keys - last held 21 November 1996 (next to be held NA November 2001)

election results:
House of Keys - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - independents 24
Life expectancy at birth total population:
77.64 years

74.26 years

81.2 years (2001 est.)
Literacy definition:

total population:


Location Western Europe, island in the Irish Sea, between Great Britain and Ireland
Map references Europe
Maritime claims exclusive fishing zone:
12 NM

territorial sea:
12 NM
Merchant marine total:
157 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 4,917,402 GRT/8,333,858 DWT

ships by type:
bulk 27, cargo 13, chemical tanker 11, combination bulk 3, container 20, liquefied gas 13, petroleum tanker 43, refrigerated cargo 3, roll on/roll off 18, specialized tanker 1, vehicle carrier 5

includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Belgium 1, Denmark 1, Germany 1, Netherlands 1, Sweden 1, UK 3 (2000 est.)
Military - note defense is the responsibility of the UK
National holiday Tynwald Day, 5 July
Nationality noun:
Manxman (men), Manxwoman (women)

Natural hazards NA
Natural resources none
Net migration rate 5.44 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Political parties and leaders there is no party system; members sit as independents
Political pressure groups and leaders none
Population 73,489 (July 2001 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 0.52% (2001 est.)
Ports and harbors Castletown, Douglas, Peel, Ramsey
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios NA
Railways total:
68.5 km (43.5 km electrified)
Religions Anglican, Roman Catholic, Methodist, Baptist, Presbyterian, Society of Friends
Sex ratio at birth:
1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.04 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
1.01 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
0.66 male(s)/female

total population:
0.94 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment:

landline, telefax, mobile cellular telephone system

fiber-optic cable, microwave radio relay, satellite earth station, submarine cable
Telephones - main lines in use 51,000 (1999)
Telephones - mobile cellular NA
Television broadcast stations 0 (receives broadcasts from the UK and satellite) (1999)
Terrain hills in north and south bisected by central valley
Total fertility rate 1.65 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Unemployment rate 0.6% (August 2000)
Waterways none
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