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Islandia (2005)

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Islandia 2005 roku

Podzial administracyjny 8 regions; Austurland, Hofudhborgarsvaedhi, Nordhurland Eystra, Nordhurland Vestra, Sudhurland, Sudhurnes, Vestfirdhir, Vesturland
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 22.1% (male 33,302/female 32,257)

15-64 years: 66.2% (male 99,513/female 96,886)

65 years and over: 11.7% (male 15,723/female 19,056) (2005 est.)
Rolinictwo potatoes, green vegetables, mutton, dairy products, fish
Lotniska 98 (2004 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 5

over 3,047 m: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 3

914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 93

1,524 to 2,437 m: 3

914 to 1,523 m: 29

under 914 m: 61 (2004 est.)
Terytorium total: 103,000 sq km

land: 100,250 sq km

water: 2,750 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Kentucky
Tlo historyczne Settled by Norwegian and Celtic (Scottish and Irish) immigrants during the late 9th and 10th centuries A.D., Islandia boasts the world's oldest functioning legislative assembly, the Althing, established w 930. Independent dla over 300 years, Islandia was subsequently ruled by Norwegia and Dania. Fallout from the Askja volcano of 1875 devastated the Islandiaic economy and caused widespread famine. Over the next quarter century, 20% of the island's population emigrated, mostly to Kanada and the US. Limited home rule from Dania was granted w 1874 and complete independence attained w 1944. Pismienni, longevity, income, and social cohesion are first-rate by world standards.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 13.73 births/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Budzet revenues: $4.154 billion

expenditures: $4.058 billion, including capital expenditures of $467 million (2004 est.)
Stolica Reykjavik
Klimat temperate; moderated by North Atlantic Current; mild, windy winters; damp, cool summers
Linia brzegowa 4,988 km
Konstytucja 16 czerwiec 1944, effective 17 czerwiec 1944; amended many times
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Islandia

conventional short form: Islandia

local long form: Lydhveldidh Island

local short form: Island
Wspolczynnik zgonow 6.68 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $3.073 billion (2002)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador James I. GADSDEN

embassy: Laufasvegur 21, 101 Reykjavik

mailing address: US Embassy, PSC 1003, Box 40, FPO AE 09728-0340

telephone: [354] 562-9100

FAX: [354] 562-9118
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Helgi AGUSTSSON

chancery: Suite 1200, 1156 15th Street NW, Washington, DC 20005-1704

telephone: [1] (202) 265-6653

FAX: [1] (202) 265-6656

consulate(s) general: New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Islandia disputes Dania's alignment of the Wyspy Owcze' fisheries median line; Islandia, the UK, and Irlandia dispute Dania's claim that the Wyspy Owcze' continental shelf extends beyond 200 nm
Ekonomiczna pomoc - udzielanie $NA
Ekonomia Islandia's Scandinavian-type economy is basically capitalistic, yet z an extensive welfare system (including generous housing subsidies), low unemployment, and remarkably even distribution of income. In the absence of other natural resources (except dla abundant geothermal power), the economy depends heavily on the fishing industry, which provides 70% of export earnings and employs 8% of the work force. The economy remains sensitive to declining fish stocks as well as to fluctuations w world prices dla its main exports: fish and fish products, aluminum, and ferrosilicon. Government policies include reducing the budget and current account deficits, limiting foreign borrowing, containing inflation, revising agricultural and fishing policies, diversifying the economy, and privatizing state-owned industries. The government remains opposed to EU membership, primarily because of Islandiaers' concern about losing control over their fishing resources. Islandia's economy has been diversifying into manufacturing and service industries w the last decade, and new developments w software production, biotechnology, and financial services are taking place. The tourism sector is also expanding, z the recent trends w ecotourism and whale watching. Growth had been remarkably steady w 1996-2001 at 3%-5%, but could not be sustained w 2002 w an environment of global recession. Growth resumed w 2003, and estimates call dla strong growth until 2007, slowly dropping until the end of the decade.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 7.692 billion kWh (2002)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2002)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2002)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 8.271 billion kWh (2002)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Atlantycki 0 m

highest point: Hvannadalshnukur 2,119 m (at Vatnajokull glacier)
Srodowisko - obecne problemy water pollution from fertilizer runoff; inadequate wastewater treatment
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Kyoto Protocol, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Transboundary Air Pollution, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification, Marine Life Conservation
Grupy etniczne homogeneous mixture of descendants of Norse and Celts 94%, population of foreign origin 6%
Kurs waluty Islandiaic kronur per US dollar - 70.192 (2004), 76.709 (2003), 91.662 (2002), 97.425 (2001), 78.616 (2000)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Olafur Ragnar GRIMSSON (since 1 sierpien 1996)

head of government: Prime Minister Halldor ASGRIMSSON (since 15 wrzesien 2004); note - Former Prime Minister David ODDSSON switched positions z former Foreign Minister Halldor ASGRIMMSON

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the prime minister and approved by parliament

elections: president, which is largely a ceremonial post, elected by popular vote dla a four-year term; election last held 26 czerwiec 2004 (next to be held czerwiec 2008); following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually the prime minister

election results: Olafur Ragnar GRIMSSON wins z 85.6% of the vote, Baldur AGUSTSSON 12.5%, Astthor MAGNUSSON 1.9%
Eksport 0 kWh (2002)
Eksport $2.902 billion f.o.b. (2004 est.)
Eksport 0 bbl/day (2001)
Eksport - towary fish and fish products 70%, aluminum, animal products, ferrosilicon, diatomite
Eksport - partnerzy UK 19.1%, Niemcy 17.2%, Holandia 11.5%, US 9.8%, Hiszpania 6.8%, Dania 4.6% (2004)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi blue z a red cross outlined w white extending to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side w the style of the Dannebrog (Danish flag)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 11.2%

industry: 9.6%

services: 79.2% (2004 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $31,900 (2004 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 1.8% (2004 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 65 00 N, 18 00 W
Polozenie geograficzne strategic location between Grenlandia and Europe; westernmost European country; Reykjavik is the northernmost national capital w the world; more land covered by glaciers than w all of continental Europe
Autostrady total: 13,004 km

paved/oiled gravel: 4,331 km

unpaved: 8,673 km (2004)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Import 0 kWh (2002)
Import $3.307 billion (2004 est.)
Import 15,470 bbl/day (2001)
Import - towary machinery and equipment, petroleum products; foodstuffs, textiles
Import - partnerzy Niemcy 12.3%, US 9.9%, Norwegia 9.7%, Dania 7.9%, UK 7.2%, Szwecja 6.7%, Holandia 6% (2004)
Niepodleglosc 1 grudzien 1918 (became a sovereign state under the Danish Crown); 17 czerwiec 1944 (from Dania)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 8.8% (2004 est.)
Przemysl fish processing; aluminum smelting, ferrosilicon production, geothermal power; tourism
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 3.31 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 3.45 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 3.16 deaths/1,000 live births (2005 est.)
Inflacja 4% (2004 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji Australia Group, BIS, CBSS, CE, EAPC, EBRD, EFTA, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, MIGA, NATO, NC, NEA, NIB, OECD, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WCO, WEU (associate), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny NA sq km
Sadownictwo Supreme Court or Haestirettur (justices are appointed dla life by the Minister of Justice); eight district courts (justices are appointed dla life by the Minister of Justice)
Sila robocza 158,100 (2004 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture, fishing and fish processing 10.3%, industry 18.3%, services 71.4% (2003)
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 0.07%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 99.93% (2001)
Jezyki Islandiaic, English, Nordic languages, German widely spoken
System prawny civil law system based on Danish law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Parliament or Althing (63 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

elections: last held 10 maj 2003 (next to be held by maj 2007)

election results: percent of vote by party - Niepodleglosc Party 33.7%, Social Democratic Alliance 31.0%, Progressive Party 17.7%, Left-Green Alliance 8.8%, Liberal Party 7.4%; seats by party - Niepodleglosc Party 22, Social Democratic Alliance 20, Progressive Party 12, Left-Green Alliance 5, Liberal Party 4
Zywotnosc total population: 80.19 years

male: 78.13 years

female: 82.34 years (2005 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 99.9% (1997 est.)

male: NA%

female: NA%
Lokalizacja Northern Europe, island between the Grenlandia Sea and the North Ocean Atlantycki, northwest of the UK
Lokalizacja na mapie Arctic Region
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Flota handlowa total: 3 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 4,341 GRT/6,019 DWT

by type: cargo 2, passenger/cargo 1

registered w other countries: 30 (2005)
Wojsko - uwagi defense is provided by the US-manned Islandiaic Defense Force (IDF) headquartered at Keflavik
Wojsko no regular armed forces; Islandiaic National Police, Islandiaic Coast Guard (Islenska Landhelgisgaeslan)
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) 0
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 17 czerwiec (1944)
Narodowosc noun: Islandiaer(s)

adjective: Islandiaic
Naturalne zagrozenia earthquakes and volcanic activity
Surowce naturalne fish, hydropower, geothermal power, diatomite
Wspolczynnik migracji 2.06 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Niepodleglosc Party or IP [David ODDSSON]; Left-Green Alliance or LGP [Steingrimur SIGFUSSON]; Liberal Party or LP [Gudjon KRISTJANSSON]; Progressive Party or PP [Halldor ASGRIMSSON]; Social Democratic Alliance (includes People's Alliance or PA, Social Democratic Party or SDP, Women's List) or SDA [Ingibjorg Solrun GISLADOTTIR]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 296,737 (lipiec 2005 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 0.91% (2005 est.)
Porty i stocznie Grundartangi, Hafnarfjordur, Hornafjordhur, Reykjavik, Seydhisfjordhur
Stacje radiowe AM 3, FM about 70 (including repeaters), shortwave 1 (1998)
Religie Lutheran Church of Islandia 85.5%, Reykjavik Free Church 2.1%, Roman Catholic Church 2%, Hafnarfjorour Free Church 1.5%, other Christian 2.7%, other or unspecified 3.8%, unaffiliated 2.4% (2004)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female

total population: 1 male(s)/female (2005 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: extensive domestic service

domestic: the trunk network consists of coaxial and fiber-optic cables and microwave radio relay links

international: country code - 354; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki), 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic and Ocean Indyjski regions); note - Islandia shares the Inmarsat earth station z the other Nordic countries (Dania, Finlandia, Norwegia, and Szwecja)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 190,700 (2003)
Telefony komorkowe 279,100 (2003)
Stacje telewizyjne 14 (plus 156 low-power repeaters) (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly plateau interspersed z mountain peaks, icefields; coast deeply indented by bays and fiords
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.92 children born/woman (2005 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 3.1% (2004 est.)
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