Strona glowna Porownaj panstwa Spis panstw Spis pol

Fraza:

Islandia (2004)

Islandia - wybierz rok:
IslandiaIslandia (2001) (porownaj)
IslandiaIslandia (2002) (porownaj)
IslandiaIslandia (2003) (porownaj)
IslandiaIslandia (2005) (porownaj)
IslandiaIslandia (2006) (porownaj)
IslandiaIslandia (2007) (porownaj)
IslandiaIslandia (2008) (porownaj)


Porownaj z innymi popularnymi panstwami


Islandia 2004 roku

 Islandia
Podzial administracyjny 8 regions; Austurland, Hofudhborgarsvaedhi, Nordhurland Eystra, Nordhurland Vestra, Sudhurland, Sudhurnes, Vestfirdhir, Vesturland
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 22.5% (male 33,522; female 32,489)


15-64 years: 65.8% (male 98,091; female 95,450)


65 years and over: 11.7% (male 15,552; female 18,862) (2004 est.)
Rolinictwo potatoes, green vegetables, mutton, dairy products, fish
Lotniska 100 (2003 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 5


over 3,047 m: 1


1,524 to 2,437 m: 3


914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 93


1,524 to 2,437 m: 3


914 to 1,523 m: 29


under 914 m: 61 (2004 est.)
Terytorium total: 103,000 sq km


land: 100,250 sq km


water: 2,750 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Kentucky
Tlo historyczne Settled by Norwegian and Celtic (Scottish and Irish) immigrants during the late 9th and 10th centuries A.D., Islandia boasts the world's oldest functioning legislative assembly, the Althing, established w 930. Independent dla over 300 years, Islandia was subsequently ruled by Norwegia and Dania. Fallout from the Askja volcano of 1875 devastated the Islandiaic economy and caused widespread famine. Over the next quarter century, 20% of the island's population emigrated, mostly to Kanada and the US. Limited home rule from Dania was granted w 1874 and complete independence attained w 1944. Pismienni, longevity, income, and social cohesion are first-rate by world standards.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 13.83 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Budzet revenues: $4.205 billion


expenditures: $4.405 billion, including capital expenditures of $467 million (2003)
Stolica Reykjavik
Klimat temperate; moderated by North Atlantic Current; mild, windy winters; damp, cool summers
Linia brzegowa 4,988 km
Konstytucja 16 czerwiec 1944, effective 17 czerwiec 1944
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Islandia


conventional short form: Islandia


local long form: Lydhveldidh Island


local short form: Island
Waluta Islandiaic krona (ISK)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 6.57 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $2.6 billion (1999)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador James I. GADSDEN


embassy: Laufasvegur 21, 101 Reykjavik


mailing address: US Embassy, PSC 1003, Box 40, FPO AE 09728-0340


telephone: [354] 562-9100


FAX: [354] 562-9118
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Helgi AGUSTSSON


chancery: Suite 1200, 1156 15th Street NW, Washington, DC 20005-1704


telephone: [1] (202) 265-6653


FAX: [1] (202) 265-6656


consulate(s) general: New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Rockall continental shelf dispute involving Dania, Islandia, and the UK (Irlandia and the UK have signed a boundary agreement w the Rockall area) remains dormant; dispute z Dania over the Wyspy Owcze' fisheries median line boundary within 200 nm; disputes z Dania, the UK, and Irlandia over the Wyspy Owcze continental shelf boundary outside 200 nm
Ekonomiczna pomoc - udzielanie NA
Ekonomia Islandia's Scandinavian-type economy is basically capitalistic, yet z an extensive welfare system (including generous housing subsidies), low unemployment, and remarkably even distribution of income. In the absence of other natural resources (except dla abundant geothermal power), the economy depends heavily on the fishing industry, which provides 70% of export earnings and employs 12% of the work force. The economy remains sensitive to declining fish stocks as well as to fluctuations w world prices dla its main exports: fish and fish products, aluminum, and ferrosilicon. Government policies include reducing the budget and current account deficits, limiting foreign borrowing, containing inflation, revising agricultural and fishing policies, diversifying the economy, and privatizing state-owned industries. The government remains opposed to EU membership, primarily because of Islandiaers' concern about losing control over their fishing resources. Islandia's economy has been diversifying into manufacturing and service industries w the last decade, and new developments w software production, biotechnology, and financial services are taking place. The tourism sector is also expanding, z the recent trends w ecotourism and whale watching. Growth had been remarkably steady w 1996-2001 at 3%-5%, but could not be sustained w 2002 w an environment of global recession. Growth resumed w 2003, and inflation dropped back from 5% to 2%.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 7.341 billion kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 7.894 billion kWh (2001)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Atlantycki 0 m


highest point: Hvannadalshnukur 2,119 m (at Vatnajokull glacier)
Srodowisko - obecne problemy water pollution from fertilizer runoff; inadequate wastewater treatment
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Kyoto Protocol, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Transboundary Air Pollution, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Environmental Modification, Marine Life Conservation
Grupy etniczne homogeneous mixture of descendants of Norse and Celts 94%, population of foreign origin 6%
Kurs waluty Islandiaic kronur per US dollar - 76.709 (2003), 91.6617 (2002), 97.4246 (2001), 78.6159 (2000), 72.3353 (1999)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Olafur Ragnar GRIMSSON (since 1 sierpien 1996)


head of government: Prime Minister Halldor ASGRIMSSON (since 15 wrzesien 2004); note - Former Prime Minister David ODDSSON switched positions z former Foreign Minister Halldor ASGRIMMSON


cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the prime minister and approved by Parliament


elections: president, which is largely a ceremonial post, elected by popular vote dla a four-year term; election last held 26 czerwiec 2004 (next to be held czerwiec 2008); prime minister appointed by the president


election results: Olafur Ragnar GRIMSSON wins z 85.6% of the vote, Baldur AGUSTSSON 12.5%, Astthor MAGNUSSON 1.9%
Eksport 0 kWh (2001)
Eksport $2.379 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Eksport 0 bbl/day (2001)
Eksport - towary fish and fish products 70%, animal products, aluminum, diatomite, ferrosilicon
Eksport - partnerzy Niemcy 17.4%, UK 17.4%, Holandia 11.2%, US 9.8%, Hiszpania 6.3%, Dania 5%, Norwegia 4.5%, Francja 4% (2003)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi blue z a red cross outlined w white extending to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side w the style of the Dannebrog (Danish flag)
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $8.678 billion (2003 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 9.2% (includes fishing 12%)


industry: 26.7%


services: 64.2% (2003 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $30,900 (2003 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 2.6% (2003 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 65 00 N, 18 00 W
Polozenie geograficzne strategic location between Grenlandia and Europe; westernmost European country; Reykjavik is the northernmost national capital w the world; more land covered by glaciers than w all of continental Europe
Autostrady total: 12,955 km


paved/oiled gravel: 3,863 km


unpaved: 9,092 km (2003)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA


highest 10%: NA
Import 0 kWh (2001)
Import $2.59 billion (2003 est.)
Import 15,470 bbl/day (2001)
Import - towary machinery and equipment, petroleum products; foodstuffs, textiles
Import - partnerzy Niemcy 11.8%, Dania 8%, US 7.5%, UK 7.5%, Norwegia 7%, Szwecja 6.5%, Holandia 6.2%, Wlochy 4.7% (2003)
Niepodleglosc 1 grudzien 1918 (became a sovereign state under the Danish Crown); 17 czerwiec 1944 (from Dania)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 8.1% (2003 est.)
Przemysl fish processing; aluminum smelting, ferrosilicon production, geothermal power; tourism
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 3.31 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 3.44 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 3.17 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Inflacja 2.1% (2003 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji Australia Group, BIS, CBSS, CE, EAPC, EBRD, EFTA, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, MIGA, NATO, NC, NEA, NIB, OECD, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WCO, WEU (associate), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny NA sq km
Sadownictwo Supreme Court or Haestirettur (justices are appointed dla life by the Minister of Justice); eight district courts (justices are appointed dla life by the Minister of Justice)
Sila robocza 160,000 (2003)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture 5.1%, fishing and fish processing 11.8%, manufacturing 12.9%, construction 10.7%, services 59.5% (1999)
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 0.07%


permanent crops: 0%


other: 99.93% (2001)
Jezyki Islandiaic, English, Nordic languages, German widely spoken
System prawny civil law system based on Danish law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Parliament or Althing (63 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)


elections: last held 10 maj 2003 (next to be held by maj 2007)


election results: percent of vote by party - Niepodleglosc Party 33.7%, Social Democratic Alliance 31.0%, Progressive Party 17.7%, Left-Green Alliance 8.8%, Liberal Party 7.4%; seats by party - Niepodleglosc Party 22, Social Democratic Alliance 20, Progressive Party 12, Left-Green Alliance 5, Liberal Party 4
Zywotnosc total population: 80.18 years


male: 78.18 years


female: 82.27 years (2004 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 99.9% (1997 est.)


male: NA


female: NA
Lokalizacja Northern Europe, island between the Grenlandia Sea and the North Ocean Atlantycki, northwest of the UK
Lokalizacja na mapie Arctic Region
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm


continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Flota handlowa total: 1 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 4,341 GRT/6,019 DWT


by type: petroleum tanker 1


registered w other countries: 26 (2004 est.)
Wojsko - uwagi defense is provided by the US-manned Islandiaic Defense Force (IDF) headquartered at Keflavik
Wojsko no regular armed forces; Police, Coast Guard
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) 0
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49: 75,568 (2004 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49: 66,503 (2004 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 17 czerwiec (1944)
Narodowosc noun: Islandiaer(s)


adjective: Islandiaic
Naturalne zagrozenia earthquakes and volcanic activity
Surowce naturalne fish, hydropower, geothermal power, diatomite
Wspolczynnik migracji 2.38 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Niepodleglosc Party or IP [David ODDSSON]; Left-Green Alliance or LGP [Steingrimur SIGFUSSON]; Liberal Party or LP [Gudjon KRISTJANSSON]; Progressive Party or PP [Halldor ASGRIMSSON]; Social Democratic Alliance (includes People's Alliance or PA, Social Democratic Party or SDP, Women's List) or SDA [Ossur SKARPHEDINSSON]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 293,966 (lipiec 2004 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA
Przyrost naturalny 0.97% (2004 est.)
Porty i stocznie Akureyri, Hornafjordhur, Isafjordhur, Keflavik, Raufarhofn, Reykjavik, Seydhisfjordhur, Straumsvik, Vesttmannaeyjar
Stacje radiowe AM 3, FM about 70 (including repeaters), shortwave 1 (1998)
Religie Evangelical Lutheran 87.1%, other Protestant 4.1%, Roman Catholic 1.7%, other 7.1% (2002)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.83 male(s)/female


total population: 1 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: extensive domestic service


domestic: the trunk network consists of coaxial and fiber-optic cables and microwave radio relay links


international: country code - 354; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki), 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic and Ocean Indyjski regions); note - Islandia shares the Inmarsat earth station z the other Nordic countries (Dania, Finlandia, Norwegia, and Szwecja)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 190,700 (2003)
Telefony komorkowe 279,100 (2003)
Stacje telewizyjne 14 (plus 156 low-power repeaters) (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly plateau interspersed z mountain peaks, icefields; coast deeply indented by bays and fiords
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.93 children born/woman (2004 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 3.4% (2003 est.)
Mapa strony: Wszystkie porownania (mapa serwisu) | Spis podstron z informacjami na temat panstw
Links: Dodaj do ulubionych | Informacje o tej stronie | Statystyki | Polityka prywatnosci
Ta strona zostala wygenerowana w ciagu 0.18016982 s. Rozmiar tej strony: 44.11 kB.