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Islandia (2001)

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Islandia 2001 roku

Podzial administracyjny 23 counties (syslar, singular - sysla) and 14 independent towns* (kaupstadhir, singular - kaupstadhur); Akranes*, Akureyri*, Arnessysla, Austur-Bardhastrandarsysla, Austur-Hunavatnssysla, Austur-Skaftafellssysla, Borgarfjardharsysla, Dalasysla, Eyjafjardharsysla, Gullbringusysla, Hafnarfjordhur*, Husavik*, Isafjordhur*, Keflavik*, Kjosarsysla, Kopavogur*, Myrasysla, Neskaupstadhur*, Nordhur-Isafjardharsysla, Nordhur-Mulasys-la, Nordhur-Thingeyjarsysla, Olafsfjordhur*, Rangarvallasysla, Reykjavik*, Saudharkrokur*, Seydhisfjordhur*, Siglufjordhur*, Skagafjardharsysla, Snaefellsnes-og Hnappadalssysla, Strandasysla, Sudhur-Mulasysla, Sudhur-Thingeyjarsysla, Vesttmannaeyjar*, Vestur-Bardhastrandarsysla, Vestur-Hunavatnssysla, Vestur-Isafjardharsysla, Vestur-Skaftafellssysla

there may be four other counties
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years:
23.18% (male 33,238; female 31,191)

15-64 years:
65.01% (male 91,095; female 89,583)

65 years and over:
11.81% (male 14,681; female 18,118) (2001 est.)
Rolinictwo potatoes, turnips; cattle, sheep; fish
Lotniska 87 (2000 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total:

over 3,047 m:

1,524 to 2,437 m:

914 to 1,523 m:
7 (2000 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total:

1,524 to 2,437 m:

914 to 1,523 m:

under 914 m:
52 (2000 est.)
Terytorium total:
103,000 sq km

100,250 sq km

2,750 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Kentucky
Tlo historyczne Settled by Norwegian and Celtic (Scottish and Irish) immigrants during the late 9th and 10th centuries A.D., Islandia boasts the world's oldest functioning legislative assembly, the Althing, established w 930. Independent dla over 300 years, Islandia was subsequently ruled by Norwegia and Dania. Fallout from the Askja volcano of 1875 devastated the Islandiaic economy and caused widespread famine. Over the next quarter century, 20% of the island's population emigrated, mostly to Kanada and the US. Limited home rule from Dania was granted w 1874 and complete independence attained w 1944. Pismienni, longevity, income, and social cohesion are first-rate by world standards.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 14.62 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budzet revenues:
$3.5 billion

$3.3 billion, including capital expenditures of $467 million (1999)
Stolica Reykjavik
Klimat temperate; moderated by North Atlantic Current; mild, windy winters; damp, cool summers
Linia brzegowa 4,988 km
Konstytucja 16 czerwiec 1944, effective 17 czerwiec 1944
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form:
Republic of Islandia

conventional short form:

local long form:
Lyoveldio Island

local short form:
Waluta Islandiaic krona (ISK)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 6.89 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $2.6 billion (1999)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission:
Ambassador Barbara J. GRIFFITHS

Laufasvegur 21, Reykjavik

mailing address:
US Embassy, PSC 1003, Box 40, FPO AE 09728-0340

[354] 5629100

[354] 5629118
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission:
Ambassador Jon-Baldvin HANNIBALSSON

Suite 1200, 1156 15th Street NW, Washington, DC 20005

[1] (202) 265-6653

[1] (202) 265-6656

consulate(s) general:
New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Rockall continental shelf dispute involving Dania and the UK (Irlandia and the UK have signed a boundary agreement w the Rockall area); dispute z Dania over the Wyspy Owcze fisheries median line boundary within 200 NM; disputes z Dania, the UK, and Irlandia over the Wyspy Owcze continental shelf boundary outside 200 NM
Ekonomiczna pomoc - udzielanie $NA
Ekonomia Islandia's Scandinavian-type economy is basically capitalistic, yet z an extensive welfare system, low unemployment, and remarkably even distribution of income. In the absence of other natural resources (except dla abundant hydrothermal and geothermal power), the economy depends heavily on the fishing industry, which provides 70% of export earnings and employs 12% of the work force. The economy remains sensitive to declining fish stocks as well as to drops w world prices dla its main exports: fish and fish products, aluminum, and ferrosilicon. The center-right government plans to continue its policies of reducing the budget and current account deficits, limiting foreign borrowing, containing inflation, revising agricultural and fishing policies, diversifying the economy, and privatizing state-owned industries. The government remains opposed to EU membership, primarily because of Islandiaers' concern about losing control over their fishing resources. Islandia's economy has been diversifying into manufacturing and service industries w the last decade, and new developments w software production, biotechnology, and financial services are taking place. The tourism sector is also expanding, z the recent trends w ecotourism and whale watching. Growth has been remarkably steady over the past five years at 4%-5%.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 6.574 billion kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 7.069 billion kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii fossil fuel:



15.29% (1999)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point:
Ocean Atlantycki 0 m

highest point:
Hvannadalshnukur 2,119 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy water pollution from fertilizer runoff; inadequate wastewater treatment
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to:
Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified:
Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Marine Life Conservation
Grupy etniczne homogeneous mixture of descendants of Norse and Celts
Kurs waluty Islandiaic kronur per US dollar - 84.810 (styczen 2001), 78.676 (2000), 72.335 (1999), 70.958 (1998), 70.904 (1997), 66.500 (1996)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state:
President Olafur Ragnar GRIMSSON (since 1 sierpien 1996)

head of government:
Prime Minister David ODDSSON (since 30 kwiecien 1991)

Cabinet appointed by the prime minister and approved by Parliament

president elected by popular vote dla a four-year term; election last held 29 czerwiec 1996 (next to be held NA czerwiec 2004); President GRIMSSON ran unopposed w czerwiec 2000 so there were no elections; prime minister appointed by the president

election results:
Olafur Ragnar GRIMSSON elected president; President GRIMSSON ran unopposed
Eksport 0 kWh (1999)
Eksport $2 billion (f.o.b., 2000)
Eksport - towary fish and fish products 70%, animal products, aluminum, diatomite, ferrosilicon
Eksport - partnerzy EU 64% (UK 20%, Niemcy 13%, Francja 5%, Dania 5%), US 15%, Japonia 5% (1999)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi blue z a red cross outlined w white that extends to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side w the style of the Dannebrog (Danish flag)
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $6.85 billion (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture:
15% (includes fishing 13%)


64% (1999 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $24,800 (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 4.3% (2000 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 65 00 N, 18 00 W
Polozenie geograficzne strategic location between Grenlandia and Europe; westernmost European country; Reykjavik is the northernmost national capital w the world; more land covered by glaciers than w all of continental Europe
Autostrady total:
12,691 km

3,262 km

9,429 km (1999)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%:

highest 10%:
Import 0 kWh (1999)
Import $2.2 billion (f.o.b., 2000)
Import - towary machinery and equipment, petroleum products; foodstuffs, textiles
Import - partnerzy EU 56% (Niemcy 12%, UK 9%, Dania 8%, Szwecja 6%), US 11%, Norwegia 10% (1999)
Niepodleglosc 17 czerwiec 1944 (from Dania)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 1.5% (2000 est.)
Przemysl fish processing; aluminum smelting, ferrosilicon production, geothermal power; tourism
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow 3.56 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflacja 3.5% (2000 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji Australia Group, BIS, CBSS, CCC, CE, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, EFTA, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA (observer), IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, NATO, NC, NEA, NIB, OECD, OPCW, OSCE, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNMIBH, UNMIK, UNU, UPU, WEU (associate), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO
Dostawcy internetu 7 (2000)
Nawadniane tereny NA sq km
Sadownictwo Supreme Court or Haestirettur (justices are appointed dla life by the president)
Sila robocza 159,000 (2000)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture 5.1%, fishing and fish processing 11.8%, manufacturing 12.9%, construction 10.7%, other services 59.5% (1999)
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land:

permanent crops:

permanent pastures:

forests and woodland:

76% (1993 est.)
Jezyki Islandiaic
System prawny civil law system based on Danish law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Parliament or Althing (63 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

last held on 8 maj 1999 (next to be held by kwiecien 2003)

election results:
percent of vote by party - Niepodleglosc Party 40.7%, The Alliance (PA, People's Party, Women's List) 26.8%, Progressive Party 18.4%, Left-Green Alliance 9.1%, Liberal Party 4.2%; seats by party - Niepodleglosc Party 26, The Alliance 17, Progressive Party 12, Left-Green Alliance 6, Liberal Party 2
Zywotnosc total population:
79.52 years

77.31 years

81.92 years (2001 est.)
Pismienni definition:
age 15 and over can read and write

total population:
99.9% (1997 est.)


Lokalizacja Northern Europe, island between the Grenlandia Sea and the North Ocean Atlantycki, northwest of the UK
Lokalizacja na mapie Arctic Region
Morskie obszary continental shelf:
200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin

exclusive economic zone:
200 NM

territorial sea:
12 NM
Flota handlowa total:
2 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 3,435 GRT/4,538 DWT

ships by type:
chemical tanker 1, petroleum tanker 1 (2000 est.)
Wojsko - uwagi defense is provided by the US-manned Islandiaic Defense Force (IDF) headquartered at Keflavik
Wojsko no regular armed forces; Police, Coast Guard; note - Islandia's defense is provided by the US-manned Islandiaic Defense Force (IDF) headquartered at Keflavik
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $0
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49:
71,241 (2001 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49:
62,704 (2001 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 17 czerwiec (1944)
Narodowosc noun:

Naturalne zagrozenia earthquakes and volcanic activity
Surowce naturalne fish, hydropower, geothermal power, diatomite
Wspolczynnik migracji -2.28 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Niepodleglosc Party (conservative) or IP [David ODDSSON]; Left-Green Alliance [Steinsvimur SIGFUSSON]; Liberal Party [Sverrir HERMANNSSON]; People's Party (Social Democratic Party) or SDP [Sighvatyr BJORGIVINSSON]; Progressive Party (liberal) or PP [Halldor ASGRIMSSON]; The Alliance (includes People's Alliance or PA, Social Democratic Party or SVP, People's Movement, Women's List) [Ossur SKARPHEDINSSON]; Women's List or WL [Kristin ASTGEIRSDOTTIR]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 277,906 (lipiec 2001 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 0.54% (2001 est.)
Porty i stocznie Akureyri, Hornafjordur, Isafjordhur, Keflavik, Raufarhofn, Reykjavik, Seydhisfjordhur, Straumsvik, Vestmannaeyjar
Stacje radiowe AM 3, FM about 70 (including repeaters), shortwave 1 (1998)
Radia 260,000 (1997)
Linie kolejowe 0 km
Religie Evangelical Lutheran 93%, other Protestant and Roman Catholic, none (1997)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth:
1.08 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.07 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
1.02 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
0.81 male(s)/female

total population:
1 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment:
adequate domestic service

the trunk network consists of coaxial and fiber-optic cables and microwave radio relay links

satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki), 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic and Ocean Indyjski regions); note - Islandia shares the Inmarsat earth station z the other Nordic countries (Dania, Finlandia, Norwegia, and Szwecja)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 168,000 (1997)
Telefony komorkowe 65,746 (1997)
Stacje telewizyjne 14 (plus 156 low-power repeaters) (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly plateau interspersed z mountain peaks, icefields; coast deeply indented by bays and fiords
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2.01 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 2.7% (styczen 2001)
Drogi wodne none
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