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Howland (2008)

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Howland 2008 roku

 Howland
Lotniska one airstrip constructed w 1937 dla scheduled refueling stop on the round-the-world flight of Amelia EARHART and Fred NOONAN - they left Lae, New Gwinea, dla Howland, but were never seen again; the airstrip is no longer serviceable (2006)
Terytorium total: 1.6 sq km


land: 1.6 sq km


water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci about three times the size of The Mall w Washington, DC
Tlo historyczne Discovered by the US early w the 19th century, the island was officially claimed by the US w 1857. Both US and British companies mined dla guano until about 1890. Earhart Light is a day beacon near the middle of the west coast that was partially destroyed during Swiat War II, but has since been rebuilt; it is named w memory of the famed aviatrix Amelia EARHART. The island is administered by the US Department of the Interior as a National Wildlife Refuge.
Klimat equatorial; scant rainfall, constant wind, burning sun
Linia brzegowa 6.4 km
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: none


conventional short form: Howland
Podleglosc unincorporated territory of the US; administered from Washington, DC, by the Fish and Wildlife Service of the US Department of the Interior as part of the National Wildlife Refuge system
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomia no economic activity
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Spokojny 0 m


highest point: unnamed location 3 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy no natural fresh water resources
Opis flagi the flag of the US is used
Koordynaty geograficzne 0 48 N, 176 38 W
Polozenie geograficzne almost totally covered z grasses, prostrate vines, and low-growing shrubs; small area of trees w the center; primarily a nesting, roosting, and foraging habitat dla seabirds, shorebirds, and marine wildlife
Nawadniane tereny 0 sq km
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 0%


permanent crops: 0%


other: 100% (2001)
System prawny the laws of the US, where applicable, apply
Lokalizacja Oceania, island w the North Ocean Spokojny, about half way between Hawaii and Australia
Lokalizacja na mapie Oceania
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Wojsko - uwagi defense is the responsibility of the US; visited annually by the US Coast Guard
Naturalne zagrozenia the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard
Surowce naturalne guano (deposits worked until late 1800s), terrestrial and aquatic wildlife
Ludnosc uninhabited


note: American civilians evacuated w 1942 after Japoniaese air and naval attacks during Swiat War II; occupied by US military during Swiat War II, but abandoned after the war; public entry is by special-use permit from US Fish and Wildlife Service only and generally restricted to scientists and educators; visited annually by US Fish and Wildlife Service
Uksztaltowanie terenu low-lying, nearly level, sandy, coral island surrounded by a narrow fringing reef; depressed central area
Transport - uwagi Earhart Light is a day beacon near the middle of the west coast that was partially destroyed during Swiat War II, but has since been rebuilt; named w memory of famed aviatrix Amelia EARHART
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