Main page Compare countries Index countries Index fields


Hong Kong (2007)

Hong Kong - select year:
Hong KongHong Kong (2001) (compare)
Hong KongHong Kong (2002) (compare)
Hong KongHong Kong (2003) (compare)
Hong KongHong Kong (2004) (compare)
Hong KongHong Kong (2005) (compare)
Hong KongHong Kong (2006) (compare)
Hong KongHong Kong (2008) (compare)

Compare with other popular countries

Hong Kong 2007 year

 Hong Kong
Administrative divisions none (special administrative region of China)
Age structure 0-14 years: 13% (male 476,089/female 434,326)

15-64 years: 74% (male 2,515,518/female 2,652,660)

65 years and over: 12.9% (male 419,479/female 482,340) (2007 est.)
Agriculture - products fresh vegetables; poultry, pork; fish
Airports 2 (2007)
Airports - with paved runways total: 2

over 3,047 m: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2007)
Area total: 1,092 sq km

land: 1,042 sq km

water: 50 sq km
Area - comparative six times the size of Washington, DC
Background Occupied by the UK in 1841, Hong Kong was formally ceded by China the following year; various adjacent lands were added later in the 19th century. Pursuant to an agreement signed by China and the UK on 19 December 1984, Hong Kong became the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China on 1 July 1997. In this agreement, China has promised that, under its "one country, two systems" formula, China's socialist economic system will not be imposed on Hong Kong and that Hong Kong will enjoy a high degree of autonomy in all matters except foreign and defense affairs for the next 50 years.
Birth rate 7.34 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budget revenues: $35.18 billion

expenditures: $32.18 billion (2006 est.)
Climate subtropical monsoon; cool and humid in winter, hot and rainy from spring through summer, warm and sunny in fall
Coastline 733 km
Constitution Basic Law, approved in March 1990 by China's National People's Congress, is Hong Kong's "mini-constitution"
Country name conventional long form: Hong Kong Special Administrative Region

conventional short form: Hong Kong

local long form: Xianggang Tebie Xingzhengqu

local short form: Xianggang

abbreviation: HK
Death rate 6.45 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Debt - external $72.79 billion (2006 est.)
Dependency status special administrative region of China
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission: Consul General James B. CUNNINGHAM

consulate(s) general: 26 Garden Road, Hong Kong

mailing address: PSC 461, Box 1, FPO AP 96521-0006

telephone: [852] 2523-9011

FAX: [852] 2845-1598
Diplomatic representation in the US none (special administrative region of China)
Disputes - international none
Economy - overview Hong Kong has a free market economy highly dependent on international trade. The territory has become more closely linked to mainland China over the past few years. Even before Hong Kong reverted to Chinese administration on 1 July 1997, it had extensive trade and investment ties with China. Hong Kong's service industry over the past decade has grown rapidly as its manufacturing industry has moved to the mainland. Hong Kong also has stepped up its efforts to gain approval to offer more mainland financial services in a bid to remain competitive with China's growing financial centers. Hong Kong's natural resources are limited, and food and raw materials must be imported. Gross imports and exports (including reexports to and from third countries) each exceed GDP in dollar value. Per capita GDP exceeds that of the four big economies of Western Europe. GDP growth averaged a strong 5% from 1989 to 2006, but Hong Kong suffered two recessions in the past eight years because of the Asian financial crisis in 1997-98 and the global downturn in 2001-02. Although the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) outbreak in 2003 also battered Hong Kong's economy, a solid rise in exports, a boom in tourism from the mainland because of China's easing of travel restrictions, and a return of consumer confidence resulted in the resumption of strong growth from late 2003 through 2006. Moreover, several large initial public offerings of Chinese companies on the Hong Kong stock exchange since late 2005 have helped to boost Hong Kong's status as a financial hub and have contributed to the improved performance of the market in late 2006.
Electricity - consumption 37.74 billion kWh (2005)
Electricity - exports 4.498 billion kWh (2005)
Electricity - imports 11 billion kWh (2005)
Electricity - production 36.14 billion kWh (2005)
Elevation extremes lowest point: South China Sea 0 m

highest point: Tai Mo Shan 958 m
Environment - current issues air and water pollution from rapid urbanization
Environment - international agreements party to: Marine Dumping (associate member), Ship Pollution (associate member)
Ethnic groups Chinese 94.9%, Filipino 2.1%, other 3% (2001 census)
Exchange rates Hong Kong dollars per US dollar - 7.7678 (2006), 7.7773 (2005), 7.788 (2004), 7.7868 (2003), 7.7989 (2002)
Executive branch chief of state: President of China HU Jintao (since 15 March 2003)

head of government: Chief Executive Donald TSANG (since 24 June 2005)

cabinet: Executive Council consists of 14 official members and 15 non-official members

elections: chief executive elected for five-year term by 800-member electoral committee; last held on 25 March 2007 (next to be held in 2012)

election results: Donald TSANG elected chief executive receiving 84.1% of the vote; Alan LEONG received 15.9%
Exports 4.498 billion kWh (2005)
Exports $317.6 billion f.o.b., including reexports (2006 est.)
Exports 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Exports 26,090 bbl/day (2004)
Exports - commodities electrical machinery and appliances, textiles, apparel, footwear, watches and clocks, toys, plastics, precious stones, printed material
Exports - partners China 47%, US 15.1%, Japan 4.9% (2006)
Fiscal year 1 April - 31 March
Flag description red with a stylized, white, five-petal bauhinia flower in the center
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 0.1%

industry: 8.6%

services: 91.3% (2006 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 6.9% (2006 est.)
Geographic coordinates 22 15 N, 114 10 E
Geography - note more than 200 islands
Heliports 5 (2007)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Illicit drugs despite strenuous law enforcement efforts, faces difficult challenges in controlling transit of heroin and methamphetamine to regional and world markets; modern banking system provides conduit for money laundering; rising indigenous use of synthetic drugs, especially among young people
Imports 11 billion kWh (2005)
Imports $331.7 billion (2006 est.)
Imports 2.944 billion cu m (2005)
Imports 344,200 bbl/day (2004)
Imports - commodities raw materials and semi-manufactures, consumer goods, capital goods, foodstuffs, fuel (most is re-exported)
Imports - partners China 45.9%, Japan 10.3%, Taiwan 7.5%, Singapore 6.3%, US 4.8%, South Korea 4.6% (2006)
Independence none (special administrative region of China)
Industrial production growth rate 4% (2006 est.)
Industries textiles, clothing, tourism, banking, shipping, electronics, plastics, toys, watches, clocks
Infant mortality rate total: 2.94 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 3.12 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 2.74 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2% (2006 est.)
International organization participation APEC, AsDB, BIS, ICC, IHO, IMF, IMO (associate), IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITUC, UNWTO (associate), UPU, WCL, WCO, WMO, WTO
Irrigated land 20 sq km (1998 est.)
Judicial branch Court of Final Appeal in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
Labor force 3.583 million (2006 est.)
Labor force - by occupation manufacturing 7.5%, construction 2.9%, wholesale and retail trade, restaurants, and hotels 43.9%, financing, insurance, and real estate 19.6%, transport and communications 7.1%, community and social services 18.8%

note: above data exclude public sector (2005 est.)
Land boundaries total: 30 km

regional border: China 30 km
Land use arable land: 5.05%

permanent crops: 1.01%

other: 93.94% (2001)
Languages Chinese (Cantonese) 89.2% (official), other Chinese dialects 6.4%, English 3.2% (official), other 1.2% (2001 census)
Legal system based on English common law
Legislative branch unicameral Legislative Council or LEGCO (60 seats; in 2004 30 seats indirectly elected by functional constituencies, 30 elected by popular vote; members serve four-year terms)

elections: last held 12 September 2004 (next to be held in September 2008)

election results: percent of vote by party - pro-democracy 63%, pro-Beijing 37%; seats by party - (pro-Beijing 34) DAB 12, Liberal Party 10, FTU 1, independents 11; (pro-democracy 25) Democratic Party 9, CTU 2, ADPL 1, Frontier Party 1, NWSC 1, independents 11; non-voting LEGCO president 1
Life expectancy at birth total population: 81.68 years

male: 78.99 years

female: 84.6 years (2007 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school

total population: 93.5%

male: 96.9%

female: 89.6% (2002)
Location Eastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and China
Map references Southeast Asia
Maritime claims territorial sea: 3 nm
Merchant marine total: 1,009 ships (1000 GRT or over) 34,556,075 GRT/57,423,309 DWT

by type: barge carrier 2, bulk carrier 499, cargo 135, chemical tanker 51, combination ore/oil 3, container 173, liquefied gas 24, passenger 6, passenger/cargo 5, petroleum tanker 91, roll on/roll off 4, specialized tanker 8, vehicle carrier 8

foreign-owned: 617 (Belgium 4, Canada 39, China 309, Denmark 12, France 1, Germany 10, Greece 30, Indonesia 7, Japan 78, South Korea 6, Lebanon 1, Norway 30, Pakistan 1, Philippines 10, Portugal 1, Singapore 11, Syria 1, Taiwan 11, UAE 1, UK 32, US 22)

registered in other countries: 275 (Bahamas 3, Belize 5, Bermuda 4, Cambodia 11, China 6, Cyprus 2, Honduras 1, India 1, Liberia 21, Malaysia 14, Malta 1, Marshall Islands 4, Mongolia 1, Norway 5, Panama 137, Philippines 2, Seychelles 1, Singapore 37, St Vincent and The Grenadines 7, Tuvalu 10, UK 2, unknown 7) (2007)
Military - note defense is the responsibility of China
Military branches no regular indigenous military forces; Hong Kong garrison of China's People's Liberation Army (PLA) includes elements of Ground Forces, Navy, and Air Force; these forces are under the direct leadership of the Central Military Commission in Beijing and under administrative control of the adjacent Guangzhou Military Region
Military expenditures - percent of GDP NA
National holiday National Day (Anniversary of the Founding of the People's Republic of China), 1 October (1949); note - 1 July 1997 is celebrated as Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Establishment Day
Nationality noun: Chinese/Hong Konger

adjective: Chinese/Hong Kong
Natural hazards occasional typhoons
Natural resources outstanding deepwater harbor, feldspar
Net migration rate 4.72 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Political parties and leaders Association for Democracy and People's Livelihood or ADPL [Frederick FUNG Kin-kee]; Citizens Party [Alex CHAN Kai-chung]; Civic Party [KUAN Hsin-chi]; Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong or DAB [MA Lik]; Democratic Party [Albert HO]; Frontier Party [Emily LAU Wai-hing]; Liberal Party [James TIEN Pei-chun]

note: political blocs include: pro-democracy - ADPL, Democratic Party, Frontier Party; pro-Beijing - DAB, Liberal Party
Political pressure groups and leaders Chinese General Chamber of Commerce (pro-China); Chinese Manufacturers' Association of Hong Kong; Confederation of Trade Unions or CTU (pro-democracy) [LAU Chin-shek, president; LEE Cheuk-yan, general secretary]; Federation of Hong Kong Industries; Federation of Trade Unions or FTU (pro-China) [CHENG Yiu-tong, executive councilor]; Hong Kong Alliance in Support of the Patriotic Democratic Movement in China [Szeto WAH, chairman]; Hong Kong and Kowloon Trade Union Council (pro-Taiwan); Hong Kong General Chamber of Commerce; Hong Kong Professional Teachers' Union [CHEUNG Man-kwong, president]; Neighborhood and Workers' Service Center or NWSC (pro-democracy); The Alliance [Bernard CHAN, exco member]
Population 6,980,412 (July 2007 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 0.561% (2007 est.)
Radio broadcast stations AM 5, FM 9, shortwave 0 (2004)
Religions eclectic mixture of local religions 90%, Christian 10%
Sex ratio at birth: 1.08 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.096 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.948 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.87 male(s)/female

total population: 0.956 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Suffrage direct election 18 years of age; universal for permanent residents living in the territory of Hong Kong for the past seven years; indirect election limited to about 200,000 members of functional constituencies and an 800-member election committee drawn from broad regional groupings, municipal organizations, and central government bodies
Telephone system general assessment: modern facilities provide excellent domestic and international services

domestic: microwave radio relay links and extensive fiber-optic network

international: country code - 852; multiple international submarine cables provide connections to Asia, US, Australia, the Middle East, and Western Europe; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Pacific Ocean and 2 Indian Ocean); coaxial cable to Guangzhou, China
Telephones - main lines in use 3.85 million (2006)
Telephones - mobile cellular 9.356 million (2006)
Television broadcast stations 55 (2 TV networks, each broadcasting on 2 channels) (2006)
Terrain hilly to mountainous with steep slopes; lowlands in north
Total fertility rate 0.98 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Unemployment rate 4.9% (2006 est.)
Sitemap: Compare countries listing (map site) | Country listing (map site)
Links: Add to favorites | Information about this website | Stats | Polityka prywatnosci
This page was generated in ##czas## s. Size this page: ##rozmiar_strony## kB.